Operation of Stock ExchangeTopics to be DiscussedStock Market TransactionsTypes of BrokersRole of SpecialistTypes of Trading OrdersTrading and Settlement DatesStock Market TransactionsWhen you buy, you buy from another personWhen you sell, you sell to another personThe stock exchange itself neither buys, sells, nor sets pricesThe exchange provides the marketplaceTypes of BrokersCommission House Broker a member executing orders on behalf of his own organization and its customersFloor Broker ( 2 Broker) a member standing ready, willing, and able to execute orders in any securityfor any organization
Class NotesOnline TradingActionBuySellBuy on MarginSell ShortOperation of Stock Exchange-2-
Class NotesOperation of Stock Exchange-3-Buying on Margin“Margin” is borrowing money from your broker to buy a stock and using your investment as collateral.ExampleBuy paying full priceBuy stock at 60. Stock price goes to 90.Return (90 - 60)/60 50%Buy on “margin”Buy stock at 60. Borrow 30; you pay 30.Stock price goes to 90.You haveOweYou have, netYou paid 90 30 60 30Return (60 – 30)/30 100%Possible problems with margin callSell ShortShort selling is selling stock you do not own. The stock you borrow comes from eitherthe brokerage firm’s own inventory, the margin account of another of the firm’sclients, or another brokerage firm.You will benefit only if the stock price dropsPossibility of making large profits
Class NotesOperation of Stock ExchangeExample – Bank of AmericaOctober 1, 2008 - 38.13 – sell shortOctober 10, 2008 - 20.87 – buy stock to replace stock soldProfit (not counting interest expense) 38.13 – 20.87 17.86 per share (83%)-4-
Class NotesOperation of Stock Exchange-5-Types of Trading OrdersPrice Limits Market order the broker must buy or sell at the best price obtainable the customer is certain that a market order will be completed Limit order the broker is to execute at the limit or better a limit order to buy is executed at the limit or lower a limit order to sell is executed at the limit or higher there is a chance that the order may not be executed Stop order to buy -- limit price is placed above the current market price stop order becomes a market order when the stock sells at or abovethe stop price to sell -- limit price is placed below the current market price stop order becomes a market order when the stock sells at or belowthe stop price Stop limit order to buy -- limit price is placed above the current market price stop order becomes a effective as soon as there is a sale at the stopprice or higher, and then it is executed, if possible, at the limit orlower to sell -- limit price is placed below the current market price stop order becomes a effective as soon as there is a sale at the stopprice or lower, and then it is executed, if possible, at the limit orhigher Time limits Day order to buy or sell during the day or expire at the end of that trading day Open order (Good Till Canceled) to buy or sell at a set price until the order is either executed or canceled Fill or kill if the order cannot be filled at once, in its entirety, at the stipulatedprice, it is canceled and a fresh quote is given from the floor Immediate or cancel similar to the fill or kill order except the broker may fill as much ofit as possible and cancel the remainder
Class NotesOperation of Stock Exchange-6-Role of SpecialistSpecialist is member of exchange appointed to maintain an orderly succession of prices in selected stocks specialist expected to buy securities in decliningmarkets and to sell securities in rising markets specialist buys for his/her own accountDesignated Market Makers (DMM) – replaced specialists no longer having first/exclusive look at buy and sell orders they can now compete against other exchange members for trades, rather thanfacilitate trades for them, as had been their charge charged with providing liquidity for market
Class NotesOperation of Stock Exchange-7-Trading and Settlement DatesConfirmation statements - provided by broker number of shares name of the securities purchased/sold unit price amount that is due/receivableTrading date date of purchase/saleSettlement date purchaser has three business days after trading date to pay amount that is due seller has three business days after trading date to deliver stock to broker
Class Notes Operation of Stock Exchange - 3 - Buying on Margin "Margin" is borrowing money from your broker to buy a stock and using your invest-ment as collateral. Example Buy paying full price Buy stock at 60. Stock price goes to 90. Return (90 - 60)/60 50% Buy on "margin" Buy stock at 60. Borrow 30; you pay 30.
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We used the data of Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE) for Sri Lankan stock market in this research which is the main stock exchange of Sri Lanka. The market capitalization of CSE is over 20 billion USD. Colombo stock exchange is the first south Asian region stock market and overall 52nd who obtain the membership of World Federation of Exchanges.
Bombay Stock Exchange Limited, lst Floor, New Trading Ring, Rotunda Bldg, P.J. Tower, Dalal Street, Mumbai — 400001 BSE Stock Code: 500083 To, The Listing Department, National Stock Exchange of India Limited, Exchange Plaza, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra (E), Mumbai ‘400051 NSE Stock Cod
Bombay Stock Exchange Limited National Stock Exchange of India Limited . website of the Stock Exchange where shares of the Company are listed Le. www.nseindia.com; www.bseindia.com company s website www.cpil.in . (OAVM) and same approved, The Annual Report the Financial Year 2019-20 Company would be th
The effect of the stock exchange, Page 1 The effect of the stock exchange on economic growth: a case of the Zimbabwe stock exchange. Jecheche Petros University of Zimbabwe Abstract: This paper provides an empirical analysis of relationship between economic growth and its determinants with special focus on the stock market development in Zimbabwe.
Exchange London Stock Exchange plc, which trades as "London Stock Exchange". Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) listed funds that track the performance of an underlying index or basket and can be traded in the same way as an ordinary share. Exchange Traded Products (ETPs) listed securities (asset backed notes) that track the
The Nigerian Stock Exchange ("The Exchange" or "the NSE") is a Regulated Securities Exchange under the Investments and Securities Act (ISA) of 2007 and is registered as such by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The Exchange provides trading services in its capacity as a Regulated Exchange subject to the
Gauge Field Theory Dr. Ben Gripaios CavendishLaboratory, JJThomsonAvenue, Cambridge,CB30HE,UnitedKingdom. January4,2016 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Contents 1 Avantpropos1 2 BedtimeReading2 3 Notationandconventions3 4 Relativisticquantummechanics5 4.1 WhyQMdoesanddoesn’twork5 4.2 TheKlein-Gordonequation7 4.3 TheDiracequation7 4.4 Maxwell’sequations10 4.5 .