POST-DISASTER RECOVERY POLICY AND STRATEGY IN INDONESIA - PreventionWeb

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POST-DISASTER RECOVERY POLICY AND STRATEGY IN INDONESIA: Build Back Better, Safer, and Ensuring an Inclusive Dividend in Recovery Dr. Suprayoga Hadi (suprayoga@bappenas.go.id and yogahadi@gmail.com) Primary Planner, National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), Republic of Indonesia International Recovery Forum (IRF) 2019 Kobe, Japan, 18 January 2019

FRAMEWORK OF THINKING FOR A BETTER, SAFER AND MORE SUSTAINABLE POST-DISASTER RECOVERY AND REDEVELOPMENT DISASTER 2-4 weeks Damage and Losses Assessment Rehabilitation Transition and Early Recovery PostDisaster Need Assessment Reconstruction and New Relocation 3-6 months 1-3 months Koordinasi Bappenas Emergency Relief 6-24 months Master Plan of Recovery and Redevelopment 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Policies and Strategies for Recovery and Redevelopment Regional and local spatial plan for disaster prone regions Infrastructrure recovery and redevelopment in the new relocation Socio economic recovery and redevelopment Post-disaster financing and cooperation Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Affected Area and Development of New Relocation which are based on Community-based Disaster Risk Reduction Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Action Plan Regional Disaster Resilience Plan Source: Bappenas, 2018 22

FRAMEWORK OF POST-DISASTER RECOVERY AND RELOCATION Predisaster condition Disaster Emewrgency Relief Postdisaster coindition Early Recovery Rehabilitation & Rekonstruction Rehabilitasi in-situ Relocation Better Settlement & Livelihood Disaster Risk Reduction No Stages Data and Information Analysis 1 Pre-Disaster Geographic, Demographic, Economi, Social, Infrastructure, Institutional 2 Post-Disaster Casualties, IDPs, DaLA, and PDNA 2.1 Emergency Relief IDPs and Temporary Shelters 2.2 Early Recovery Housing, Infrastructure, social services, livelihood, facilitation 2.3 Rehab-Recon Housing, infrastructures, social, economic, cros-sectoral 2.3.1 Rehabilitation in-situ HH target, rehabilitasi location, disaster mitigation,financing, timeframe 2.3.2 Relocation HH target, relocation, disaster mitigation,financing, timeframe Better Livelihood Disaster Risk Mitigation Bencana for Better Settlement and Livelihood Source: Bappenas, 2018 3 33

STAGES OF COMMUNITY-BASED REHABILITATION & RECONSTRUCTION tenure issues, site plans and layout, households eligible for grant assistance, maps, identification of land plots, damaged and destroyed houses, infrastructure, project implementation arrangements, revised community spatial planning, hazard risk mitigation strategies (e.g. 4. Community securing evacuation paths, required set- Settlement Plan backs). PNPM Urban / PNPM Rural 3. Community Self Survey 5. Group Implementation Plan 6. Sign of CSP & Housing Grant Application STEP 2: COMMUNITY PLAN 7. Opening of group bank account STEP 3: ADMINISTRATION PREPARATION 2. Formation of Community Working Group PNPM Urban / PNPM Rural 1. Socialization & Community Organizing STEP 1: COMMUNITY ORGANIZING Construction Activities STEP 4: IMPLEMENTATION 4

Prioritization for housing reconstruction and preparation of earthquake resistance building guideline 4 Administrative arrangement for fund channeling 3 Establishment of Community Group 2 1 5 Fund Channeling and housing reconstruction Consolidation and socialization to the affected community 5

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT APPROACH FOR HOUSING RECONSTRUCTION (MDF-AN & JRF) Component Aceh & Nias (MDF) DIY, Central Java & West Java (JRF) Housing Reconstructtion rebuild or rehabilitate 15,000 housing units in Aceh and 4.500 in Nias of the total 180.000 new housing development More than 270.000 houses build in 18 months. build or rehabilitate 15,000 housing units and additional 3.934 houses post Merapi eruption Small Scale Infrastructure Build basic community infrastructure (road, bridges, irrigation, watsan) and provide assitance for formulation Community Settlement Plan (CSP) in 180 villages Build basic community infrastructure ((road, bridges, irrigation, watsan, including evacuation path) and provide assitance for formulation Community Settlement Plan (CSP) in 265 villages, and additional 88 villages post merapi eruption. Community Education capacity building for local and Quality goverment and community on Assurance DRR, Training for facilitator, DRR dissemination and develop IEC material for DRR capacity building for local goverment and community on DRR, Training for facilitator, DRR dissemination and develop IEC material for DRR 6

PROCESS OF THE MASTER PLAN FOR RECOVERY AND RELOCATION IN POST-DISASTER AREA IN INDONESIA: CASE OF CENTRAL SULAWESI Survey of BG-ESDM on geological condition of postdisaster & proposed relocation area Survey of BMKG on geophysics condition of postdisaster & proposed relocation area Survey of JICA team on post-disaster & proposed relocation area Ministry ATR/BPN recommends Disaster Prone Zones and proposes revision of Spatial Plans and Detail Plans of the affected regions in Central Sulawesi Province Bappenas prepares Master Plan for Recovery and Redevelopment of Affected Area in Central Sulawesi Ministry of PUPR prepares settlement plan for relocation area and regional infrastructure plan, and proposes new regulation for building construction in affected area in Central Sulawesi Regional and Local Spatial Plans for affected area and relocation area Regional and Local Infrastructure recovery plan for affected area and relocation area Regional and Local Socio-economic recovery Plan for affected area and relocation area Financing plan and cooperation framework for recovery and redevelopment of postdisaster of C. Sulawesi Province and affected districts and city in Central Sulawesi revise their Spatial Plans and prepare detail plan for the proposed relocation area Regulatory and institutional framework for recovery and redevelopment of postdisaster area in Central Sulawesi 77 7

POLICY AND STRATEGY DISASTER RISK REDUCTION POST-DISASTER AND DISASTER-PRONE AREA POLICYfor AND STRATEGY ON Policy & Strategy Development DISASTER RISKArea REDUCTION New Settlement INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT UNDERSTANDING DISASTER RISK POTENTIAL IN THE PROVINCE LEVEL PR O VI DING BASI C I N F RASTRUCTURE Disaster-pronemapping Do some disaster risk analysis of disaster prone districts / cities REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT BASED ON DISASTER RISK CENTRAL SULAWESI PROVINCE Spatial Planning CONDUCTING GEOLOGICAL STUDY TO DETERMINE A NEW HOUSING LOCATION Considering locations with low disaster risk levels as potential settlement location Developmentbasedondisasterrisk Developmentdoesnotproducenewvulnerabilities IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT BASED ON DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND MITIGATION CONDUCTING STUDY FOR SPATIAL PLANNING TO DETERMINE THE LOCATION OF SETTLEMENT Considering the land use and the environment capacity of areas Considering the land use of land that has not yet been built Mainstreamingdisasterriskreductionforall institutions, especiallygovernment INVOLVING COMMUNITIES TO CHOOSE THE NEW SETTLEMENT LOCATIONS REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT BASED ON DISASTER RISK Developmentbasedondisasterrisk Developmentdoesnotproducenewvulnerabilities IMPACTED CITIES & DISTRICTS Mainstreamingdisasterriskreductionforall institutions, especiallygovernment FORMULATING THE CITY'S CONTIJECTION PLAN ACCORDING TO THE NEEDS Involve all parties in the formulation of contingency plans, especially the community PROVIDING DISASTER RESILIENCE INF RASTRUCTURE SOCIAL, CULTURAL, & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROVIDING ADEQUATE F ACILITES IN N EW SET T L EMENT L O C ATI ONS Providing basic facilities for education, health, and religion UPDATING THE MAIN ADMIN DATA AND POPULATION DATA CONDUCTING PROTECTION COMMUNITY RIGHTS RELATED TO LAND OW NERSHIP Updating the population data for new settlement efficiently and effectively PROVIDING SERVICES FOR ISSUING POPULATION DOCUMENTS BUI L DI NG HO USI NG W I TH CO NSI DERAT I ON O F VUL NERABL E G RO UPS Women participation in making housing plans Providing employment opportunity in new settlement area Training community with various skill and competency for employment opportunity as appropriate GOVERNMENT AND COMMUNITY INSTITUTION BUILDING HOUSING W ITH DISASTER CONSIDERATIONS Building meets building code and disaster resilience Building use debris and environmentally friendly material Supporting through technical staff who understand the construction of disaster resilience building Training of local HR especially those who working in construction sector Identifying communities rights in the land sector at the new settlement location Developing land ownership system that equitable RECOVERING COMMUNIT Y INCOME Issuing SKPTI or SKPS as condition for issuing the lost or damaged civil registration certificate HOUSING DEVELOPMENT Using environmentally friendly materials for housing Building infrastructure for structural mitigation of settlement area ENSURING THE NEW SETTLEMENT AREA IS ACCEPTED BY THE COMMUNITY Approaching the community Involving community in developing the relocation plan Conducting discussion and getting the aspirations of community MANAGING POPULATION ADMINISTRATION UNDERSTANDING DISASTER RISK POTENTIAL Mappingdisaster-proneareasin eachcity anddistrict Mappingdisaster-pronegroups Identify vital assets in disaster-prone areas and the anticipation FORMULATING & VALIDATING RELEVANT REGULATIONS ON REDUCING DISASTER RISK Ensuring the function of the institution accordingto the community needs Improving human resourcecapacityin knowledge of disaster mitigation Mainstreamingdisastermanagementin variousinstitutional sectors IMPROVING INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT BASED ON DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND MITIGATION Considering the distance from the original location to the new location Providing integrated sanitation and solid waste networks Providing integrated clean water networks Providing earthquake- resilience facilities Providing transportation infrastructure & logistics assistance lines Repairing telecommunications and electricity networks PREPARING THE GOVERNMENT IN S T IT U T ION S YS T E M Considering the community aspiration to join or forming new system Preparing relevant institution and human resources IMPROV IN G GOVERNMEN T CAPACIT Y Ensuring the function of the institution Improving the capacity of guman resources regarding disaster mitigation Mainstreaming disaster management in various institutional sectors 8 88

CONCLUSIONS 1. Post-Disaster Recovery and Disaster Risk Reduction require support from community participation in improving the quality and objectives of Disaster Management; 2. Community-based Disaster Risk Reduction is a key factor in participatory disaster management, including in post-disaster recovery, as indicated by best practices in Yogyakarta and Aceh; 3. The application of PRBBK in the local context, especially villages, needs to be supported by HR readiness and capacity at the community level, especially in the village; 4. The change in the village paradigm, which is more concerned with the principle of recognition and subsidiarity, shows the role of village communities to be increasingly important in decisionmaking, including in the framework of community-based DRR at the village level; 5. In line with the implementation of "no one left behind" SDGs, then post-disaster recovery needs to prioritize community capacity building in supporting community-based post-disaster recovery, including in supporting disaster preparedness villages and empowering rural communities to reduce disaster risk; 6. Learning from the cases of Aceh and Yogyakarta, the recovery program for post-disasters in Lombok, Palu and Pandeglang have been following the importance of disaster risk based spatial and settlement planning; 7. Multi-hazard early warning system is also required to be promoted significantly in strengthening the spatial and settlement plan for a long-term objectives to realizing the national and regional disaster resilience, as well as community resilience to disaster. 9

THANK YOU 10

1. Post-Disaster Recovery and Disaster Risk Reduction require support from community participation in improving the quality and objectives of Disaster Management; 2. Community-based Disaster Risk Reduction is a key factor in participatory disaster management, including in post-disaster recovery, as indicated by best practices in Yogyakarta and .

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