What Is Western Civilization? A FEW DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS.

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What is Western Civilization? A FEW DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS.

What is Western Culture? Culture: is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. Western Culture : is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe

Difference between Civilization and culture is: Civilization is bigger than culture – culture exists within a civilization. A Civilization needs to have culture in order to be considered one. Culture is just a portion of a civilization. A culture ordinarily exists within a civilization each civilization can contain not only one but several cultures.

To Summarize: 1.Culture is by definition smaller than a civilization. 2.Culture can grow and exist without residing in a formal civilization whereas a civilization will never grow and exist without the element of culture. 3.Culture can be tangible or intangible whereas civilization is something that is more tangible because it is what you see as a whole 4.Culture can be transmitted through symbols in the form of language whereas an entire civilization cannot be transmitted by mere language alone.

What is Western Civilization? This was a term coined only a century ago. Before this people referred to this culture/ civilization as simply Christendom. Western culture or Western civilization is a term often used to refer to most of the cultures of European origin and most of their descendants. Ex: Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Malta, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Iceland, United Kingdom, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Canada, USA and Mexico.

Various uses of the concept of western Culture have included: Materialism Industrialism Capatalism Commercialism Hedonism – Pleasure is the most important persuit Imperialism Communism Nazism Fascism Racism

The Origins of Western Civilization lay rooted in three main ideals – The 3 traditions of our culture: 1: The classical civilizations of Greece and Rome Republic, empire, Roman Law 2: The Christian Faith ( Western Chrisitanity) Obedience to a high non-secular ruler Separation and limitations of power 3: Enlightenment Ideas liberal democracy, free Market, science and reason

6 major concepts influencing the development of western societies The following 6 concepts are recognized as a thread or theme running throughout the development of Western Civilization: Religion Ideology Humanism Individualism Secularism Scepticism

Time in the History of Western Civilizations: B.C - means BEFORE CHRIST – now as society has changed its is referred to as: B.C.E – This means Before Common Era This is because we recognize that the root of history no longer revolves around Christianity. A.D – means Anno Domini it means “ in the year of our Lord” now it is referred to as C.E – Common Era However year 0 – is still the same and was in referral to the year Christ was born.

What order do these go in? 1340 A.D 4000 B.C.E 750 C.E 300 B.C 20 C.E

1.Culture is by definition smaller than a civilization. 2.Culture can grow and exist without residing in a formal civilization whereas a civilization will never grow and exist without the element of culture. 3.Culture can be tangible or intangible whereas civilization is something that is more tangible because it is what you see as a whole

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