Behavioural Safety Management Safety Team Observation Program Doug Ward WSM Safety Management Consultancy WSM
Behaviour Based Safety Based on findings of an insurance executive report in 1951. 73% of accidents reported by managers attributable from “man failures” Re-classified to include an additional 15%. DuPont evaluated 96% of accidents triggered or caused by unsafe acts and 4% unsafe condition Introduction of the STOP program WSM
What is Behaviour Based Safety Focuses on at-risk behaviors that can lead to injury Focuses on safe behaviors that can contribute to injury prevention BBS is an injury prevention process WSM
Why is Behavioural Safety used Most accidents are reportedly caused by inappropriate behavior. Good vehicle for management and employee engagement. BBS determines the performance of your safety management systems. Improve the visibility of your managers. BBS influence the culture of your organisation through attitudes and perceptions. WSM
How do we change behaviour? Strong health and safety culture Lead from the top No blame Employees given appropriate information All employees trained in need for safety and application of organisation policies Employees consulted on all important issues WSM
Unsafe behaviour WSM
Unsafe Behaviour “Spiderman” WSM
Total Safety Culture WSM
Total Safety Culture There Are 3 types of at Risk Behavior Conscious behaviour. Habitual behaviour. Unintentional behaviour. BBS is about unintentional behavior and habitual behavior. To be more specific, it's about how to prevent mistakes or errors you never wanted to make in the first place. WSM
Total Safety Culture 1 FATAL 30 MAJORS (Disabling Accidents) 300 RECORDABLE ACCIDENTS (Off Work, limited work and no lost time) 3,000 NEAR MISSES OR FIRST AID 30,000 HAZARDS Unsafe acts-Unsafe conditions WSM
Total Safety Culture What can cause or Contribute to “Critical Errors”. Inexperience Change of environment Eyes not on Task Mind not on Task Increase work load Familiar routine (New Start) (unfamiliar) (Rushing) (Frustration) (Fatigue) (Complacency) WSM
Behavior Based Safety Journey Process Improvement Action Plan Employee ownership Data collection Observation Training Pre-Task/JSA Training Behavior Awareness Training Observations/Feedback JSA SafeStart WSM
Process of Behaviour Based Safety Advanced Safety Awareness Training. Safe Start (Risk Assessments). Job Task Analysis/Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Hazards Identified in Risk Assessments. Behavioural Observations. Observe job task looking at safe and at risk actions Complete STOP form enter into data base and action plans developed. Communicate findings and implement action program. Audit and evaluate progress. WSM
Behavioural Observation Sheet WSM
Behaviour Change STOP Feedback Remember participations is voluntary. Listen to disagreements. Respect their position and find points you can agree on. You may not have all the answers? Don’t act like you do. Prioritise and act upon findings. Communicate actions. WSM
Behavioural Safety Program Resistance/Pitfalls Top Management – buy in. Controlled outside the organisation. Big brother blame culture. Just another management initiative program. Discipline of everyone. Poor communication. Start and finish. Failed program loss of credibility. WSM
Behavioural Safety The Meerkat Way Video on inter-dependent safety WSM
Heading text Thank you for listening WSM
Behaviour Based Safety Based on findings of an insurance executive report in 1951. 73% of accidents reported by managers attributable from "man failures" Re-classified to include an additional 15%. DuPont evaluated 96% of accidents triggered or caused by unsafe acts and 4% unsafe condition Introduction of the STOP program
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develop behavioural science solutions. Test, Learn, Adapt – This is the framework developed by the Behavioural Insights Team as part of the Test phase to help practitioners test what works and improve what doesn’t. 4 Behavioural Science in Practice Executive Education 5 Morning schedule Introduction to key concepts
Behavioural policy implications 13 The structure of Behavioural Economics and Finance 14 A note on mathematics 16 Further reading 16 Some introductions to behavioural economics 16 Behavioural game theory/classical game theory 16 Experimental economics 17 Experimental software 17 2
The Truths 90% of injuries are caused by people behaving unsafely. Behavioural Safety is built on a foundation of Systems, Operations & Engineering. Behavioural Safety adds emotion to rational thought. The major block to Behavioural Safety is Managers. Behavioural Safety needs careful placement in Asia.
Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP) for training Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapists The MSc in Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy (CBP) is an advanced professional training . The course team have a wide range of expertise and skills within Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. The team keep up to day with evidence .
It is a deep irony that, of all policy areas, behavioural economics has been little applied to economic policy. This . Undertake rapid testing using online experiments before rolling out new policies . was still in its infancy. Since then, over the past decade, insights from the behavioural sciences have delivered
Behavioural Safety Programme we will be targeting our Near Miss Reporting culture. This needs to improve across the business. Darren Ward Business Performance Director Chas Bray Head of Health, Safety and Wellbeing The Behavioural Safety Programme has been developed by the Health, Safety and Wellbeing Team ''An unplanned event or situation that
Behavioural Science embedded 1. A behaviour change strategy to underpin the whole programme based on theory and evidence 2. Advise on and help analyse qualitative and user needs research 3. Identified drivers of behaviour and developed the behavioural pathway to advise on design of the end-to-end user journey 4.