Joint Australian New Zealand Standard In-service Safety . - Eldridge Help

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AS/NZS 3760:2010Incorporating Amendments No. 1 and No. 2Joint Australian New Zealand StandardIn-service safety inspection andtesting of electrical equipmentAS/NZS 3760:2010Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)Superseding AS/NZS 3760:2003

AS/NZS 3760:2010This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical Committee EL-036 – In-service testing ofelectrical equipment. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 2 September 2010 and by theCouncil of Standards New Zealand on 24 September 2010. It was published on 30 September 2010.Amendment No. 1, a correction amendment, was approved for publication in Australia by the Standards Council ofAustralia on 13 April 2011, and for publication in New Zealand by the Acting Minister of Energy and Resources on15 April 2011, and on behalf of the Standards Council of New Zealand on 19 April 2011.Amendment No. 2, a correction amendment, was approved for publication in Australia by the Standards Council ofAustralia on 4 December 2012, and for publication in New Zealand by the Minister of Energy and Resources on29 November 2012, and on behalf of the Standards Council of New Zealand on 30 November 2012. It was published on21 December 2012.Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)The following interests are represented on Committee EL-036:Australian Chamber of Commerce and IndustryHire Industry Association of New ZealandAustralian Industry Group (AIG)Housing Industry Association AustraliaAustralasian Lighting Industry AssociationInstitute of Electrical Inspectors AustraliaBuilding Service Contractors of New Zealand (Inc.)Consulting Interests AustraliaJoint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand(JAS-ANZ)Consulting Interests New ZealandMinistry of Economic Development New ZealandConsumer Electronic Suppliers AssociationNational Electrical and Communications AssociationAustraliaDepartment of Labour New ZealandDepartment Fair Trading, New South Wales ConsumerProtection AgencyElectroTechnical Association Inc.Energy Safe VictoriaHire and Rental Association AustralianNew Zealand Electric Fence Energizers ManufacturersStandards Working GroupNew Zealand Council of EldersSafety Institute of AustraliaSchneider Electric Limited New ZealandWorkCover New South WalesKEEPING STANDARDS UP TO DATEStandards are living documents which reflect progress in science, technology and systems. To maintain their currency,all Standards are periodically reviewed, and new editions are published. Between editions, amendments may be issued.Standards may also be withdrawn. It is important that readers assure themselves they are using a current Standard, whichshould include any amendments which may have been published since the Standard was purchased.Detailed information about joint Australian/New Zealand Standards can be found by visiting the Standards webshop atwww.standards.com.au or Standards New Zealand’s website at www.standards.co.nz.Alternatively, Standards Australia publishes an annual printed Catalogue with full details of all current Standards.For more frequent listings or notification of revisions, amendments and withdrawals, Standards Australia and StandardsNew Zealand offer a number of update options. For information about these services, users should contact theirrespective national Standards organisation.We also welcome suggestions for improvement in our Standards, and especially encourage readers to notify usimmediately of any apparent inaccuracies or ambiguities. Please address your comments to the Chief Executive of eitherStandards Australia or Standards New Zealand at the address shown on the title page.Copyright Standards Australia Limited/Standards New ZealandAll rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means, electronic ormechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of the publisher unless otherwise permitted under theCopyright Act 1968 (Australia) or the Copyright Act 1994 (New Zealand).Jointly published by SAI Global Limited under licence from Standards Australia Limited, GPO Box 476, Sydney, NSW2001 and Standards New Zealand, Private Bag 2439, Wellington 6140.ISBN (Print) 978-1-86975-618-5ISBN (PDF) 978-1-86975-619-2

AS/NZS 3760:2010Incorporating Amendments No. 1 and No. 2Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)In-service safety inspection andtesting of electrical equipmentEdition 1 AS 3760:1990Edition 2 AS/NZS 3760:1996Edition 3 AS/NZS 3760:2000Edition 4 AS/NZS 3760:2001Edition 5 AS/NZS 3760:2003Edition 6 AS/NZS 3760:2010Reissued incorporating Amendment No. 1 (April 2011)Reissued incorporating Amendment No. 2 (December 2012)

Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)

AS/NZS 3760:2010CONTENTSReferenced documents . 3Amd 2Dec ’12Foreword . 4Outcome statement . 4SECTION 1 – SCOPE AND GENERAL1.1Scope . 51.2General . 61.3Interpretation . 81.4Definitions . 8SECTION 2 – INSPECTION AND TESTSAmd 2Dec ’122General . 132.1Frequency of inspection and tests . 132.2Personnel . 142.3Inspection and testing . 142.4Action resulting from inspection and testing . 182.5Documentation. 19Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)APPENDICESAmd 2Dec ’12Amd 1Apr ’11ABackground (Informative) . 22BGuidelines on the electrical knowledge of a competent person (Informative). 24CPolarity for cord sets and cord extension sets (Normative) . 25DTest of earthing continuity (Normative) . 28EInsulation testing (Normative) . 30FInsulation resistance testing of portable isolating transformers (Normative) . 35GInsulation resistance testing of a power supply (Normative) . 38HTest for the operating time of residual current devices (RCDs) (Normative) . 40JArc welders (Informative) . 42KRegulatory application of this Standard (Informative) . 43TABLES1Leakage current limits. 162Insulation resistance limits. 163Maximum tripping times . 174Indicative testing and inspection intervals for electrical equipment . 20C1Conductor colours for flexible cords . 26C2Colour schemes of conductor insulation in modern sheathed flexible cords . 27H1Tripping time accuracy . 40FIGURESAmd 1Apr ’11C1Cord set . 25C2Cord extension set . 26D1Measurement of the earth continuity resistance between accessible earthedmetal parts and the earth pin of the mains plug . 29D2Measurement of the earth continuity resistance between the mains plug earth pinand the earthing aperture contacts of an EPOD . 29E1Leakage current test setup using differential test method for Class IIthree-phase equipment. 32COPYRIGHT Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia1

AS/NZS 3760:2010Amd 1Apr ’11Leakage current test setup using differential test method for Class IIsingle-phase equipment . 32E3Measurement of the insulation resistance between live supply conductors andaccessible earthed metal parts of typical Class I equipment . 33E4Measurement of the insulation resistance between live supply conductors andaccessible metal parts of a typical Class II equipment . 33E5Measurement of the insulation resistance of an EPOD. 34F1Measurement of the insulation resistance between live supply conductors to aportable isolating transformer and accessible earthed parts for Class I isolatingtransformers or accessible metal parts for Class II isolating transformers . 36F2Measurement of the insulation resistance between live supply conductors andthe portable isolating transformer output (secondary) winding . 36F3Measurement of the insulation resistance between a portable isolatingtransformer (secondary) winding and accessible earthed parts for Class Iisolating transformers . 37G1Measurement of the insulation resistance of a power supply . 39Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)Amd 1Apr ’11E22COPYRIGHT Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia

AS/NZS 3760:2010REFERENCED DOCUMENTSReference is made in this document to the following:Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)JOINT AUSTRALIAN/NEW ZEALAND STANDARDSAS/NZS 3000:2007Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand wiring rules)AS/NZS 3001:2008Electrical installations – Re-locatable premises (including caravans andtents) and their site installationsAS/NZS 3002:2008Electrical installations – Shows and carnivalsAS/NZS 3003:2003Electrical installations – Patient treatment areas of hospitals and medicaland dental practices and dialysing locationsAS/NZS 3010:2005Electrical installations – Generating setsAS/NZS 3012:2003Electrical installations – Construction and demolition sitesAS/NZS 3019:2007Electrical installations – Periodic verificationAS/NZS 3190:2009Approval and test specification – Residual current devices (currentoperated earth-leakage devices)AS/NZS 3551:2004Technical management programs for medical devicesAS/NZS 4249:1994Electrical safety practices – Film, video and television sitesAS/NZS 4763 (INT):2006Safety of portable invertersAS/NZS 5761:2005In-service safety inspection and testing – Second-hand electricalequipment prior to saleAS/NZS 5762:2005In-service safety inspection and testing – Repaired electrical equipmentAS/NZS ISO 9000:2005Quality management systems – Series of StandardsAS/NZS ISO 31000:2009Risk managementAS/NZS 60335.1:2002Household and similar electrical appliances – General requirementsAS/NZS 61008.1:2004Residual current operated circuit-breakers without integral overcurrentprotection for household and similar uses (RCCBs) – General rulesAS/NZS 61009.1:2004Residual current operated circuit-breakers with integral overcurrentprotection for household and similar uses (RCBOs) – General rulesAUSTRALIAN STANDARDSAS 1674.2:2007Safety in welding and allied processes – ElectricalAS 2790:1989Electricity generating sets – Transportable (Up to 25 kW)AS 60529:2004Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)NEW ZEALAND STANDARDNZS 6115:2006Electrical Installations – Mobile electro-medical connectable installationsINTERNATIONAL STANDARDSIEC 60320:– (All parts)Appliance couplers for household and similar general purposesNEW ZEALAND LEGISLATIONElectricity Safety Regulations 2010COPYRIGHT Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia3

AS/NZS 3760:2010FOREWORDThis Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand CommitteeEL 036 – In-service testing of electrical equipment to supersede AS/NZS 3760:2003 and itsAmendment No. 1 (2005) from the date of publication. This edition has undergone a completerevision.In-service testing is a necessary part of any safety program to help ensure the safety of personsusing electrical equipment in the workplace. This Standard specifies in-service safety inspectionand testing protocols and criteria that satisfy these obligations, and provides a cost-effective approachto safety without jeopardizing personnel safety or involving excessive equipment downtime.The philosophy of the document is to provide an inspection and testing regime capable ofimplementation with only simple instrumentation, and performed by a person not necessarilyhaving formal qualifications or registration, but who has the necessary practical and theoreticalskills, acquired through training, qualification, experience or a combination of these, to correctlyundertake the tasks prescribed by this Standard.This Standard is not intended to demonstrate that equipment complies with the safety Standardappropriate to the equipment.Amd 2Dec ’12Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)The methodology of the inspection and testing process is defined.The frequency of repetition of that process is determined by the equipment type and by examinationof the environment in which the equipment is used or working. For indicative purposes a number ofdifferent environments are provided with associated or suggested inspection/testing frequencies.These are based on the perception of the level of hazard and the degree of abuse to which theequipment is typically exposed. However, there will usually be multiple sub-environments withinany location and the inspecting/testing frequency will be arrived at by an assessment of the actualenvironment in which the equipment is placed or used.Words in bold in the text are defined in 1.4. When a definition concerns an adjective, the adjectiveand associated noun are also in bold.OUTCOME STATEMENTAS/NZS 3760 will enable persons responsible for the safety of electrical equipment in the workplaceto instigate an inspection and testing programme to achieve that aim. It also enables personsundertaking the inspection and testing to carry out the task in a safe and effective manner.4COPYRIGHT Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia

AS/NZS 3760:2010STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/STANDARDS NEW ZEALANDAustralian/New Zealand StandardIn-service safety inspection and testingof electrical equipmentSECTION 1 – SCOPE AND GENERAL1.1SCOPEAccessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)This Standard specifies procedures for the safety inspection and testing of low voltage singlephase and polyphase electrical equipment, connected to the electrical supply by a flexible cordor connecting device, and that(a)Is new equipment placed into service for the first time;(b)Is already in-service;(c)Has been serviced or repaired;(d)Is returning to service from a second-hand sale; or(e)Is available for hire.This Standard also specifies procedures for the safety inspection and testing of(f)Residual current devices (RCDs) except those within the scope of AS/NZS 3003 andNZS 6115; and(g)Portable inverters that generate or produce low voltage.Typical examples of equipment covered by this Standard are:(h)Portable equipment, hand-held equipment and stationary equipment, designed forconnection to the low voltage supply by a supply cord, an appliance inlet or pins forinsertion into a socket-outlet (see Figure G1);(i)Cord sets, cord extension sets and outlet devices (also known as electrical portableoutlet devices (EPODs), or power boards);(j)Flexible cords connected to fixed equipment in hostile environments;(k)Portable power supplies (includes power adaptor/plug-pack, both of the safety isolatingtransformer and switch-mode type);(l)Battery chargers including those for commercial or industrial use;(m)Portable and transportable heavy duty tools such as high pressure washers and concretegrinders.1.1.1This Standard applies only to equipment in-service at a place of work or public place, or offeredfor hire.1.1.2This Standard does not apply to electrical equipment (such as suspended light fittings), installedat a height of 2.5 m or greater above the ground, floor or platform, where there is not a reasonablechance of a person touching the equipment and, at the same time, coming into contact with earthor any conducting medium which may be in electrical contact with earth or through which a circuitmay be completed to earth.COPYRIGHT Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia5

AS/NZS 3760:20101.1.3This Standard does not apply to equipment which would need to be dismantled to perform theinspection and tests specified in this Standard.NOTE – If, for some reason outside the scope of this Standard, equipment has to be dismantledto verify safety, this action is only to be performed by a technically qualified person.1.1.4Requirements for functional checks are not included in this Standard.1.1.5This Standard does not apply to RCDs within the scope of AS/NZS 3003 or NZS 6115.1.1.6This Standard does not apply to fixed equipment (except RCDs) or stationary equipmentconnected to wiring that forms part of the electrical installation and hence falls within the scopeof AS/NZS 3000.1.1.7Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)This Standard does not apply to medical electrical equipment nor any equipment connected tomedical electrical equipment in a medical electrical system as defined in AS/NZS 3551.NOTE – Test and inspection requirements for this equipment are contained in AS/NZS 3551.1.1.8This Standard does not apply to portable generators, within the scope of AS/NZS 3010 or AS 2790.1.1.9This Standard does not apply to demonstration stock in retail or wholesale outlets.1.2GENERALEquipment needs to be subject to regular inspection and testing to detect obvious damage, wearor other conditions which might render it unsafe. Equipment shall not be dismantled to performinspection and testing, nor tested to destruction. Appendix A provides background information onthe inspection and electrical testing regime set out in this Standard.1.2.1New equipment1.2.1.1In Australia, when the equipment is new, the supplier is deemed responsible for its initial electricalsafety. New equipment need not be tested but shall be examined for obvious damage. Where deemedcompliant the owner or responsible person shall ensure it is tagged in accordance with 2.4.2.1.NOTE – This clause is drawn to the attention of owners of computer and office equipment, whomay arrange for the tagging action to be undertaken by their in-house competent person.6COPYRIGHT Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia

AS/NZS 3760:20101.2.1.2In New Zealand, the equipment shall be inspected, tested and tagged on entry to service, unlessit is supplied through an electrically safe RCD, or portable residual current device (PRCD)which itself has a current tag.NOTE – For further information refer to the Electricity Safety Regulations: Regulation 26.1.2.2In-service equipmentEquipment already in-service shall be inspected and tested in accordance with Section 2.1.2.3Fixed or stationary equipmentAccessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)Fixed equipment or stationary equipment connected by flexible cable or flexible cord (referredto as equipment wiring in AS/NZS 3000 – see Figure 4.5 from that standard that is reproducedbelow):(a)That is not flexed in normal use nor exposed to damage nor is in a hostile environment,does not normally constitute a hazard sufficient to warrant routine in service electricalsafety testing. Accordingly, the testing of such equipment is not required by this Standard;(b)Where the flexible cable or flexible cord is flexed on equipment which is moved only forrestocking, maintenance or, cleaning, for example, in-service testing is required. Forsuch fixed equipment or stationary equipment it is sufficient, for the purposes of thisStandard, to do a visual inspection and earth test only since insulation testing requiresdisconnection. For carrying out the earth test on such equipment additional knowledgeand processes are required.SwitchboardJunction boxceiling roseor permanentconnection unitEquipmentxInstallation wiringEquipment wiringFigure 4.5 from AS/NZS 3000 showing equipment connected to the installation wiringby equipment wiring1.2.4Hire equipment1.2.4.1 Responsibility for hire equipment at the commencement of hire(a)New equipment from the supplier shall enter service in the hire industry in accordancewith 1.2.1;(b)The hirer has the responsibility to ensure that hired equipment complies with therequirements of this Standard at the commencement of hire;(c)Hirers may combine the function of the tag specified in 2.4.2 and their in-house ‘Readyfor hire’ tag, by, for example, colour-coding it to comply with 2.4.2.1.2.4.2 Responsibility for hire equipment during hireResponsibility for testing, inspection and tagging passes to the hiree. The appropriate time intervalto retest shall be derived from Table 4, by assessing the environment in which the equipment isutilized.COPYRIGHT Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia7

AS/NZS 3760:20101.3INTERPRETATION1.3.1The terms ‘normative’ and ‘informative’ have been used in this Standard to define the applicationof the appendix to which they apply. A ‘normative’ appendix is an integral part of a Standard andsubject to the same level of compliance as if it were in the body of the Standard, whereas an‘informative’ appendix is provided for information and guidance, and may indicate good practice.Non-compliance with an informative appendix will not be seen as non-compliance with the Standard.1.3.2ShallIndicates a statement is mandatory to achieve compliance with this Standard.1.3.3ShouldIndicates a statement is preferred as indicating good practice, but is not mandatory.1.3.4MayIndicates the existence of an option.1.3.5Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)Clause references are provided without prefix as the clause number only, for example 2.3.2.1.3.6Unless otherwise specified, all a.c. voltage and current values referenced are expressed in rootmean square (rms) values.1.4DEFINITIONSFor the purpose of this Standard, the following definitions shall apply:1.4.1 Accessible earthed parts(a)(b)Accessible earthed parts are a conductive part of electrical equipment, required to beconnected to a protective earth, and that:(i)Are separated from live parts by basic insulation(ii)Can be touched with the jointed test finger as specified in AS 60529, and that(iii)Are not a live part but can become live if basic insulation fails;The term accessible earthed parts does not apply to the following:(i)Insulation, or by other conductive parts that are themselves earthed or separatedfrom live parts by double insulation or reinforced insulation(ii) Metal nameplates, screwheads, covers or plates, and their means of fixing, whichcannot become live in the event of failure of insulation of live parts, or be exposedto arcing contact with live partsNOTE – ‘Failure of insulation’ in this context is taken to include accidental bridging of aninsulating gap by metal, or partially conducting material, such as carbon dust or moisture, aswell as electrical breakdown.(iii)Conductive parts within an enclosure, the cover of which requires the use of a toolfor its removalNOTE – A key is not considered to be a tool except where special circumstances prevail, forexample, the use of the key is restricted to technical service personnel having an appropriatelevel of electrotechnical training.8COPYRIGHT Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia

AS/NZS 3760:2010(iv)Conductive parts within equipment, the configuration and mass of which are suchthat the parts are not accessible during normal use and movement of the equipment.NOTE – Non-metallic material that is conductive to a degree, and may contribute to a hazardouscondition arising shall be deemed to be an accessible earthed part, subject to the aboveprovisions.(v)All external metal parts that are not connected to the protective earthing conductorand that are separated from live parts by double insulation or reinforced insulation,and includes parts used to support the equipment in operation.NOTE – These parts are also known as accessible unearthed metal parts.1.4.2 Class I equipment (basic insulated, protectively earthed equipment)Equipment in which protection against electric shock does not rely on basic insulation only, butwhich includes an additional level of protection, in that conductive accessible parts are connectedto the protective earthing conductor in the fixed wiring of the installation in such a way that thoseaccessible parts cannot become live in the event of a failure of the basic insulation.NOTE –(1)Class I equipment may have parts with double insulation or parts operating at extra-lowvoltage.Accessed by TAFE QUEENSLAND INSTITUTES on 28 May 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)(2) This provision includes a protective earthing conductor as part of the flexible cord or flexiblecable for equipment intended for use with a flexible cord or flexible cable.(3)1.4.3Other classes are described in AS/NZS Equipment in which protection against electric shock does not rely on basic insulation only, but inwhich an extra layer of insulation (called ‘supplementary insulation’) is provided to give doubleinsulation, there being no provision for protective earthing or reliance upon installation conditions.This equipment is generally manufactured with a non-conductive (insulated) enclosure, and is markedeither with the words ‘DOUBLE INSULATED’ or with the symbolto allow easy identification.NOTE –(1)Class II equipment may also be manufactured with metal enclosures which are doubleinsulated from live parts.(2)Class II equipment may be provided with an earth connection for purposes other thansafety, this earth connection is referred to as a functional earth (FE). Functionally earthedparts are double insulated from live parts.1.4.4Competent personA competent person is one who the responsible person ensures has the necessary practicaland theoretical skills, acquired through training, qualification, experience or a combination of these,to correctly undertake the required tasks.NOTE –(1)A competent person is not required to be a registered or licensed electrical practitioner.Requirements for registration vary between jurisdictions.(2)Competency levels may need to be updated following technological advances in both thetesting instrumentation available and the equipment being examined.COPYRIGHT Standards New Zealand and Standards Australia9

AS/NZS 3760:2010(3)It is expected that the competent person will:(i)Be able to use test equipment safely and effectively(ii)Have an understanding of the dangers of electricity, leading to an appreciation ofthe need for inspection and testing(iii)Have an understanding of the construction of Class I and Class II equipment, andof the terms: basic insulation, supplementary insulation, reinforced insulationand double insulation, protective earth and earth continuity, insulation resistanceand earth leakage current(iv)Have an understanding of the application and requirements of this Standard(v)Have an understanding of the relevant legislative requirements appropriate for thejurisdiction they are operating in.(4)Guidelines to the knowledge of electrical principles with which a competent person islikely to be familiar are listed in Appendix B.1.4.5Cord setAn assembly of a plug intended for connection to a mains socket-outlet, a sheathed flexible cordand an

EL 036 - In-service testing of electrical equipment to supersede AS/NZS 3760:2003 and its Amendment No. 1 (2005) from the date of publication. This edition has undergone a complete revision. In-service testing is a necessary part of any safety program to help ensure the safety of persons using electrical equipment in the workplace.

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