A Cool Summer Tail - Arbordale Publishing

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A CoolSummer Tailby Carrie A. Pearsonillustrated by Christina Wald

A CoolSummer TailWhen summer heats up, animals find ways to staycool. Just as animals wonder how humans staywarm in A Warm Winter Tail, animals in A CoolSummer Tail wonder how humans stay cool inthe hot summer heat. Do they dig under the dirt,grow special summer hair, or only come out atnight? Many of the same animals are featured inboth books, offering an important compare andcontrast opportunity of how animals adapt toseasonal changes.Animals in the book include: red fox, paintedturtle, black-capped chickadee, black bear,white-tailed deer, honeybee, grey squirrel,black swallowtail, wood frog, garter snake, andCosta’s hummingbird.It’s so much more than a picture book . . . thisbook is specifically designed to be both a fun-toread story and a launch pad for discussions andlearning. Whether read at home or in a classroom,we encourage adults to do the activities with theyoung children in their lives. Free online resourcesand support at ArbordalePublishing.com include: For Creative Minds as seen in the book(in English & Spanish): Animals and Summer Adaptation Fun Facts Seasonal Adaptations: Compare and Contrast Summer Animal Matching Activity Teaching Activities (to do at home or school): Math Reading Questions Language Arts Geography Science Coloring Pages Interactive Quizzes: Reading Comprehension,For Creative Minds, and Math Word Problems English and Spanish Audiobooks Related Websites Aligned to State, Common Core & NGSS Standards Accelerated Reader and Reading Counts! Quizzes Lexile and Fountas & Pinnell Reading LevelsA CoolSummer TailAward-winning author Carrie A. (Ann)Pearson is a former early elementary teacherand the winner of an SCBWI-Michigan PictureBook Mentorship Award and a Work ofOutstanding Promise grant. A Cool SummerTail, and the companion, A Warm Winter Tail(Gelett Burgess Award and 2013-2014 GreatLakes Great Books Literature Program) followmany of the same animals to describe howthey manage the hot summer and cold winterweather. Carrie and her family live in the upperpeninsula of Michigan. Visit her website atwww.carriepearsonbooks.com.In addition to illustrating A Cool SummerTail, A Warm Winter Tail, Habitat Spy,Little Red Bat, and Henry the ImpatientHeron for Arbordale, Christina Wald hasillustrated for a wide variety of toys, games,books, and magazines. Christina enjoysthe research aspect of each project, sayingthat each new book is a fascinating newlearning experience. She lives in Ohio withher husband and three cats. Visit Christina’swebsite at www.christinawald.com.eBooks with Auto-Flip, Auto-Read, and selectableEnglish and Spanish text and audio available forpurchase online.Thanks to Leslie Science and Nature Center (AnnArbor, MI) staff: Pattie Postel, David Clipner, andMichelle Mirowski for reviewing the accuracy of theinformation in this book.Carrie A. PearsonChristina Waldby Carrie A. Pearsonillustrated by Christina Wald

How do humans stay cool in the summer, Mama?Do they hang out their tongues,like a spring that’s been sprung,breathing fast in and out like this?No panting! No puffing!No huh, huh, huh huffing!They sweat through their skin when it’s hot.

How do humans stay cool in the summer?Do they slide into pondsunder awnings of frondsand let cool water wrap their shells?No splashing with sunfish.No stepping in mud-squish.They swim in clear water with kids.

How do humans stay cool in the summer, Mama?Do they perch in the shadeunder leaves dappled jadewith their feet curling ‘round a branch?No perching on branches,up high taking chances.It’s safer for them on the earth.

How do humans stay cool in the summer, Mama?Do they lie bottoms up,like a big furry pup,spreading out on the cooler ground?No napping on patchesof cool earth that scratches.Their beds are much softer than ours.

For Creative MindsThe For Creative Minds educational section may be photocopied or printed from our website by the owner of thisbook for educational, non-commercial uses. Cross-curricular teaching activities, interactive quizzes, and more areavailable online. Go to www.ArbordalePublishing.com and click on the book’s cover to explore all the links.Animals and Summer Adaptation Fun FactsAnimals have many different ways to stay cool when summer temperatures soar. Which ofthese might YOU do to stay cool in the summer heat? Have you ever seen an animal do anyof these?Some mammals pant, or breathe in and out very quickly withtheir tongues sticking out. The moisture on their tongues coolsthe air going into their bodies, helping them to cool down.All kinds of animals jump into or spray themselves with wateror mud to cool down. The cooler temperature of the water ormud helps to cool off their bodies.Some animals release water onto their outer skin (sweat).The evaporating water then cools the animals’ bodies. Otheranimals don’t make their own water or sweat so they have toput water onto their skin by licking themselves (spit bath).Other animals might burrow into cool soil or hide under rocks.The cooler dirt helps to lower body temperatures.Some animals hide in the shade where it is cooler.Some animals migrate to higher elevations or cooler climates.Still other animals might sleep ornap during the day and be moreactive in the evening or at nightwhen it is cooler.Summer and Winter Adaptations: Compare and ContrastThese animals are also featured in the companion book, A Warm Winter Tail. By looking atthe images below, can you describe: How do the animals look the same or different in the summer and the winter? After reading both books, can you describe some of the differences that we might notbe able to see? How does the surrounding area (the habitat) look? Is it the same or different in thesummer and the winter? What are some things that might be different between the two seasons that you don’tsee in the illustrations but might be able to feel?

Summer Animal Matching Activityand Animal Classes7Match the animal to its description. Then match thecolors to identify the animal classes. Which animals areinsects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, or mammals?1black swallowtails2On a hot day, these mammals often lie ontheir backs, exposing their bellies withthinner fur. Their body heat escapes.grey squirrels3To lower their temperature, these coldblooded reptiles look for the cool waterfound in ponds, lakes, and streams.garter snakesblack bearshumans5white-tailed deerIn late spring, these mammals shed theirheavy winter hair and grow a new coat offine, short, reddish hair. This special coat allows airto move over the animals’ bodies.6During the day, these insects fan theirqueen to cool her. At night, they may hangfrom the outside of the hive to catch the cooler airand fan it inside the hive.honeybeesCosta’s hummingbirdsTo cool off, these mammals rapidly breatheair in and out of their open mouths andacross their damp tongues (pant). The heat from theirbody evaporates with each breath.11Although these birds are tiny, they are ableto fly great distances to cooler weather. Theywill fly from the Southwestern Desert to the PacificCoast in search of cooler temperatures.12These amphibians must keep their skinmoist, even when it is hot and dry outside.So they dig under leaves and sticks to rest where it iscool and damp.wood frogsAnswers: 1) grey squirrels, 2) black bears, 3) painted turtles,4) Black-capped chickadees, 5) white-tailed deer, 6) honeybeesmammals: grey squirrels, black bears, white-tailed deerreptile: painted turtlesbird: Black-capped chickadeesinsect: honeybeesblack-capped chickadees9These insects use the warmth of the sun tokeep their bodies the right temperature. If theyget too hot, their outstretched wings can be used asumbrellas to shade their abdomens.104You can find these tough, little birds hidingfrom the hot sun under the shade of leafytrees. They also might stand with their feet in puddlesof water or open their beaks and breathe quickly.8When the weather is hot, these mammals turnon fans or air conditioning in their homes;wear light weight clothing; go swimming in cool lakes,rivers, ponds, or pools; and sweat to cool their skin.red foxesAnswers: 7) garter snakes, 8) humans, 9) black swallowtail, 10)red foxes, 11) Costa’s hummingbirds, 12) wood frogsmammals: humans, red foxesreptiles: garter snakesbirds: Costa’s hummingbirdsinsect: black swallowtailamphibian: wood frogspainted turtlesThese mammals don’t have sweat glandslike humans so they lick their forearmswhere their hair is thinner. The saliva evaporates andcarries heat away from their body.These reptiles are good at keeping theirtemperature just right, but if it gets too hot,they might den up during the heat of the day andcome out at night to eat when it is cooler.

To Bonnie and Neil who have always helped me chase my dreams—C.A.P.For the Cincinnati Zoo, one of my favorite sketching spots and to the painted turtles floating in the flamingosection that patiently let me draw them—C.W.Thanks to Leslie Science and Nature Center (Ann Arbor, MI) staff: Pattie Postel, David Clipner, and MichelleMirowski for reviewing the accuracy of the information in this book.If you enjoy this book, look for the companion book byCarrie A. Pearson, illustrated by Chrstina Wald:Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataPearson, Carrie A., 1962A cool summer tail / by Carrie Pearson ; illustrated by Christina Wald.pages cmISBN 978-1-62855-205-8 (English hardcover) -- ISBN 978-1-62855-214-0 (English pbk.) -- ISBN978-1-62 855-232-4(English downloadable ebook) -- ISBN 978-1-62855-250-8 (English interactive ebook)1. Animals--Summering--Juvenile literature. 2. Heat adaptation--Juvenile literature. I. Wald, Christina,illustrator. II. Title.QL753.P425 2014571.7’6--dc232013036387Also available in Spanish as Un fresco cuento de veranoISBN 978-1-62855-223-2 (Spanish pbk.)ISBN 781628552416 (Spanish downloadable ebook)ISBN 781628552591 (Spanish dual-language interactive ebookand other Arbordale titles illustrated by Christina Wald :Lexile Level: 700Key Phrases for Educators: adaptations, anthropomorphic, compare/contrast,repeated lines, seasons (summer)Text Copyright 2014 by Carrie A. PearsonIllustration Copyright 2014 by Christina WaldThe “For Creative Minds” educational section may be copied by the owner for personal use or by educatorsusing copies in classroom settings.Manufactured in China, December, 2013This product conforms to CPSIA 2008First PrintingArbordale Publishingformerly Sylvan Dell PublishingMt. Pleasant, SC 29464www.ArbordalePublishing.comes ofgap4sInclude.ctivitiesagninrleaitiesctivre free aomrofLooktonline amlishing.cobuPleadrbow w w.ArA Cool Summer Tail

the air going into their bodies, helping them to cool down. All kinds of animals jump into or spray themselves with water or mud to cool down. The cooler temperature of the water or mud helps to cool off their bodies. Some animals release water onto their outer skin (sweat). The evaporating water then cools the animals' bodies. Other

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