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UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSIONNET BUREAUSubject: Forensic ScienceCode No.: 82SYLLABUSUnit I Forensic Science: Definition, History & Development, Scope, Ethicsin Forensic SciencePhysical Evidence: Nature, Types, Search methods, Collection,Preservation, Packing & Forwarding of Physical & Trace evidence forforensic analyses, Chain of CustodyCrime Scene: Nature, Types, Preservation of Scene of CrimeCriminal Investigations: Unnatural deaths, Criminal assaults,Sexual offences, Poisoning, Vehicular accidentsCourts: Types, powers and jurisdiction, Admissibility of evidence inCourts, Definition of Experts, Provisions in Cr.P.C.,1973 & IndianEvidence Act relating to experts & their reports; Court Procedurespertaining to Expert Testimony & WitnessOrganization of Forensic Science Laboratories of Centre andState, NCRB and NICFSFundamental Rights: Right of Equality (Articles 14 to 18) and Rightof Freedom (Articles 19 to 22) as per Constitution of IndiaCriminal Profiling: Profile of victim and culprit, its role in crimeinvestigation, Lie detection (Polygraphy), Narco analysis, Brainmapping, scope and limitationsConcept of quality control management in Forensic institutions

Unit II Microscopy: Polarizing, Comparison, Stereoscopic, Fluorescent andElectron MicroscopesSpectrophotometry: UV, Visible, IR, Raman, Atomic absorption,EmissionNeutron Activation AnalysisX rays and x-ray based techniques such as XRD, XRFMass SpectroscopyChromatographic Techniques: TLC, GLC, HPLC,HPTLCHyphenated Techniques: GC-MS, LC-MS, IR-MS and ICP-MSElectrophoresis: esisImmunoassays: Principle, Types ,Techniques and applicationsUnit III Detection and Identification of Blood stainsDetermination of Species of OriginBlood Group SystemsTechniques of Determination of Blood groups of Blood StainsDetection of Seminal and other body fluids and their BloodGrouping, Red cells Enzymes, Serum Proteins of forensicsignificanceDisputed Paternity & MaternityDNA: Structure, DNA as genetic marker, DNA Extraction andProfiling TechniquesDNA Phenotyping and RNA Profiling & their applicationsWild life Forensics: Wild life (Protection) Act,1972, Scope,Evidences and Identification

Unit IV Analysis of Ethyl alcohol in beverages , liquors, biological fluidsand breath Analysis of Methanol and Denaturants Illicit liquors Analysis of Chemicals in Trap Cases Metabolism and Chemical examination of :Insecticides & Pesticides, Tranquillizers & Sedatives, HypnoticsStimulants, Narcotics, Opiates, Drugs of abuse; Analyses of aboveand their Toxicity Plant poisons Metallic Poisons Extraction, Isolation & Clean-up procedures, Identification ofcommon poisons from viscera, tissues and body fluidsUnit V Fire arms: Types, Classification, Ammunition and their CompositionsForensic examination of Firearms, Ammunition, Firearms’projectiles (Bullets, Shots, Slug etc.), Shell caseGunshot residues analysisConcept of Velocity, Penetration, Dispersion, Ricochet, AccidentalDischarge, Determination of Range in firearm casesExamination of Country made firearmsBasics of Internal, External and Terminal BallisticsTool marks: Meaning, Types and ExaminationRestoration of Erased Markings on Metal SurfacesUnit VI Fire and Arson: Analyses of Petroleum Products and otherincendiary materialsExplosives: Definition, Types and Analyses

Bombs: Country made bombs, Improvised Explosive Devices ( IEDs )and their examinationInvestigation in Explosion and Arson related casesPhotography: Types, application in criminal investigation &Forensic evidence examinationUnit VII Hair & Fibers: Nature, Types, Structure and ExaminationPollens and Diatoms: Their application in Forensic investigationDust & Soil: Nature, Types, Forensic ExaminationPaint, Lacquer & Varnishes: Nature, composition and forensicexaminationGlass: Composition, Types, Fractures, ExaminationCement, Mortar and Concrete: General Composition, ForensicAnalysisComputer Forensics: Introduction, Types of Computer crimes,Digital evidence- Seizure, Acquisition and Forensic examinationMobile Phone ForensicsUnit VIII Fingerprints: History, Characteristics, Types, Classification,Preservation, Development, Lifting and Comparison, Examination ofChance Prints, Computerization of Fingerprints, AFIS Track Marks: Foot Prints, Shoe Prints, Tire Marks, TheirPreservation & Casting, Comparison, Skid marks. Gait pattern Biometric Systems of Identification and its relevance Voice Analysis: Introduction, Significance, Structure of Human Voiceapparatus, Voice spectrography, Voice analysis, Legal aspects andlimitations

Unit IX Documents: Definition, Types, Preliminary examination ofdocuments Reproduction of documents through photographic and mechanicalmeans and their examination Examination of Alterations such as Erasures, Obliterations &Additions Indentations, Secret writings and Charred documents Inks, Papers and their scientific examinations with modern methods Age of documents Examination of Typescripts, Printed matter including currency notesand lottery tickets. Mechanical impressions Hand writings: Class and Individual characteristics of Handwritings,Factors affecting handwritings, Standard samples for comparison,Comparison of hand-written texts Anonymous and disguised writings Identification of hand writings, signatures, detection of forgedsignature and forgeries Examination of Credit Cards and Similar materialsUnit X Modes & Manner of deaths, Sexual offences and its medicolegalimportance, Amendments in law related to sexual offences Post mortem examination and Post mortem changes,Estimation of time since death Injuries & Wounds: Types, Medicolegal importance, Gunshotwounds Determination of Species of Origin, Sex , Age, Stature, andindividual identification through skeletal remains Identificationthrough Skull superimposition and facialreconstruction Human dentition, Type of teeth, determination of Age, Bitemarks ForensicEntomology: Introduction, Insects of forensicimportance, Insects on Carrion, Forensic applications

Subject: Forensic Science Code No.: 82 SYLLABUS Unit – I Forensic Science: Definition, History & Development, Scope, Ethics in Forensic Science . Forensic Entomology: Introduction, Insects of forensic importance, Insects on

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