English Grammar Workbook - Rhymes World

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Spine: .7027"100sof Problems!Practice is the key to improving your grammar skills, and that's what thisworkbook is all about. Honing your speaking and writing skills helps youin everyday situations, such as writing papers, giving presentations, andcommunicating effectively in the workplace or classroom. Here you’llfind hundreds of problems to help build your grammar muscles. With alittle practice every day, you'll be speaking correctly, writing confidently,and getting the recognition you deserve at work or school.Detailed reviews andexplanations of everydayEnglish grammarTips for acing standardizedtests and workplacecommunicationThe latest rules on writingfor electronic mediaGeraldine Woods is a highschool English teacher andauthor of more than 40 books.planationsQuick refresher exe exercisesHands-on practictions to test yourA variety of quesknowledgey-stepfor videos, step-bto shop!how-to articles, orkoobkrWoWrite papers, givepresentations, andcommunicate effectivelyScore your highest onstandardized testsISBN 978-0-470-93070-0Geraldine Woods 16.99 USLanguage Arts/Grammar & Punctuation2nd EditionrammarGhsilgEnStructure sentences correctly,make subjects and verbsagree, and perfect yourpunctuationcom G o to Dummie s.examples,tOnline Cheat Sheeand funA dash of humor 19.99 CN 2nd EditionEnglish Grammar WorkbookGet some good grammar practice —and start speaking and writing wellg Easier !Making EverythinWoodsAuthor of English Grammar For Dummies

Get More and Do More at Dummies.com Start with FREE Cheat SheetsCheat Sheets include Checklists Charts Common Instructions And Other Good Stuff!To access the Cheat Sheet created specifically for this book, go MobilGet Smart at Dummies.comDummies.com makes your life easier with 1,000sof answers on everything from removing wallpaperto using the latest version of Windows.Check out our Videos Illustrated Articles Step-by-Step InstructionsPlus, each month you can win valuable prizes by enteringour Dummies.com sweepstakes. *Want a weekly dose of Dummies? Sign up for Newsletters on Digital Photography Microsoft Windows & Office Personal Finance & Investing Health & Wellness Computing, iPods & Cell Phones eBay Internet Food, Home & GardenThere’s a Dummies App for This and ThatWith more than 200 million books in print and over 1,600 uniquetitles, Dummies is a global leader in how-to information. Nowyou can get the same great Dummies information in an App. Withtopics such as Wine, Spanish, Digital Photography, Certification,and more, you’ll have instant access to the topics you need toknow in a format you can trust.To get information on all our Dummies apps, visit the following:www.Dummies.com/go/mobile from your computer.Find out “HOW” at Dummies.com*Sweepstakes not currently available in all countries; visit Dummies.com for official rules.www.Dummies.com/go/iphone/apps from your phone.

rammarEnglish GkoobkroWFORSEImDUM‰2NDEDITIONby Geraldine Woods01 9780470930700-ffirs.indd i2/22/11 3:27 PM

English Grammar Workbook For Dummies , 2nd EditionPublished byWiley Publishing, Inc.111 River St.Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774www.wiley.comCopyright 2011 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IndianaPublished simultaneously in CanadaNo part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form orby any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior writtenpermission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to theCopyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600.Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley& Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for theRest of Us!, The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Dummies.com, Making EverythingEasier, and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission.All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associatedwith any product or vendor mentioned in this book.LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NOREPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OFTHE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. NO WARRANTY MAY BECREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS. THE ADVICE AND STRATEGIESCONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION. THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THEUNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED IN RENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OROTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OFA COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULD BE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THEAUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE IS REFERRED TO IN THIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCEOF FURTHER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSESTHE INFORMATION THE ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS ITMAY MAKE. FURTHER, READERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEBSITES LISTED IN THISWORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN ANDWHEN IT IS READ.For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer CareDepartment within the U.S. at 877-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317-572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002.For technical support, please visit www.wiley.com/techsupport.Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print maynot be available in electronic books.Library of Congress Control Number: 2011921767ISBN: 978-0-470-93070-0Manufactured in the United States of America10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 101 9780470930700-ffirs.indd ii2/22/11 3:27 PM

About the AuthorGeraldine Woods teaches English and directs the independent study program at theHorace Mann School in New York City. She is the author of more than 50 books, including English Grammar For Dummies, SAT For Dummies, Research Papers For Dummies,College Admission Essays For Dummies, AP English Literature For Dummies, and APEnglish Language and Composition For Dummies, all published by Wiley. She lives in NewYork City with her husband and two parakeets. She loves the Yankees, Chinese food,and her family.01 9780470930700-ffirs.indd iii2/22/11 3:27 PM

DedicationFor Elizabeth, who, as a toddler, already shows an aptitude for grammar. And for Harry,forever in my heart.Author’s AcknowledgmentsI owe thanks to my colleagues at the Horace Mann School, who are always willing todiscuss the finer points of grammar. I appreciate the work of Vicki Adang, Caitie Copple,Mike Greiner, and Penny Brown, fine editors whose hard work and intelligence madethis workbook much better than it would have been without them. I appreciate theefforts of my agent, Lisa Queen of Queen Literary, and the kindness of Lindsay Lefevere,Wiley’s acquisitions editor.01 9780470930700-ffirs.indd iv2/22/11 3:27 PM

Publisher’s AcknowledgmentsWe’re proud of this book; please send us your comments at http://dummies.custhelp.com. For other comments, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at 877-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002.Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following:Acquisitions, Editorial, and Media DevelopmentComposition ServicesProject Editor: Victoria M. AdangProject Coordinator: Nikki Gee(Previous Edition: Kristin DeMint)Layout and Graphics: Carl Byers, Carrie A. Cesavice,Mark Pinto, Corrie Socolovoitch, Christin SwinfordExecutive Editor: Lindsay Sandman Lefevere(Previous Edition: Kathleen M. Cox)Copy Editor: Caitlin CoppleProofreaders: Lindsay Amones, Melissa Cossell,John Greenough, Betty KishIndexer: Steve Rath(Previous Edition: Sarah Faulkner, E. Neil Johnson)Assistant Editor: David LuttonTechnical Editors: Michael Greiner,Penelope M. BrownEditorial Manager: Michelle HackerEditorial Assistants: Rachelle Amick,Jennette ElNaggarCover Photo: iStockphoto.com/Natalia LukiyanovaCartoons: Rich Tennant (www.the5thwave.com)Publishing and Editorial for Consumer DummiesDiane Graves Steele, Vice President and Publisher, Consumer DummiesKristin Ferguson-Wagstaffe, Product Development Director, Consumer DummiesEnsley Eikenburg, Associate Publisher, TravelKelly Regan, Editorial Director, TravelPublishing for Technology DummiesAndy Cummings, Vice President and Publisher, Dummies Technology/General UserComposition ServicesDebbie Stailey, Director of Composition Services01 9780470930700-ffirs.indd v2/22/11 3:27 PM

Contents at a GlanceIntroduction . 1Part I: Building a Firm Foundation: Grammar Basics . 5Chapter 1: Finding the Right Verb at the Right Time . 7Chapter 2: Got a Match? Pairing Subjects and Verbs Correctly . 23Chapter 3: Who Is She, and What Is It? Pronoun Basics . 39Chapter 4: Having It All: Writing Complete Sentences . 53Part II: Mastering Mechanics . 71Chapter 5: Pausing to Consider the Comma . 73Chapter 6: A Hook That Can Catch You: Apostrophes . 87Chapter 7: “Let Me Speak!” Quotation Marks . 97Chapter 8: Hitting the Big Time: Capital Letters. 107Part III: Applying Proper Grammar in Tricky Situations . 117Chapter 9: Choosing the Best Pronoun: Case, Number, and Clarity . 119Chapter 10: Tensing Up: Choosing the Right Verb for Tricky Sentences . 143Chapter 11: Are You and Your Verbs in the Right Mood? . 157Chapter 12: Writing for Electronic Media . 165Part IV: Upping the Interest: Describing and Comparing . 175Chapter 13: Writing Good or Well: Adjectives and Adverbs . 177Chapter 14: Going on Location: Placing Descriptions Correctly . 187Chapter 15: For Better or Worse: Forming Comparisons . 201Part V: Improving Your Writing Style . 219Chapter 16: Staying on Track: Parallel Writing . 221Chapter 17: The Writing Diet: Adding Spice and Cutting Fat from Your Sentences. 237Chapter 18: Steering Clear of Tricky Word Traps. 247Part VI: The Part of Tens . 259Chapter 19: Ten Overcorrections . 261Chapter 20: Ten Errors to Avoid at All Costs . 265Appendix: Grabbing Grammar Goofs . 269Index . 29902 9780470930700-ftoc.indd vi2/22/11 3:28 PM

Table of ContentsIntroduction . 1About This Book . 1Conventions Used in This Book . 2What You’re Not to Read . 2Foolish Assumptions . 2How This Book Is Organized . 2Part I: Building a Firm Foundation: Grammar Basics . 3Part II: Mastering Mechanics . 3Part III: Applying Proper Grammar in Tricky Situations . 3Part IV: Upping the Interest: Describing and Comparing . 3Part V: Improving Your Writing Style . 3Part VI: The Part of Tens . 4Icons Used in This Book . 4Where to Go from Here . 4Part I: Building a Firm Foundation: Grammar Basics. 5Chapter 1: Finding the Right Verb at the Right Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7Using Past, Present, and Future Tense at the Right Times . 7Putting Perfect Tenses in the Spotlight . 9Hitting Curveballs: Irregular Forms. 10Getting a Handle on Common Irregulars: Be and Have . 12Aiding and Abetting: Helping Verbs . 13Calling into Question with Verbs . 14Calling All Overachievers: Extra Practice with Verbs . 16Answers to Problems on Verbs and Verb Tenses . 17Chapter 2: Got a Match? Pairing Subjects and Verbs Correctly . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23When One Isn’t Enough: Forming Plural Nouns . 23Meeting Their Match: Pairing Subjects and Verbs . 25Taming the Brats: Choosing the Right Verb for Difficult Subjects . 27Not What They Seem: Dealing with Deceptive Subjects . 29Calling All Overachievers: Extra Practice with Hitching Subjects and Verbs. 31Answers to Subject and Verb Pairing Problems . 32Chapter 3: Who Is She, and What Is It? Pronoun Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39Numbering Singular and Plural Pronouns . 39Holding Your Own with Possessive Pronouns . 41It’s All in the Details: Possessives and Contractions . 43Making Sure Your Pronouns Are Meaningful . 44Calling All Overachievers: Extra Practice with Basic Pronouns . 47Answers to Pronoun Problems . 4802 9780470930700-ftoc.indd vii2/22/11 3:28 PM

viiiEnglish Grammar Workbook For Dummies, 2nd EditionChapter 4: Having It All: Writing Complete Sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53Finding Subjects and Verbs that Match . 54Checking for Complete Thoughts . 55Improving Flow with Properly Joined Sentences . 57Setting the Tone with Endmarks . 60Proper Sentence or Not? That Is the Question . 61Calling All Overachievers: Extra Practice with Complete Sentences. 64Answers to Complete Sentence Problems . 65Part II: Mastering Mechanics . 71Chapter 5: Pausing to Consider the Comma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73Keeping Lists in Order with Commas and Semicolons . 73Directly Addressing the Listener or Reader. 75Placing Commas in Combined Sentences. 76Inserting Extras with Commas: Introductions and Interruptions . 77Setting Descriptions Apart . 78Calling All Overachievers: Extra Practice with Commas . 80Answers to Comma Problems . 81Chapter 6: A Hook That Can Catch You: Apostrophes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87Tightening Up Text: Contractions . 87Showing Who Owns What: Possessives. 89Calling All Overachievers: Extra Practice with Apostrophes . 91Answers to Apostrophe Problems . 92Chapter 7: “Let Me Speak!” Quotation Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97Quoting and Paraphrasing: What’s the Difference? . 97Giving Voice to Direct Quotations . 98Punctuating Titles . 100Calling All Overachievers: Extra Practice with Quotation Marks. 102Answers to Quotation Problems . 103Chapter 8: Hitting the Big Time: Capital Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107Paying Respect to People’s Names and Titles . 107Working with Business and School Terms . 109Capitalizing Titles of Literary and Media Works

About the Author Geraldine Woods teaches English and directs the independent study program at the Horace Mann School in New York City. She is the author of more than 50 books, includ-ing English Grammar For Dummies, SAT For Dummies, Research Papers For Dummies, College Admission Essays For Dummies, AP English Literature For Dummies, and AP English Language and Composition For Dummies, all .

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