Task 42 Biorefinery

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Task 42BiorefineryCo-production of Food, Feed, Chemicals,Materials, Fuels, Power and Heat fromBiomassRené van ReeTask Meeting, Lille, France, 3,4 March 2010

IEA Bioenergy is one of a number ofImplementing Agreements (IAs) establised by theInternational Energy Agency (IEA) IAs operate within an institutional structurecomprising IA Executive Committees, Tasks, IAs should contribute both to the IEA technologycollaboration programme and nationalprogrammes of the Contracting Parties Estabishment IEA Bioenergy – 30 years agoIEA Bioenergy is one of two IEA Implementing Agreements withmajor relevance for Bioenergy/Biofuels (the other IEA-AMF(Advanced Motor Fuels))Annual budget over 2 M US- (2010)

Mission Strategic Plan 2010 - 2016To facilitate the commercialisation andmarket deployment of environmentallysound, socially acceptable, and costcompetitive bioenergy systems andtechnologies,technologies and to advice policy andindustrial decision makers accordingly.

Strategy 2010 – 2016 PeriodTo provide platforms for international collaborationand information exchange in bioenergy research,development, demonstration and informationexchange.This includes: the development of networks dissemination of information provision of science-based technology analysis support and advice to policy makers involvement of industry encouragement of membership by countries witha strong bioenergy infrastructure and appropriatepolicies

22 Contracting Parties(Member Countries) uropeanCommission Finland France Germany IrelandItalyJapanNetherlandsNew ZealandNorwaySouth AfricaSwedenSwitzerlandUnited KingdomUnited States(Turkey is pending)

ThermalgasificationPyrolysisBiogas &landfill gasCombustion& cofiring13 TasksBiofuelsSRCTask nergyrecoverysolid ade

Task 42Biorefineries

Task 42: BiorefineriesFocus on:Biorefinery as a facility thatoptimises the integratedsustainable production of food,feed, chemicals, materials, fuels,power and heat, maximising thevalue derived from a biomassfeedstock.Aims to:Assess the worldwide positionand potential of biorefineries.Gather new insights of thepossibilities for the simultaneousmanufacture of Bio-basedProducts and Bioenergy.

Partners Task 42Founding members (8):Austria, Canada, Denmark, EU, France,Germany, Ireland, the NetherlandsNew Members:2009: Australia, Italy2010: USA, United Kingdom, (Turkey)(to be decided: Belgium)10

Task 42: Results 2007 - 2009 Common definition for biorefineries Common classification system for biorefineries. Country reports on current processing potential andmapping of existing plants. Identification of biorefinery related RD&Dprogrammes in participant countries. Annual biorefinery seminar for stakeholders. Linking of ongoing international activities throughjoint events and new initiatives

Task 42: Definition BiorefineriesBiorefining is the sustainableprocessing of biomass into aspectrum of marketable Biobased Products andBioenergySustainable: maximising economics, socially acceptable, optimal environmetalperformanceProcessing: upstream processing, transformation, fractionation, thermochemical and biochemical conversion, extraction, separation, downstreamprocessingBiomass: residues, crops, algaeSpectrum: multiple product outletsMarketable: volumes, pricesBio-based Products: food, feed, chemicals, materialsBioenergy: fuels, power, heat

Task 42: Definition BiorefineriesIn general Product-driven and Energy-drivenBiorefineries can be distinguishedPDB: main goal is the production of one/more Biobased Products; process residues are used toproduce Bioenergy for internal/external useEDB: main goal is the production of one/moreEnergy Carriers (Fuels, power and/or heat); processresidues are valorised to BBPs to maximise theeconomic profitability of the overall processIn Task 42 both types of BRs are dealt with,however, with a focuss on EDBs(IEA Bioenergy)

Task 42: Classification SystemCurrent Naming in iesBiochemicalBiorefineriesWhole riesNo coherent namingsystem fineries

Task 42: Classification SystemAim Classification SystemShould be unambiguous for all stakeholders withinthe Biorefinery fieldBoth the feedstocks used and the mainintermediate and final products produced should bepart of the namingThe naming should reflect the complexity of theBiorefinery facilityThe naming should be as specfic as possible

Task 42: Classification SystemClassification SystemPlatforms mainintermediatesC6 sugarC5 sugarLigninProteinBio-oilSyngasBiogasHydrogen .SpecifiedBio-based Products BioenergyFood ComponentsFeed dFeedstocksResiduesCropsAlgae .A platforms biorefinery for theproduction of products, energy from feedstocks.

Examples ClassificationSystem (see also Brochure)


Task 42: Country ReportsFor the Task founding countries Austria, Canada,Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, and theNetherlands so called “Country Reports” have beenprepared.Content National biomass energy use Non energy national biomass use Biomass related national policy goals National oil refineries Bioethanol, biodiesel and biogas:production and capacity Existing biorefinery industries Pilot and demonstration plants R&D Activities National Task LeadersThe country reports are integrated in one Task Report. This reportcan be downloaded from the IEA Bioenergy Task 42 website:www.IEA-Bioenergy.Task42-Biorefineries.com

Task 42: Stakeholder WorkshopsIn the first triennium open (industrial ) stakeholderworkshops have been organised coupled to theclosed bi-annual Task meetings in: theNetherlands, Austria, Canada, Ireland andGermanyThe Presentations given at these Stakeholderworkshops can be downloaded from the IEABioenergy Task 42 websitewww.IEA-Bioenergy.Task42-Biorefineries.com

Task 42: Stakeholder Workshop – BR Example 1.Vision „Biorefinery Leuna“–Integration of Bioethylene in the value chainCrude oilCatalystsNatural PACompoundsPA 6 / PA ctam,Polyamide EnzymesProteinesetc.New InvestorsPowerplantSugar, Starch, Cellulose, Hemicellulose, Lignin, Algae, etc.INFRASTRUCTURESource: InfraLeunaLinde-KCA-Dresden GmbH8August 2009/ Uwe Welteroth

Task 42: Stakeholder Workshop – BR Example 2.

Task 42: Stakeholder Workshop – BR Example 3.

Task 42: StakeholderWorkshop – BR Example 4.

Task 42: Work Programme 2010 - 20121. Developing a biorefinery complexity index, similar to whatthey use in the petroleum industry (Nelson complexity index),based on the Classification System.2. Identifying the most promising bio-based products – i.e.food, feed, added-value materials (a.o. fibre-based) andchemicals (functionalised chemicals and platform chemicals(building blocks)) to be co-produced with bioenergy.3. Assessing the current status and development potential ofboth Energy-driven Biorefineries (incl. biofuels) and Productdriven Biorefineries based on a Full Value Chain approach.4. Providing a review of approaches and developing a guidancedocument for sustainability assessment, includingeconomic, environmental and social acceptance aspects ofbiorefineries.5. Preparing a Summarizing Paper concerning “Adding Valueto the Sustainable Utilisation of Biomass on a Global Scale –Biorefinery” to be used by a.o. national/internationalgovernmental organisations for their policy developments.

Task 42: Work Programme 2010 - 20126. The organisation of bi-annual Task Meetings, workshopsinviting national stakeholders, and visits to running pilot/demoand commercial facilities. External knowledgedissemination in general will done by: i) set-up andmanagement of the Task website, including linkage to manyother national/international websites, ii) preparation anddistribution of a Task newsletter (at least 2 times a year).Internal knowledge dissemination will be done by means ofa intranet-site coupled to the Task website.7. Update of the Country Reports on Biorefinery Mapping andBiorefinery-related RD&D Programmes to help nationalgovernments to define their national biorefinery policy goalsand related programmes.8. Developing and delivering a broad Biorefinery SummerSchool to enable students, policy makers and industrialstakeholders to become familiar with the integral conceptthinking of biorefineries.Task Meetings/SHW: 2010 – France, US; 2011 – Italy, Australia;2012 – Netherlands/Belgium, Denmark/Canada

Thank you for your attentionFurther information:René van Ree (rene.vanree@wur.nl)Ed de Jong iorefineries.comwww.IEABioenergy.com27

www.IEA-Bioenergy.Task42-Biorefineries.comNew professional Task website willbe operational from 1 May 201028

IEA Bioenergy is one of two IEA Implementing Agreements with major relevance for Bioenergy/Biofuels (the other IEA-AMF . PDB: main goal is the production of one/more Bio-based Products; process residues are used to produce Bioenergy for internal/externa

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petrozzi@crbnet.it (A.P.) * Correspondence: coccia@crbnet.it; Tel.: 39-075-5853615 Academic Editor: Francesco Asdrubali Received: 29 July 2016; Accepted: 7 September 2016; Published: 14 September 2016 Abstract: This work presents some energy considerations concerning a biorefinery case study that

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