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design www.reddog.ieBUILDING AN INCLUSIVE SOCIETYNATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 2007-2016e SocietyNATIONAL ACTION PLANFOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 2007-2016etyDepartment of Social and Family Affairs,Áras Mhic Dhiarmada, Store Street, Dublin 1.Tel: 353 1 7043 851 Fax: 353 1 7043 032e-mail: [email protected] www.socialinclusion.ieBuilding an Inclusive Society

National Action Planfor Social Inclusion2007-2016BAILE ÁTHA CLIATHARNA FHOILSIÚ AG OIFIG AN tSOLÁTHAIRLe ceannach díreach ónOifig Dhíolta Foilseacháin Rialtas,TEACH SUN ALLIANCE, SRÁID THEACH LAIGHEAN, BAILE ÁTHA CLIATH 2nó tríd an bpost óFOILSEACHÁN RIALTAS, AN RANNÓG POST-TRÁCHTA,51 FAICHE STIABHNA, BAILE ÁTHA CLIATH 2.(Teil: 01 647 6834/35/36/37; Fax: 01 647 6843)nó trí aon díoltáir leabhar.DublinPUBLISHED BY THE STATIONERY OFFICETo be purchased directly from theGOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS SALES OFFICE,SUN ALLIANCE HOUSE, MOLESWORTH STREET, DUBLIN 2or by mail order fromGOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS, POSTAL TRADE SECTION,51 ST. STEPHENíS GREEN, DUBLIN 2.(Tel: 01 647 6834/35/36/37; Fax: 01 647 6843)Or through any bookseller.Price s1.00ISBN 0-7557-7494-9Government of Ireland 2007(Prn: A7/0029)February 2007

THE OFFICE FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION

ForewordNATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 2007-2016Despite this success, we continue to face thechallenge of tackling poverty and social exclusion.That is why this Plan sets out a wide-ranging andcomprehensive programme of action to assistthose who continue to be socially excludedfrom the greatly improved living standards andopportunities that the majority of us enjoy.While the Plan identifies a wide range of targetsand interventions, the Government has alsoidentified a number of high level strategic goals incertain key priority areas in order to achieve theoverall objective of reducing consistent poverty.These targeted actions and interventions aredesigned to mobilise resources to address longstanding and serious social deficits. Both this Planand the National Development Plan 2007-2013Transforming Ireland – A Better Quality of Lifefor All highlight these high level goals which areaimed at making a decisive impact on poverty.They focus on: Ensuring children reach their true potential; Supporting working age people and peoplewith disabilities, through activation measuresand the provision of services to increaseemployment and participation; Providing the type of supports that enableolder people to maintain a comfortable andhigh-quality standard of living; Building viable and sustainable communities,improving the lives of people living indisadvantaged areas and building socialcapital.In view of the very substantial progress inenhancing income support over recent years,these goals place a renewed emphasis onservices, activation measures and supportinggood quality employment. This recognises thecontinuing challenges faced by those in work buton low incomes, as well as the vulnerability ofthose in households without any employment.Our strategic processes have been enhancedby a streamlined and comprehensive approachto tackling poverty and social exclusion. Theoverarching framework set out in the nationalpartnership agreement, Towards 2016, issupported through the implementation of theactions in this Plan and by the social inclusionelements of the National Development Plan.Both these documents set out the roadmap toIreland’s future.We recognise that the challenge is now delivery.This becomes more complex as we seek totailor supports around the needs of individualsat different stages of their lives. We will continueForewordBuilding an inclusive society continues to bethe key priority of Government. We have madesignificant and visible progress since Irelandadopted the first National Anti-Poverty Strategyback in 1997. Our strong and sustained economicand employment growth has enabled us toimprove the living standards of all groups in oursociety. Our success in tackling unemploymenthas halted the scourge of migration andtransformed our nation into one that is vibrant,prosperous and competitive. This success hasenabled us to make substantial increases in socialwelfare payments and devote increased resourcesto social services and infrastructure in areas suchas health, housing, education and disadvantagedcommunities. As a result of our policies andinvestment, we have lifted some 250,000 peoplefrom consistent poverty, including 100,000children, in recent years.

to modernise and reform how we design anddeliver services, income support and activationmeasures at both national and local level. We haveidentified actions to strengthen our institutionalstructures to address any implementation gapand we will ensure that our response to tacklingpoverty and social exclusion remains both flexibleand concentrated. The OECD’s current work toidentify and inform good management practice inour public service will also help to shape futureapproaches and policies.The Government is committed to achieving thetargets set out in this Plan. Taken together with theNational Development Plan and Towards 2016we believe it represents a coherent and ambitiousstrategy that will deliver real change for those mostvulnerable in our society. We wish to pay tributeto the many individuals, groups, organisations andthe social partners who contributed their time,views and expertise which greatly informed ourresponse and proposals. We also wish to thankthe Office for Social Inclusion for their work andcommitment in preparing this Plan.Working together, in a true spirit of partnership,will ensure that we build on what has beenachieved, that no one is left behind and that weachieve the common goal of building a true andinclusive society for all.Bertie Ahern, T. D.TaoiseachMichael McDowell, T.D.TánaisteSéamus Brennan, T.D.Minister for Social and Family AffairsTHE OFFICE FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION

Table of contents11Chapter 1: Context and Strategic Approach191.1 Introduction1.2 Economic, Demographic and Employment Trends1.3 Income Support1.4 The Challenge of Poverty and Social Exclusion1.5 The Strategic Approach1.6 Measuring Poverty1.7 New Poverty Target and Measure1.8 Making It Happen1.9 Reviewing Progress1.10 Content of the NAPinclusion20212223232425262727Chapter 2: Children29NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 2007-20162.1 Vision 302.2 Context 312.3 High Level Goals 322.4 Income Support 332.5 Services 33(2.5.1) Early Childhood Development and Care33(2.5.2) Health34(2.5.3) Nutrition34(2.5.4) Education35(2.5.5) Traveller Children35(2.5.6) Youth Homelessness35(2.5.7) Sport and Leisure362.6 Innovative Measures 36(2.6.1) Child Participation36(2.6.2) Community Training Centres37(2.6.3) Youth Justice37(2.6.4) Youth at Risk from Drug Misuse37(2.6.5) Growing up in Ireland: National Longitudinal Study on Children in Ireland38contentsOverview

Chapter 3: People of Working Age 393.1 Vision 403.2 Context 41(3.2.1) Poverty within the Working Age Group41(3.2.2) Employment/Unemployment Variations41(3.2.3) Education Variations41(3.2.4) Gender Issues423.3 High Level Goals 423.4 Income Support 433.5 Services43(3.5.1) Employment and Employability43(3.5.2) Literacy44(3.5.3) Second Chance Education45(3.5.4) Health453.6 Innovative Measures 46(3.6.1) Lone Parents46(3.6.2) Probation Services46(3.6.3) Equality46Chapter 4: Older People 47THE OFFICE FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 4.1 Vision 484.2 Context 49(4.2.1) Poverty Levels494.3 High Level Goals 494.4 Income Support 504.5 Services 50(4.5.1) Long-term Care50(4.5.2) Housing and Accommodation51(4.5.3) Education and Employment514.6 Innovative Measures 52(4.6.1) Home Support Packages52(4.6.2) Community Intervention Teams52(4.6.3) Participation and Activation52

Chapter 5: People with Disabilities 535.1 Vision 545.2 Context 555.3 Strategic Approach 55(5.3.1) Disability Act 2005555.4 High Level Goal 565.5 Income Support 575.6 Services 57(5.6.1) Education57(5.6.2) Access to Buildings and Infrastructure57(5.6.3) Access to Public Transport58(5.6.4) Housing and Accommodation585.7 Innovative Measures 58NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 2007-20166.1 Introduction6.2 High Level Goals6.3 Services(6.3.1) Housing(6.3.2) Homelessness(6.3.3) Health(6.3.4) Carers(6.3.5) Travellers(6.3.6) Migrants(6.3.7) Transport(6.3.8) Library Services6.4 Innovative Measures(6.4.1) Active Citizenship(6.4.2) Fuel Poverty(6.4.3) Broadband(6.4.4) Sport(6.4.5) Arts and Culture(6.4.6) e-Inclusion(6.4.7) Dormant Accounts Fund(6.4.8) Financial Inclusion6061626263646565666667676767696970707171contentsChapter 6: Communities 59

7171727272727373737374Chapter 7: Implementing and Monitoring757.1 Introduction7.2 Institutional Structures7.3 Monitoring and Evaluation Systems7.4 Making It Happen7.5 Communications7.6 Poverty Impact Assessment and other Proofing Mechanisms7.7 Data Strategy7.8 Poverty Measurement7.9 Research7.10 International Co-operation7.11 EU Social Inclusion Process7.12 Co-operation between Ireland and Northern Ireland7.13 Bridging the Implementation Gap76777778798080818181818283THE OFFICE FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 6.5 Community-Based Programmes(6.5.1) CLÁR Programme(6.5.2) Rural Development Programme 2007-2013(6.5.3) Gaeltacht and Island Communities(6.5.4) Local Development Social Inclusion Programme(6.5.5) Community Development Programme(6.5.6) RAPID Programme(6.5.7) Community Services Programme(6.5.8) Joint Policing Committees(6.5.9) Family Support Services6.6 National Drugs Strategy

Annex 1Social Inclusion Indicators agreed by EU Member States86Annex 2Consistent Poverty and At Risk of Poverty Rates87Annex 3Consistent Poverty Deprivation Index93Annex 4Map of Institutional Structures94Annex 6Co-operation between Ireland and Northern Ireland on Social Inclusion Issues97contentsAnnex 5Key Institutions and their Roles95NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 2007-2016Annex 7NAPinclusion Consultation Process98Abbreviations100

THE OFFICE FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION10

Overview

IntroductionThe Government is committed to acoherent strategy for social inclusionbased on the lifecycle approach set outin the national partnership agreementTowards 2016. This National Action Planfor Social Inclusion (NAPinclusion),complemented by the social inclusionelements of the National DevelopmentPlan 2007-2013: Transforming Ireland– A Better Quality of Life for All, sets outhow the social inclusion strategy will beachieved over the period 2007-2016.THE OFFICE FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION

The commitments set out in this Plan areambitious and challenging. The new strategicframework will facilitate greater co-ordination andintegration of structures and procedures acrossGovernment at national and local levels, as well asimproved reporting and monitoring mechanisms.NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 2007-2016The Plan has a strong focus on actions andtargets, clearly defined and measurable,which are essential if the Plan’s objectivesare to be achieved and progress in achievingthem effectively monitored. By adopting thelifecycle approach, the Plan also supports thedevelopment of a more joined-up and multidisciplinary approach to policy making, with coordinated inputs from a wide range of actors.High Level GoalsThe NAPinclusion sets out a wide-rangingand comprehensive programme of actionto address poverty and social exclusion. Toensure that a decisive impact on poverty ismade, the Government believes that significantinterventions are required to prioritise a smallnumber of high level goals. These targetedactions and interventions are designed toOverall Poverty GoalTo reduce the number of thoseexperiencing consistent poverty tobetween 2% and 4% by 2012, with the aimof eliminating consistent poverty by 2016,under the revised definition.Within each section of the lifecycle, a number ofhigh level goals are being prioritised to achievethis goal.ChildrenoverviewThe National Action Plan for Social Inclusion(NAPinclusion) has been prepared in a differentcontext to the original 1997 National Anti-PovertyStrategy. Income support targets (social welfarerates and pensions) have now been achievedand, in line with the National Economic and SocialCouncil (NESC) report on the DevelopmentalWelfare State, there is greater emphasis onservices and activation as a means of tacklingsocial exclusion. This is reflected in the natureof the Plan, which complements the NDP 20072013 and Towards 2016.mobilise resources to address long-standing andserious social deficits with the ultimate aim ofachieving the objective of reducing consistentpoverty. The overall goal of this Plan is:Education at all stages of a child’s life is ofcentral importance for their development andfuture well-being. Accordingly, it forms the basisfor the main targets in this area. In addition, theimportance of income support in tackling childpoverty is also recognised. The high level goalsfor this life stage are to:Goal 1: EducationEnsure that targeted pre-school education isprovided to children from urban primary schoolcommunities covered by the Delivering Equalityof Opportunity in Schools (DEIS) action plan;Goal 2: EducationReduce the proportion of pupils with seriousliteracy difficulties in primary schools servingdisadvantaged communities. The target is tohalve the proportion from the current 27%-30%to less than 15% by 2016;13

Goal 3: EducationWork to ensure that the proportion of thepopulation aged 20-24 completing uppersecond level education or equivalent willexceed 90% by 2013;Goal 4: Income SupportMaintain the combined value of child incomesupport measures at 33%-35% of the minimumadult social welfare payment rate over thecourse of this Plan and review child incomesupports aimed at assisting children in familieson low income.People of Working AgeEmployment plays a key role in combatingpoverty and social exclusion. Therefore, themain high level goals for this life stage aim toprovide supports for those who are furthest fromthe labour market to take up employment. Forthose outside the labour force,

NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION 2007-2016 Building an inclusive society continues to be the key priority of Government. We have made significant and visible progress since Ireland adopted the first National Anti-Poverty Strategy back in 1997. Our strong and sustained economic and employment growth has enabled us to

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