The American Revolution - Weebly

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Agenda: Turn in research paper reflection to the basket! Review Revolutions video notes Talk about the American Revolution Relate it to Crane Briton’s “Fever Model” of a revolution Introduce project! Homework: Reading, project, notes !

THE MODERN ERA (1750-1900) REVOLUTIONSCHANGE EVERYTHING Politicalrevolutions People fight for more rights and againstabsolutism Economicrevolutions Industrial Revolution revolutionizes the world Capitalism makes some people happy andmakes some people communist Socialrevolutions Laborers unite to fight for rights!

The American Revolution

TheAmericanRevolutionCauses, effects,and impact

Causes that led to Revolution Britain needs money.

Causes that led to Revolution Britain needs money. Why?

Causes – Britain/France Rivalry Seven Years’ War (a.k.a. “The French and Indian War”)

Causes – Britain/France Rivalry SevenYears’ War(a.k.a.“TheFrench andIndianWar”)

So how does Britain get moremoney?

So how does Britain get moremoney? TAXES!

True Fact of Truth:Americans hate taxes.

So how does Britain get moremoney? Pre-French and Indian War: “By 1714, British citizens in Great Britain were paying on aper capita basis 10 times as much in taxes as the average"American" in the 13 colonies, though some colonies hadhigher taxes than others. Britons, for example, paid 5.4times as much in taxes as taxpayers in Massachusetts, 18times as much as Connecticut Yankees, 6.3 times as muchas New Yorkers, 15.5 times as much as Virginians; and 35.8times as much as Pennsylvanians By 1775 NewEnglanders in the Americas were only paying between 1 and2 percent of their income in taxes.” – Grover Norquist, Tea,Taxes, and the Revolution [The Founding Fathers wouldrevolt if they saw America’s tax burden today.]

So how does Britain get moremoney? TAXES! Sugar Act Tea Act What did it really do? Dropped prices of molasses in order toencourage purchase of British rum (rather than smuggling it fromthe French)What did it really do? Dropped the price of tea because BEITCwas selling directly to the colonies rather than running the teathrough Britain firstStamp Act Not optional; internal tax (on things pertaining directly to thecolonies) This made colonists very upset

So how does Britain get moremoney? Acts collectively known as the “Townshend Acts” Were repealed (minus the Tea one) due to Americanoutrage, mob action, and angerWhy would Britain repeal these taxes?How will American colonists feel about this “win”? Because the tea tax was not repealed Boston Tea Party Sons of Liberty destroyed one million pounds(currency) of tea – and the British closed the port atBostonAmerican colonists view this as a huge win – And it gives them the mindset that they can do anything

So how does Britain get moremoney? Because the tea tax was not repealed Boston TeaParty Sons of Liberty destroyed one million pounds (currency)of tea What did Britain do? the British closed the port at Boston

Other complaints:Quartering of troops TheBritish troops were hangingout in the colonies because theyjust fought a war Lifeas a British solider was notsuper wonderful

Was it really just about taxes? It’sonly fair to pay taxes if you have a say in themthrough your government representatives Which the colonists did not directlyBecause a lot of these American colonists viewedthemselves as distinct and different from the British Different ways of lifeBritain was a 4-8 week voyage awayColonists wanted to be able to run their colonies in a waythat best suited them and their needs

“No taxation withoutrepresentation”

“No taxation withoutrepresentation!” Americans rebelagainst the British –inspired byEnlightenmentthinkers Which one, inparticular?

Declaration of Independence“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men arecreated equal, that they are endowed by their Creatorwith certain unalienable Rights, that among these areLife, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That tosecure these rights, Governments are instituted amongMen, deriving their just powers from the consent of thegoverned, --That whenever any Form of Governmentbecomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of thePeople to alter or to abolish it, and to institute newGovernment ”

Declaration of Independence“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all menare created equal, that they are endowed by theirCreator with certain unalienable Rights, that amongthese are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.-That to secure these rights, Governments are institutedamong Men, deriving their just powers from theconsent of the governed, --That whenever any Formof Government becomes destructive of these ends, it isthe Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, andto institute new Government ”

How were the tiny 13 Colonies ableto defeat the mighty British?This guy?

How were the tiny 13 Coloniesable to defeat the mightyBritish?This guy!

Timeline of the AmericanRevolution 1775 – Battles of Lexington and Concord (“The Shot Heard ‘Round the World”) 1775 – Americans capture Fort Ticonderoga 1775 – Battle of Bunker Hill 1776 – Declaration of Independence 1776 – Washington crosses the Delaware and captures Trenton (that famouspainting) 1777 – Americans win the Battle of Saratoga 1777-1778 – Winter at Valley Forge 1778 – Americans ally with France 1779 – Spain allies with France 1781 – British surrender at Yorktown 1783 – Treaty of Paris officially ends the Revolution

Wait why do Spain and Francewant to help Americancolonies? Because, if you think about it, France and Spain alsohave American colonies so why would they do this?

Impact of the AmericanRevolutionvs. The American Revolution is called a “conservative” revolution No more monarchy Not many deaths outside of those directly involved in the conflict New government was established New government remained in place

The Founding Fathers were thefirst to articulate the principleof universal human rights?

The American Revolution DIDinspire other revolutions tofollow. French Revolution (1789-1799) – partly becauseFrance was broke after helping us (and we broke ouralliance partly thanks to George Washington’s adviceagainst “entangling alliances”) Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821) South American Wars of Independence (1806-1825)

American Revolution: TheEnlightenment in action! The FoundingFathers were philosophers and men of theEnlightenment, and incorporated thoseradically new ideas into a new form ofgovernment – one that has been anexample for countries around the world.

With all of that in mind:Translate what I just said into CraneBriton’s fever model of a revolution.

The American Revolution DID inspire other revolutions to follow. French Revolution (1789-1799) –partly because France was broke after helping us (and we broke our alliance partly thanks to George Washington’s advice against “entangling alliances”) Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821)

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