Chess Pattern Recognition For Beginners

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Arthur van de OudeweeteringChess Pattern Recognitionfor BeginnersThe Fundamental Guide to Spotting Key Moves in the MiddlegameNew In Chess 2018

ContentsExplanation of symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Foreword by Vladimir Chuchelov . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9Part IChapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8Chapter 9Chapter 10Chapter 11Typical pawns and pieces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .The lingering king . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Queen in trouble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Rook(s) on the seventh rank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Botvinnik’s fearsome bishop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Kasparov’s favourite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fischer’s knight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Opposites are not equal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Cousins from a distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IDP: isolated doubled pawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A central striker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Central supremacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Exercises Part I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Part IIChapter 12Chapter 13Chapter 14Chapter 15Chapter 16When pawns meet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97Reaching for the hook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99When Harry meets g6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105Deceptive symmetry after the IQP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111Breaking free . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120Flank attack! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127Part IIIChapter 17Chapter 18Chapter 19Chapter 20When to exchange and when not to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .King of all exchanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Along the open file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .What remains: towards a good knight versus a bad bishop .The ace of space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13162431384451586472798693135137145153162Part IVSacrifices – the classics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171Chapter 21 Bishop takes h7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1735

Chess Pattern Recognition for BeginnersChapter 22Chapter 23Chapter 24Chapter 25The Soviet sac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .The silent knight sac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .From Morphy to Magnus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Capa’s bishop sac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Exercises Parts II, III and IV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178185192199209Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Epilogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Index of players . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Index of openings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .213230235238239Explanation of symbolsThe chessboardwith its coordinates:87654321TsLdMlStjJjJjJjJ. . . . . . . . . . . . .IiIiIiIirNbQkBnRa b c d e f g hqn 6White to moveBlack to moveKingQueenRookBishopKnight䩲䩱 !!!?!?!NWhite stands slightly betterBlack stands slightly betterWhite stands betterBlack stands betterWhite has a decisive advantageBlack has a decisive advantagebalanced positiongood moveexcellent movebad moveblunderinteresting movedubious movenovelty

Forewordby Vladimir ChuchelovIn January this year, at the Tata Chess Tournament, I ran into Arthur,whom I know from the years when we were both trainers for the DutchChess Federation.We both took care of one of the national youth selections; I think he didthe youngest group. That really is some time back now, but in recent yearsI noticed he had become a serious chess author. Moreover, when we metthis year, he told me, amongst other things, that he was working on thebook which is now in front of you.Arthur himself has provided an extensive Preface, in which he givesfurther information and explanation about the contents and structure ofthe book.Of course here I could expand on that, and select a couple of the manyinteresting fragments, but in general it feels unnecessary to me to gothrough the book with you as well. Instead, I will say a couple of wordsabout the subject itself.Recognition of strategic patterns is a very essential matter; it reallyhelps during a game. Once we see a certain familiar pattern, we canmake a mental link with the current situation on the board and figureout the right way to proceed. Knowledge of different strategic ideas isdirectly linked to so-called intuition, which is a positional feeling thattrainees should develop over the years. This goes for beginners as wellas advanced players and even top players. It is part of our general chessdevelopment.In my own praxis, working mostly with advanced players, we rather dealwith a complete strategical evaluation of positions, which is known to mystudents as the 'strategic balance'. One specific strategic pattern will oftenplay a role, but it will always be in the context of the whole evaluation, thepattern being just one of various elements. Nevertheless, it is somethingyou can talk about at a later stage.7

Chess Pattern Recognition for BeginnersThe present book is designed for the starting chess player. And indeed,it provides an excellent means to help you make your first steps towardsthis competence of making complete strategical evaluations of positions.This may be a long and difficult road to travel, but for now this book willmake you acquainted with numerous basic patterns, and allow you toaccumulate essential knowledge connected to these patterns.Get ready and have a good time while working through the book!Vladimir ChuchelovEupen, October 20188

PrefaceAs this book is about the middlegame, it could hardly be for absolutebeginners. When you make your first steps in studying chess, there is agood chance that initially you will be attracted by other subjects thanintricate middlegame strategy. For instance, many interesting openingbooks and DVDs will be available for you, covering fashionable, temptingopening lines. There’s nothing wrong with that, it’s great fun to playthese in practice, and in due course it will hopefully teach you generalthings about the opening phase as well. Also, probably your eyes may fallon some instructive YouTube videos about the endgame, or you may evenbe attracted to a concise endgame manual and learn some basics. If itcontains well-arranged material covering positions with a limited amountof pieces, this will easily allow you to pick up numerous instructiveprinciples. This is very useful too, of course. Certainly you will be drawninto tactics when you start to be taken into chess. Lots of exercises areavailable on the internet, as well as in printed form. Apart from all this,chances are that some of you will install one of the easily available chessengines on your computer and experiment with it. If indeed you havedone a bit of work and exploring in the diverse areas of chess, as describedabove, now this book will provide a next step to get acquainted with thegame of chess, and will introduce you into the fascinating complexity ofthe middlegame. That is, with the help of clear patterns, which cover whatwill be considered basic knowledge by more advanced players.Like in the preface of my book Improve Your Chess Pattern Recognitionfrom 2014 (henceforth to be called IYCPR), I want to make two thingsclear right from the start. First of all, this book is definitely about patternrecognition, but there will be no such thing as a scientifically properdefinition. The truth is, a proper definition can be rather diffuse, justlike in current World Champion Magnus Carlsen’s statement from 2010,where he emphasized the importance of pattern recognition: ‘One of themost important things in chess is pattern recognition: the ability to recognise typicalthemes and images on the board, characteristics of a position and their consequences.’(interview in the German magazine Der Spiegel) So before you is just apractical book, where in each and every chapter it will be clear to youwhich pattern is to be recognized in every example.There is another important thing to point out: the book is aboutstrategic patterns, not tactical ones such as typical mate patterns. You9

Chess Pattern Recognition for Beginnersmay encounter some tactical patterns along the way, but generally youshould pick those up from good books on tactics. Also, as the title says,this book deals mainly with the middlegame. So, strategic patterns in themiddlegame it is!As this book is designed for beginners, I have selected the more commonand obvious patterns that underline the basic rules of the game. Whereasmy two former pattern recognition books were partly based on previouscolumns I had written, this book has been written practically fromscratch. To suit the purpose of the book, exceptions to the rules have beeneliminated this time. There are no strong knights on the rim in this book,and no more chapters about the possible strength of doubled pawns. Onthe contrary, in the first section, you will find a chapter on how to profitfrom the expected weakness of an isolated doubled pawn, or how to profitfrom a classically strong knight on d5. Where in Train Your Chess PatternRecognition (TYCPR) you could find a chapter with examples where a kingcould surprisingly stay in the middle, here, in Chapter 1, you will learnabout the more standard dangers involved here. So, perhaps this bookshould have been the first of the series. But things have gone differently,perhaps reflecting the unpredictable course of a game of chess.Content and structureThe book is divided into four parts, every one with a small introduction.Each chapter has at least six examples of a specific pattern, showingsimilarities and possible small differences. So, you won’t have to digest anentire book on every subject, but the repetition will hopefully do its job asthe mother of learning.The first part, called ‘Typical pawns and pieces’, contains elevenchapters about typically strong or weak pawns and pieces – a prettystraightforward subject to start with. Exercises follow right after. Threesmaller parts are given next, and exercises on these subjects follow afterthe fourth and last part. This seemed to be the most appropriate place fora second little test, as now you will have to choose from a fairer amount ofpatterns than would have been the case if I had given exercises after eachpart. Now there is a second set of exercises, offering a decent mix. This isalso more reminiscent of an actual game, where the position should leadyou to the pattern (and not the fresh subject of the preceding chapter).First of all, the most common typical break moves in the middlegameare covered in Part II: ‘When pawns meet’ (Chapters 12-16). The thirdpart is actually about ‘when pieces meet’: ‘When to exchange and whennot’ (Chapters 17-20). I suppose this is the most difficult subject, because,10

Prefacefor instance, an exchange of queens may occur in every other game, butusually not on a specific square. Your memory will have to be triggeredin another way to realize the possible importance of the moment andrecognize the consequences of a piece exchange. Or, as Elizabeth Pähtznotes: ‘The ability to exchange the right pieces is connected to patterns.’(on the DVD How to exchange pieces, one of the few publications dedicated towhat seems an underrated subject) The fourth and last part of this book,‘Sacrifices – the classics’ (Chapters 21-25) is dedicated, indeed, to classicalsacrifices. It’s always fun to look at sacrifices, and so this is probably apleasurable part to finish with. And, fortunately, this is also a pattern thatis easy to pinpoint, although in general the follow-up is often different ineach case. A few more words on this subject are in order here.A small warningAlthough it may be easy to recognize a pattern while reading the book,the resulting course of the game may remain pretty complex and difficult.Whereas a tactical pattern will likely yield an immediate result, a strategicpattern does not usually lead to a decisive result immediately. Lots ofother factors may have their say, and the examples in each chapter willmake that clear. Also, a small battle between two patterns may occur. Tomake this clear, here is one example, which also gives us a sneak previewinto some of the chapters:.dTt. ML .lJjJJ .j.s.J .jI . . I .iBnQb. .iI . Ii. R R KNikolaevsky – GellerThis position is from the 1959 Ukrainian championship, between thelater numbers 2 and 1 on the list. Nikolaevsky continued with 18. g5.Do you have any idea what he was up to? The answer can be found inChapters 6 and 19: he was intending to exchange some minor pieces with g5xf6 followed by b3-d5, after which he would be left with a goodknight versus a bad bishop (see Chapter 19). What’s more, he will have atypical strong knight on d5 (see Chapter 6). This is all very sensible, but11

Chess Pattern Recognition for BeginnersNikolaevsky’s concept was countered with another pattern. With thetypical sacrifice 18. xc3!? (Chapter 22) 19.bxc3 xe4, Geller completelychanged the picture. The sacrifice is not immediately winning, but thepawn and White’s bad pawn structure give Black sufficient compensation.Geller eventually won, but that’s another story. Clearly, the knowledge oftypical ideas is extremely helpful, although, alas, it does not win by itself.In his middlegame booklet from 1955 called Strijd om de open lijnen (Battlingfor the open files), the Dutch former World Champion Max Euwe came to thesame conclusion in a more elaborate and lucid way. As always, his writingwas hugely instructive. Here it is (abbreviated in the middle):We might have excellent knowledge of the methods to open rook files, to get diagonalsin our possession, or be able to accurately weigh the advantages and disadvantagesof different pawn formations, yet in practice we are always in for surprises. It is ararity when one particular characteristic controls the entire course of a game (.)Nevertheless, the reader should not be put off by all this. The knowledge he hasacquired through study of the foregoing will not be lost. It will often provide valuableguidelines for the strategy to be followed and will therefore give him a sense of selfconfidence.A bit of historyMany ideas on chess strategy have evolved over the years, and specificpatterns have become common knowledge. As a result, it is not illogicalthat numerous examples from the past, just like the one above, havefound a place in this book. These games can provide good illustrationsof the essence of an idea. The importance of ‘studying the classics’ hasbeen elaborated upon by various renowned authors, such as recently,for instance, Shereshevsky and Tukmakov. This is not to say that, forexample, a classical bishop sacrifice like xh7 (see Chapter 21) neverrecurs in modern practice. It does, of course, and sometimes it involvesmore advanced and complicated ideas. Hence, modern examples will alsofeature in this book, to paint a complete picture. As a result, you will betreated to a little chess history along the way as well.When you have finished studying the book, surely the basic patterns, aswell as the related ideas, will stick in your memory and will doubtlesslyprove to be of use in your future games. For now, first of all, I wish you alot of fun with this book!Arthur van de OudeweeteringAmsterdam, September 201812

Part I: Typical pawns and piecesCHAPTER 5Kasparov’s favouriteWhen you can place a knight on the sixth rank, right in the middle of youropponent’s position, and you are able to support and maintain it there, youare bound to have made a pretty decent upgrade of your minor piece. Whatare the resulting advantages and how do you obtain such a terrific knight?French DefenceIsaak BoleslavskyCarlos GuimardBuenos Aires tt 1954 (4)1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3. c3 f6 4.e5 fd7 5.f4 c5 6. f3 c6 7. e3 cxd48. xd4 c5 9. b5 0-0 10. xc6bxc6 11. xc5 xc5 12. d4 b613.b4 cxb5 14.bxc5 c7 15.0-0T L .tMj.d. JjJ. . J .JiJi. . .q.i.n. . .I I . Iir. . Rk.15.b4This may seem a clever sacrifice, butit turns out to be a ‘horrible mistake’(Boleslavsky). 15. d7 was called for.16. b5Capturing is not obligatory in ourroyal game. Guimard had onlyreckoned with 16. xb4 a6 17. fd1 fc8, and Black is on top. He willregain the pawn on c5 with firmpressure along the c-file.16. c6 17. d644Now, this mighty knight dominatesthe rooks, as a result of which thec5-pawn can no longer be capturedeasily. ‘White’s position has gonefrom practically lost to strategicallywinning.’ (Boleslavsky) Indeed, ifyou were to award points to theknight on d6, this would be muchmore than the traditional ‘3’.17.a5 18.a3 bxa3 19. fb1 a620. xa3 a8 21. g3 g6 22.c4 d7D . .tM. L J JT .nJ Jj.iJi. . Iq.i. . .r. . . IiR . .k.23.f5The most pleasing way to win.23.exf5 24.cxd5 a4 25. a3 b826. xb8 xb8 27.h3Despacito.27.f427. a7 28. h2 a5 29.e6 fxe630. f6 was the idea behindWhite’s former little move. Greatprophylaxis!28. xf4 f5 29. xf5 gxf5 30.d6 1-0

Chapter 5 – Kasparov’s favouriteBy the way, the same FrenchDefence hides a well-known trap,which allows White to establish aknight on d6 at an early stage.French DefenceLi ShilongHuang Qiming2515Jinan 2005 (1)1. c3 d5 2.d4 f6 3. g5 e6 4.e4 e7 5.e5 fd7 6. xe7 xe7 7.f4 c5?TsL M .tjJ SdJjJ. . J .jJi. . .i.i.n. . .IiI . Iir. QkBnRThis is a thematic attack on White’spawn centre, but it’s too early here.The d6-s

The Fundamental Guide to Spotting Key Moves in the Middlegame New In Chess 2018. 5 Contents . be attracted to a concise endgame manual and learn some basics. If it . game of chess, and will introduce you into the fascinating

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