Product Knowledge Guide Plastics - Charlotte Pipe

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PlasticsProduct Knowledge Guide(Updated March 2020)BR-PK 2004–2020 Charlotte Pipe and Foundry Company

You can ’t beat the system. 2Charlotte Pipe’s Retail DivisionCharlotte Pipe and Foundry Company is the largest manufacturer ofDWV pipe and fitting systems in the country, producing the industry’sbroadest range of standard and specialty DWV products.Our product line includes ABS, PVC, and CPVC CTS FlowGuard Gold pipe and fittings for both residential and commercial plumbing systems.Sizes range from ¼ to 16 inches, based on material.In fact, we employ more than 1,500 loyal, hard-working associates, havesix extrusion plants and are headquartered in Charlotte, NC. This givesus the capacity to fill orders completely and in a timely manner.Our largest plastics plant in Monroe, North Carolina,Advantages to Choosing Charlotte Pipewhich comprises more than one million square feet ofmanufacturing and warehouse space.Along with an extensive line of quality products, Charlotte Pipe is known forcustomer service. We take care of our customers’ needs during the order processand beyond. We have dedicated associates for account management, customer service, assortment planning, e-commerce and more.We also offer numerous electronic services including our website, charlottepipe.com/retail, and Charlotte Pipe Connect, our databaseof product information that provides information for your e-commerce sites and internal databases.In addition, our services include Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), order confirmation and Advanced Shipment Notifications (ASN),invoice options and Automatic Clearing House (ACH) payments – all designed to make it easy for you to do business with Charlotte Pipe.

Retail Services Include: Technologically Advanced Manufacturing Facilities Planogram Support Bin Tags and Header Boards OfferedOur hundreds of thousands of square feet of modernwarehouse space stocked with inventory, along withinvestments in the latest tooling and machinery,make it possible for us to meet increasing demand forour products and to produce the highest-quality pipeand fittings in the industry. This includes a qualitybarcode and/or labeling on each product.Charlotte Pipe provides support for planograms,including field support, product market researchanalysis, and product sequencing. POP signagesuch as bin tags and header boards can beordered via our online shop. Hardcopy productliterature is also available to order on our onlineshop at no charge to our customers.3

Contents Standard Residential Plumbing6Industry Abbreviations7Products OfferedPipe Reference Guide 4Basic Piping Systems8Piping System ApplicationsMaterials for Drain, Waste & Vent Systems9PVC Schedule 40 DWV Pipe & PVC DWV Fittings For Non-Pressure Applications10PVC DWV & ABS DWV Fitting Patterns For Non-Pressure Applications13ABS DWV Pipe & Fittings For Non-Pressure Applications17PVC DWV & ABS DWV Installation20Materials for Pressurized Systems23PVC Schedule 40 Pipe & Fittings For Pressure Applications24PVC Iron Pipe Size (IPS) Schedule Pipe25PVC Standard Dimension Ratio (SDR) Pipe26

PVC Schedule 40 Pipe & Fittings For Pressure Applications28PVC Schedule 40 Pressure Ratings29PVC Schedule 40 Fitting Patterns for Pressure Applications30PVC Schedule 40 Pressure Installation33FlowGuard Gold CPVC Copper Tube Size Advantages35FlowGuard Gold CPVC Copper Tube Size Pipe & Fittings For Pressurized Hot & Cold Water Applications36FlowGuard Gold CPVC CTS Fitting Patterns40FlowGuard Gold CPVC CTS Installation43PVC Schedule 80 Pipe & Fittings For Pressure Applications46PVC Schedule 80 Pressure Ratings48PVC Schedule 80 Fitting Patterns For Pressure Applications50PVC Schedule 80 Installation54 Contents ReferenceGlossary565

Basic Piping Systems6StandardResidentialPlumbingCheck your local codes for installation requirements.

AbbreviationsCommon Industry scriptionABSASTMAcrylonitrile Butadiene StyreneAmerican Society for Testingand MaterialsChlorinated Polyvinyl ChlorideCopper Tube SizeDrain, Waste, VentFemale Iron Pipe SizeFemale Pipe ThreadHubInside DiameterIron Pipe SizeMale Iron Pipe SizeMPTNSFODPSIPVCSSPGMale Pipe ThreadNational Sanitation FoundationOutside DiameterPounds per Square InchPolyvinyl ChlorideSocketSpigot/ bend/ bend1/8 bend1/16 bend90-degree bend60-degree bend45-degree bend22.5-degree bendCPVCCTSDWVFIPFPTHIDIPSMIP14167

Products Offered8 Pipe Reference GuideSizes AvailableProduct 4 8 2 41 1 4 1 213131122 1 23456FlowGuard Gold CPVC CTS SDR 11PVC Schedule 80 PVC Schedule 40 PVC Schedule 40 DWV* PVC Schedule 30* PVC DWV Cellular Core* PVC Well Casing PVC SDR 13.5 (PR315) PVC SDR 21 (PR200) PVC SDR 26 (PR160) PVC SDR 35 Sewer Main Belled-End* PVC SDR 35 Sewer Main Gasketed* PVC D 2729 Sewer and Drain* ABS DWV Cellular Core* 81012141516 Non-Pressure*

Piping System MaterialsMaterials for Drain, Waste & Vent (DWV) — NOT FOR PRESSUREPVC Schedule 40 DWV Pipe and Fittings Most widely used material today. Manufactured from polyvinyl chloride. White in color. Use correct primer and cement.ABS Schedule 40 DWV Pipe and Fittings Manufactured from acrylonitrilebutadiene styrene. Black in color. More common in the western U.S. Use correct cement.PVC SDR 35 ASTM D 3034 Sewer Main Pipe Manufactured from polyvinyl chloride. Green in color. Used in sanitary sewer applications. Available in gasketed or solvent weld.PVC Sewer and Drain Pipe Manufactured from polyvinyl chloride. ASTM D 2729. White in color. Perforated or solid wall. Applications include leach fields,downspout drainage, French drains.Drainage (DWV) Fitting PatternSanitary TurnDWV stands for:D drains from tubs and sinksW waste from toiletsV vents for air into/out of the system9

PVC DWV Pipe & FittingsPiping System Applications10PVC Schedule 40 DWV Pipe & PVC DWV FittingsFor Non-Pressure Applications Note: Solid Wall and Cellular Core PipePVC DWV Fittings can be installed withcellular core pipe or “dual marked” solidwall pipe.ASTM F 891 cellular core pipe is lighter,cuts faster and costs less. Never use forpressure applications.Solid wall PVC pipe is often rated for bothpressure (ASTM D 1785) and non-pressure(ASTM D 2665) applications — oftenreferred to as “dual marked.” When solidwall or cellular core pipe is used with PVCDWV fittings, the resulting system is NOTpressure rated. Description R igid pipe and fittings. Pipe and fittings are white in color. Joined with solvent cement conformingto applicable ASTM standards. Fittings have a gradual sanitary turn. Application D rain household sanitary waste(kitchen, bathroom). Sanitary sewer. Drain ground water. NOT for pressure applications. NOT for compressed air or gasses.

PVC Schedule 40 DWV Pipe & PVC DWV Fittings For Non-Pressure Applications StandardsPiping System Applications A STM D 1785 Schedule 40 Solid WallPVC Pipe ASTM F 891 Cellular Core PVC DWV Pipe ASTM D 2665 PVC DWV Pipe & Fittings NSF Standard 14 Dimensional Standard Schedule 40 Iron Pipe Size (IPS) Cell Class 1 2454 PVC Solid Wall Pipe & Fittings 11432 PVC DWV Cellular Core Pipe Maximum Working Temperature 140 F Maximum Working Pressure 0 (zero) PSI PVC DWV is NOT a pressure-ratedpiping system. Recommended test is 10 feet of hydrostaticpressure, which equals 4.3 PSI. Joining MethodSolvent Weld Joints Solvent cements must meet ASTM D 2564. Primer is required. May be joined with a slip joint compressionfitting (a trap adapter, for example).Threaded Joints Threading PVC 40 pipe is NOT recommended. Male Iron Pipe size (MIP) and FemaleIron Pipe size (FIP) adapters are available.11PVC DWV Pipe & Fittings

PVC DWV Pipe & FittingsPiping System Applications12PVC Schedule 40 DWV Pipe & PVC DWV Fittings For Non-Pressure Applications Product Offering/DataASTM D 1785 & ASTM D 2665Dual Marked PipeSizeODNominal IDMin WallWeight Per100 ft. (lbs.)Skid Quantity10 ft. pcs/skidSkid Quantity20 ft. 38"8.6257.9810.322543.61818

PVC & ABS DWV Fittings For Non-Pressure ApplicationsThe following is a partial listing of Charlotte Pipe and Foundry’s product offering.Please call (800) 438-6091 or visit www.charlottepipe.com for a complete list.DWV Fitting PatternsCouplingPart No. PVC 100 Used to join two pipes together; extend pipe. H x HTrap Adapter, Male with 1 1/2" Plastic Nut andWashers to Fit 1 1/2" and 1 1/4" TrapsPart No. PVC 103R Used to secure the sink drain line to the P-Trap. SPG x Slip w/ plastic nutTrap Adapter, FemalePart No. PVC 104P Used to secure the sink drain line to the P-Trap. H x Slip w/ washer and polyethylene nutFlush BushingPart No. PVC 107 Used to connect two pipes of different diameters. SPG x HPVC & ABS DWV FittingsMale Adapter, octagon shoulders fortightening purposesPart No. PVC 109 Has male threads on one end and the other endadapts to the pipe being used. H x MPT1/4 BendPart No. PVC 300 Used to turn pipe 90 degrees; also called a90 degree Elbow. H x H1/8 BendPart No. PVC 321 Used to turn pipe 45 degrees; also called a45 degree Elbow. H x HSanitary TeePart No. PVC 400 Used to connect three lines together or to branchoff a main line. All Hub13

PVC & ABS DWV FittingsDWV Fitting Patterns14PVC & ABS DWV Fittings For Non-Pressure ApplicationsThe following is a partial listing of Charlotte Pipe and Foundry’s product offering.Please call (800) 438-6091 or visit www.charlottepipe.com for a complete list.Female AdapterPart No. PVC 101 Has female threads on one end and the other endadapts to the type of pipe being used. FPT x HPipe Increaser-ReducerPart No. PVC 102 Used to join two pipes of different diameterstogether. For DWV applications, diameter cannotbe reduced downstream. H x HCleanout Adapter with Cleanout PlugPart No. PVC 105X Used to seal off pipe, fittings and cleanouts. SpigotCleanout PlugPart No. PVC 106 Screws into cleanout adapter to seal off a pipe. MPTFlush Cleanout PlugPart No. PVC 110 Screws into cleanout adapter to seal off a pipe. MPTCapPart No. PVC 116 Used to seal off the end of a pipe. Socket1/4 Bend, StreetPart No. PVC 302 Used to turn the pipe 90 degrees. One end is spigot and the other end is hub. SPG x HLong Sweep 1/4 BendPart No. PVC 304 Used to turn pipe 90 degrees. Sometimes referredto as a long radius elbow. H x H

PVC & ABS DWV Fittings For Non-Pressure ApplicationsDWV Fitting PatternsThe following is a partial listing of Charlotte Pipe and Foundry’s product offering.Please call (800) 438-6091 or visit www.charlottepipe.com for a complete list.Long Sweep 1/4 Bend, StreetPart No. PVC 309 Used to turn the pipe 90 degrees. Sometimesreferred to as a long radius elbow. One end isspigot and the other end is hub. H x SPG1/6BendPart No. PVC 319 Used to turn the pipe 60 degrees. H x H1/16BendPart No. PVC 324 Used to turn the pipe 221/2 degrees;also called a 221/2 degree Elbow. H x H1/16Bend, StreetPart No. PVC 326 Used to turn the pipe 221/2 degrees. One end is spigot and the other end is hub. SPG x H1/6Bend, StreetPart No. PVC 320 Used to turn the pipe 60 degrees. One end isspigot and the other end is hub. H x SPGDouble 1/4 BendPart No. PVC 327 Used to turn two branching lines 90 degrees andto connect them to a main line. H x H x H1/8Double Sanitary TeePart No. PVC 428 Used to connect lines together. All HubBend, StreetPart No. PVC 323 Used to turn the pipe 45 degrees. One end is spigot and the other end is hub. SPG x HPVC & ABS DWV Fittings15

PVC & ABS DWV FittingsDWV Fitting Patterns16PVC & ABS DWV Fittings For Non-Pressure ApplicationsThe following is a partial listing of Charlotte Pipe and Foundry’s product offering.Please call (800) 438-6091 or visit www.charlottepipe.com for a complete list.Cleanout Tee w/ Cleanout PlugPart No. PVC 444X Used to provide access to drain lines. H x H x FPTDouble WyePart No. PVC 611 Used to branch two drain lines at 45 degree angles. All HubTwo-Way CleanoutPart No. PVC 448 Used to provide above-ground access to vertical piping. All HubTail Piece Adapter w/ Plastic Nut and Packing RingPart No. PVC 704P Used to connect the P-Trap to the drain line. SPG x Slip w/ Plastic NutDouble Fixture FittingPart No. PVC 500 Used to branch line to two plumbing fixtures. All HubCombination Wye and 1/8 Bend (One Piece)Part No. PVC 501 Used to connect a plumbing fixture to a drain line. All HubWyePart No. PVC 600 Used to branch a drain line at a 45 degree angle. All HubP-TrapPart No. PVC 706X Used to prevent sewer gas from entering thebuilding/room. H x HCloset Flange w/ KnockoutPart No. PVC 800K Used to secure toilet bowl to the drain line/floor. H Available with and without knockout. Available with metal or plastic ring.

Piping System ApplicationsABS Cellular Core Schedule 40 DWV Pipe& ABS DWV Fittings For Non-Pressure Applications Description Standards R igid pipe and fittings. Pipe and fittings are black in color. Joined with solvent cement conformingto ASTM D 2235. Fittings have a gradual sanitary turn. Application D rain household sanitary waste(kitchen, bathroom). Sanitary sewer. Drain ground water. NOT for pressure applications. NOT for compressed air or gasses. A STM F 628 Cellular Core ABS DWV Pipe ASTM D 2661 ABS DWV Fittings NSF Standard 14 Dimensional Standard Schedule 40 Iron Pipe Size (IPS) Cell Class 4 2222 Cellular Core PVC DWV Pipe 32222 ABS DWV Fittings Maximum Working Temperature 140 F17ABS DWV Pipe & Fittings

ABS DWV Pipe & FittingsPiping System Applications18ABS Cellular Core Schedule 40 DWV Pipe & ABS DWV FittingsFor Non-Pressure Applications Maximum Working Pressure 0 (zero) PSI ABS DWV is NOT a pressure-ratedpiping system. Recommended test is 10 feet of hydrostaticpressure, which equals 4.3 PSI. Joining MethodSolvent Weld Joints Solvent cements must meet ASTM D 2235 Primer is not recommended. May be joined with a slip joint compressionfitting (trap adapter, for example).Threaded Joints Threading ABS-40 Cellular pipe isNOT recommended. Male Iron Pipe size (MIP) and FemaleIron Pipe size (FIP) adapters are available.

Piping System ApplicationsABS Cellular Core Schedule 40 DWV Pipe & ABS DWV FittingsFor Non-Pressure Applications Product Offering/DataASTM F 628 Cellular Core ABS DWV PipeSizeODNominal IDMin WallWeight Per100 ft. (lbs.)Skid Quantity10 ft. pcs/skidSkid Quantity20 ft. 237107.148486"6.6256.060.280187.82020Notices, Cautions and Warnings Please refer to www.charlottepipe.com for all applicable notices, cautions and warnings for thisproduct group. You may also contact us at (800) 438-6091 for additional safety, installation or application information.Notices: N-2; N-3; N-6; N-7; N-9; N-11; N-12; N-13; N-15; N-19; N-22; N-27; N-35; N-37; N-38 Cautions: C-2, C-4, C-6Warnings: W-2; W-3; W-4; W-5; W-6; W-9; W-10; W-12; W-13; W-14; W-18; W-21; W-22; W-23; W-24; W-26; W-28;W-29; W-30; W-31; W-35; W-3719ABS DWV Pipe & Fittings

InstallationInstallation20Installation of PVC DWV & ABS DWV Pipe & Fittings Systems(1 1/4 "–4" diameter)1CUT PIPE2REMOVE BURRS & BEVEL34Cut pipe square with axis.Remove burrs and bevel (chamfer)the end of the pipe 10 -15. CLEAN AND DRYPIPE AND FITTINGS5With light pressure, pipe should goone-half to one-third of the way intothe fitting hub. Do not use pipe andfittings that are too tight or too loose.Use an applicator that is one-halfthe size of the pipe’s diameter.COAT WITH PRIMER AND CEMENT6Remove surface dirt, grease ormoisture with a clean, dry cloth.DRY FITAPPLICATOROnly use primer on PVC. Primer is notrecommended on ABS. Apply a full, evencoat of cement on the outside diameterof the pipe and to the inside hub of thefitting, and again to the outside of the pipe.JOIN & CURE7While the cement is fluid, insert the pipeinto fitting hub, giving a quarter turnto ensure an even distribution of cementwithin the joint. Allow the joint to cure priorto hydrostatic testing. See the solventcement manufacturer’s recommendations.

PVC Schedule 40 DWV Pipe & PVC DWV Fittings For Non-Pressure Applications Cure TimesMinimum Cure Time to TestSize60 - 100 F40 - 60 F0 - 40 F11/4" to 3"2 Hours4 Hours16 Hours4" to 8"6 Hours12 Hours48 Hours10" to 12"24 Hours40 Hours8 DaysInstallationCure times shown are sufficient to completea hydrostatic test at 4.3 PSI with 60%humidity and cold water. Full cure maytake significantly longer.Cure times are a function of air temperature,water temperature, humidity and pipe size.Increase the cure time for more demandingconditions. Special Considerations Do NOT air test. Teflon tape should be used for 1-inch orsmaller and paste-type, non-hardeningthread sealant on 11/4 inch or larger. UV sensitivity. Do NOT install permanently in directsunlight without painting with water-basedlatex paint or covering with insulation. Support every 4 feet.Notices, Cautions and Warnings Please refer to www.charlottepipe.com for all applicable notices, cautions and warnings for thisproduct group. You may also contact us at (800) 438-6091 for additional safety, installation or application information.Notices: N-2; N-3; N-6; N-7; N-9; N-11; N-12; N-13; N-15; N-19; N-22; N-27; N-35; N-37; N-38 Cautions: C-2, C-4,C-6 Warnings: W-2; W-3; W-4; W-5; W-6; W-9; W-10; W-12; W-13; W-14; W-18; W-21; W-22; W-23; W-24; W-26;W-28; W-29; W-30; W-31; W-35; W-37PVC DWV Pipe & Fittings21

ABS DWV Pipe & FittingsInstallation22ABS Cellular Core Schedule 40 DWV Pipe & ABS DWV FittingsFor Non-Pressure Applications Special Considerations Cure TimesMinimum Cure Time to TestSize60 - 100 F40 - 60 F0 - 40 F11/2" to 3"2 Hours4 Hours16 Hours4" & 6"6 Hours12 Hours48 HoursCure times shown are sufficient to completea hydrostatic test at 4.3 PSI with 60%humidity and cold water. Full cure may takesignificantly longer.Cure times are a function of air temperature,water temperature, humidity and pipe size.Increase the cure time for more demandingconditions. For more specific information,contact the cement manufacturer. D o NOT air test. Teflon tape should be used for 1-inchor smaller and paste-type, non-hardeningthread sealant on 11/4 inch or larger. UV sensitivity. Do NOT install permanently in directsunlight without painting with water-basedlatex paint, or covering with insulation. Support every 4 feet.

Piping System MaterialsMaterials for Pressurized SystemsPVC Schedule 40 Pipe and Fittings Check pipe label for pressure rating.* White in color. Use correct primer and cement.PVC Schedule 80 Pipe and Fittings Dark gray in color. Thicker wall allows it to withstandhigher pressure (PSI). Use correct primer and cement.FlowGuard Gold CPVC CTS Pipe and Fittings Use for hot and cold water. Manufactured from chlorinatedpolyvinyl chloride. Cream or tan in color. Sized the same as copper.Pressure Fitting Pattern90 Degree Angle*Consult the Charlotte Pipe Plastics Technical Manual for Pressure Ratings.23Materials for Pressurized Systems

PVC Schedule 40 Pipe & FittingsPiping System Applications24PVC Schedule 40 Pipe & FittingsFor Pressure Applications Description R igid pipe and fittings. Pipe and fittings are white in color. Joined with solvent cement conformingto ASTM D 2564. PVC Schedule 40 pressure fittings mustbe used. Pressure fittings will have straightangular turns. Do NOT use fittings with gradual sanitaryturns for pressure systems. Application D istribute potable (drinking) waterunder pressure up to a building.Never use inside. I

ASTM F 891 Cellular Core PVC DWV Pipe ASTM D 2665 PVC DWV Pipe & Fittings NSF Standard 14 Dimensional Standard Schedule 40 Iron Pipe Size (IPS) Cell Class 12454 PVC Solid Wall Pipe & Fittings 11432 PVC DWV Cellular Core Pipe Maximum Working Temperature 140 F Maximum Working Pressure 0 (zero) PSI PVC DWV is NOT a pressure-rated piping system .

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