ATE321 PLC Module1 - Quia

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PLC Module 1: Introduction to PLC PREPARED BY IAT Curriculum Unit Jan 2010 Institute of Applied Technology, 2010

ATE321 – PLC Module 1: Introduction to PLC Module Objectives Upon successful completion of this module, students will be: 1. able to demonstrate knowledge of control systems. 2. familiar with the concept of manual and automatic control. 3. familiar with the basics of PLC, applications and the manufacturers. its function, advantages, 4. identify the main parts of the Siemens LOGO! PLC Module. 5. capable of programming the Siemens LOGO! PLC Module through its Basic Control Unit using simple commands. 6. Use simple LOGO! commands to control the Edutrainer control elements. Module Contents: Topic Page No. 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Programmable Logic Controller 5 1.3 Lab Activity 1 8 1.4 Lab Activity 2 11 1.5 Lab Activity 3 13 1.6 Module Exercise 17 1.7 Assignment 19 2 Module 1: Introduction to PLC

ATE321–PLC 1.1 Introduction In everyday operations or industrial processes, we come across situations where there is a need to control some device or a physical quantity such as time, temperature, sound, light and so on, to get the required result or output. For example, do you think an airplane would be useful to a pilot, if he cannot make it go where he wants it to go? Or would an air-conditioner be useful, if the temperature in a room cannot be controlled? In both the examples, there is a need to control a process. Control is a broad term that means anything from a toggle switch to a complex system of components. Control can either be manual or automatic. Fig 1.1: Examples of Control Manual Control Control is said to be done manually when a user performs an action for the system to function. For example, the user might flip the switch of a manual starter to start and stop a motor (fig 1.2) Fig 1.2: Example of Manual Control Module 1: Introduction to PLC 3

ATE321 – PLC Automatic Contol Control is said to be automatic when the action is performed automatically in response to set conditions. Fig 1.3: Example of Automatic Control Machines can be controlled manually or automatically. Usually, there is a combination of manual and automatic control. For example, a process that is started manually may stop automatically when certain conditions are met. Fig 1.4: Manual & Automatic Control Example From the examples, it is clear that a Control System is a system that can sense, switch and/or control an operation. It operates on an input signal and controls the process in order to provide an output signal. This is shown in the block diagram in fig 1.5: Input Process Output Fig 1.5: Elements of a Control System 4 Module 1: Introduction to PLC

ATE321–PLC 1.2 Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) A Programmable Logic Controller (or PLC) is a specialised digital controller that can control machines and processes. They monitor inputs, make decisions, and control outputs in order to automate machines and processes. Fig 1.6 demonstrates its function. Fig 1.6: PLC Function demonstration PLCs have been used for industrial and commercial applications. Almost any production or assembly line, machine function or process can be controlled by a PLC. Fig 1.7: PLC PLC Advantages They are highly reliable, fast and flexible. They can handle severe conditions such as dust, humidity etc. They are less expensive. They can communicate with other controllers. They are easy to program and troubleshoot. Module 1: Introduction to PLC 5

ATE321 – PLC Basic PLC Operation In the example shown in fig 1.8, pushbuttons are connected to the PLC’s inputs and a motor is connected to the PLC’s output. Here the pushbuttons are used to start and stop the motor. Fig 1.8: Motor control using a PLC PLC Basic Parts A PLC consists of the following basic parts: Inputs Central Processing Unit (CPU) Outputs Inputs ¾ ¾ 6 CPU Outputs Examples of PLC input devices are sensors,switches,pushbuttons etc Examples of PLC output devices are valves, motors, solenoids etc Module 1: Introduction to PLC

ATE E321–PLC C Applica ations PLC A PLC P can be b used in i a wide e range of o applica ations, so ome of which w are shown below w: Production and assembly lines Automatic Doors D Traffic Lights PLC C Manufa acturers The e PLC tha at will be e introduc ced in this course e is the L LOGO! PLC P from Siemens.Th he table below b shows a list of other PLC P Manu ufacturers s. Module M 1: Introductio on to PLC 7

ATE321 – PLC 1.3 Lab Activity 1 Objective: To familiarise with the Siemens LOGO! PLC Module. Procedure: The following are the 12 main components of the LOGO! Basic PLC module: One LOGO! Basic which operates on 24V dc supply and has: ¾ 6 digital inputs ¾ 2 analog inputs ¾ 4 digital outputs Display unit Control Unit for LOGO! Programming PC Interface Two expansion modules that have: ¾ 4 digital inputs ¾ 4 digital outputs Status display LEDs that indicate RUN/STOP status Submin D Socket 24VDC safety socket 0V safety socket Control elements Emergency-stop bridge SysLink Interface 1. 8 Identify the LOGO! Basic PLC module components on the EduTrainer that are marked in the figure and write them in the table provided: Module 1: Introduction to PLC

ATE321–PLC Number Component/Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Table 1.1 Review the parts and mark them in the picture below: Module 1: Introduction to PLC 9

ATE321 – PLC 2. Identify the three parts on the LOGO! Basic control unit and name them: 1. 2. 3. What is the function of this unit? 3. Measure the output voltage of the power supply unit with the help of a multimeter as shown in figure below: Record the dc output voltage. 10 Module 1: Introduction to PLC

ATE321–PLC 1.4 Lab Activity 2 Objective: To familiarise with the LOGO! Basic Control unit using simple commands. Procedure: 1. Set the day, time and date Follow the steps below to set the day, time and date. ¾ Switch on the power supply. ¾ Press the ESC key on the LOGO! Basic module ¾ Select Set ¾ Select Clock ¾ Press the and to change the day and press OK to confirm. ¾ Move to date by using the side arrows. ¾ Follow the same procedure to set the date and year and press OK to confirm. ¾ Press ESC to return to the main screen. 2. Enter your first program on LOGO! using the on-board keys. The digital inputs are denoted by the letter I such as I1, I2 and so on, and the digital outputs are denoted as Q1, Q2 and so on. Program the PLC to turn on Q1 when I3 is ON. Press ESC to come to the main screen and follow the steps below: Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Clear prg clears Press Yes and previous program press OK. Step 5 Step 6 Step 7 Step 8 I3 as as Select input by using the OK button. Module 1: Introduction to PLC 11 Select output Q1

ATE321 – PLC Observation: 1. Press ESC to return to the main screen and press start to run the program. Press the white pushbutton (I3) and observe the result. Can you identify the Q1 output? What do you observe? 2. Stop and clear the program. Repeat the steps by changing the input to I1. What do you observe? 3. Based on your experiment, identify which control element is connected to the following PLC inputs and outputs: PLC input Control Element I3 I1 PLC Output Control Element Q1 Table 1.2 12 Module 1: Introduction to PLC

ATE321–PLC 1.5 Lab Activity 3 Objective: To perform simple control tasks by entering commands through the BASIC Control Unit. Procedure: A. Write a program to turn on the Green Indicator light when the selector switch is turned on. Refer to table 1.3 to identify the inputs and outputs. Control Elements PLC Input/Output Selector Switch I4 Green Indicator Light Q1 Is it possible to leave the green light in the ON state? What is the difference you observe between the pushbutton and the selector switch? Module 1: Introduction to PLC 13

ATE321 – PLC B. Write a program to move the table forward when the white pushbutton is pressed. Control Elements PLC Input/Output Table (forward) Q5 Table (backward) Q6 White pushbutton I3 What changes should you make in the program to move the table backward when the white pushbutton is pressed? 14 Module 1: Introduction to PLC

ATE321–PLC C. Write a program to start the conveyor belt motor when the green pushbutton is pressed. Control Elements PLC Input/Output Conveyor belt motor Q8 Green pushbutton I1 Branching arm Q7 What changes should you make in the program to move the branching arm when the green pushbutton is pressed? Module 1: Introduction to PLC 15

ATE321 – PLC D. Write a program to turn on the White indicator light when the inductive sensor senses a metal piece. White Indicator Light Control Elements PLC Input/Output White Indicator light Q2 Inductive sensor I12 What changes should you make in the program to move the branching arm when this sensor senses a metal piece? 16 Module 1: Introduction to PLC

ATE321–PLC 1.6 Module Exercise 1. What are the elements of a control system? Include the elements to complete the block diagram given below: 2. PLC stands 3. What is a PLC? for 4. Based on your knowledge of microcontrollers, what do you think is the difference between a PLC and a microcontroller? Complete the Tchart below to show the difference: PLC Microcontroller Module 1: Introduction to PLC 17

ATE321 – PLC 5. Mark the parts that are indicated in the table below: Number Component/Part 1 3 4 8 11 12 6. List three advantages of using a PLC: 18 Module 1: Introduction to PLC

ATE321–PLC 1.7 Assignment Complete any one of the tasks using any one of the suitable Microsoft Office tools. Task-1: Use the internet to identify one commercial application and two industrial applications of a PLC other than the ones listed in the module, and prepare a powerpoint presentation or a poster that lists those PLC applications. The powerpoint slides (or the poster) must include the following contents: Assignment Title: PLC Applications Title of application-1, picture and brief description. Title of application-2, picture and brief description. Title of application-3, picture and brief description. Task-2: Prepare a powerpoint presentation or a chart that includes the following: A picture of the Logo! Basic Control unit with all its parts marked neatly. A list of all the LOGO! Edutrainer control elements that you have used in your lab activities in this module. Include the following details: Control Element Input or Output? PLC Input/Output Module 1: Introduction to PLC 19

6 Module 1: Introduction to PLC Basic PLC Operation In the example shown in fig 1.8, pushbuttons are connected to the PLC's inputs and a motor is connected to the PLC's output. Here the pushbuttons are used to start and stop the motor. Fig 1.8: Motor control using a PLC PLC Basic Parts A PLC consists of the following basic parts: Inputs

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