JuryofReforms: Case-Specific Electronic Title Presentation Subtitle Questionnaires May 24,2022 August 2019
ACVD Pilot Program – Electronic Questionnaires The Supreme Court in its July 12, 2022 Order authorized a pilot program on Attorney-Conducted Voir Dire (ACVD). In addition to a shift from judge-led to attorneyconducted oral questioning, the pilot program involves use of case-specific written electronic questionnaires. New Jersey Judiciary 2
ACVD Pilot Program – Electronic Questionnaires The judge and attorneys will conference before the trial date to determine specific questions to be posed to jurors in the electronic questionnaire before oral voir dire. Jurors will complete the electronic questionnaire when they report to the courthouse. Juror responses will be compiled and shared with the judge and attorneys before jurors are brought to the courtroom. New Jersey Judiciary 3
ACVD Pilot Program – Electronic Questionnaires The use of a case-specific electronic questionnaire: Enables early dismissal of jurors who cannot serve based on hardship or cause; Protects privacy and encourages candid responses from jurors who might be reluctant to disclose certain experiences or views orally; and Supports effective voir dire by providing attorneys with detailed, relevant information about prospective jurors before oral questioning. New Jersey Judiciary 4
Overview 1. Development of case-specific electronic questionnaire. Recommended timing of voir dire conference. Guidelines for questionnaire content and length. 2. Drafting and filing of agreed-upon form. Confidentiality of questionnaire. 3. Review of juror responses. Confidentiality of juror responses. In-court review process and next steps. New Jersey Judiciary 5
Development of Questionnaire When counsel request to participate in the ACVD pilot program, the court will schedule a hearing (with the defendant) to memorialize consent on the record and in a written form. After that hearing on consent, the court and counsel will conduct a conference to finalize the Trial Order on ACVD Process and to develop the content of the case-specific electronic questionnaire (subject if necessary to further edits). New Jersey Judiciary 6
Development of Questionnaire In the beginning, electronic questionnaires should be relatively concise (not more than 50 questions, preferably closer to 30 for a 3rd or 4th degree charge). All questionnaires must include standard questions about juror qualifications. Questionnaires must not include questions that seek a juror’s individual demographic information. New Jersey Judiciary 7
Types of Questions to Include The following types of questions are well suited for a written format: Questions that can be answered: yes/no/unsure Questions with responses provided in a list Questions with short narrative responses, e.g., who in your family works in law enforcement? New Jersey Judiciary 8
Types of Questions to Avoid Certain question types in general should be avoided: Compound questions Questions that use legal terminology or other language not familiar to jurors Detailed hypotheticals that attempt to pre-try the case New Jersey Judiciary 9
Types of Questions to Avoid Additional question types also should be avoided: Intrusive questions, e.g., if a juror has indicated that they would be uncomfortable hearing a case about X, the questionnaire should not ask for a further explanation Numerous open-ended narrative questions New Jersey Judiciary 10
Conference to Finalize Trial Order and Written Electronic Questionnaire This video shows an example of the pretrial conference on jury selection issues. In the video, the judge and attorneys agree on additional questions to include in the questionnaire. New Jersey Judiciary 11
Conference on Electronic Questionnaire Working from a template questionnaire, court staff will incorporate questions requested by the attorneys and approved by the judge. This collaborative process will be conducted on the record. New Jersey Judiciary 12
Conference on Electronic Questionnaire In some cases, the judge, attorneys, and staff may customize the questionnaire in real-time, similar to an incourtroom finalization of an order. This video shows how template questions can be modified, how new questions can be added, and how questions can be deleted. New Jersey Judiciary 13
Drafting & Filing of Questionnaire If there is disagreement about a question proposed by counsel, the judge will make the final decision. To the extent possible, the electronic questionnaire will be developed and finalized during the conference. A copy of the questionnaire will be filed under seal along with the Order on ACVD Process. New Jersey Judiciary 14
Drafting & Filing of Questionnaire A copy of the filed questionnaire will be provided to counsel. Edits may be made if issues are identified during review. The questionnaire is confidential and must not be provided in hard copy or electronically to the defendant or any other person. New Jersey Judiciary 15
Attorney Review of Electronic Questionnaire To illustrate the functionality of the questionnaire, the URL link that will be provided to jurors will be provided before trial to counsel, solely for review and testing. That URL link is also confidential and must not be provided to any person. New Jersey Judiciary 16
Completion of Questionnaire by Jurors When jurors report to the courthouse, they will receive a link to the electronic questionnaire. While in Jury Assembly, jurors will complete the questionnaire on their smartphone or with Judiciary tablets. New Jersey Judiciary 17
Completion of Questionnaire by Jurors At least at the outset of this new process, the target should be a questionnaire that can be completed by jurors in less than an hour, preferably closer to 30 minutes. Jury management will compile the responses and provide the electronic spreadsheet of those responses to the judge and attorneys (who are present in the courtroom). New Jersey Judiciary 18
Receipt of Spreadsheet by Counsel Counsel will receive an Excel spreadsheet with juror responses. The spreadsheet is confidential under Rule 1:38-5 (as amended effective September 1, 2022). Counsel may review the juror responses with the defendant but must not provide a copy of the spreadsheet to the defendant or any other person. New Jersey Judiciary 19
Review of Juror Responses The court and counsel, with staff, will review the spreadsheet of juror responses in a closed courtroom. While screen-sharing, staff can format the spreadsheet, including: to focus on initial sections; to strike through jurors who are dismissed; and To highlight jurors who will be brought for sidebar. New Jersey Judiciary 20
Review of Juror Responses The projection is for review by the court and counsel to take less than 2 hours for a straightforward matter. Based on that expectation, the spreadsheet would be provided to the court and attorneys by 10:30 a.m., and jurors would be dismissed (with cautionary instructions not to discuss the case) to return at 1:30 p.m. New Jersey Judiciary 21
Review of Juror Responses This video provides detailed instructions as to how an attorney, legal assistant, or court staff can format the spreadsheet for efficient review by the judge and counsel. New Jersey Judiciary 22
Review of Juror Responses The judge and attorneys will review the juror responses to the electronic questionnaire and address any questions as to qualification or hardship. This video shows this pre-voir dire process, in which the judge with input from counsel determines certain prevoir dire dismissals. New Jersey Judiciary 23
Review of Juror Responses An attorney, legal assistant, or court staff person can also highlight specific content in the spreadsheet, such as jurors who provide a particular response to an important question. This video provides detailed guidance on this type of spreadsheet review and highlighting. New Jersey Judiciary 24
Review of Juror Responses The judge and attorneys can identify individual jurors whose responses to the questionnaire warrant a sidebar discussion before bringing the jury panel to the courtroom. This video illustrates this part of the pre-voir dire conference. New Jersey Judiciary 25
Conclusion The use of case-specific electronic questionnaires is intended: To enable prompt dismissal of jurors who are unable to participate in a particular trial; To encourage open disclosures by jurors who may be more candid in writing than in oral questioning; and To reveal relevant information that can be further probed during attorney-conducted voir dire. New Jersey Judiciary 26
In the beginning, electronic questionnaires should be relatively concise (not more than 50 questions, preferably closer to 30 for a 3. rd. or 4. th. degree charge). All questionnaires must include standard questions about juror qualifications. Questionnaires must not include questions that seek a juror's individual demographic information.
Prior Jury Service 144 Jury panels and juries 145 Juror selection in open court 151 Summary 153 Chapter 6. Jury decision-making 157 Aims and objectives 157 Case simulation study 159 Jury verdicts and ethnicity 162 Juror votes and ethnicity 164 Race saliency 166 Jury v
The jury selection process depends in large part on the type of jury selection that the court permits. Although the methods may vary or be referred to by different names in different courts, jury selection occurs through one of two basic methods: The struck jury method (see Struck Jury Method).
AGRÉGATION EXTERNE D¶ANGLAIS Rapport de jury présenté par Wilfrid Rotgé, président du jury Les rapports des jurys des concours sont établis sous la responsabilité des présidents de jury 2009 Source DGRH 1. 2 TABLE DES MATIÈRES Avant-propos du président du jury p. 3 .
AGRÉGATION EXTERNE D’ANGLAIS Rapport de jury présenté par Wilfrid Rotgé, président du jury Les rapports des jurys des concours sont établis sous la responsabilité des présidents de jury 2011 Source DGRH ‰ 1. 2 TABLE DES MATIÈRES Avant-propos du président du jury p. 3 .
classifier's prediction. The jury learning model architecture then predicts each juror's label and outputs the joint jury prediction to classify unseen examples. Rather than a typical machine learning classifier outputting a label of, for example, toxic or not toxic, a jury learning classifier might output a prediction such as, "For this jury
Basel III reforms 103 A.2. Ongoing Basel reforms 108 APPENDIX B. SUMMARY OF KEY STUDIES 115 B.1. Summary of key studies measuring impact of regulatory reform on lending . FIGURE A: POST CRISIS BASEL REFORMS AND TLAC  Not an exhaustive list  FRTB reforms have been completed  IIRRBB reforms have been completed (largely Pillar 2)
Virginia Model Jury Instructions – Criminal . Release 20, September 2019. NOTICE TO USERS: THE FOLLOWING SET OF UNANNOTATED MODEL JURY INSTRUCTIONS ARE BEING MADE AVAILABLE WITH THE PERMISSION OF THE PUBLISHER, MATTHEW BENDER & COMPANY, INC. PLEASE NOTE THAT THE FULL ANNOTATED VERSION OF THESE MODEL JURY INSTRUCTIONS IS AVAILABLE FOR PURCHASE FROM . MATTHEW BENDER BY WAY OF THE FOLLOWING .
Role of Courts and Judicial Employees Jury Service/Process . For the part of the novel that takes place in the courtroom, arrange the : classroom like a courtroom. Be sure to include a space for the jury to deliberate. . When assigning roles to play, be sure to select the jury first. Or, select the attorneys and :