Quick Questions For Law Firm Interview - Karnavati University

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yuiopasdfghjA mqwertyuiopaUNITEDWORLD SCHOOL OF LAWKARNAVATI xcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnPrepared under the Supervision xcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfMr. Jaideep tyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqweDirector - Outreach Programs & Placement bnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbKarnavati dfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasCompiled iopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqMs. Amrita Singh (Asst. Professor of cvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjMr. Pranay Prakash (Asst. Professor of uiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertA Product of UWSL CSD cvbnmqweQuick Questions forLaw Firm Interview

ABOUT THE COMPENDIUMThe compendium consists of nine sections dealing with questions on important subjects of lawwhich are usually deemed important for the law interviews and which every law graduate shouldknow. The subjects covered under this compilation are Intellectual Property Rights, CorporateLaw, Public International Law, Constitutional Law, Alternative Dispute Resolution (Arbitrationand Conciliation), Constitutional Law, Company Law and Income Tax, Information TechnologyLaw, Indian Penal Code/Criminal Law. The first section deals with HR questions consisting ofquestions posed in the HR round of job interview, followed by the law subject questions. Eachsection has been prepared by UnitedWorld School of Law faculty members.The compendium has 233 questions dealing with these subjects and has been prepared to aid thestudents in quickly revising the important areas of law before appearing for any legal jobinterview. The questions are not exhaustive and merely provide for a good reference material onimportant areas of law.A law job interview requires thorough understanding of the key concepts, their application andcase laws, for which sole reliance on the contents of this compendium is NOT enough. Thesequick questions and answers may, therefore, be regarded as a Ready Reckoner and must be readalong with the Bare Acts, Rules, Regulations, and Case Laws.Besides, the compendium has been prepared with the latest amendments in the subjects covered;however, students are expected to be conversant with the latest amendments post this period.Although due care has been taken in preparing this compendium, the possibility of errors,omissions and/or discrepancies cannot be ruled out. Should there be any discrepancy,error/omission, doubt noted in the compendium, please feel free to contact the concerned facultymember.Disclaimer: The Questions on any subject are not exhaustive and only coverthe general and relevant subject knowledge.This compendium is for Internal Circulation Only!2

List of ContributorsDr. Malay PatelAssistant Dean & Associate Professor of ManagementDr. Debarati HalderProfessor of LawDr. Sanjay PandeyAssociate Professor of LawDr. Ayaz AhmedAssociate Professor of LawDr. Amit BhaskarAssociate Professor of LawMr. Nitesh NanavatiAssistant Professor of LawMr. Shrut BrahmbhattAssistant Professor of LawMr. Pranay PrakashAssistant Professor of LawMs. Nishtha AgrawalAssistant professor of Law3

INDEXSubjectPage No.HR Questions . 5Intellectual Property Rights . 13Corporate Law . 24Public International Law . 30Constitutional Law . 34Company Law and Income Tax . 39Alternative Dispute Resolution (Arbitration and Conciliation) . 45Information Technology Law . .49Indian Penal Code/Criminal Law . 534

H R QUESTIONS11This section has been compiled by Dr. Malay Patel & Mr. Pranay Prakash5

1. Tell me something about yourself?Model Answer 1: “Thank you, Sir/Ma’am for this opportunity. I am from XYZ City andbelong to a nuclear family. My father is a Central Government Employee and my motheris a Vice Principal at a private school. My younger sister will appear her CBSE 10thboard this year. We are a very close-knit family. On an individual front, I perceive myselfas a confident, conscientious and hardworking individual. I carry out any task assigned tome without hesitation, provided the instructions are clear. In the case of doubts, I neverhesitate to put forth my questions. I have always been a fast learner, and I love to keep upmy process of learning to figure out better ways of solving problems. Moreover, I love tocompete with my own past performances than competing with my peers, as I believe thatimprovement is always better than perfection!”2. What are your Strength & Weakness?Model Answer 2: “I have several strengths namely – I am patient, committed, honest andself-motivated. I am the biggest dreamer I have ever come across! I forgive easily andhate to keep grudges in my heart. My greatest weakness is that I don't like gettinginterrupted when I am seriously into something. Another one of my weaknesses is that Itrust people very easily. As I already said, I am a very patient person, so I am activelyworking on this lacuna.”3. What motivates you?Model Answer 3: I am a very result-oriented person. My primary motivation is to achievethe desired result. While I enjoy working on the project on my own, I am particularlymotivated by the buzz of working in a team. It’s very exciting working closely withothers, who share the same common goal. I also like to take on the challenge and rise tothat challenge as part of a concerted team effort.4. Why should we hire you?Model Answer 4: For this particular job, I have the perfect combination of skills andexperience that is required. I also bring rich experience of strong analytical and problemsolving skills that I have gained while working with other companies. My dedication toexcellent work standards will add value to the team and the company. I am also I inclined6

to research and I am a passionate writer. Hence the company may expect good resultsfrom me when it comes to legal content writing, legal research or even policy making.5. Are you a team player?Model Answer 5: Yes, definitely. While I will deny the fact that I can workindependently with minimal supervision, I’m also one companion every leader wouldever want to be in his team. Whatever task is assigned to me, I make sure it meets andexceeds what is expected of me. I also make it a point to reach out to teammateswhenever needed.6. What is your philosophy towards work?Model Answer 6: I have only one philosophy when it comes to work: every piece ofwork, regardless of size, has to be done on time and in the right manner.7. What have you learned from mistakes on the job?Model Answer 7: I learned that without proper coordination, even the simplest task couldcause problems in a project. I had this problem during my first job. From that time on, Imade sure every I think follows every detail and coordination.8. How would you know you were successful on this job?Model Answer 8: Being successful means goals that are set are being met. Beingsuccessful also means standards are not only reached but also exceeded whereverpossible.9. What have you done to improve your knowledge in the last year?Model answer 9: I have attended several self-improvements, time management, andpersonality development seminars. I have also participated in training workshops relatedto [industry].]. I have also participated in several academic conferences and seminars asparticipants and presenter and I have developed interest to learn law from contemporaryperspectives and not from text book perspectives only.7

10. What was the most difficult decision that you have made?Model answer 10: It was a time when I had to choose between joining a group ofemployees protesting some issues in the company and staying away from the issue. Iended up being a mediator between the employees and our immediate supervisor, and Iwas glad I made that decision because it all ended well and without further conflicts inthe workplace.11. Why do you think you deserve this job?Model answer 11. Because I believe my talents and skills will definitely be a bigcontribution to your company’s continuing pursuit of excellence. I’m a fast worker andhardworking person who can be a very reliable asset to this company.12. Would you rather work for money or job satisfaction?Model answer 12. Job satisfaction is more important to me. Working just for the moneymay not be fulfilling if I don’t like the job in the first place. Job satisfaction makes mestay productive; money would naturally come along as well.13. Has anything ever irritated you about people you’ve worked with?Model answer 13. I go along fine with co-workers. When I feel the other guy’s, attitude isa negative one; I try my best to approach him and talk things over. I always make it apoint to stay positive and transparent with people around me.14. How do you cope with stress?Model answer 14: I pause for a few minutes, look out into the window. Brief pauses inenough to get me charged again. I can manage stress well enough and does not decreasemy productivity level.15. How do you propose to compensate for your lack of experience?Model answer 15: I am a quick learner. Every time there is something new thrown at me,I take time to study it at the soonest time.8

16. Are you willing to make sacrifices for this company?Model answer 16: I would be willing to do that to the best of my ability. I can managepersonal matters on my own without causing conflicts when management needs memost. However, I will not comprise on my values.17. What role do you tend to play in a team?Model answer 17: I tend to be versatile when it comes to being a team player. I can actas a leader, an assistant, a communicator, a secretary, whatever role that will ensure thesuccess of the team. That’s because understanding the different roles will allow eachplayer to take on the role of others, in times of need.18. Describe your ability to work under pressure.Model answer 18: I understand the nature of this position that I am applying for quitewell, along with the pressure that comes with it. Being under pressure doesn’t discourageme but motivates me more.19. If you were hiring a manager for this job, what would you look for?Model answer 19: I would look into two essential things: the ability to do the job rightand the proper attitude to do it. Skills without the right attitude will not contribute toproductive output.20. Do you have any questions for me?Model answer 20: I would like to know what next steps are for me. I would also beinterested to know more details of this position I am applying for.21. Tell me a little about yourself.You have to tell your brief introduction from your name and important internships andachievements.22. What area of law most interests youYou have to prepare at least 2 areas of interest9

23. Where do you see yourself in five yearsIf you are wish to proceed in law firm then tell our top law firms or if you want to startyour law firm then talk about it but also remember to specify the area in which you wantto start your law firm.24. What subject of law you like mostTell your strongest subjects at least 225. Out of all the other candidates, why should we hire you?Tell your strong point and don’t forget to mention that you are very good in draftingbecause in initial days law firm prefer those candidates who are good in drafting skill26. What do you consider to be your biggest professional achievement?Tell about your achievements like moot, client counseling, internships or any other.27. Describe your dream job.Let them know about top company or any foreign firms which you want to join28. What kind of work environment do you like best?If you do not know exactly what the work environment is like, make sure you showflexibility and a willingness to experience new things. Example: “In the past, I preferred afast-paced working environment, but I also love to experience new things. Whenever Iexperience something new, I learn something valuable29. 3 things which you have learned from your internships?The best answer to this is Punctuality, court manner and team work. However, it dependson person to person basis.30. What is your leadership style?Democratic leadership style.31. What can we expect from you in your first three months?Try to understand and learn from seniors. Reflect and execute the plan fixed on day-132. What questions do you have for me?What do you expect from team members in this position?10

33. What Makes You Unique?Mention skills listed in the job description.34. What Should I Know That’s Not on Your Resume?Stress a strength or skill that is essential to the position (and is not listed in your resume)35. What Are Your Salary Requirements?It depends on person to person basis but please ready for the negotiation36. When Can You Start?Say you can start immediately the right way to confirm in your employer's mind that youare the right person for the job. Smile when your employer asks when you can start.Smile when your employer asks when you can start. Look excited about starting the newjob.37. Are You Willing to Relocate?Definitely willing to relocate will show that you want to do whatever is necessary to be apart of the company and team. A formal answer would be: “For the right opportunity Iam definitely willing to relocate. I believe that this position and company is thatopportunity.38. Why should we hire you?I have just started my career, I don't have practical achievements, but I really want topractically explore and experience my potential by delivering the best services to thecompany. It will be my honour to work with you and this organization.39. Why do you want to work here?Learn about your career goals and how this position fits into your plan. Make sure thatyou are sincerely interested in the job and will be motivated to perform if hired. Find outwhat you know about the company, industry, position (and if you took the time toresearch)11

40. What are you passionate about?Select something that genuinely excites you. You also want to pick a passion that you areknowledgeable about. Pick a passion that you are actively involved with in some way.Keep in mind that your passion can be almost anything.41. How you hear about this job?You were looking actively for jobs and found it on a job board, careers website,LinkedIn, etc. and that’s how you first saw the job. You have a colleague or friend in thecompany who suggested you apply or mentioned they were hiring.42. Why you choose law as your career?A career in Law is intellectually challenging, financially rewarding & personallyfulfilling. For me personal fulfilment is most important. . Law is also about rights,justice & understanding of human behaviour & society. I choose Law because it helps mein improving my standard of thoughts, skills & knowledge.43. Describe your moot experienceSay few lines about your first moot and what you have learnt after that.44. Why do you think you will succeed as a lawyer?1. Comfortable with public speaking2. Performing under pressure3. Flair with words4. Analytical mind5. Available 24/745. What are the 5 most important qualities of a successful lawyer?1. Good communication skill2. Research skills3. Analytical skills4. Creativity5. availability--------------------------12

QUESTIONSONINTELLECTUALPROPERTY RIGHTS22This section has been compiled by Mr. Shrut Brahmbhatt13

46. What is Intellectual Property?Answer: Intellectual Property refers to a property that is an outcome of intellect of human being.e.g. Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Geographical Indication. Designs etc.Detailed Description for revision: It is generally acknowledged that IP is the collective term forcreations of the mind and for the commercial goodwill, as vested in business that can beprotected by law. As to exactly what should be protected by IP, laws differ from country tocountry depending on the understandings of IP regimes. Neither the Convention Establishing theWorld Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) nor the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspectsof Intellectual Property Rights (the TRIPS Agreement) directly gives a definition of IP. Instead,they provide for various categories of rights covered by IP, enumerating them, and addingdefinitions and provisions as to their scope of protection. Looking at the provisions of various IPtreaties, we can find that IP protection involves the following rights and legal relationships: (1)patents, including inventions, utility models industrial designs (for example, in China) and plantpatents (for example, in the U.S.); (2) copyright and related rights; (3) distinctive signs used incommerce, such as trademarks, geographical indications, trade names and trade dress; (4) newplant varieties; (5) layout designs of integrated circuits; (6) trade secrets or undisclosedinformation; and (7) repression of unfair competition.47. What are the characteristics of IP?Answer: Intellectual Properties are intangible, exclusive for the owners, territorial and limited bytime.Detailed Description for revision: Compared with traditional property rights, IP rights areintangible in nature. Moreover, they are exclusive, territorial and time-limited. But this is trueonly in a relative sense and does not mean that all types of IP rights have these characteristics.There are some exceptions. For example, as long as it is not disclosed, a trade secret can existforever in theory, subject to no time limit.14

48. Does IP protection have a time limit?Answer: Yes definitely. Each form of Intellectual property has a predefined duration until whichthe creators/owners of the IP are protected.Detailed Description for revision:IP is protected only for a limited period of time, beyond which it is no longer protected and fallsinto the public domain. When an IP right expires, everyone may use it with no restrictions fromthe right holder. This is not true for traditional or tangible property rights. As long as a piece oftraditional property exists, it is always protected by law. A family heirloom if not damaged orsold, may always be passed down to one’s descendants and enjoy legal protection.49. What is the “transparency” principle?Answer: As per the TRIPS Agreement provides that the member countries shall enhancetransparency in their foreign-trade administration. All the Laws, regulations and court rulingsshall be made known to each other unless the disclosure is detrimental to law enforcement.Detailed Description for revision: As one of the bases of the TRIPS Agreement, thetransparency principle aims to ensure the stability and predictability of the trading environment.Under the transparency rule, all member countries should enhance transparency in their foreigntrade administration. Universally applicable laws and regulations, trade agreements, court rulingsand administrative decisions must be made known, unless such disclosure is detrimental to lawenforcement, the public interest or the legitimate business interests of the parties concerned.50. Can inventions be protected only by patents?Answer: Well no. It may be protected by keeping it as trade secret. However, the protectionunder patent law is stronger than trade secrets.Detailed Description for revision: The right holder of a technical creation may seek protectioneither through the trade secret (undisclosed information) system or through the patent system.Under patent law, right holders have to disclose their creations in exchange for protection, thus15

making contributions to society, and the invention becomes part of the public domain when thepatent expires. The owners of trade secrets, on the other hand, keep their technical solutionsconfidential and therefore receive weaker protection than that afforded to patent holders.51. Why could a patent be invalidated after it has been granted?Answer: The Patent can be invalidated if the granted patent is challenged on the reason ofdefect in designation.Detailed Description for revision: A patent is not set in stone after it has been granted: it can beinvalidated or have its scope of protection narrowed through a revocation or invalidationprocedure. In the patent examination process, the examiner has only limited time and effort todevote to each patent application, due to the large quantity of applications. For example, inChina, the total number of applications for the three types of patents in 2017 exceeded threemillion. The pressure on the examiners is enormous, and the time spent on an invention by eachexaminer averages only two days or so. For this reason, the extent of the examiner’s job islimited to preliminary screening and designation of scope of protection. Should there be anydefect in the designation, it is no surprise that a competitor may come forward to challenge thevalidity of the patent.52. What rights do performers enjoy under IP regime?Answer: Performers’ rights are provided for in international conventions and national copyrightlaws to recognize their original intellectual labor in their performance activities. Performers’rights are divided into moral rights and economic rights.Detailed Description for revision: The Rome Convention and the TRIPS Agreement do notaddress the moral rights of performers, but the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty(WPPT) expressly provides for performers to have the right to claim to be identified with theirperformances and to object to any distortion, mutilation or other modification of theirperformances that would be prejudicial to their reputation, with the term of performanceprotection at least equal to the term of protection of the economic rights.16

53. Is computer software copyrightable?Answer: Yes, it is copyrightable.Detailed Description for revision: Internationally, computer software is often eligible forcopyright protection. The TRIPS Agreement provides that computer programs, whether in sourceor object code, shall be protected as literary works. As a work is automatically protected bycopyright when it is created, computer software does not need to be registered for copyrightprotection. Considering the great value of software, however, right holders often register theirwork to prove ownership of copyright and to protect the time spent on their work.54. What are the differences between copyright and patent protection?Answer: Copyright subsists in original works including Literary work, Artistic work,Cinematographic work, Sound Recording etc which are protected for different durations.Whereas Patents are granted on Inventions fulfilling NUN test. (Novelty, Utility, NonObviousness)Detailed Description for revision: Comparison of the two systems shows that the patent systemis conducive to the protection of inventions in the field of technology, while the copyright systemfocuses on the protection of literary and artistic works. As copyrighted works may encompassworks about scientific creations protected by patent law, overlapping may occur in this case.With regard to a technical solution, such as a new type of car engine, copyright protection andpatent protection reflect entirely different focuses.55. How is the ownership of a commissioned work determined?Answer: Where a person commissions, or invests in, a copyrightable work created by anotherperson, the first principle is that the agreement (if any) between them should be respectedaccording to the principle of “freedom of contract.”Detailed Description for revision: Usually, the investor is in a strong position and will claimownership of the work in the agreement. If the investor has neglected to make a bindingagreement, he or she might still own the work according to international practice. However, in17

some countries, such as China, the copyright of the work belongs to the author in the absence ofan agreement. Where the person who commissions the work owns the economic copyright, it isstill necessary to consult national law to determine whether he or she may also own the moralrights. In some countries contracts cannot override or terminate the author’s moral rights.56. Will the creation of works about the same theme by different authors lead toinfringement?Answer: Copyright law distinguishes between “an idea and its expressions:” themes belong toideas and so are not protected by copyright law.Detailed Description for revision: The same theme may beexpressed in different ways bydifferent people. For example, love is an eternal theme in literature. It is obviously unreasonablethat all subsequent love stories constitute infringement after someone wrote the first love story.Both Romeo and Juliet by Shakespeare and Butterfly Lovers (known as “Liang Shanbo and ZhuYingtai,” one of China’s four great folktales) are famous tragic love stories, but they wereindependent works by different authors.57. What is a copyright notice?Answer: The copyright notice is used to inform others that the work in question is protected bycopyright, with a “ ” sign, where “c” stands for copyright.Detailed Description for revision: The copyright notice was first set forth in U.S. copyright lawand was also provided for in the Universal Copyright Convention. According to the BerneConvention, enjoyment and enforcement of copyright do not require any formalities, regardlessof whether or not a work is protected in the country of origin. In other words, copyrightprotection is not restricted by or contingent on formalities, such as a copyright notice. Given thepractical benefits of providing information about the copyright status of a work and the rightholder(s), current international practice is to mark works with a copyright notice to stateexplicitly that the work is protected by copyright and to identify the copyright holder. Withworks in digital form this information may also be provided through the metadata associatedwith the work.18

58. What are the differences between a trademark and a trade name?Answer: A trade name is used to differentiate one business from another. A trademark is a signused on goods or services to distinguish them from those of other businesses.Detailed Description for revision: Trade names and Trademarks are signs to identifybusinesses, but not necessarily the goods or services they offer. The distinction becomes moreblurred with service companies, because very often the business name is also the name of theservice, whereas with products, there is often a difference between the name of the business andthe name of the trademark that is used on a specific product. From the perspective of corporatebranding and reputation, there is no essential distinction, because both trademarks and tradenames carry the goodwill of a company.59. Must all goods be protected by registered trademarks?Answer: The registration of a trademark is not a condition for its use. However, usingunregistered trademarks carries significant legal risks.Detailed Description for revision: In many countries, trademark rights are granted pursuant tothe first-to-file rule. That is to say, whoever applies first will be granted the exclusive right to atrademark, regardless of whether it has been in use. If a company uses an unregistered trademark,there is a risk that it will be preemptively registered by others. In this case, the company can onlyuse its trademark within the original scope and cannot expand its scope of use.60. What is trademark distinctiveness?Answer: Trademark distinctiveness refers to the features that enable a trademark to distinguishthe source of a product or service.Detailed Description for revision: If a sign is incapable of identifying the source of a product, itdoes not function as trademark. Gaining trademark distinctiveness is like running a marathon. Itis important to have a certain advantage at the starting line, but it is even more important to keepa business going smoothly.19

61. What is a generic name?Answer: A generic name in the sense of trademark law refers to a product name established byoperation of law or by usage as a generic term.Detailed Description for revision: When considering whether a term is generic, national and/orindustry standards are considered. If a relevant sector of the public believes that a name iscapable of desig

to start your law firm. 24. What subject of law you like most Tell your strongest subjects at least 2 25. Out of all the other candidates, why should we hire you? Tell your strong point and don't forget to mention that you are very good in drafting because in initial days law firm prefer those candidates who are good in drafting skill 26.

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