Garcia Status And Implementation Of Disaster Risk Reduction

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STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATIONOF DISASTER RISK REDUCTIONMANAGEMENT IN FLOODPRONE SCHOOLS IN THEDIVISION OF LAGUNA

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAIntroductionThe Philippines is prone to allkinds of natural hazards becauseof its geographical location andphysical environment. Commonhazards associated with these areheavy rains, strong winds, strongsurge, flood and landslide (DepEdDRRR Manual, 2008).

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAFloodshavemoreregularoccurrence than the other types ofdisasters (World Bank, 2004).Flooding of the schools, especially inthe low-lying areas of lakeshoremunicipalities and other places inLaguna, an effective DRRM programof flood-prone schools should be inplace.

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAObjectivesThe purpose of this study is todeterminethestatusandimplementation of DRRM Programin flood-prone schools in theDivision of Laguna

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNASignificance of the StudyThis study could give additional informationand ready reference to the following:Department of Education Principals and teachers Researchers Students CommunityDevelopmental plannersThe flood-prone schools-

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAProcessConceptual- Use ofFrameworksecondary data-Interviews withInputthe principals,DRRM offlood-prone DRRMcoordinators,schools inteachers andthestudentsDivision of- AdministrationLagunaof questionnaire- Analysis of dataOutputProposedmodification/revision to theDRRM programof flood-proneschools in theDivision ofLaguna

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAMethodologyResearch Design- descriptive method.Respondents of the StudySampling TechniquesResearch ProcedureData Gathering ProcedureStatistical Treatment of Data

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAResults and DiscussionLevel of Implementation Principal and DRRM coordinator-respondentsin the preparation of the DRR Plan Teacher and student-respondents in thepreparation of the DRR Plan1. preparation of the disaster risk reduction plan;2. organization of the school disaster riskreduction group; and3. implementation of the disaster risk reductionmeasures?

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAStatus of the respondents performanceof their functions andresponsibilities in DRRM Program.-Principal-DRRM coordinator-Teacher-Student

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAPractices in DRRM Program-Principal-DRRM coordinator-Teacher-Student

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAProblems Encountered in DRRM-damages to school properties,- lack of DRRM tools/equipment- clogged canal/drainage system

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNASolution appliedThe most commonly mentioned byteachers was “cleaning operation”however majority of the students said itis important to “become prepared andready.” Robas (2016) pointed out thatencouragement of multi-sectoralparticipation in DRRM program andactivities will become very helpful to thedisaster-prone area.

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNASummary of FindingsFor implementation of DRRM Program,most of the activities under the threearea (preparation of DRR Plan,organization of DRR Group andimplementation of DRR measures) werereported as “implemented” byprincipals and DRRM coordinators.

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNASummary of FindingsThe status of performance of principalrespondents’ functions and responsibilities asreported by them was at a level of “always” done.The same status was found for DRRM coordinator.The teachers agreed that they had maintained thesafekeeping of vital school records learningmaterials and the student express that bell, siren,and an emergency signal are important in theirrespective schools that help them to have warningsignals during a disaster.

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNASummary of FindingsThe practices of teachers were more on“response” (keeping calm) and less on“preparedness and mitigation”.Practices mentioned by studentscoincide which fall under“preparedness” (be prepared andready).

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNASummary of FindingsThe problems encountered byrespondents were insufficient classrooms,lack of DRRM tools/equipment, cloggedcanal, damage school properties suppliesand others.The measures applied to solve theproblems were putting things in higherplaces, seeking assistance from LGU’srehabilitation, cleaning operation beingprepared and ready at all times and others

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAConclusionsThe flood-prone schools in the Division ofLaguna have the following: Overall DRRM programs. Resources for preparedness up torehabilitation, are available and partnersthat extend services in different formsand DRRM point persons with definedfunctions.

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAConclusionsThe flood-prone schools in the Division ofLaguna have the following: Preparedness drills and other forms ofcapacity building were done but theawareness of three groups ofrespondents, namely, principals, teachersand students were more on “response”than on “prevention, mitigation, andpreparedness.”

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAConclusionsThe flood-prone schools in the Division ofLaguna have the following: It was only the DRM coordinators whoare more concerned about the “before”conditions than the “during” and aftersituations. For every problem mentioned, there is nosingle solution suggested by respondents.

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNARecommendationsThe Department of Educationdetermine and address the needs of eachschool such as mobilization, structuralproject, funding and preparedness in time ofdisasters and anticipated calamities thatcould help in ensuring that each school andthe members of the communities will beable to cope and survive.

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNARecommendationsBased on the result of this study, itwould be better if DepEd will formulate aDRRM program to help flood-prone schoolsin the mitigation and adaptation.The SDRRM specifically for flood shouldbe specific to the school depending on theirexposure, proneness, and resourcesincluding human resources, partners andother factors that differ from school toschool.

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNARecommendationsHowever, based on the result of thestudy, there are items that should beincluded in all school-specific programs andthese are presented in the output of thisstudy.Further studies on the status andimplementation of SDRRMC andpreparedness of the teacher and students onNatural disaster and calamities are alsorecommended.

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAOutputPROPOSED MODIFIED DRRM DESIGNEDPROGRAM FOR FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNA What to do before “Preparedness andMitigation” What to do during “Response” What to do after “Rehabilitation”

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNA Flood Emergency/Survival KitFor preparationFor information dissemination,announcement, and warningFor protectionFor response/treatment of injuriesFor cleaningFor transportFor repairsFor guiding evacuationFor safe keeping of properties

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAA. BooksACF and Save the children. (2010) ComprehensiveHousehold Vulnerability and Risk Analysis. NationalDisaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan (NDRRMP)2011-2028.Asian Disaster Preparedness Center. (2001).Community Based Disaster Management CourseParicipants Workbook , Partnership for DisasterReduction South East Asia ProgramBautista, Rostum J, et.al. (2011). “National DisasterRisk Reduction and Management (NDRRM) PlanningWorkshop” (activity report Summit Ridge Hotel, TagaytayCity 11-13 July 2011. National Defense College of thePhilippines

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAA. BooksHejimans, Annelies et.al. (2001). CBDO-DR:Experiences and Practices in Disaster Management of theCitezens’ Disaster Response Network in the Philippines.Quezon CityKelman, I. And B. Cordonnier. (2009). CommunityDisaster and sustainability teams for civilprotection.Turkey.Morillo, Odon (2001). “Towards A CommunityBased Risk Reduction Appoach” paper presented at theDisaster Management Practitioners Workshop, Da Nang,Vietnam, November (2002)

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAA. BooksPhilippine National Red Cross (2002) PresentationMaterials during the Forum Sharing on Good Practices inCBDM, Philippine Disaster Forum, July 26, 2002Sharpe, J. And I. Kelman (2011) Improving thedisaster related components of secondary schoolgeography education in England.Third ASEA Inter-Parliamentary Assembly CaucusReport (2011) “Philippines Country Report on DisasterResponse Management.”

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAA. BooksTuguinayo, J. Et.al (2013) Disaster Risk Reduction inthe School Curricula: The Philippine Country ReportUnited Nation, World Food Programe (2011). Enhancingand Stengthening the Institutional Capacity of LGUs andSUCs in Mainstreaming DRRM-CCA in Local PlanningTraining KitVictoria, Lorna (1999). Activating GrassrootsCommunity Involvement, papers for Asian Urban DisasterMitigation Program Regional Workshop”, Bangkok

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNARelated ReadingsDepEd Order No. 21, s. 2015 “DRRM Coordinationand Information Management Protocol”DepEd Order No. 55, s. 2007 “Prioritizing theMainstreaming of Disaster Risk Reduction Managementin the School System and Implementation of Programsand Projects”DepEd Order No.83, s. 2012 “Utilization of DisasterRisk Reduction Resources Manual (DRRRM)Republic Act 10121 “Philippine Disaster Risk Reductionand Management Act”

STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DRRM IN FLOOD-PRONESCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LAGUNAThe author Mr. Marc Sylvester P. Garcia is aneducator/teacher from Departent of Education, Divisionof Laguna, Paete District, Paete Elementary School, hegraduated with Bachelor of Science in AgriculturalEducation major in Animal Science and Master of Arts inEducation major in Science and Technology at LagunaState Polytechnic University Siniloan Campus, Siniloan,Laguna

National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan (NDRRMP) 2011-2028. Asian Disaster Preparedness Center. (2001). Community Based Disaster Management Course Paricipants Workbook , Partnership for Disaster Reduction South East Asia Program Bautista, Rostum J, et.al. (2011). "National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (NDRRM) Planning

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