An Introduction To The IEA Bioenergy Task 42 Biorefining .

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An introduction to theIEA Bioenergy Task 42Biorefining in a CircularEconomyBert Annevelink, Task leaderWorkshop Rome, 21 November 2019IEA Bioenergy, also known as the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research, Development and Demonstrationon Bioenergy, functions within a Framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). Views, findings and publicationsof IEA Bioenergy do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or of its individual Member countries.

IEA Bioenergy Task 42Biorefining in a circular economy Started in 2007 and now operates during 5thTriennium 2019-2021 Member countries: Austria, Australia, Denmark,Germany, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands & Sweden Observer: Brazil & EC Members in previous Triennia: Canada, France, Japan,New Zealand, Turkey & USA2

Definition biorefiningSustainable processing of biomass into a portfolio ofmarketable biobased products (food and feed ingredients, chemicals,materials, minerals, CO2) andReference: IEA Bioenergy Task 42 bioenergy (fuels, power, heat)3

Definition Circular Economy A Circular Economy is an industrial system that isrestorative by design It replaces the ‘end-of-life’ concept with restoration, shifts towards the use of renewable energy, eliminates use of toxic chemicals (which impair reuse), and aims for the elimination of waste through the superior design of materials, products,systems, and, within this, business models4

Task 42 Biorefining in a CircularEconomy Biorefining is one of the key enabling strategies of the CircularEconomy, closing loops of raw biomass materials (re-use ofagro-, process- and post-consumer residues), minerals, water andcarbon Biorefining is the optimal strategy for large-scale sustainable useof biomass in the BioEconomy Biorefining will result ino cost-competitive coproduction offood/feed ingredients,biobased products andbioenergyo combined with optimalsocio-economic ando environmentalimpacts (reduced GHGemissions, efficient useof resources, etc.)5

Objectives Task42 Facilitate commercialisation and market deploymentof environmentally sound, socially acceptable, and costcompetitive biorefinery systems and technologies Support and advise policy and industrial decision makers Provide international platform for collaboration andinformation exchange between industry, SMEs, GOs,NGOs, RTOs and universities Focus on biorefinery research, development,demonstration and policy analysis Development of networks, dissemination ofinformation, and provision of science-based technologyanalysis Gaps and barriers to deployment will be addressed6

Added-value Task42 Holistic approach of optimal sustainable use ofbiomass for a portfolio of non-food applications withinthe framework of a Circular BioEconomy Plays a central role in IEA Bioenergy linking the moretechnology oriented Tasks to Tasks dealing with biomasssupply and full chain sustainability assessment Provide technological, market and stakeholder datato further optimize their biomass conversion technologiesto integrated biorefineries optimising their overallsustainable performance7

Biorefinery classification system . .8

Biorefinery Factsheets9

Work Programme Task42In the 2019-2021 triennium Task42 will focus on threemain activities:I. Provide data on the Technical, Economic andEcological (TEE) added-value of biorefining to coproduce bioenergy and bio-products in a sustainablewayII. Monitor biorefineries deployment and marketpotential, incl. non-technical deployment barriers, inthe Circular EconomyIII. Dissemination & communication10

I. Objectives of TEE-AssessmentUnderpin sustainability claim of integrated biorefineriesvia Technical, Economic and Environmental (TEE) Assessment quantitative environmental and economic assessment approach with generic initial biorefinery models for iterative refinement encourage stakeholders for the technology valuation ofbiorefinery technologiessharedmodels onprovide anopen access approachWebinar on TEE Assessment;improveddataaccuracy3rdof July 2019new biorefinerypathwaysnewresultson R&D /industryexpertreview11

Method of TEE-AssessmentWebinar on TEE Assessment;3rdof July 201912

Results communicationPart A biorefinery key characteristics13

Results CommunicationPart B Value Chain Sustainability AssessmentPart B: Value Chain Sustainability Assessment3‐platform (pulp, lignin, energy)biorefinery using wood chips for theproduction of Kraft pulp, Kraft ligninand energyConventional reference systemValue chain: Forestry operation –biorefinery (pulp mill) ‐ lignin extractionValue chain: Extraction – refinery ‐ phenolFigure: greenhouse gas emissions of biorefinerycase study and referenceBiomassOilForest efineryFigure: cumulated fossil energy demand ofbiorefinery case study and referencePulpBlack gure 5: Exemplara pathways for biorefinery and reference (cradle to gate)14Webinar on TEE Assessment;3rdof July 2019Figure: estimated cots and revenues of biorefineryplant case study

II. Monitoring deployment andmarket potential Barriers and Incentives for the Market Diffusion Prepare Biorefinery Country Reports (slide-decks) Publish a Global Biorefinery Status Report Global mapping scheme and database onBiorefineries Reports on markets for biobased products to getinsight in deployment strategies (e.g. reports onsustainable lignin valorisation) Monitor international developments biobasedproducts standardization & certification15

Barriers and Incentives for theMarket Diffusion Need to orchestrate R&D activities in the futureparticularly in context of biorefinery systems totranslate potential bottlenecks of innovationdiffusion into opportunities Therefore, we will identify and analyse specificbarriers to and incentives for aimplementation/commercialisation of biorefineries We will follow a multi-perspective & multistakeholder approach16

Task 42 Country reports Slide-deck format country reports on status biorefineries inpartnering countries Recent updates of Italy, Austria and the Netherlands Topics:ooooooooooooTotal primary energy supplyBiomass use for energy and nonenergetic applicationsNational (circular) bio(based)economy strategyBiorefinery related (national)policy goals & instrumentsNational & regional Biorefinery(funding) initiativesBiorefinery mapping at thenational levelCommercial Biorefinery facilitiesBiorefinery demo-plantsBiorefinery pilot-plantsMajor BR-based R&D projectsMajor national stakeholdersBiorefinery related publications17

Global Biorefinery StatusReport A major deliverable in this triennium is to publish a GlobalBiorefinery Status Report This will be a summary of the information reported by theNTLs in the Biorefinery Country Reports It will be extended with information from other importantcountries18

Global mapping scheme anddatabase on BiorefineriesJRCdatabase Identify existing BiorefineriesDatabases Comparative analysis onBiorefineries Databases 2nd Joint Bioeconomy SurveyJRC-IEA-BBI Design the BRs database layoutbased on Joint Survey resultsand data gathering fromexisting databasesNovadatabase19Crescentino PlantIEAdatabase

Task 42 Publications20162017201820192018201820

Task 42 Upcoming Reports21

Standards and Labels relatedto Biobased Products T42 gathered information about existingstandardization approaches for biobasedproducts, and monitored relevantactivities The background, current standards andlabels are provided in a report It showso the current standards for biobasedproducts,o standards related to plastic productsand wood plastic composite (WPC)in Europeo ongoing/future standarddevelopments for BBPs22

III. Dissemination Target groups vary from industry/SMEs to UNIs/RTOs toGOs/NGOs to general public to Task42/ExCo The goal is to involve more stakeholders in Task42, andto increase its platform role Methods:o websitewww.task42.ieabioenergy.como biannual newsletters,o lecturing at internationalconferences & webinarso using social mediao annual thematic stakeholderworkshopso contributing to BiorefineryTraining Schools23

Ways for industry to get involved Provide input-data for the TEE-assessments onselected integrated biorefinery facilities Provide input for the Biorefinery Country Reports, theGlobal Biorefinery Status Report, and the mappingscheme and database on biorefineries Provide input for the Task42 website and the biannualnewsletters Participate in webinars Present your view at Thematic Workshops The National Task Leaders will organize industrial/SMEstakeholder events at national level to disseminateTask42 results and to collect info on requirements ofthese market parties24

Take home messages We need a clear vision on sustainable biomassproduction and biomass use for combined food andnon-food applications We need a good cooperation of internationalorganizations and stakeholders (both by theexchange of best-practices and by the execution ofjoint activities) because we need to efficiently solvetechnical and non-technical deployment barriers We need to accelerate the market implementationof biorefineries in the Circular Economy25

www.task42.ieabioenergy.comContact DetailsBert Annevelinkbert.annevelink@wur.nlThank you for yourkind attentionMichael Mandlm.mandl@tbwresearch.orgEd de Jonged.dejong@avantium.comRené van Reerene.vanree@wur.nl26

on Bioenergy, functions within a Framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). Views, findings and publications of IEA Bioenergy do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or of its individual Member countries . An introduction to the IEA

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