1Vehicle Tracking System for Securityand Analyzing Transportation VehicleInformationA Complete Documentation on Vehicle Tracking SystemPrepared By:Udham SinghKumar AnubhavRashid Chaudhary
2Table of Contents:Page No1) Foreword .032) Abstract 043) About White Paper .054) About Vehicle Tracking System .06-075) Real Time Problem and Solution . .08-106) Design of Tracking System .117) Block Diagram of Tracking System 128) Conclusion .13
3ForewordWelcome to VTS 2015, that focus on innovation in the field of testing of integrated circuits andsystems.The core of VTS 2015, responds to the many trends and challenges in the semiconductor designand manufacturing industries, with papers covering a diverse and seminal set of topics including:analog, mixed-signal & RF test; ATPG and compression; BIST; delay and performance test;diagnosis & debug; design for testability; defect, fault and error tolerance; power issues & noise;design verification & security; memory test & repair; on-line test, diagnosis & characterizationtest of high-speed I/Os; and 3D ICs.VTS 2015 continues the tradition of featuring the Innovative Practices track. The sessions thatmake up this track highlight cutting-edge challenges faced by test practitioners, and innovativesolutions employed to address them.The social program at VTS provides an opportunity for informal technical discussions amongparticipants.VTS is the result of the work of many dedicated volunteers: the reviewers, the best paper awardjudges, the Program Committee, the Organizing Committee, and the Steering Committee. Wewhole heartedly thank them all. We also wish to thank all the authors who submitted their worksto VTS 2015.We hope that you will find VTS 2015 enlightening, thought-provoking, rewarding, andenjoyable and hope that you will keep making VTS a success by actively participating in it,assisting in its organization, and letting us always know when we can do something better.Chief Operation Officer(Mr.Indrajeet Chaudhary)VTS TEAM1) Mr.UDHAM SINGH2) Mr. RASHID CHAUDHARY3) Mr. KUMAR ANUBHAV
4ABSTRACTA vehicle tracking system is an electronic device installed in a vehicle to enable the owner or athird party to track the vehicle's location. This paper proposed to design a vehicle trackingsystem that works using GPS and GSM technology, which would be the cheapest source ofvehicle tracking and it would work as anti-theft system. It is an embedded system which is usedfor tracking and positioning of any vehicle by using Global Positioning System (GPS) andGlobal system for mobile communication (GSM). This design will continuously monitor amoving Vehicle and report the status of the Vehicle on demand. A GSM modem is used to sendthe position (Latitude and Longitude) of the vehicle from a remote place. The GPS modem willcontinuously give the data i.e. the latitude and longitude indicating the position of the vehicle.The same data is sent to the mobile at the other end from where the position of the vehicle isdemanded.Keywords – GPS, GSM, Vehicle tracking, Microcontroller
5ABOUT WHITE PAPERA white paper is a document that describes a given problem and proposes a specific solution tothe problem. A typical white paper might list ways to meet a client's marketing needs, suggestthe use of a certain product for a technical process, or identify ways to streamline internalcommunication.
6ABOUT VEHICLE TRACKING SYSTEMGlobal Positioning System (GPS) vehicle tracking has rapidly gained popularity among fleetowners as the technology becomes more affordable and easier to access.In general, GPS vehicle tracking utilizes a space-based global navigation satellite system to tracktime and location information of fleet vehicles. This information is then transmitted to a remoteuser who can monitor vehicle location, speed, routing, idle time, engine start up and shut down,and much more.This information can be used to improve a host of fleet management operations including thereduction of fuel costs. According to a study by the Aberdeen Groups (a research firm thatstudies the effects of technology) on business, fleets with GPS tracking installed experience a 13percent reduction in fuel costs on average.
7Vehicles maintenance is an important but also challenging task, especially if you do not have acomplete maintenance solution. The first step to taking control over your fleet maintenance is tolook at your options. You can choose to go with either a maintenance-focused software or GPStracking software that includes a maintenance module. GPS tracking is a better option becausenot only do you get the ability to monitor maintenance, you will also have complete insight toyour fleet with location intelligence for all your vehicles and heavy equipment. With custommaintenance platforms, such as the GPS Insight Maintenance Module, you can enter in any typeof service based on mileage, run time hours, or dates. Maintenance reminders will be sentstraight to your team or can be displayed on the tracking software’s dashboard. This can be anypreventative maintenance neededfor your fleet - such as transmission flushes, fluid checks, brake checks, and other services
8REALTIME PROBLEMS AND SOLUTION WITH VTSHere I will discuss some points below that tells, what problems and its solution too that clientsare facing while using the VTS.1) Fleet Operator often think that someone may steal their car, if driver leave the car forsome time.Solution: Our VTS team Tracks the Vehicles 24*7 i:e if someone steal the cab then withthe help of VTS device we can easily find the cab.2) Client are getting problem that they were not able to see the total distance travelled bytheir particular vehicle.Solution: To solve this problem we have added a column in vehicle status panel of“Today Travel (KM)”.In this we have shown how much distance is covered by a vehicle.
93) Clients are getting problem that their vehicle is not giving mileage.Solution: To solve this problem we have set a speed limit of 60km/hr and if the vehiclecrosses above 60km/hr then a alert message will generate to the client.4) Client are getting problem that the total trip covered by vehicle is not showing completei:e driver is telling that total trip covered was 6 and online its showing 4.Solution: So to solve this problem we have made geofences and we have added differentcolored lines on the MAP. A line will draw with different color on MAP as it completesits trip.
105) Clients are always worried about the fuel theft.Solution: In order to solve this issue we have added a fuel management report which tellsus the Total Fuel Consumption, Total Fuel Filling and Total Fuel Theft.
11DESIGN OF TRACKING SYSTEMIn this Paper it is proposed to design an embedded system which is used for tracking andpositioning of any vehicle by using Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global system formobile communication (GSM). In this Device AT89C51 microcontroller is used for interfacingto various hardware peripherals. The current design is an embedded application, which willcontinuously monitor a moving Vehicle and report the status of the Vehicle on demand. Fordoing so an AT89C51 microcontroller is interfaced serially to a GSM Modem and GPSReceiver. A GSM modem is used to send the position (Latitude and Longitude) of the vehiclefrom a remote place. The GPS modem will continuously give the data i.e. the latitude andlongitude indicating the position of the vehicle. The GPS modem gives many parameters as theoutput, but only the NMEA data coming out and sent to the mobile at the other end from wherethe position of the vehicle is demanded. When the request by user is sent to the number at themodem, the system automatically sends a return reply to that mobile indicating the position ofthe vehicle in terms of latitude and longitude.
12BLOCK DIAGRAM OF TRACKING SYSTEMThe block diagram of tracking system using GPS and GSM technology is presented in figure 3.The project is vehicle positioning and navigation system we can locate the vehicle around theglobe with micro controller, GPS receiver, GSM modem. Microcontroller used is AT89C51. Thecode is written in the internal memory of Microcontroller i.e. ROM. With help of instruction setit processes the instructions and it acts as interface between GSM and GPS with help. GPS pinTX is connected to microcontroller and GSM pins TX and RX are connected to microcontrollerserial ports. Microcontroller communicates with the help of serial communication. First it takesthe data from the GPS receiver and then sends the information to the owner in the form of SMSwith help of GSM modem. GPS receiver works on 9600 baud rate is used to receive the datafrom space Segment (from Satellites), the GPS values of different Satellites are sent tomicrocontroller AT89C51, where these are processed and forwarded to GSM. At the time ofprocessing GPS receives only GPRMC values only.
13Conclusion:In this paper we have proposed an anti theft system which can be used to track a vehicle fittedwith the proposed device in it. It can also be used in wildlife tracking, asset tracking and in stolenvehicle recovery. In the future we may integrate other related devices in a vehicle such assensors. We can create a server to see the vehicle route and other information on our computerand we can save the trajectory of it. The sensors installed in our vehicle can report the vehicleinformation to our server and it can form an intelligent tracking system. There are variousreasons why car owners and public vehicle operators prefer to have a GPS. You can determineyour location, whether you are travelling locally or in a foreign land, having a GPS is truly anadvantage. If you think you are lost, you can use your GPS receiver to know your exact location.Vehicle tracking systems are commonly used by fleet operators for fleet management functionssuch as routing, dispatch, on-board information and security. Other applications includemonitoring driving behavior, such as an employer of an employee, or a parent with a teen driver.
A vehicle tracking system is an electronic device installed in a vehicle to enable the owner or a third party to track the vehicle's location. This paper proposed to design a vehicle tracking system that works using GPS and GSM technology, which would be the cheapest source of vehicle tracking and it would work as anti-theft system.
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purpose decision. GPS vehicle tracking is a sophisticated solution that allows you to locate your vehicle by connecting to a global positioning system. Typically, this system takes the form of a vehicle tracking device capable of using GPS technology, real-time tracking and instant data transfer to a connected mobile application [22-25].
Object tracking is the process of nding any object of interest in the video to get the useful information by keeping tracking track of its orientation, motion and occlusion etc. Detail description of object tracking methods which are discussed below. Commonly used object tracking methods are point tracking, kernel tracking and silhouette .
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