First Aid Self-teach Workbook - St John Ambulance

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First aid self-teachworkbookParticipant name:eDofE ID:DofE level:Start date:1

The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award(DofE) and St John AmbulanceA workbook for using first aid from St John Ambulance for your DofE skillsection.Thank you for choosing the very important skill of first aid for your DofE award. St JohnAmbulance teaches people first aid so they can be the difference between life and deathand that includes you.By choosing to learn first aid you are not only developing a new talent but you will alsoboost your self-esteem, develop practical and social skills and learn how to set and rise toa challenge. If this isn’t enough, it should also be good fun too!The DofE first aid self-teach workbook will give you everything you need to learn lifesavingskills at your own pace as part of your DofE award. You will find suggested activities,worksheets and case studies in this workbook which will enable you to put together yourown personalised schedule of activity, to help meet the aim(s) of your DofE section.TimescalesEach activity should last on average one hour per week for the minimum times suggestedbelow. This pack is specifically designed for the Bronze award, lasting three months,however this can be extended to meet the below timelines for the Silver and Gold awards.LevelMinimum timeBronze 3 to 6 monthsSilver6 to 12 monthsGold6 to 18 monthsNotesYou need to do one of your Volunteering, Physical or Skillssections for six months, the others for three.You need to do either the Physical or Skills section for sixmonths, the other for three. If you haven’t achieved yourBronze award you must extend your Volunteering or thelonger of your Physical or Skills sections to 12 months.You need to do either the Physical or Skills section for 12months, the other for six. If you haven’t achieved your Silveraward you must extend your Volunteering or the longer ofyour Physical or Skills sections to 18 months.I will be learning first aid for the skills section of myDofE award for months.2

Choosing your AssessorJust like every section of your DofE award you will need to enlist the help of an Assessorfor this section. The Assessor’s role is to check and assess what you are doing for anactivity. They should be a skilled, qualified or experienced person on the topic of first aid.For example, you may ask a St John Ambulance volunteer or anyone who holds a valid firstaid certificate, such as a teacher, youth leader or a health care professional (such as aparamedic, nurse or Doctor). It is important you share your completed workbook with yourAssessor when you have finished the section.My Assessor is:Assessor’s guidance notesThank you for your time and commitment in offering to assess the Skills section of thisparticipant’s DofE programme. For this section of their DofE programme, the participant has toshow development of practical, social or personal skills over a set period of time: first aidencompasses all of this. The participant will need to regularly learn and practice first aid, averagingat least one hour per week.In your role you will help the participant in the following ways: Help them set some goals and understand what they want to get out of learning first aid. Act as a subject matter expert in first aid by providing advice, supervision, feedback andtraining as needed. This could be virtually such as looking through answers on a first aidworksheet or face to face such as showing the correct technique for the recovery position. Review all of the work the participant completes including case studies, worksheets,quizzes, posters, etc. Support and encourage the participant while they are learning a new skill. Monitor progress. Do a final assessment at the end which should include the practical demonstration of a firstaid skill such as treating a major bleed.Participants meet the DofE requirements if they have undertaken their activity regularly, averagingat least one hour per week, over the agreed timescales and have demonstrated effort,perseverance and improvement.Once they have completed this you should produce an Assessor’s report. What you write willcelebrate the achievement of the participant and will form part of their permanent record of theirDofE programme. With this in mind please make your comments personal, positive and engaging.Remember to include the activity start and end dates.To enter your report online, visit www.DofE.org/assessor and follow the instructions. You will needthe participant’s name, their eDofE ID number, their DofE level and the section you are assessing.For more information and support please speak to your DofE Leader or contact DofE@sja.org.uk3

ActivityThe following table provides a programme for a three month DofE Skills section. Theprogramme you develop should be relevant and appropriate to you and can include manyother different activities, providing your programme averages at least one hour per week.Remember, first aid is a practical skill so the more you physically practice these skills andtechniques the better. Completing a first aid course is highly recommended to ensure youcan have supervision from an expert in first aid who can check your skills.As you go through the programme ensure you are gathering evidence to upload intoeDofE. For example, you could upload photos of you: practicing treating a patient; photosof completed worksheets; write ups of what you have learnt; or certificates etc.Week 1Coping in an emergencyKeeping safe, emergency calls, communication and casualty careWeek 2Primary survey and management of an unresponsive casualtyDR ABC and recovery positionWeek 3Introduction to resuscitationCardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) & Automated External Defibrillator (AED)Week 4Minor injuries, bleeding and shockMinor and severe bleeds, abrasions, blisters, splinters and shockWeek 5Bites, stings and allergic reactionsBites and stings and recognition and management of an allergic reactionWeek 6Bone, muscle and joint injuriesFractures, sprains and strainsWeek 7Burns and scaldsDifferent types of burns and management of a casualty who has burns or scaldsWeek 8Extremes of temperatureUnderstanding exposure to high and low temperaturesWeek 9Foreign objects and poisonsExposure to poisons and incidences of foreign objectsWeek 10Head injuries and spinal injurySpinal and head injuryWeek 11Airway emergenciesAsthma and chokingWeek 12Chest painHeart attack and angina attackWeek 134Case studies

Week 1 - Coping in an emergencyKeeping safe, emergency calls, communication and casualty care1Fill in the gaps using the following words (each may be used more than once):help rmation emergency aidbystandersassessIf you come across an emergency situation when someone has had anor has been , as a first aider you must quickly thesituation. It is very important to find out what has happened. You must make sure that youremove any to the , any or to. Never rush straight in to help, as you may make the situation worse ifyou do not realise the . For example, many people panic when they seean accident, run straight into the road and get themselves by a passingcar. Once you are sure that there is no further danger, you should check thefrom the casualty to decide if they are responsive or not. Theappropriate should then be applied. Once you have gathered all theyou need, get .2Unscramble the words to find out how to cope in an emergency:sasses het oatniistu:kaem eht aera esaf:geiv egeenyrmc ida:teg lphe fmor sheotr:5

3Using each of the actions in part 2, explain what you would do in the situation shownbelow.6

4Imagine that you are a bystander, and you are also a first aider. What would you sayto each of the other people in the picture?Person 1:Person 2:Person 3:Person 4:Person 5:7

5Why is it important to communicate well in an emergency situation?6What is the number(s) you should dial for emergency help?7What is the emergency number that can be used throughout the European Union?8Tick the information that you think you should give when calling for an ambulance. Your name. The number of casualties. The casualty’s name. The type of accident. The age of the casualty, if it is known. What the casualty is wearing. Your telephone number. Information about any hazards. The height of the casualty. That you are a first aider.9What other important information should you give?8

Week 2 - Primary survey and management of anunresponsive casualtyDR ABC and recovery position1Learn how to do the primary survey (DR ABC) by reading the steps and watching thevideo on our website: how-to-dothe-primary-survey.Practise carrying out a primary survey on a friend or family member. Why not take aphoto to upload to your eDofE profile.2Complete the words below to show the stages of the primary survey. After eachword, explain why the stage is important.DRABC9

3Learn how to put an adult in the recovery position by reading the steps andwatching the video on our website: ise putting a friend or family member into the recovery position. Why not take aphoto to upload to your eDofE profile.4Put these statements relating to the recovery position in the correct order.Pull on their leg while supportingtheir head. Roll the casualtytowards you until they are lying ontheir side.Treat any injuries and monitor thecasualty’s condition until theambulance arrives.Make sure that both of thecasualty’s legs are straight.Dial 999 or 112 for an ambulance, ifthis has not been done already.Reopen the airway. Ensure that thehand under their cheek ispositioned so that the headremains facing slightly down andtowards the floor, and the airwaystays open.Place the arm closest to you at aright angle to the casualty’s body.Position the upper leg to stop thecasualty from rolling on to theirfront.Lift their furthest leg from justabove the knee and pull it up,keeping their foot flat on theground. Do not let go of their leg.Bring the other arm across thecasualty’s chest and hold the backof their hand against their cheek onyour side. Do not let go of theirhand.Kneel beside the casualty andremove any bulky objects fromtheir pockets. Quickly check forinjuries. Remove their glasses.10

Week 3 - Introduction to resuscitationCardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator(AED)1Learn how to do CPR on an adult by reading the steps and watching the video on ourwebsite: nsive-casualty/how-to-docpr-on-an-adult2Number the statements to give the correct order for carrying out resuscitation. Foreach one, write why it is important.Give two rescue breaths.Open the airway by tilting the casualty’s head back.Repeat the cycle of 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths until thecasualty breathes normally, medical help arrives or you are too tired to continue.Give 30 chest compressions.Check for any dangers.Check if the casualty is breathing.Dial 999 or 112 for an ambulance.Gently tap the casualty’s shoulders and give them a command to check if there is aresponse.11

3Learn how to use a defibrillator by reading the steps and watching the video on ourwebsite: how-to-use-a-defibrillator4Research the chain of survival, fill the gaps in below and put the steps in t5forFind your closest defibrillator, take a selfie with it and upload it to your eDofEaccount and social media.12and

Week 4 - Minor injuries, bleeding & shockMinor and severe bleeds, abrasions, blisters, splinters and shock1Learn how to treat minor injuries, bleeding and shock by reading the steps andwatching the videos on our website: Cuts and grazes: llnesses-andinjuries/cuts-and-grazesBlisters: llnesses-andinjuries/blistersNosebleeds: g/nosebleedsSevere bleeding: g/severebleedingShock: g/shockTick the correct answers (more than one answer may be correct):2What are the two most importantthings we need to do as first aiders tohelp someone who is bleeding heavily? Get them to hospital Keep them warm Stop the bleeding Try to prevent infection entering thebody by covering with a clean dressing orother clean material.3What is the best way to stop or4What do you do if you notice thereis a piece of glass sticking in a wound? Pull it out quickly Leave it in and put a dressing firmlyover it Leave it in and ask the casualty tofirmly press on each side of the object,pushing the edges of the wound together.5If blood soaks through a dressingslow the bleeding?what should you do? Press very firmly directly on wound Put a dressing on the wound Raise the injured part (above the Take the dressing off and put a cleanone on soaked onecasualty’s heart) Keep the injured part raised Put another dressing on top of theRaise the casualty’s legs. Applydressing or other clean material Tie a plastic bag over it. Put casualty in the recovery position.13

6If the casualty is in shock, whatsigns and symptoms would they show? Nausea Grey-blue skin Shallow breathing Weakness Thirst.87It is common for someone withsevere blood loss to also have whichconditions Blood poisoning Haemophilia Shock Headache Asthma.Fill in the gaps to complete the first aid treatment for a wound with an embeddedobject.Put on disposable , if available. firmly on either side of theobject to push the of the woun

Remember, first aid is a practical skill so the more you physically practice these skills and techniques the better. Completing a first aid course is highly recommended to ensure you can have supervision from an expert in first aid who can check your skills. As you go through the programme ensure you are gathering evidence to upload into eDofE. For example, you could upload photos of you .

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