Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third .

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The Workbook content has been expanded andrevised, and features a new, attractive and studentfriendly design. A complementary Coursebook anda Teacher’s Resource Book with CD-ROM, by thesame well-known and respected author, are alsoavailable.Cambridge IGCSEFirstLanguageEnglishWorkbookThird editionCoxThe Workbook contains: supplementary material designed to supportthe Cambridge IGCSE First Language EnglishCoursebook twelve independent units providing examinationpractice in Language and Style, Comprehensionand Summary, Directed Writing, Composition andCoursework tasks that can be completed in class,for homework or by the student workingindependently practice of relevant skills through a variety ofexam-type tasks exercises including grammar and vocabulary work space for students to write in their answers language accessible to students of a wide rangeof abilities a diverse range of topical stimulus material toenliven the subject a removable answer section offering exemplar aswell as set answers.Marian CoxWorkbook Third edition978 0521 74362 4 Cox: IGCSE First Language English Workbook Cover. C M Y KCambridge IGCSE First Language English,Third edition brings a fresh, modern look andup-to-date content matching the specificationsof the Cambridge First Language Englishcourse (0500). The series is written by a seniorexaminer and team leader for this syllabus, and isendorsed by University of Cambridge InternationalExaminations (CIE), ensuring that it is tailored toexam board requirements.Cambridge IGCSE First Language EnglishCambridge IGCSEFirst Language EnglishWorkbook, Third editionMarian CoxOther titles available forCambridge IGCSE First Language English:CoursebookTeacher’s Resource Bookwith CD-ROMISBN 978-0-521-74359-4ISBN 978-0-521-74369-3Endorsed byEndorsed byUniversity of CambridgeInternational ExaminationsUniversity of CambridgeInternational Examinations

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-74362-4 - Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third EditionMarian CoxTable of ContentsMore informationContentsIntroduction1vOlympic Gamesvocabulary, passive voice, prefixessummary, persuasive letter, report21Furry creaturesvocabulary, parenthesis, stylistic effectssummary, advertisement, report, speech311Simply flyingvocabulary, spelling, prefixes, dashes and hyphenssummary, dialogue, application letter423Football crazyapostrophes, semicolons, vocabulary, spelling,speech punctuation, prefixessummary, dialogue, informative writing, persuasive letter534Great riversparts of speech, commas, sentence structures,fact and opinion, stylistic effectssummary, dialogue, complaint letter647On the roadphrasal verbs, prefixes, vocabulary, synonyms, structuringsummary, presentation, magazine article, news reportContents in this web service Cambridge University

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-74362-4 - Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third EditionMarian CoxTable of ContentsMore information7Bricks and stonesvocabulary, synonyms, past tenses, relative clauses,prepositions, sentence punctuation, stylistic effectssummary, dialogue, news report, magazine article,discussion dialogue, informative letter872Medical notespunctuation, homophones, spelling, stylistic effectssummary, diary entry, argument dialogue,charity appeal letter987All in the mindvocabulary, spelling, synonyms, stylistic effects,colons, speech punctuationsummary, discussion dialogue, argument speech1096Watching the screeninitial adverbials, conditionals, prepositions,stylistic effects, persuasive devicessummary, argument dialogue, debate speech,survey report, magazine article11106Hot and coldvocabulary, synonyms, sentence structures, stylistic effectssummary, advertisement, informative writing12118Technological invasionstylistic effects, vocabulary, apostrophes, hyphens,fact and opinion, structuringsummary, argument dialogueiv127Acknowledgements138Answers139Contents in this web service Cambridge University

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-74362-4 - Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third EditionMarian CoxExcerptMore informationUnit1Olympic GamesReading1Read the article below.Passage A: The Olympic flameThe carrying of the Olympic flame from its source inOlympia in Greece is one of the more spectacularfeatures of the Games. It is also one of the ways in whichthe modern Games are linked to the original Ancient Greekgames of 2500 years ago, although when the modern OlympicGames were first held in Athens in 1896, the Olympic flameplayed no part. It was not introduced into the opening ceremonyuntil the 1928 Games in Amsterdam, and the relay, the carryingof the flame from Olympia itself, was only introduced eight yearslater, at the celebrated Berlin Games of 1936. The flame was litat Olympia by women wearing traditional Greek costume and itwas then carried by relays of runners the 1910 miles overland toBerlin in 12 days. They passed through five other countries onthe way. Sometimes the flame goes out, and a backup lanternis always carried from Olympia in case relighting is necessary.In 1976 and 1984 this happened and the torch was successfullyrelit. The 1964 Tokyo Olympics involved the largest number oftorch-bearing runners: 101,839. The longest Olympic relay was for the 2000 Sydney Olympics,when the torch travelled 37,500 miles through 14 countries over 120 days.The Olympic flame features in both summer and winter Olympics. For the 2002 Salt Lake CityWinter Olympics, 11,500 individual torches were manufactured, one for each participatingrunner; fresh torches were lit from the Olympic lantern each morning, and each of the runnerswas given the option of purchasing their torch as a memento.Once the Olympic flame finally arrives at the Games stadium, it is used for the ceremoniallighting of the Olympic cauldron, the giant flame which burns throughout the Games and formsthe symbolic focus of the event. It is the dramatic physical reminder of nearly three millennia ofOlympic tradition.Unit 1 in this web service Cambridge University PressOlympic

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-74362-4 - Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third EditionMarian CoxExcerptMore informationLanguage and Style2Give synonyms for the following words, as they are used in Passage A. Look up any words you do notknow.asourcefmanufacturedb spectacularg participatingch optioncelebratedd backupimementoefeaturesjfocus3Next to each of the above words, write which part of speech it is, as used in Passage A. Write N fornoun, V for verb and Adj for adjective.4Look at the word millennia in the last line of Passage A. In two lists, give as many other words as youcan think of using the prefix mill(i) (meaning thousand) and the stem ann or enn (meaning year). Anexample of each has been given to start you off.ann/ennmill(i)c bb ]hWcWdd l[hiWhoReading5Read the following article.Passage B: The Olympic storyThe Ancient Olympic Games wereheld at Olympia in southern Greece.A popular myth identifies Heraclesand his father Zeus as the creators ofthe Games. Heracles, the eldest son,defeated his brothers in a running raceand was crowned with a wreath of2Unit 1wild olive branches. He then went on tobuild the Olympic stadium, which is 200metres long, in honour of his father, aftercompleting his legendary 12 labours.In the 8th century BC, the oracle atDelphi urged King Iphitos to use theOlympic Games as an opportunity tobring peace to the perpetually warringcity-states of the Greek world, andfor more than a thousand years thiswas achieved. From the first of thequadrennial Games in 776 BC, theOlympic Games in this web service Cambridge University

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-74362-4 - Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third EditionMarian CoxExcerptMore informationOlympic Truce, or Ekecheiria, wasdeclared seven days before theopening of the Games and continuedfor seven days after the close. Thisnot only enabled competitors to travelto Olympia in safety, but also meantthat for the duration of the Gamesold hostilities were put aside and allcompeted honourably and fairly in thehope of bringing glory to their city.The modern Games started in Athens1500 years later, in 1896, thanks tothe vision of Pierre de Frédy, Baronde Coubertin, who believed that theFrench were defeated in the FrancoPrussian war because the soldiers hadnot received proper physical education.His vision was to bring togetherathletes from around the world tocompete in a variety of sporting eventsunder the motto Citius, Altius, Fortius(‘Swifter, Higher, Stronger’). He triedto preserve as many features of theoriginal Games as possible, includingthe amateur status of the athletes.The first modern Olympics had onlynine events (athletics, cycling, fencing,gymnastics, shooting, swimming,tennis, weightlifting and wrestling)and fewer than 250 athletes took part,representing 14 nations. Greece offeredto host the Games permanently, butthe second Games took place in Paris,and it was here that women were firstallowed to compete.The Olympic Games now constitutean international multi-sport eventfor both summer and winter sports.They were extended to includewinter Games in 1924, first held inChamonix, France. Since 1994 theyhave alternated on different four-yearcycles from the summer Games. TheParalympic Games (which began in1960 and are hosted by the same cityas the summer Olympics) and theYouth Olympic Games have also beenadded. Baron de Coubertin’s hope oftotal world peace duringthe time of the Gameswas not achieved: threeOlympiads were missedbecause of World WarI and World War II, andin what is known as theMunich massacre nineathletes were killed afterbeing abducted duringthe Games.The International OlympicCommittee (IOC), thegoverning body of the modern Olympicmovement, was founded in 1894. It isthe umbrella organisation whose jobis to ensure that the host city, after ithas been chosen in competition withother contenders, meets its obligations.The IOC visits the future host city tocheck that the building works to housethe events, accommodate the athletesand visitors, and improve the transportsystems are all on schedule. Thecommittee also makes all the importantdecisions concerning the eventsprogramme. French and English arethe official languages of the Olympicmovement, plus the language of thehost country in each case.The five Olympic rings were designedin 1913 and first introduced on theOlympic flag flown at the AntwerpGames in 1920. They represent thefive inhabited continents (with theAmericas regarded as one). Thecolours – red, blue, green, yellow andblack on a white background – werechosen because each nation has atleast one of these colours in its nationalflag. Other symbols and rituals wereestablished during the late 19th andearly 20th centuries. Most of thesetraditions are displayed during theopening and closing ceremonies, suchas the Parade of Nations which opensthe Games, followed by the raising ofthe Olympic flag, which must fly forthe duration of the Games betweenthe Greek flag and the host nation’sflag. The national anthem of the goldmedal winner’s country is played duringthe presentation of the three medalsafter each event. At the end of theOlympics, the flame is extinguishedwhile the anthem is being played, andthe flag is carried horizontally fromthe stadium. Since 1968, there hasbeen an Olympic mascot, an animal orhuman figure representing the culturalheritage of the host country; in 1980Misha, a Russian bear, made a popularappearance.Participation in the Games hasincreased to the point that nearly everynation on earth is represented. Now thecombined winter and summer Olympicsinvolve more than 10,000 competitorsfrom more than 200 countries, whotake part in 35 different sports andmore than 400 events. This growth hascreated numerous challenges, includingpolitical boycotts, use of performanceenhancing drugs, bribery of officials,demands of sponsors, terrorist attacksand the financial commitment of ahost country, sometimes resulting indisapproval of the government by itspeople. The artistic displays alone atthe opening ceremony of the BeijingGames reportedly cost 100 million.It is one of the world’s largest mediaevents, with an estimated 3.7 billiontelevision viewers, and is therefore anirresistible opportunity for a country topromote itself.Unit 1 in this web service Cambridge University PressOlympic

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-74362-4 - Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third EditionMarian CoxExcerptMore informationLanguage and Style6Find synonymous words or phrases for the following words, as used in Passage B.adurationfritualsb hostilitiesg extinguishedch mascotvisiond mottoiheritageefoundedjboycotts7Underline the passive verb structures in Passage B. What effect do they have on the passage? Why dowriters choose to use passive rather than active verbs in certain types of text?8English uses Greek and Latin prefixes for numbers. The one used in Passage B is quad- (4). Givewords beginning with the prefixes below, and say which number is being referred to.adec-b octcpent-d triebi-funi-g quinh sept-4Unit 1Olympic Games in this web service Cambridge University

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-74362-4 - Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third EditionMarian CoxExcerptMore information9Passage B contains the phrase fewer than. Fill the blanks in the following sentences with one of theoptions below, then explain the rule for how these words are used.fewfewerafewesta fewlessa littleleastat leastcountries participated in the 1896 Games in Athens than in the 1900 Games in Paris.b At the Paris Games, there werecompetitors were female.clittleComparativelythan half of thecountries participate in the winter Games.d Some of the competitors hadto be placedwomen athletes, but muchhope of gaining a medal, butin the first five, so they felt they had achievedeThe number of television viewers increases each time, and it is now slightly14 billion.fNoof them managedsuccess.thanthan nine athletes were killed in the Munich massacre.g The specialist sports attract thespectators and are thelikely to be televised.Comprehension and Summary10a In one sentence, summarise what Passage B says about Baron de Coubertin.b In one sentence, summarise the role of the IOC.cIn one sentence, summarise the facts given about the Olympic rings.Unit 1 in this web service Cambridge University PressOlympic

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-74362-4 - Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third EditionMarian CoxExcerptMore informationd Write a one-sentence summary about the first modern Olympic Games of 1896.11 Write a one-paragraph summary of the problems now associated with the Olympic Games.Directed Writing12 Imagine that you can win a free trip to the next Olympics by writing a letter to the President of theIOC. You must explain persuasively why you wish to attend. Refer to material in Passages A and B,and add ideas of your own.6Unit 1Olympic Games in this web service Cambridge University

Cambridge University Press978-0-521-74362-4 - Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook, Third EditionMarian CoxExcerptMore informationUnit 1 in this web service Cambridge University PressOlympic

Cambridge IGCSE First Language English Workbook Third edition Cambridge IGCSE First Language English, Third edition brings a fresh, modern look and up-to-date content matching the specifi cations of the Cambridge First Language English course (0500). The series is written by a senior examiner and team leader for this syllabus, and is

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