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Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 05920 7 Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy. 2nd Edition, Frontmatter, More Information, CAMBRIDGE TEXTS IN THE. HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY, Series Editors, KARL AMERIKS. Professor of Philosophy University of Notre Dame, DESMOND M CLARKE. Emeritus Professor of Philosophy University College Cork. The main objective of Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy is to expand the. range variety and quality of texts in the history of philosophy which are available in. English The series includes texts by familiar names such as Descartes and Kant and. also by less well known authors Wherever possible texts are published in complete and. unabridged form and translations are specially commissioned for the series Each. volume contains a critical introduction together with a guide to further reading and. any necessary glossaries and textual apparatus The volumes are designed for student use. at undergraduate and postgraduate level and will be of interest not only to students of. philosophy but also to a wider audience of readers in the history of science the history of. theology and the history of ideas, For a list of titles published in the series please see end of book.
in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 05920 7 Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy. 2nd Edition, Frontmatter, More Information, REN DESCARTES. Meditations on First Philosophy, with Selections from the Objections and Replies. translated and edited by, JOHN COTTINGHAM, University of Reading. Second Edition, with an introductory essay by, BERNARD WILLIAMS.
and a general introduction by, JOHN COTTINGHAM, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 05920 7 Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy. 2nd Edition, Frontmatter, More Information, University Printing House Cambridge cb2 8bs United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press is part of the University of Cambridge. It furthers the University s mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of. education learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence. www cambridge org, Information on this title www cambridge org 97801107665736. Cambridge University Press 2017, This publication is in copyright Subject to statutory exception.
and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements. no reproduction of any part may take place without the written. permission of Cambridge University Press, First published 1986. Reprinted 1987 1988 twice 1989 1990 1991 twice 1993 twice. Revised edition with new editorial matter 1996, 21st printing 2015. Second edition rst published 2017, Printed in the United Kingdom by TJ International Ltd Padstow Cornwall. A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication data. Descartes Ren 1596 1650, Meditationes de prima philosophia English Meditations on rst philosophy Ren Descartes. With selections from the Objections and replies both translated and edited by John Cottingham. with an introductory essay by Bernard Williams and a new introduction for this edition by John. Cottingham Rev ed p cm Cambridge texts in the history of philosophy Includes. bibliographical references and index isbn 0 521 55252 4 hardback isbn 0 521 55818 2 paperback. 1 First philosophy Early works to 1800 2 Metaphysics Early works to 1800 I Cottingham. John 1943 II Williams Bernard Arthur Owen III Adjunctae sunt variae objectiones cum. responsionibus authoris English Selections IV Title V Series b1853 E5C6713 1996. 194 dc20 95 10664, isbn 978 1 107 05920 7 Hardback.
isbn 978 1 107 66573 6 Paperback, Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy. of URLs for external or third party internet websites referred to in this publication. and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is or will remain. accurate or appropriate, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 05920 7 Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy. 2nd Edition, Frontmatter, More Information, Introductory essay by Bernard Williams page vii. General introduction xix, Chronology of Descartes s life and works xlv.
Further reading xlvii, Note on the text and the translation l. meditations on first philosophy 1, Dedicatory letter to the Sorbonne 3. Preface to the reader 7, Synopsis of the following Six Meditations 10. First Meditation What can be called into doubt 15, Second Meditation The nature of the human mind. and how it is better known than the body 20, Third Meditation The existence of God 28.
Fourth Meditation Truth and falsity 42, Fifth Meditation The essence of material things and the. existence of God considered a second time 50, Sixth Meditation The existence of material things. and the real distinction between mind and body 57, selections from the objections and replies 73. On the First Meditation 75, The rejection of previous beliefs 75. in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 05920 7 Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy.
2nd Edition, Frontmatter, More Information, Table of Contents. The reliability of the senses 76, The dreaming argument 79. Certainty in dreams 80, The scope of doubt 81, On the Second Meditation 83. Cogito ergo sum I am thinking therefore I exist 83. Sum res cogitans I am a thinking thing 85, The nature of thought 90. The piece of wax 92, De nitions of thought idea substance etc 94.
On the Third Meditation 96, Innate ideas 96, The idea of God 98. Objective reality 105, God author of my existence 108. On the Fourth Meditation 113, The cause of error 113. The indifference of the will 116, Faith reason and the natural light 117. The rejection of nal causes 119, On the Fifth Meditation 121.
Whether God s essence implies his existence 121, Eternal truths and God 129. Clear and distinct perception and the Cartesian Circle 130. On the Sixth Meditation 136, The real distinction between mind and body 136. Interaction between soul and body 149, The immortality of the soul 149. Mechanical bodily movement in humans and animals 150. The three grades of sensory response 151, Coherence and memory in waking life 153. in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 05920 7 Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy.
2nd Edition, Frontmatter, More Information, Introductory essay. bernard williams, I would not urge anyone to read this book except those who are able and. willing to meditate seriously with me Descartes says to his readers in. the Preface p 9 below and he makes it clear that he means the. Meditations not to be a treatise a mere exposition of philosophical. reasons and conclusions but rather an exercise in thinking presented. as an encouragement and a guide to readers who will think philosophic. ally themselves Its thoughts correspondingly are presented as they. might be conducted by its author or rather as though they were being. conducted at the very moment at which you read them Indeed the I. who is having these thoughts may be yourself Although we are con. scious in reading the Meditations that they were written by a particular. person Ren Descartes and at a particular time about 1640 the I that. appears throughout them from the rst sentence on does not speci cally. represent that person it represents anyone who will step into the. position it marks the position of the thinker who is prepared to recon. sider and recast his or her beliefs as Descartes supposed we might from. the ground up, This I is different then from the I that occurs in the Replies to the. Objections Extracts from both of these also appear in this volume how. they came to be written is explained by the translator in his Note on the. text p xlix In the Replies Descartes speaks straightforwardly for. himself and the I represents the author of the Meditations The I in. the Meditations themselves represents their narrator or protagonist. whom we may call the thinker Of course the author has to take. in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 05920 7 Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy. 2nd Edition, Frontmatter, More Information, Introductory essay.
responsibility for the thinker s re ections He takes responsibility both. for the conduct of them and for their outcome where that includes the. beliefs to which we shall have been led if we are persuaded by the. arguments and also the improved states of mind that the author expects. us to reach by following his work But the author is not answerable for. every notion entertained by the thinker and for every turn that the. re ection takes on the way The series of thoughts has an upshot or. culmination reached in the Sixth Meditation and some of the thinker s. earlier thoughts have been overcome and left behind in the process of. reaching that nal point, Some of those who submitted the Objections found it hard to follow. the working out of this idea and to see how far the thinker had got at. various points in the process of re ection It is still hard today and. commentators discussions of the Meditations often take the form of. asking how much at a given stage Descartes takes himself to have. established In such discussions it is Descartes and his intentions that. come into question the modern objectors address themselves if less. directly than the objectors whose texts appear in this volume to the. author It was after all Descartes who gave the thinker the directions he. follows There is a suggestion implicit in the beginning of the work that. the thinker does not know how it will all turn out but that is a ction. To say that it is a ction is not necessarily to say that in terms of the. work itself it is untrue This might have been a work in which the. thinker s ctional ignorance of how his re ections would turn out was. convincingly sustained To some extent it is so and to that extent one of. the gifts offered to the reader by this extraordinary work is a freedom to. write it differently to set out with the thinker and end up in a different. place The rewriting of Descartes s story in that way has constituted a. good deal of modern philosophy, However it would be wrong to suggest that the Meditations offers. no more than an invitation to philosophical re ection by asking some. questions and showing one way in which they might be answered We. are expected rather to sense the author s guiding hand throughout. Modern readers may take this for granted too easily because they. underestimate Descartes s intention to engage the reader in the argu. ment They may think of the Meditations as just a device that Descartes. chose to get across the opinions that we now nd ascribed to him. in histories of philosophy It is certainly a device for convincing us. in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 05920 7 Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy. 2nd Edition, Frontmatter, More Information, Introductory essay. but it is more than that because it aims to convince us by making us. conduct the argument ourselves, The rst readers of the Meditations may have felt the author s.
guiding presence for a different reason that they were conscious of a. kind of writing that it resembled It was and remains a very unusual. work and there had never been a work of philosophy presented in such. a form before But there did exist familiarly works of religious medi. tation and Descartes s book self consciously resembles them Like. many of them it is ostensibly divided between days of contemplation. and again like them it encourages and helps the reader to overcome. and get rid of misleading and seductive states of the soul so as to arrive. at an understanding of his or her own nature and of a created being s. relations with God, Those who wrote religious meditations were acting as guides to a. spiritual discipline Descartes s work gives his readers guidance in an. intellectual discipline and helps them to discover in themselves pure. intellectual conceptions of matter of mind and of God from which. they will be able to form a true and unclouded understanding of the. world The inquiry in which he leads them does indeed yield a convic. tion of the existence of God There is no reason at all to suppose that. Descartes was insincere in these religious af rmations though theories. that ascribe to him complex strategies of deceit have a strange capacity to. survive What is true is that the thoughts that lead to these conclusions. are not in the least religious in spirit and God s existence is established. as a purely metaphysical conclusion Anything to do with a religious life. or indeed with any distinctively religious aspects of life will have to. come in after Descartes s re ections are over The Meditations though. they have an analogy to traditional meditations that belong to the reli. gious life assuredly do not belong to it themselves. Certainty in dreams 80 The scope of doubt 81 On the Second Meditation 83 Cogito ergo sum I am thinking therefore I exist 83 Sum res cogitans I am a thinking thing 85 The nature of thought 90 The piece of wax 92 De nitions of thought idea substance etc 94 On the Third Meditation 96 Innate ideas 96 The idea of God 98 Objective

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