Zero Discharge Treatment Method for Cooling Towers and Heat Exchangers with SP3, I-SOFT-OB, OXYDES & KATALOX LIGHT By Deepak Chopra Watch Water GmbH May 2013 Fahrlachstraße 14 68165 Mannheim Germany Web: email: Telefon: Telefax: www.watchwater.de email@example.com 49 (0) 621 87951-0 49 (0) 621 87951-99 ISO KL Applications, Part IV 1
Why consider this technology to all traditional chemical water treatment 1) 2) 3) 4) Because Contaminants are destroyed (not separated or concentrated) Because it is the most intelligent thing to do Because there are no toxic chemicals involved Because Instant Dosing Products reduce 95% of water used in conventional water treatment chemicals, which are associated costs for shipping, insurance, handling storage and disposal. 5) To descale systems which have lost heat transfer efficiency, without the need for service companies and dangerous acid cleaning. 6) To reduce the amount of water used in open cooling loop operation and associated costs for supply and discharge of Toxic Chemicals. 7) Eliminate all inorganic, organics, algae, bacteria, fungi including very difficult problems such as yeast and Legionella with the use of very simple biocide I-SOFT OB (Oxidizing Biocide) either as liquid or in the INSTANT powder form 8) To treat water without water softeners where the use of water softeners are forbidden or too costly because of salt and waste water costs. 9) To reduce the amount of sodium chloride (NaCl) in discharge to municipalities 10)It is easy to start up and stop ISO KL Applications, Part IV 2
I-SOFT - OB (Oxydizing Biocide) I-SOFT OB: is one of the unique Mixed inhibitor composes of three different types of proprietary formulation that works as 1. Cathodic Scaling prevented 2. Anodic Scaling and Corrosion preventer 3. Oxidizer including adsorption, dispersion and passivation technique used in I-SOFT OB (See more about I-SOFT OB) ISO KL Applications, Part IV 3
I-SOFT OXYDES KATALX LIGHT The unique WATCH strategy of water treatment is to control all 1. Scale 2. Corrosion 3. Biofouling and 4. Filtration only in one process technology without using any harmful chemicals and service and maintenance costs. In this process Cathodic inhibitor (against scale) coats all the cation metals such as making a thin film to prevent free oxygen and water from coming into close contact with the metal surface. I-SOFT breaks the reaction cell and stops the Corrosion rates. ONLY I-SOFT treatment method can be used to stop scale and corrosion problems and to assure efficient and reliable operation on any kind of cooling water systems. ISO KL Applications, Part IV 4
I and SOFT components I Cathodic Scale Inhibitor It is very effective by formation of strong film on all Cathodic corrosion surfaces as to prevent any oxygen attack. It is much more effective than any other inhibitor and very low dosage level is required. Therefore it is the best choice to use in cooling water treatment. "I" does not contain any bicarbonate, metal cations and useless phosphonates or poly phosphates. SOFT Anodic Corrosion Inhibitor It is capable of forming a protective oxide inhibitor film to cover all the anodic corrosion points inside all the cooling water circulation systems. This method of dosing SOFT is effective to keep all points under protection film and isolate from corrosion initiators like sulfates, chlorides, silicates and nitrates including hydrogen sulfide. Therefore sufficient safety margin shall be applied and should be dosed as to Watch Water Instructions. 20 mg/L should be applied in the feed water. All other hazardous anodic inhibitors like chromates, nitrites, orthophosphates, molybdates are not used in SOFT formulations. ISO KL Applications, Part IV 5
I-SOFT I-SOFT as a mixture of three types of inhibitors having the proprietary scale and corrosion inhibitor formula is classified as "MIXED INHIBITOR" category. Since the chemicals used in this formulation have different characteristics supplement to their mutual deficiency, the overall efficacy of the I-SOFT increases. Hence, dosage concentration reduces to half, and this lowers the operating cost of all the cooling towers and environmental impacts caused by phosphates, phosphonates, heavy metals as they are not biodegradable. ISOFT is 100% Biodegradable. ISO KL Applications, Part IV 6
OXYDES Chemistry for Green Biocide: In order to understand the function of I-SOFT OXYDES and KATALOX LIGHT in the cooling water treatment it is helpful to have a basic knowledge of the ISO KL (Online Learning) involved. Hydroxyl radicals (OH) is one of the Strongest oxidants that is available in Watch Water Chemicals toolbox. OXYDES is extremely reactive and degrades promptly any available organic molecules. Hydroxyl radicals, likewise other reactive oxygen species, are also very POTENT BIOCIDE which vigorously attacks microorganisms and tissues, damaging cell membrane lipids, proteins carbohydrates and RNA/DNA. OXYDES hydroxyl radical reactions are extremely fast, having a rate constant ranging between 107 to 109 M-1 sec-1. Consequently the OXYDES hydroxyl radicals only diffuses the equivalent of 5 -10 times of its molecular diameter before it reacts. ISO KL Applications, Part IV 7
Standard Cooling Tower Configuration EVAPORATION Version I Water Spray Heat Exchanger SUMP Makeup Water Pump Feed Water Inlet Blowdown Watch-DOS System OB Standard Cooling Tower Configuration Treating the water for scale and corrosion inhibition with biodegradable biocide. ISO KL Applications, Part IV 8
Standard Cooling Tower Configuration (continues from slide 8) All cooling towers functions to cool a circulating stream of water (see figure Version I). The tower acts as a heat exchanger by driving ambient air through falling water, causing some of the water to evaporate (evaporation gives off heat- providing cooling) and then circulates cooled water through whatever equipment needs for cooling. The chemicals used are typically such as chlorine, phosphates, phosphonates, polyacrylates and chelates such as EDTA and NTA to control biological growth, formation of bio-films and to inhibit the scale and corrosion and none of them are biodegradable, thus polluting the environment. I-SOFT OB is a GREEN FORMULATION to control the bio-film and scale formation, which are essential in maintaining cooling tower heat transfer efficiency. ISO KL Applications, Part IV 9
Standard Cooling Tower Configuration (continues from slide 9) As the water volume in the tower is reduced through evaporation and drift the concentration of I-SOFT OB increases in the sump. As all cooling towers picks up organic contaminants from ambient air, to maintain chemical and contaminant concentrations at a prudent level, water is periodically removed from the system through a process called "BLOWDOWN" or "BLEED OFF". Blow down water must subsequently be discharged to a local wastewater treatment facility or discharge onsite to the environment. The blow down contains organic materials as well as phosphates, phosphonates or chelates like EDTA or NTA materials. The local wastewater treatment facility will charge extra sewage fees for this polluted water or may not even accept this water. These costs can be quite significant in the overall operation of a cooling tower. ISO KL Applications, Part IV 10
ZERO DISCHARGE configuration Discharge of the blow down water to the environment onsite is forbidden and is coming under increasing regulations because of the contaminants like phosphonates, molybdates, chromates, copper, nitrites, orthophosphates are still available in blow down water. Watch has solved all these blow down problems to ZERO DISCHARGE. Watch treats the "makeup" water with FILTERSORB SP3, involving ZERO regeneration salts or chemicals and ZERO Backwash water and ZERO waste water. Dosing I-SOFT OB is circulated back to the makeup water after a UNIQUE combination of I-SOFT OXYDES and KATALOX LIGHT filtration (see Version II, next slide). ISO KL Applications, Part IV 11
ZERO DISCHARGE configuration EVAPORATION Version II Water Spray Heat Exchanger Makeup Water Evaporation loss KL backwash water 5% others loss SUMP Pump Time controlled solenoid valve Watch-DOS System Feed Water Inlet ISO KL Applications, Part IV Filtrating the SUMP water once/twice a day, thus saving a significant amount of water from going to waste Backwash dependent on pH or conductivity control 12
Benefits of using ISO KL System The oxygen (O) and hydroxyl (OH) radicals generated in this process will destroy all organics, inorganic and will dissipate quickly and would not be found in the makeup water. The water will be crystal clear and reduce the consumption of chemicals. Only an addition of non-oxidizing biocide is needed to kill Legionella. As a result, huge cost savings accrued from decreased chemicals costs and water use requirements as well as from a ZERO discharge wastewater volume. There are hundreds of benefits to the environment with NO discharge of Hazardous chemicals like phosphates, phosphonates, molybdates, EDTA and NTA compounds and other chemicals discharged. ISO KL smart systems should require very little maintenance and costing per years compared to conventional chemical or ozone systems. ISO KL Applications, Part IV 13
Conclusion There are many references that using FILTERSORB SP3 with a combination of I-SOFT also acts like a de-scaling agents. The premise is that CO2 oxidizes the biofilm that serves as a binding agent adhering to scale of heat exchangers' surfaces. When scale build-up on condenser is reduced, higher "HEAT TRANSFER" rates are achievable. Increasing the condenser heat transfer rates reduces the chiller head pressure, which then allows the chiller to operate more efficiently and consume less energy. Thanks to FILTERSORB SP3 The Plant friendly Technology We would like to customize a Residential, Commercial or Industrial system to meet your needs. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org END OF PART IV ISO KL Applications, Part IV Thanks 14
All cooling towers functions to cool a circulating stream of water (see figure Version I). The tower acts as a heat exchanger by driving ambient air through falling water, causing some of the water to evaporate (evaporation gives off heat- providing cooling) and then circulates cooled water through whatever equipment needs for cooling.
The 50C cooling towers are included in the 2018 Emission Inventory with a factor applied to account for emissions Lower Dam water if is used. 2.3. Precipitation Cooling Towers The precipitation cooling towers arelarge with both significant water and air flows. There are three cooling towers (45K1, 45K2 and 45K3).
How Cross Flow Cooling Towers Work 8. How Counter Flow Cooling Towers Work . Tradional HVAC heating and cooling systems are used in schools, large office buildings, and hospital. On the other hand, Cooling towers are much larger than tradional HVAC systems . Here is the common cooling tower parts that might need to be repair or replaced .
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Fig. 1. Plant Hatch Cooling Towers, Baxley, Georgia. very high operating costs compared to the natural draft towers. This is be cause they use energy to drive large fan motors at the roofs to induce a tremendous amount of airflow through the structures. Mechanical draft cooling towers, like their large dome-like counterparts,
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