6/19/2017 MDS and Care Planning for the Nutritional Professional Presented by: Robin L. Hillier, CPA, STNA, LNHA, RAC-MT email@example.com (330)807-2850 Overview of The Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) Process 2 The Minimum Data Set (MDS) Assessment tool mandated by OBRA 1987 that drives: Resident care Medicare reimbursement Medicaid reimbursement in many states Regulatory oversight and facility quality improvement activities through the Quality Measures (QMs) Consumer oversight through Quality Measures (QMs) Broad screening tool to identify potential problem areas that require further assessment before care planning 3 1
6/19/2017 Accuracy of Assessments MDS must accurately reflect - the resident’s status - as of the Assessment Reference Date (ARD) (42 CFR 483.20(g), F278) Note that the MDS is a functional assessment only 4 Accuracy of Assessments RAI User’s Manual is the definitive resource for MDS coding instructions You should always use it when completing MDS items Pay attention to the clarifications, issues of note, and other pertinent information needed to understand how to code each item Ensure you have the most current version CMS updates the manual frequently CMS posts updates on its website Be alert to manual updates even if the manual is embedded in your MDS softeare 5 Accuracy of Assessments The RAI Process is intended to be an Interdisciplinary Process: The “appropriate, qualified health professional” should correctly document the resident’s status Assessment must be conducted by “staff that are qualified to assess relevant care areas” and knowledgeable about the resident Assessments must be conducted “with the appropriate participation of health professionals” 6 2
6/19/2017 Data Collection and Coding Decisions Collect information From all sources permitted by the instructions, see next slide For the time frame of the look-back period only Look-back is seven days unless rules state otherwise Anything that happened before or after look-back period does not go on the MDS Apply the item-specific rules from the RAI User’s Manual to the data collected 7 Data Collection and Coding Decisions Potential Information Sources: Talk to the resident Talk to the family Talk to your staff Review the record Observe yourself 8 Care Area Assessments (CAAs) The MDS is a screening tool that provides clues about the resident’s functional and health status. Specific MDS answer options are Care Area Triggers, which indicate that a particular area could be a problem for that resident There are 20 Care Areas which can be triggered A Care Area Assessment must be completed for each care area that is identified as a possible problem, or “triggered” 9 3
6/19/2017 Care Area Assessments (CAAs) CAAs are required only with comprehensive assessments Admission assessment (A0310A 01) Annual assessment (A0310A 03) Significant Change in Status Assessment (A0310A 04) Significant Correction to prior Comprehensive Assessment (A0310A 05) CAAs are not required with: Quarterly assessments (A0310A 02) Significant Correction to Prior Quarterly Assessment (A0310A 06) Standalone SNF PPS reimbursement assessments (A0310B) 10 The Care Plan The care plan is the working action plan developed from the findings that result from working the triggered CAAs Person-centered, individualized, care plan designed to address the resident’s specific problems, risk factors, needs, goals, preferences, and choices 11 Section K: Swallowing/Nutritional Status 4
6/19/2017 Intent The items in this section are intended to assess the many conditions that could affect the resident’s ability to maintain adequate nutrition and hydration. This section covers swallowing disorders, height and weight, weight loss, and nutritional approaches. Nurse assessors should collaborate with the dietitian and dietary staff to ensure that items in this section have been assessed and calculated accurately. K0100: Swallowing Disorder Identifies and symptoms that may indicate that swallowing problem exists Does not diagnose swallowing problem All staff who observe resident throughout the day should provide input; also ask resident These items are important for care planning and are also risk adjustment items for the Successful Discharge to the Community Quality Measure K0100: Swallowing Disorder A. Loss of liquids/solids from mouth when eating or drinking B. Holding food in mouth/cheeks or residual food in mouth after meals C. Coughing or choking during meals or when swallowing medications D. Complaints of difficulty or pain with swallowing Z. None of the above 5
6/19/2017 K0200: Height and Weight A. Height Measure height on admission and annually If height measurement not taken in last year, measure for this assessment Use mathematical rounding o Round up to nearest whole number if decimal is .5 o Round down if decimal is .5 If unable to stand, measure frame while in bed If unable to measure in bed or if missing limbs, use other means in accordance with facility policy K0200: Height and Weight B. Weight Weight should be no more than one month old o If weight in chart was taken more than 30 days prior to ARD, weigh again o If more than one weight was recorded for the 30 days prior to the ARD, use most current one Use mathematical rounding and enter whole number If unable to weigh due to extreme pain, immobility, risk of pathological fractures, extreme obesity, enter dash (-) and document reason K0300: Weight Loss Weight loss is based on change of 5% or more in last 30 days and 10% or more in last 180 days Compares two snapshots in time. Compare the weight in the current observation period to: The weight taken closest to 30-days preceding the current weight The weight taken closest to 180 days preceding the current weight 6
6/19/2017 K0300: Weight Loss Coding options 0. No or unknown 1. Yes, on physician-prescribed weight-loss regimen 2. Yes, not on physician-prescribed weight-loss regimen Physician-prescribed weight-loss regimen With care plan goal of weight reduction; weight loss is intentional May employ calorie-restricted diet or other weight-loss diets and exercise Includes expected weight loss due to loss of fluid with physician orders for diuretics To code K0300 as 1, Yes, the expressed goal of the weight-loss diet or the expected weight loss of edema through the use of diuretics must be ordered and documented by the physician and reflected in the plan of care K0310: Weight Gain Weight gain is based on change of 5% or more in last 30 days and 10% or more in last 180 days Compares two snapshots in time. Compare the weight in the current observation period to: The weight taken closest to 30-days preceding the current weight The weight taken closest to 180 days preceding the current weight K0300: Weight Gain Coding options 0. No or unknown 1. Yes, on physician-prescribed weight-gain regimen 2. Yes, not on physician-prescribed weight-gain regimen Physician-prescribed weight-gain regimen Weight gain must have been planned and pursuant to a physician’s order Expressed goal of the weight-gain diet must be documented 7
6/19/2017 K0510: Nutritional Approaches Check column 1 if received prior to A1600 Entry date and within 7day look-back period Check column 2 if received on or after A1600 Entry date and within 7-day look-back period In either case, check only if chart reflects a nutrition or hydration need 22 K0510 Nutritional Approaches Include any and all nutrition and hydration received by the nursing home resident in the last seven days regardless of where delivered: At the nursing home or At a hospital as an outpatient or As an inpatient, provided they were administered for nutrition or hydration K0510: Nutritional Approaches A. Parenteral/IV feeding (see clarifications, next slide) B. Feeding tube – nasogastric or abdominal (PEG) C. Mechanically altered diet D. Therapeutic diet Ordered as part of treatment for disease or condition manifesting an altered nutritional status to eliminate, decrease, or increase certain substances in the diet, e.g., sodium or potassium Defined by why it is required, not its content A nutritional supplement is not a therapeutic diet but may be part of one Food elimination diets r/t to food allergies (e.g., peanut allergy) can be coded here Z. None of the above 8
6/19/2017 K0510A: Parenteral/IV Feeding - IV fluids can be coded in K0510A if needed to prevent dehydration if the additional fluid intake is specifically needed for nutrition and hydration - Prevention of dehydration should be clinically indicated and supporting documentation should be provided in the medical record - May be: IV fluids, hyperal, TPN, IV fluids running at KVO, IV fluids contained in IV Piggybacks, Hypodermoclysis and subcutaneous ports in hydration therapy Do not include: IV medications, IV fluids used to reconstitute and/or dilute medications for IV administration IV fluids administered as a routine part of an operative or diagnostic procedure or recovery room stay IV fluids administered solely as flushes Parenteral/IV fluids administered in conjunction with chemotherapy or dialysis K0710: Percent Intake by Artificial Route K0710A: Proportion of Total Calories Received Through Parenteral or Tube Feeding If resident has IV and/or tube feeding and took nothing by mouth or only sips of fluids, then K0710A “3”, 51% or more by parenteral or enteral route If resident had more oral intake than that, a calorie count will be needed and proportion of total calories will be calculated: (TPN enteral calories) / (TPN enteral oral calories) Coding options: 1. 25% or less 2. 26-50% 3. 51% or more 9
6/19/2017 Nutritional Status Care Area Assessment Section K items that trigger: Weight Loss Weight Gain Nutritional Approaches Other MDS items can also trigger To properly work the care area assessment can also require you to consider additional information that isn’t on the MDS, i.e., fear that food is being poisoned The RAI manual requires us to discuss each triggered care area with the resident and their family or significant other 10
Physician-prescribed weight-loss regimen With care plan goal of weight reduction; weight loss is intentional May employ calorie-restricted diet or other weight-loss diets and exercise Includes expected weight loss due to loss of fluid with physician orders for diuretics To code K0300 as 1, Yes, the expressed goal of the weight .
Which Cisco MDS model supports the most Fibre Channel ports per chassis? A. MDS 9513 B. MDS 9509 C. MDS 9506 D. MDS 9250i Correct Answer: A QUESTION 20 Refer to the exhibit. Which Cisco MDS chassis supports the 48-Port 16-Gbps Fibre Channel Switching Module? A. MDS 9509 B. MDS 9513 C. MDS 9710 D. MDS 9506 Correct Answer: C QUESTION 21 Refer to .
Bladder and Bowel Appliances: Intermittent Catheterization MDS Item H0100D 1 Inflammatory Bowel Disease MDS Item I8000 1 Aseptic Necrosis of Bone MDS Item I8000 1 Special Treatments/Programs: Suctioning Post-admit Code MDS Item O0100D2 1 Cardio-Respiratory Failure and Shock MDS Item I8000 1 Myelodysplastic Syndromes and Myelofibrosis MDS Item .
GE MDS iNET and GE MDS iNET-II transceivers are not over-the-air compatible. Other GE MDS i NET 900 Series Documentation Startup Guide The associated GE MDS i NET 900 Series Startup Guide, P/N 05-2873A01, is pro-vided with the transceiver and is limited
Cisco MDS LI和基于GUI的Cisco MDS 9000 Fabric Manager两种方式进行管理。 本文主要介绍了Cisco MDS 9124交换机在CLI方式下配置Zone的方法和 步骤，该方法也同样适用于使用Cisco MDS NX-OS Release 4.1版本的其它9000 系列交换机。 1 MDS 初始化配置
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The MDS NX-OS version is per the current UCS interop guide. The f port-channel and trunk support was introduced with MDS NX-OS 4.2 UCS f san -port -channel UCS f port -trunk MDS 9509/9513 Gen -2, w/Gen -2 Line Card, 9222i, 9148 MDS NX -OS 5.0(4) and above MDS NX -OS 5.0 (4) and abov
Cisco MDS 9000 Family Hardware and NX-OS Release 5.x Supported Software 1-2 Cisco MDS 9000 Family Hardware and NX-OS Release 4.2x Supported Software 1-8 Cisco MDS 9000 Family Hardware and NX-OS Release 4.1x Supported Software 1-15 Cisco MDS 9000 Family Hardware
MDS 9000 Fabric Switch Positioning Cisco positioned to extend reach all market segments IP Storage Services – iSCSI and FCIP MDS 9216 and 9216i 14 -Port, 16 Port, 32-Port 1 & 2 Gb FC MDS 9020* * FabricWare OS Cisco Fabric Manager Cisco MDS 9000 Family SAN -OS MDS 9509 4-Port 10Gb FC 12 Port, 24 48-Port 1, 2 & 4Gb FC Small/Medium Business .