Teacher’s Notes PENGUIN READERS LEVEL 5 Teacher Support .

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Teacher’s notesLEVEL 5PENGUIN READERSTeacher Support ProgrammeThe Hound of the BaskervillesSir Arthur Conan DoyleThe new heir to the property, Sir Henry Baskerville,arrives from Canada determined not to let the storiesfrighten him away from his new home. He braves theloneliness of the moors, takes pleasure in getting to knowhis neighbours, and is careful to follow the advice andguidance of the great detective, Holmes.Holmes and Watson slowly unravel a tangle of mystery asthe case takes them deep into the heart of the Baskervillefamily.About the authorArthur Conan Doyle was born on 22 May, 1859 inEdinburgh, Scotland. He studied at Edinburgh Universityand became a doctor.Conan Doyle, like Holmes, had very acute powers ofobservation. He had a very practical mind but also a greatimagination. He developed an interest in spiritualismwhile he was a doctor in Southsea, joined the Societyfor Psychical Research and for nearly 30 years carriedout a series of experiments in telepathy and spiritualinvestigations. Finally, at the peak of his literary career,he wrote two books on spiritualism – The New Revelationand The Vital Message. Conan Doyle rather resented thesuccess of his Sherlock Holmes books, feeling that theyovershadowed his more important historical and scientificbooks. This was never more apparent than when he gavea lecture on spiritualism in Amsterdam shortly before hisdeath in 1930. Ignoring the lecture’s title, many of thequestions from the audience were about Sherlock Holmes.Conan Doyle refused to answer them and told theaudience he had nothing more to say about the detectiveor his cases.SummaryThe Hound of the Baskervilles is one of Conan Doyle’smost famous mysteries featuring the detective, SherlockHolmes, and his friend, Dr Watson. The eerie mistsof Dartmoor form the setting to the sinister events atBaskerville Hall. When Sir Charles Baskerville is founddead, the people living in the neighbouring area are surethat he didn’t die from natural causes. Strange sightings ofa giant fire-breathing hound and stories from the past haveconvinced them of this.c Pearson Education Limited 2008Chapter 1: Dr Mortimer pays Sherlock Holmes a secondvisit with the excuse that he left his walking stick behindthe day before. The real reason is that he has a seriousproblem to solve.Chapter 2: Dr Mortimer presents Holmes and Watsonwith some old papers, which tell the Baskerville Story.In order to recapture the girl who had escaped HugoBaskerville’s trap, he made a deal with the devil and senthis hounds to chase the girl. Hugo’s friends followed himonly to find both the girl’s and Hugo’s bodies lying inthe centre of a hollow. A large black hound was bitingat Hugo’s throat. Ever since the supernatural hound hashaunted the family and it is believed that Sir CharlesBaskerville, the latest inhabitant of the Hall, has just beenkilled by the hound.Chapter 3: Holmes asks Dr Mortimer for more detailsand the doctor suggests that Sir Charles’s death wasthe result of some supernatural evil. The local peoplethemselves have seen a spectral hound roaming the moors.Dr Mortimer is mainly concerned about the fate of SirHenry, Sir Charles’s second brother’s son, who is arrivingat Waterloo that day. Sir Henry is said to be the last ofthe Baskerville family because Roger, Sir Charles’s thirdbrother, is presumed dead in Central America. Holmespromises to consider the matter and asks Dr Mortimer topick up Henry at the station. Holmes decides they mustexamine all explanations, not only the supernatural one.Chapter 4: Sir Henry Baskerville visits Holmes and tellshim about a letter he has received in which he is warnedto keep away from the moor. The other unusual thing thathas happened to Sir Henry is that one of his new bootshas disappeared. Holmes considers it will soon appear.He also concludes that the person who wrote the letteris an educated person who reads The Times. Sir Henryand Dr Mortimer walk back to the hotel and Holmes andWatson follow them. They find out that a bearded man isfollowing them in a cab.The Hound of the Baskervilles - Teacher’s notes of 5

Teacher’s notesPENGUIN READERSTeacher Support ProgrammeLEVEL 5The Hound of the BaskervillesChapter 5: Holmes and Watson meet Sir Henry at hishotel. He is furious because an old black boot of his hasdisappeared. Over lunch they decide when Sir Henrywill travel to Baskerville Hall and as Holmes cannotaccompany him, Watson will be going with him.Chapter 6: When they get near Baskerville Hall SirHenry, Dr Mortimer and Watson see a soldier. Adangerous prisoner has escaped from Princetown andis hiding in the moor.Chapter 7: Dr Watson meets Mr Stapleton near theGrimpen Mire. He tells him how dangerous the Mireis. Dr Watson hears a low cry followed by a deep roar:the Hound of Baskervilles according to the local people.Miss Stapleton mistakes Watson for Sir Henry and warnshim not to stay there but go back to London right away.Watson is shocked.Chapter 8: Watson writes a letter to Holmes to tell himabout Sir Henry’s interest in Miss Stapleton. He alsotells Holmes about Mrs Barrymore, a sad-looking lady,probably badly treated by her husband.Chapter 9: Sir Henry wants to go for a walk on hisown. Watson follows him and witnesses a strange scenebetween Sir Henry, Miss and Mr Stapleton. Sir Henry hasproposed marriage to Miss Stapleton but her brother hasreacted rudely. Later Mr Stapleton apologises. Sir Henryand Watson find out that the escaped prisoner is MrsBarrymore’s brother and they go into the moor to catchhim.Chapter 10: Barrymore reveals that on the night of hisdeath, Sir Charles was going to meet a woman at the gate:Laura Lyons. After her husband left her, Dr Mortimer,Stapleton and Sir Charles helped her start a business.Watson learns that another man lives on the moor.Chapter 11: Laura Lyons explains she wanted moneyfrom Sir Charles to buy her freedom but she never methim because she got the money from someone else.Watson inspects the huts on the moor but hides whenhe hears the stranger coming. The man has found him.Chapter 12: Holmes surprises Watson in the empty hut.They share the information they have found: Stapleton’ssister is actually his wife. They hear the cry again andfollow the sound only to find Selden’s dead body in apool of blood dressed in Sir Henry’s old clothes. Stapletonappears, worried about Sir Henry. They suspect thec Pearson Education Limited 2008naturalist is connected to the murders but they cannotprove it yet.Chapter 13: Holmes notices the family paintings anddiscovers Hugo’s face is the same as Stapleton’s: he is aBaskerville. Holmes has a plan: Henry must visit Stapletonon his own as agreed, and express his intention of walkingback home. Mrs Lyons confesses that Stapleton promisedmarriage if she wrote the letter to Sir Charles but thenasked her not to keep the appointment. They meetLestrade at the station.Chapter 14: The three men wait outside Stapleton’shouse. When Henry walks out, a huge fierce fire-breathingcreature jumps on him but it is shot down. Sir Henryis safe. They also find Mrs Stapleton tied up in a room.Stapleton runs to the Mire and is swallowed by the mud.Chapter 15: Holmes gives a detailed account of how hesolved the case.The original textWritten in 1902, The Hound of the Baskervilles is oneof the best-known tales of Sherlock Holmes. Doyle wasinspired to write the story after hearing a West Countrylegend, and the resulting novel is rather more gothic thanother Holmes stories. As in all Sherlock Holmes stories,the solution to the mystery is found through Holmes’sobservation of tiny details. As Holmes says to Watson,‘The world is full of clear things which nobody notices.’Background and themesGood and evil: Doyle shows good and evil in permanentopposition to each other throughout the ages. Evil isshown to be stronger in the hours of darkness. ‘Dark’ is aword that is constantly used to describe Baskerville Halland Dartmoor. The feeling of menace created throughthe descriptions of the hall and the moors contrastssharply with the warm cosiness of Baker Street. ConanDoyle builds the tension in the novel through mysterioushappenings, unexplained noises, menacing weather, andeccentric characters who clearly have something to hide.Natural and supernatural: The solutions to the SherlockHolmes mysteries are reached through reason and, perhapsbecause of Conan Doyle’s interest in the supernatural,there is often an air of the unexplained and macabre aboutthem.The Hound of the Baskervilles - Teacher’s notes2 of 5

Teacher’s notesPENGUIN READERSTeacher Support ProgrammeLEVEL 5The Hound of the BaskervillesDiscussion activitiesBefore reading123Group work: Divide the class into groups. Askgroups what the front cover of the reader is trying tosay about the book and how well it does this. Makesure they think about the style of the letters as well asthe picture. What does the cover tell them about theplot or the themes? Write the main points on theboard.Discuss: Ask the students to work in pairs. They readthe information about The Hound of the Baskervillesin the Introduction and discuss the following: Whatsecrets could the people Watson meets at Baskerville Hallhave? Why could the newly arrived Sir Henry Baskervillebe in danger? Do you believe that ghostly hounds existout in the moors?Then get them to share their views.Group work: Ask the students to work in groups.They read the information about Sir Arthur ConanDoyle in the Introduction. Then, they answer thefollowing questions:a What nationality was Conan Doyle?b What was his first job?c How old was he when he became a full timeauthor?d Why did he go to South Africa?e Where were Conan Doyle’s short stories aboutSherlock Holmes first published?f What other types of book did Conan Doyle write?g How did the death of his son affect him?h When did Conan Doyle die? How old was he?Chapters 1–3While reading456Pair work: (p. 1) On the first page of the book,Holmes says to Watson, ‘Now is the moment of fate,Watson, when you hear on the stairs a step which iswalking into your life, whether for good or for evil.’How does this sentence set the mood (atmosphere) of thebook? Now talk to another student. Do you agree witheach other?Discuss: Have students work in pairs. Have themwrite down all the things in these chapters that seemto be unusual or unnatural. Can you think of a way toexplain any of these events? Then get each pair to sharetheir views with the rest of the class.Role play: (pp. 5–7) Ask students to play the roleof two local people talking about Sir Charles’s death.Student A: You believe in the Baskerville curse andtry to explain the series of events before Sir Charles’sdeath as if it was the result of the powers of evilStudent B: You don’t believe the Baskerville curseand try to explain the series of events leading toSir Charles’s death from a scientific viewpoint.c Pearson Education Limited 2008After reading78Discuss: Put students into pairs. Get them to discussthe following questions:a Why were the Baskervilles warned never to crossthe moor during the hours of darkness (1742statement)?b What did Sir Charles do to win the respect of allwho had any dealings with him?c Who stated that Sir Charles’s health had been badfor some time?d Why didn’t Dr Mortimer recognise Sir Charles atfirst?e Why does Holmes suppose that Sir Charles randown the Avenue?Discuss: Get students to answer the followingquestions: Dr Mortimer thinks that Sir Charles’s mindwas prepared for such a death as he suffered. Why does hesay so? In what ways was he prepared?Chapters 4–6Before reading9Discuss: Ask students to discuss the following: Whatwill happen to Sir Henry in London? And at BaskervilleHall?While reading10 Discuss: (pp. 13 –14) Get the students in groups. Askthem to discuss the following: What clues does Holmesfollow to explain who wrote the letter Sir Henry found athis hotel? Then get them to share their views.11 Pair work: Get the students to work in pairs. Askthem to speculate why Holmes believes that the newbrown missing boot is a useless thing to steal and whyhe considers that it will soon be found. Then getthem to share their views with the rest of the class.After reading12 Discuss: Get students to answer the following: Haveyou learnt anything in these chapters that may help solvethe mystery? If so, make a note of it.13 Role play: Get the students to work with a partner.They are Watson and Holmes.Watson describes to Holmes how he felt when he firstsaw Baskerville Hall and the surrounding moors.Holmes asks him questions to make him explain thedetails.14 Write: Get the students to imagine they are Watson.After dinner he goes into his bedroom and writes anentry in his diary about his first evening at BaskervilleHall.Chapters 7–9Before reading15 Predict: Ask students to predict what will happennext: Who do you think was crying in the middle of thenight? Why was that person crying? What informationwill Watson get from the Barrymores? What informationwill Watson get from the Baskervilles’ neighbours?The Hound of the Baskervilles - Teacher’s notes of 5

Teacher’s notesPENGUIN READERSTeacher Support ProgrammeLEVEL 5The Hound of the BaskervillesWhile reading16 Discuss: (p. 28) Put students into pairs. They discussthe following questions:Do you think that Sir Henry is in danger at BaskervilleHall? Do you think Miss Stapleton wants to help SirHenry? What about Mr. Stapleton? Do you like the bookso far? Why/why not? Then get them to share theirviews.17 Write: (p. 28) Get the students to imagine they areWatson writing a new entry in his diary. This time hewrites about Mr and Miss Stapleton. Watson showssurprise at the fact that educated people live in suchan inhospitable place as the moor, etc.18 Discuss: (p. 31) Sir Henry tells Watson:‘The whole neighbourhood seems to have watched!’Ask the students to reflect upon the followingquestions: Why does Sir Henry say so? How does he feelabout what happened in the moor?19 Role play: (pp. 31–32) Get the students toimagine

The Hound of the Baskervilles c Pearson Education Limited 2008 The Hound of the Baskervilles - Teacher’s notes of 5 Teacher’s notes LEVEL 5 PENGUIN READERS Teacher Support Programme About the author Arthur Conan Doyle was born on 22 May, 1859 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He studied at Edinburgh University and became a doctor.

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