The Flora Of Saluk National Park Northern Khorassan-PDF Free Download

The flora of Saluk National Park Northern Khorassan
16 Dec 2019 | 39 views | 0 downloads | 27 Pages | 1.47 MB

Share Pdf : The Flora Of Saluk National Park Northern Khorassan

Download and Preview : The Flora Of Saluk National Park Northern Khorassan


Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : The Flora Of Saluk National Park Northern Khorassan



Transcription

J Bio Env Sci 2014, Introduction of the province in ca 30 km N from the park Several. Saluk National Park Northern Khorassan province villages surround the park Sarmaran in SE Chahar. Iran was declared as a National Park in 2002 This Borj in SW and Siah Khaneh in NE and Ahangaran in. park is one of the richest parks of Iran with the high NW Saluk Protected Region is located in the. diversity of plant species and is situated in Irano westhern part of the park Geomorphologically the. Anatolian province of the Irano Turanian Region in park is divided to two parts of palin and mountain. the Holarctic kingdom Irano Anatolian province The Northern part of the park is mountainous and. comprises about 2 3 of Iran Afghanistan and includes 2 3 of its total area The elevation of the area. Baluchistan sector of Pakistan It characterized by a ranges from 1300 to 2170 m Hasan Chukhuni Mt. continental climate Hot and dry summers and cold with an altitude of 2170 m is the highest mountain in. winters predominate Precipitation occurs in the this park Its mountains are situated in the end of NW. winter and in the early months of spring it reaches Khorassan zone and the mountains of this zone are. high levels up to 800 mm year only at high connected through them to Alborz Mountain range in. elevations in the mountains Typical vegetation unites N Iran The south part of the park comprises plain. are Dwarf scrub highland Salt swamps interior region that contains 1 3 of the park and the elevation. basins Woodlands and Thorn cushin formations of the area ranges from 1150 to 1300 m The elevation. mountain ranges This province is characterized by difference between the highest and lowest points in. a large number of endemic species and genera the park about 1000 m has made various habitats. Example are Astragalus Amygdalus Ferula Nepeta hence the biodiversity of the park also has increased. Pistacia Phlomis Verbascum Acanthophylum Beaucase of valuable ecological characteristics the. Acantholimon Dionysia Cousinia and Eremurus area was designated as National Park in 2001. each of Which has many species This is one of the, most pronounced centers of speciation and Climate. distribution in the Holarctic Kingdom especially the The climate of the park is affected with different. montane and alpine zones of the mountain ranges weather systems such as Western winds Azoor high. exhibit extraordinary diversity Kurschner 1986 pressure Siberia high pressure and Mediterranean. It is important to mention here that the Khorassan In summer Azoor high pressure system makes the. province is now divided to three separated provinces weather of the area dry Western winds that blow in. Razavi Khorassan Southern Khorassan and the park from early autumn to late spring are the. Northern Khorassan it is located in NE of Iran major agents of the precipitation in autumn winter. covering an area of 313 335 sq km But in Flora and spring Siberia high pressure system affects the. Iranica treatments and several other works usually park from late autumn to early spring hence it causes. the former Khorassan is used Recently some articles snowfall and temperature drops down to 20 C. are published as a supplement for Flora Iranica about Mediterranean moisture is the most important origin. Khorassan s flora i e Ghahremaninejad et al 2005 of the precipitation in the park Mainly it is entered. 2010b 2012 Joharchi et al 2007 2011 into the area by western winds. Location and topography Climatically the plain and mountainous parts of the. Saluk National Park is located in NW Esfarayen in park are different hence available data mean in two. Northern Khorassan province NE Iran The area is climatological stations Asadli station for. situated with 8231 hectares between 37 07 37 14 mountainous part and Bala Khosh station for plain. N and 57 10 57 17 E Fig 1 The nearest cities to par during the period of 21 years from 1986 to 2006. the park are Esfarayen and Bojnurd Esfarayen is were utilized to determine the climatical parameters. located in ca 20 km SE and Bojnurd the capital city According to these data the ombrothermic diagram of. 46 Ezazi et al, J Bio Env Sci 2014, the park was prepared It shows that approximately comparable with another floristic study in Khorassan. six months of year are wet months and the rainiest province by Ghahreman et al 2006. month is April with a mean precipitation of 60 6 mm. Drought period starts in early May and continues Determining the life form was done by Raunkiaer. until the end of October and the driest month is classification Raunkiaer 1934 Life form chorology. August with a mean precipitation of 1 5 mm The and the species distribution in the world and Iran was. coldest months are January and February with a extracted from the reviews of several monographs. minimum temperature of 0 2 and 0 5 C respectively and Floras particularly Flora Iranica and Flora of. The warmest months are July and August with a Iran. maximum temperature of 23 6 and 22 8 C, respectively The plant species of Saluk National Park checked with. international IUCN International Union for, According to available data mean annual Conservation of Nature list and their status in this.
precipitation and median annual temperature are 282 list were denoted by Red Data Book of Iran Jalili. mm and 12 C respectively that results the study area Jamzad 1999 The endemic plant species were. is characterized as a cold semi arid climate Fig 2 determined using Biodiversity of plant species in Iran. Ghahreman Attar 1998 Flora of Iran Assadi et, Materials and methods al 1988 2011 and Flora Iranica Rechinger 1963. Data collection 2010 The vascular plants of Saluk National Park are. Climatic data and the map of the park were provided listed in Table 4 with information about life form. by the Northern Khorassan Department of the chorotype endemism IUCN categories and. environment The vascular plants of the park herbarium number of every plant species. regularly were collected from different habitats every. month during growing seasons between 2007 and Results and discussion. 2009 Efforts were made to collect both flowering and Floristic diversity. fruiting specimens The exact location and elevation The vascular flora of Saluk National Park includes a. latitude and longitude of every plant specimen were total of 505 taxa 496 species six subspecies and. determined using GPS in addition notes on the three varieties belonging to 296 genera and 71. vegetation and habitat After the specimens had been families Tab 4 The dicotyledons with 58 families. dried by pressing they transferred to the herbarium 249 genera and 415 species are the most diverse. of Kharazmi University FAR and the specimens group of vascular plants in the following monocots. were prepared as herbarium material according to with eight families 42 genera and 76 species. herbarium techniques Then they were identified and gymnosperms with two families two genera two. named using available flora such as Flora Iranica species and pteridophytes with two families two. Rechinger 1963 2010 Flora of the USSR genera and two species Tab 1. Komarov 1963 2001 Flora of Turkey Davis, 1965 1988 Flora of Iraq Townsend et al 1966 The richest families in terms of number of taxa are. 1985 Flora Europeae Tutin et al 1964 1980 and Asteraceae 80 taxa Poaceae 46 taxa Fabaceae. Flora of Iran Assadi et al 1988 2012 45 taxa Brassicaceae 42 taxa Lamiaceae 25. Based on the type of vegetation in Saluk National taxa Boraginaceae 20 taxa Apiaceae 18 taxa. Park the habitats divided into plain regions rocky Caryophyllaceae and Chenopodiaceae each with 17. areas arid mountainous regions humid mountainous taxa Rosaceae and Scrophulariaceae each with 15. regions and river sides landslides aquatic habitats taxa and Liliaceae 14 taxa Tab 2 The genus. and manipulated areas The introduced habitats are Astragalus 25 species is the richest in this area. 47 Ezazi et al, J Bio Env Sci 2014, following Cousinia 12 species Allium and Alyssum each with five species Acantholimon Centaurea. each with seven species Veronica six species Crasus Cirsium Gagea Galium Plantago Silene. Artemisia Bromus Lappula Poa and Tragopogon and Stachys each with four species Tab 3. Table 1 Number of families genera and species of main groups of plants in Saluk National Park. Plant Groups Family Genus Taxon subsp var, Pteridophytes 3 3 3. Spermatophytes 68 293 502, Gymnosperms 2 2 2, Angiosperms 66 291 500.
Dicotyledones 58 249 424, Monocotyledones 8 42 76, Total 71 296 505. The ratios of species genera 1 7 and genera families subsp sieberi Astragalus campylorrhynchus. 4 2 for this park indicate a high taxonomic diversity Bromus tectorum Centaurea bruguierana subsp. rate It could be due to diverse habitats in the area belangerana Ceratocephalus falcata Cousinia. Ghahremaninejad et al 2010a Ghahremaninejad monocephala C prolifera Crepis sancta subsp. Ezazi 2009a b iranica Eremopyrum bonaepartis var bonaepartis. Eremurus stenophyllus subsp stenophyllus, Habitat Fritillaria gibbosa Gagea reticulate Glaucium. Seven different habitats are present in Saluk National elegans Glycyrrhiza glabra var glabra Halocharis. Park as follows sulphurea Hordeum bulbosum Holosteum. glutinosum Iris fosteriana I songarica Ixiolirion, Plain regions tataricum Linaria simplex Lycium ruthenicum. They include flat plains that are situated in the Muscari neglectum Nonnea caspica Papaver. southern parts of the park Various species such as pavoninum Perovskia abrotanoides Poa bulbosa P. ones listed below were found Acanthophyllum sinaica Polygonum hyrcanicum Rhizocephalus. glandulosum Acroptilon repens subsp australe orientalis Roemeria hybrida Rosa persica Scabiosa. Aegilops kotschyi Alhagi pseudoalhaji Amygdalus olivieri Sedum tetramerum Silene coniflora. spinosissima subsp turcomanica Androsace Stachys trinervis Vulpia persica Ziziphora tenuior. maxima Anthemis rhodocentra Artemisia sieberi, Table 2 List of rich families of vascular plants in Saluk National Park. Families Taxon subsp var Genera, Asteraceae 80 42, Poaceae 46 27.
Fabaceae 45 14, Brassicaceae 42 32, Lamiaceae 25 16. Boraginaceae 20 12, Apiaceae 18 15, Caryophyllaceae 17 9. Chenopodiaceae 17 11, Rosaceae 15 9, Scrophulariaceae 15 5. Liliaceae 14 7, 48 Ezazi et al, J Bio Env Sci 2014. Rocky areas tapetodes Graellsia integrifolia Hymenocrater. This kind of habitat is typically positioned on the elegans H platystegius Lonicera microphylla. slopes that cover with rocks and boulders In this Melica jacquemontii subsp jacquemontii Onosma. habitat various species are found such as longilobum Parietaria judaica Reaumuria. Acantholimon pterostegium Aeluropus littoralis alternifolia var alternifolia Scrophularia variegata. Anthemis odontostephana Convolvulus dorycnium subsp variegata Silene swertiifolia Stipa barbata. Corydalis rupestris Dielsiocharis kotschyi Dionysia. Table 3 List of rich genera of vascular plants in Saluk National Park. Genus Species Genus Species, Astragalus 25 Acantholimon 4.
Cousinia 12 Centaurea 4, Allium 7 Cerasus 4, Alyssum 7 Cirsium 4. Veronica 6 Gagea 4, Artemisia 5 Galium 4, Bromus 5 Plantago 4. Lappula 5 Silene 4, Poa 5 Stachys 4, Tragopogon 5, Arid mountainous regions Linaria pyramidalis subsp kopetdaghensis. These habitats that exist in the northern parts of the Marrubium duabense Onobrychis cornata subsp. park have high plant species diversity Also valleys cornuta Onosma dichroanthum Prangos bungei. and peaks in these regions tend to isolate certain Senecio joharchii S paulsenii subsp Khorassanicus. plant species that have a low dispersal capacity and a Serratula latifolia Thalictrum isupyroides. narrow habitat tolerance Some examples of the Ziziphora clinopodioides subsp szowitsii. species growing in these regions are Acantholimon, raddeanum Acanthophyllum glandulosum Allium. cristophii A sarawschanicum Artemisia, kopetdagensis Astragalus masanderanus A neo.
assadianus A orthocarpoides A schahrudensis, Berberis integerrima Cirsium bornmulleri Clausia. turkestanica Cotoneaster nummularioides Cousinia, microcarpa C schindleriana C trachyphyllaria. Dianthus crinitus subsp turcomanicus D orientalis, subsp stenocalyx Eryngium billardieri Euphorbia Fig 1 Map of the study area red and green. aelleni Ferula ovina Fibigia suffruticosa Gundelia boundaries show Saluk National Park and Saluk. tournefortii Haplophyllum acutifolium Hypericum protected area respectively. helianthemoides Juniperus excels Jurinea, monocephala subsp sintenisii Lagochilus aucheri Humid mountainous regions and river sides. 49 Ezazi et al, J Bio Env Sci 2014, seasonal water channel and springs on the elevations rotundifolium Isatis tinctoria subsp tomentella.
create several suitable humid areas for growing Koelpinia linearis Lamium amplexicaule var. plants amplexicaule Lepyrodiclis stellarioides, Pachyptrygium brevipes Paracaryum. In this habitat various species such as the followings turcomanicum Peltaria Turkmena Pimpinella. are found Acer monspessulanum subsp tragium Prangos latiloba Psammogeton canescens. turcomanicum Adianthum capillus veneris Althea subsp Canescens Pteropyrum aucheri Ranunculus. cannabina Asplenium ruta muraria Atriplex afghanicus Scandix stellata Solenanthus. micrantha Barbarea plantaginea Brachypodium circinnatus Tulipa micheliana T montana var. sylvaticum Carex divisa C songorica Chorispora montana Valeriana ficariifolia Vinc. The flora of Saluk National Park Northern Khorassan province Saluk National Park Northern Khorassan province Iran particularly Flora Iranica and Flora of

Related Books

The flora of Sarigol National Park Northern Khorassan

The flora of Sarigol National Park Northern Khorassan

The flora of Sarigol National Park Northern Khorassan Province But in Flora Iranica treatments and several Iranica Rechinger 1963 2010 Flora of Iran

Native Flora of the Bathurst Region A Historical Perspective

Native Flora of the Bathurst Region A Historical Perspective

flora Their names for and uses of plants are testament to the fact that they differentiated between trees and plants with a level of knowledge and identification ability which would more than do justice to modern botany and our classification into genera and species within genera

veld contents flora

veld contents flora

He joined the Veld amp Flora editorial advisory Committee in March 2014 and hopes to make the same contribution to BotSoc that it made to him when it sponsored the ECCO initiative years ago He maintains that there is a great deal of information to be shared with the public regarding indigenous plants and our biodiversity as a whole

G R A C Fauna and Flora International

G R A C Fauna and Flora International

Fauna amp Flora International GRACE i PREFACE Cultural ecosystem services CES and the benefits they provide have long been overlooked in decision making yet they contribute greatly to human wellbeing

Flora and Fauna Report propertydevelopment ssc nsw gov au

Flora and Fauna Report propertydevelopment ssc nsw gov au

Eco Logical Australia was engaged to prepare a Flora and Fauna Assessment with the overall objective to assess the impacts of the proposed development on flora and fauna and specifically on any threatened species populations or ecological communities listed under relevant Commonwealth state and local government legislation

Revision of the bryophyte schedule for the Flora

Revision of the bryophyte schedule for the Flora

Revision of the bryophyte schedule for the Earlish Portree Isle of Skye C 2015 Revision of the bryophyte schedule for the Flora Protection

FLORA OF TROPICAL EAST AFRICA PSAU

FLORA OF TROPICAL EAST AFRICA PSAU

Flora of Tropical East Africa all volumes up to December 2001 and with authors of forthcoming parts consulted on specialist terms Bell A D 1991 Plant form an illustrated guide to flowering plant morphology Oxford University Press Cutler D F 1978 Applied plant anatomy Longmans London 1 FTEA Glossary image qxd 21 07 2003 11 31 Pagina 1

The first study on bacterial flora and biological control

The first study on bacterial flora and biological control

isolated from Dasychira pudibunda Lep Lymantriidae showed pathogenicity against pest 11 Surprisingly although P abietina is a very damaging pest species worlwide bacterial pathogens of this pest have not been investigated so far In this study bacterial flora was investigated for the first time to be used in the biological control of P abietina and their

The Igbo Religious World in Flora Nwapa s Fiction

The Igbo Religious World in Flora Nwapa s Fiction

The Igbo Religious World in Flora Nwapa s Fiction Eleonora Chiavetta University of Palermo The literary production of Flora Nwapa 1931 1993 the first Nigerian woman novelist covers a long period of Nigerian history In her first novels Efuru

BUDIDAYA AGLAONEMA DI DEWI SRI FLORA

BUDIDAYA AGLAONEMA DI DEWI SRI FLORA

Tanaman Aglaonema merupakan salah satu jenis tanaman hias daun karena keindahan tanaman ini terletak pada bentuk corak dan warna daunnya Tanaman ini berasal dari negara Asia seperti Cina bagian selatan Indonesia Malaysia Birma Thailand dan Philipina Di habitat aslinya tanaman ini hidup di hutan dengan pencahayaan yang terbatas Leman

GI Flora Balance Program Healthy Recipes Standard Process

GI Flora Balance Program Healthy Recipes Standard Process

GI Flora Balance Program or substituted for SP Complete as detailed in the basic shake recipe Bake until cooked through and nicely browned

Research Article Flora of Bokaro Jharkhand India

Research Article Flora of Bokaro Jharkhand India

Shorearobusta is the dominant tree found in large scale in petarwar Shorea robusta Garetn Sal Sakhua is a tree from which human society gets lots of benefits The seed of the tree are used for fat extraction The timber of the tree is of great importance mainly used in railway sleepers pillars used in making boats ships etc