A Decade On: Working Together To Revise The WFOT Position .

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A decade on: Working together to revise theWFOT Position Statement on Human RightsProfessor Clare Hocking, AUTEmeritus Professor Liz Townsend, Dalhousie UniversityJenni Mace PhD Candidate, AUTWFOT Congress, Cape Town, South Africa, 22-25 May 2018

Outline1. Celebrating the WFOT Position Statement (2006)2. Linking Occupational Justice with Human Rights andOccupational Rights3. Revising the WFOT Position Statement Draft Proposal Audience Feedback: Voting sheets Process and Timing

Celebrating the WFOT Position Statement (2006)

Celebrating the WFOT Position Statement (2006) A transparent, global declaration & commitment: We – occupational therapists around the world – have socialand political concerns that call us to address the capabilities,opportunities and freedom of choice, as well as the limits, forindividuals and populations who want to live healthy,meaningful lives. As a global community, we are obligated to address abuses ofhuman and occupational rights, and to take action againstoccupational injustices.

Linking Human Rights, Occupational Injustice,& Occupational Rights an 18 Year Journey1948Onward200020062018OnwardHuman Rights: Restricted participation in society underminesinalienable human rights (United Nations, 1948), a declarationthat has sparked many global commitments to human rightsA Public Declaration on Occupational Injustice: “Recognisingand providing for the occupational needs of individuals andcommunities as part of a fair and empowering society” (Wilcock& Townsend, 2000)WFOT Position Statement on Human Rights (2006) – Anauthorized, profession-based declaration on human rightsLinking Human Rights, Occupational Justice, & OccupationalRights: e.g. “abuses of occupational rights are abuses of humanrights” (Hammel, 2015, p.5); Time for WFOT revision

Revising the 2006 WFOT Position Statement Position Statements should be reviewed every 6 years or so . The WFOT International Advisory Group: Human Rights ischarged with taking the lead Calling for input Your feedback via monkeysurvey Discussion will feed into an article in the WFOT Bulletin Informal feedback will be posted on Facebook, Twitter

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASDriving the Revision The purpose of revising the Position Statement is to clearlyaffirm occupational therapists’ global commitment to bringa critical, occupational perspective to the work of advancinghuman rights and occupational justice.

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASIntroduction The WFOT fully endorses the United Nations UniversalDeclaration of Human Rights (1948). The purpose of this Position Paper is to state the WorldFederation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT) position onhuman rights, which is that abuses of occupational rightsare abuses of human rights that undermine occupationaljustice.

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASHuman and Occupational Rights Occupational therapists around the world are obligated topromote occupational rights as the actualization of humanrights. This obligation requires addressing occupational injustices,initially named as occupational deprivation, occupationalimbalance, occupational marginalisation, and occupationalalienation (Wilcock & Townsend, 2000). An early additionwas occupational apartheid (Kronenberg & Pollard, 2005).

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASHuman and Occupational Rights Occupational rights are secured by identifying andaddressing the capabilities, opportunities and freedom ofchoice for individuals, communities and populations toparticipate in society.

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASOccupational Justice and Injustice Occupational justice requires universal rights to occupationregardless of different forms for different people –according to the cultural, social, and geographical context. Occupational justice is the fulfilment of the right for allpeople to engage in occupations they define as meaningful,that contribute positively to their own well-being and thewell-being of their communities. Occupational injustice is an abuse of occupational andhuman rights.

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASOccupational Justice – requires occupational rights for all to: Participate in a range of occupations that support healthand well-being so that individuals, communities andpopulations can flourish and realize their potential,consistent with the Ottawa Charter ( World HealthOrganization, 1986).

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASOccupational Justice – requires occupational rights for all to: Choose occupations without pressure, force, coercion, orthreats but with acknowledgement that with choicecomes responsibility for what we do (Sen, 2009).

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASOccupational Justice – requires occupational rights for all to: Freely engage in necessary and chosen occupationswithout risk to safety, human dignity or equity.

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASStrategic Action Actions to promote occupational and human rights mustover-ride occupational injustices that are aggravated bypersistent poverty, disease, social discrimination,displacement, natural and man-made disasters, armedconflict, historic disadvantage, and physical and mental illhealth.

Revising the WFOT Position Statement:DRAFTING IDEASStrategic Action Occupational therapists are obligated to enact our ‘clientcentred’ aspiration by collaborating with those experiencingabuses and with diverse partners to eradicate abuses thatundermine occupational justice.

Please give us your feedbackvia survey ights18

Short BibliographyBailliard, A. (2016). Justice, difference, and the capability to function. Journal ofOccupational Science, 23(1), 3-16. doi:10.1080/14427591.2014.957886Durocher, E., Gibson, B. E., & Rappolt, S. (2014). Occupational justice: A conceptualreview. Journal of Occupational Science, 21(4), 418-430.doi:10.1080/14427591.2013.775692Hammell, K. W. (2008). Reflections on . . . Wellbeing and occupational rights. CanadianJournal of Occupational Therapy, 75(1), 61-64. doi:10.2182/cjot.07007Hammell, K. W. (2015). Quality of life, participation and occupational rights: A capabilitiesperspective. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 62(2), 78-85. doi:10.1111/14401630.12183Kronenberg, F., & Pollard, N. (2005). Overcoming occupational apartheid: A preliminaryexploration of the political nature of occupational therapy. In F. Kronenberg, S. S.Algado, & N. Pollard (Eds.), Occupational therapy without borders, Learning from thespirit of survivors (pp. 58-86). Toronto, ON: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.

Short BibliographySen, A. (2009). The idea of justice. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press.Townsend, E., & Wilcock, A. (2004). Occupational justice and client-centered practice: Adialogue in progress. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71(2), 75-87.United Nations. (1948). Universal Declaration of Human human-rights/Wilcock, A. A., & Hocking, C. (2016). An occupational perspective of health (3rd ed.).Thorofare, NJ: Slack.Wilcock, A., & Townsend, E. (2000). Occupational terminology dialogue: Occupationaljustice. Journal of Occupational Science, 7(2), 84-86.doi:10.1080/14427591.2000.9686470World Federation of Occupational Therapists. (2006). Position Statement on HumanRights. http://www.wfot.org/ResourceCentre.aspxWorld Health Organization. (1986). The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Ottawa:Author. vious/ottawa/en/

Occupational therapists around the world are obligated to promote occupational rights as the actualization of human rights. This obligation requires addressing occupational injustices, initially named as occupational deprivation, occupational imbalance, occupational marginalisation, and occupational alienation (Wilcock & Townsend, 2000 .

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