Understanding Hospice And Palliative Care

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Understanding Hospice and Palliative CareAziz Ansari DO, SFHM, FACPAssociate Professor of MedicineAssociate Director, Division of Hospital MedicineMedical Director, Loyola Home Hospiceaansar1@lumc.edu

Disclosures No significant financial relationships todisclose

Objectives Define Hospice and differentiate fromPalliative care– Understand what defines Palliative Care– Explain the Medicare Home Hospice Benefit andits limitations Identify common misconceptions of HospiceCare

Let’s Begin With A Case 62 year old woman with metastatic lung cancer Receiving second line chemotherapy with decent functional status and youexpect her prognosis to be about a year because she is young and no otherchronic medical problems The oncologist refers to Palliative Care Clinic for symptom managementsaying:– “I am going to refer you to Palliative Care who specialize in end of life care”– “This is a team that will talk about goals of care and help control your pain”– “But don’t worry it’s not hospice” The patient is scared thinking “this is over” because of the conversation andwhen she “Googled” Palliative care, hospice was almost always mentionedin conjunction with palliative care

Palliative Care:A Real Need For Image Re-Branding

Palliative Care and Proximity Of Words:What Patients See and HearPalliative Care is a specialized medical care forpeople living with advanced illnesses. It focuseson symptom management. While hospice andpalliative care both focus on relief of symptoms,palliative care goes beyond end-of-life care. It isdifferent from hospice, where a patient has tohave a 6 month or less prognosis, in that it canbe offered at anytime of an advanced illnessMeier, D. Words Matter: Improving the Palliative Care MessageAAHPM 2017

Palliative Care And Proximity Of Words:People will Remember the “Negative” Proximity of “Hospice” and “terminal” and “6month prognosis” with palliative “Advanced Illness”– Synonymous with “death and dying” or “endstage” or “terminal” “Goals of care”– ? Is not the Goal always to care?Meier, D. Words Matter: Improving the Palliative Care MessageAAHPM 2017

What is Palliative Care?Let’s Try This Again A recognized specialty with an expertise in the medical carefor people with serious illnesses provided by aninterdisciplinary team of physicians, advanced practicenurses, and other specialists It focuses on relief of symptoms, pain and stress of aserious illness It is supportive care in collaboration with the patient’s otherphysicians that aims to improve the quality of life for boththe patient and family and ensures that care is beingdelivered in accordance with the patient’s values andpreferencesApproved by “Trevor” on a flight

What is Palliative Care?One-LinerPalliative Care can be delivered at any stage of aserious illness and can be provided together withcurative and life prolonging interventionsBOTTOM LINE:We need to talk about what Palliative Care IS andNOT what it is not

Conceptual Shift for Palliative CareLife Prolonging CareMedicareHospiceBenefitLife ProlongingHospice CareOldNewCarePalliative CareDxDeathCourtesy of Diane Meier, MD, Making The Case 2010Copyright 2008 Center to Advance Palliative Care. Reproduction by permission only.

The Effects of PC on Quality of Patient Care:A Systematic Review of the Evidence Improved pain and symptom distress Improved quality of life Higher patient satisfaction Decreased hospital utilization Improvement in Advance Care Planning Increased likelihood of death occurring outside the hospital No change in mortality and possible an improvement in mortalityratesKavalieratos JAMA 2016

Early vs. Late Palliative Care UCSF study looking at outcomes on solidtumor cancer patients receiving early PC ( 90days) or late PC ( 90 days) before deathScibetta et al. JPM 2016

PC and QualityDo early PC interventio

Palliative Care is a specialized medical care for people living with advanced illnesses. It focuses on symptom management. While hospice and palliative care both focus on relief of symptoms, palliative care goes beyond end-of-life care. It is different from hospice, where a patient has to have a 6 month or less prognosis, in that it can

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