Thermal Spray Powders - TECNO SPRAY

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Thermal Spray Powders Engineered Material Solutions Edition 2001

AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Table of Content Subject Page H.C. Starck - Material Specialists Serving the Thermal Spray Industry 3 Preferred Grain Sizes in µm for today’s Thermal Spray processes 4 Application Engineering AMPERIT 5 AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Carbides Oxides Pure Metals, Alloys and Blends, Miscellaneous Conversion Tables 2 6-8 9 - 11 12 - 14 15

H.C. Starck - Materials Specialists Serving the Thermal Spray Industry In 1920 Hermann C. Starck founded his company, which originally traded in ferroalloys and ore concentrates. In subsequent years he purchased several production facilities to diversify the company’s product range and strengthen its market position. After Bayer AG acquired a majority holding in H.C. Starck in 1986, the company expanded into one of the world’s leading manufacturers of metal, carbide and ceramic powders. H.C. Starck has been manufacturing a full range of powder materials for thermal spraying under the trade name AMPERIT for more than 30 years: AMPERIT thermal spray powders are well known in the market for their consistent high quality certified by ISO 9001 and for a works report according to DIN EN 10204 supplied with every delivery. Today H.C. Starck produces more than 500 powder material variations for flame, plasma and HVOF spraying. The AMPERIT product line is constantly revised and supplemented through the new products and developments from our own research efforts or resulting from cooperation with our customers. Tests analyzing the coating and processing properties are performed in our modern in-house spray laboratory. This brochure only covers the most important standard powders of our AMPERIT product line. Please do not hesitate to ask us about other powder types or grain sizes. Benefit from Our Materials and Coating Expertise Over the years H.C. Starck has accumulated a wide range knowledge in the fields of powder and materials for spraying. Our latest know-how is presented at international conferences around the world. We can supply reprints of our presentations on request. Powder selection, characterization and application: Powders for Thermal Spraying Ceramics for Atmospheric Plasma Spraying (APS): Al203-TiO2 Coatings: An Alternative to Cr2O3 ? Oxides for Thermal Spraying: Multicomponent Oxides Opportunities and Resulting Coating Properties Materials for High Velocity Oxygen Fuel Spraying Carbide Materials for HVOF Applications Cermets for HVOF Processes Advanced Carbides and Borides for Wear-Resistant Coatings Requirements of Carbide-Based Thermal Spray Powders and Ways to Obtain Optimized Coatings Effect of Powder Types on the Structure and Properties of Chromium Carbide/Nickel Chromium Coatings 3

AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Preferred Grain Sizes in µm for today’s Thermal Spray Processes: Process Metals and Alloys Carbides Flame spraying 75/20 53/20 90/45 45/10 - Plasma spraying (APS) 90/45 45/10 25/10 90/45 45/10 90/16 45/10 45/20 125/45 25/10 45/22 45/15 38/10 38/15 53/20 45/22 45/15 45/10 38/10 45/22 45/15 38/10 38/15 53/20 45/15 45/15 45/10 38/10 HVOF Jet Kote D J (Hybrid) JP 5000 Top Gun Oxides 15/5 12/2 - 15/5 12/2 SEM-Photographs of AMPERIT Powders gas atomized porous coated water atomized fused sintered agglomerated sintered dense coated AMPERIT technical information, product data sheets and spray parameters are available on request. 4

Applications Engineering AMPERIT Our Applications Engineering includes a modern thermal spray laboratory and a specialized metallographic laboratory (see Web site*). These labs are used to modify and improve our AMPERIT products with regard to our customer needs and to develop new materials. The close cooperation with our R D group gives the benefit of a complete material know-how support. All equipment is also available for customer tests and on order basis. Our customer service includes: Technical advice Technical product information Powder characterization Coating analyses Spray parameters *www.hcstarck.com/index.cfm?PAGE ID 198 Coating Analyses Powder analyses Equipment Metallographic Examination Powder Characterization Plasma- Technik F4 Macro- / Microhardness Deposition Rate UTP Top Gun Bond Strength Flowability DJ 2600 Hybrid Surface Roughness Processing Metco 5P Coating Thickness Others on request UTP Uni Spray- Jet Corrosion Castolin Eutectic Rototec Wear Others on request Others on request 5

AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Carbides AMPERIT Powder Type 515.0 515.1 515.2 515.203 515.400 515.401 515.949 WC-Co 88/12 sintered 516.2 516.280 WC-Co 88/12 sintered Grain Size in µm or Specification 22/5 45/22 90/45 MTS 1055B AMS 7879 C PWA 1302 DMS 2049 C-2 90/45 GE B50TF27 CI.A Application ! see WC-Co aggl. sintered ! typically applied by air plasma spraying ! C: 3.9 - 4.3 % ! max. operating temperature: 500 C ! C: min. 5.1% ! in finer grain size also used for HVOF 518.054 518.059 518.074 518.088 WC-Co 88/12 agglomerated sintered ! hard and dense coatings with 45/10 30/5 45/15 53/20 excellent bonding properties ! resistant to abrasion, erosion and sliding wear Alternative to . (Chemistry only) 71 NS/VF-NS/ VF-NS-1 2003 AMDRY 301/302 AMDRY 301/302 WC-104/106 Al-1001/1002/1101/1102 JK 114/112 WC-114/489-1 2004 72F-NS 1320 Q WC-616 JK 7112/7113 P 1342 VM/1342 VF Sulzer Metco 5812 ! max. operating temperature: 500 C 522.2 522.3 WC-Co 88/12 dense coated 90/45 45/5 ! see AMPERIT 516, typically 525.2 WC-Co 83/17 sintered 90/45 ! see AMPERIT 526, typically applied by air plasma spraying coarse carbides applied by air plasma spraying ! in finer grain size also used for HVOF 526.054 526.062 526.074 526.077 526.223 526.350 526.382 WC-Co 83/17 agglomerated sintered 45/10 53/10 45/15 63/32 MTS 1058 B MSRR 9507/1 MSRR 9507/69 ! dense, hard and with 17% Co 533.3 WC-Co 80/20 dense coated 45/5 ! lower hardness but increased also tough coatings ! resistant against particle erosion, abrasion and fretting ! max. operating temperature: 500 C toughness ! excellent finishing properties ! max. operating temperature: 500 C Additional grain sizes on request 6 73 F-NS-1/F-NS-2/SF-NS 2005 NS/2006 AMDRY 9830/9831 WC-619/558 1343 V/1343 VM/1343 VF JK 117/117-SP/ 7117/7118 P 76 F-NS AMDRY 5670

Carbides AMPERIT Powder Type Grain Size in µm or Specification Alternative to . (Chemistry only) Application 544.059544.3WC-Ni 83/17 544.6 dense coated 30/545/5 125/45 ! good bond strength and 551.074 551.088 WC-CrC-Ni 73/20/7 agglomerated sintered 45/15 53/20 ! see AMPERIT 552 see AMPERIT 552 WC-645 1356 VM 552.072 552.074 WC-CrC-Ni 73/20/7 sintered 38/10 45/15 ! wear, corrosion and oxidation WC-496 JK 125/7175/7176 553.065 553.074 WC-Co-Cr 86/10/4 sintered 30/10 45/15 ! wear and corrosion resistant WC-624 improved corrosion protection in comparison to Co matrix resistant in watery solutions ! hard, dense coatings with high bond strength ! C: 3.5 - 4.5% 554.065 554.074 WC-Co-Cr 86/10/4 sintered 30/10 45/15 ! see AMPERIT 553, but higher hardness ! C: 5 - 6% WC-436-1/113 AMDRY 5843 JK 120/7109 557.074 557.087 WC-Co-Cr 86/6/8 sintered 45/15 38/15 ! wear protection in corrosive -/- 558.074 558.088 WC-Co-Cr 86/10/4 agglomerated sintered 45/15 53/20 ! see AMPERIT 554 see AMPERIT 554 WC-636 Sulzer Metco 5847 1350 VM/1350 VF 559.074 WC-Co-Cr 86/6/8 agglomerated sintered 45/15 ! see AMPERIT 557 -/- 560.062 560.077 WC-Co(83/17) -NiSF 50/50 blended 53/10 63/32 ! protection against abrasive -/- environment especially in paper mills wear Additional grain sizes on request 7

AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Carbides AMPERIT Powder Type Grain Size in µm or Specification 580.2 580.054 580.402 580.404 Cr3C2 sintered 90/45 45/10 PWA 1304 PWA 1306 ! usually blended with metallic 583.2 583.054 Cr3C2-Ni 83/17 dense coated 90/45 45/10 ! hard and wear resistant with 584.1 584.054 584.072 Cr3C2-NiCr 75/25 agglomerated sintered 45/22 45/10 38/10 ! wear and oxidation resistant 585.1 585.3 585.351 585.357 585.435 Cr3C2-NiCr 75/25 blended 45/22 45/5 MSRR 9507/2 MSRR 9507/17 AMS 7875 ! application properties 586.1 586.054 Cr3C2-NiCr 80/20 agglomerated sintered 45/22 45/10 ! hard and wear/oxidation 591.294 Cr3C2-Ni / CoNiCr / NiAl blended GE B50TF28 CI.A ! blend of nickel cladded CrC Cr 3C 2-NiCr 90/10 sintered GE B50TF281 CI.A ! erosion resistant for Mo2C agglomerated sintered 75/45 45/15 ! hard ingredient in powder 593.775 599.063 599.074 matrix material for wear resistant coatings ! service temperature up to 900 C max. 70C-NS/F-NS CRC-107/105 3007 higher CrC-content than AMPERIT 584 up to 900 C ! sliding properties comparable to AMPERIT 584 AMDRY 5260 1375 VF/1376 T/1375 VM JK 135/7184/7185 81 NS/VF-NS 3004 CRC-106/108 resistant 430 NS and matrix alloys as erosion resistant coating turbine applications blends for sliding wear protection Additional grain sizes on request 8 Alternative to . (Chemistry only) Application 64

Oxides AMPERIT Powder Type Grain Size in µm or Specification Application 22/5 45/22 25/10 45/10 75/25 MTS 1231A ! corrosion and wear resistant Cr2O3 agglomerated sintered 38/10 ! high purity Cr2O3 ! spherical powder particle shape 710.0 710.1 710.7 Cr2O3 -TiO2 60/40 blended 22/5 45/22 90/16 ! hard, dense and wear resistant 712.062 712.066 Cr2O3 -TiO2 75/25 fused 53/10 53/15 716.0 716.1 716.3 716.054 716.066 716.076 Cr2O3 -TiO2SiO2 92/3/5 blended 22/5 45/22 45/5 45/10 53/15 12/2 740.0 740.1 740.2 740.3 740.066 740.207 740.355 740.406 740.416 Al2O3 fused 22/5 45/22 90/45 45/5 53/15 MTS 1062 B MSRR 9507/9 PWA 1310 PWA 1356-1 ! resistant to corrosion, abrasion 742.0 742.1 742.2 742.298 Al2O3 -TiO2 97/3 fused 22/5 45/22 90/45 GE A50TF87 CI.B PWA 1311 ! grey alumina for use as 704.0 704.1 704.053 704.054 704.092 704.216 Cr2O3 99.5% fused 706.072 742.407 ceramic ! insoluble in acid and alkali solutions ! typical application: anilox Alternative to . (Chemistry only) AMDRY 6417/6420 CRO-131/167/ 167-1/172/174/179 #3030/#3031/ #3032/#3033 rolls for printing machines see AMPERIT 704 for extremely smooth surfaces ! see AMPERIT 704 136 CP/F CRO-192 #340/#341 ! resistant to wear and corrosion ! mechanical shock resistant erosion and sliding wear ! excellent dielectric properties ! max. service temperature: 1000 C corrosion, abrasion, erosion and sliding wear resistant coating ! high temperature resistant ! typical applications in textile machines 105 NS/SF/SFP ALO-101/114 Al-1010 HP/FHP/ 1110 HP #150/#153 #182/#183/#184 AMDRY 356 101 NS/BNS/SF AMDRY 187 Al-1011F ALO-105/159 #110/#112/#114/#115 #116/#117/#119 Additional grain sizes on request 9

AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Oxides AMPERIT Powder Type Grain Size in µm or Specification Alternative to . (Chemistry only) Application 744.0 744.1 744.2 744.3 Al2O3 -TiO2 87/13 blended 22/5 45/22 90/45 45/5 ! compared with AMPERIT 742 745.0 745.1 745.3 Al2O3 -TiO2 60/40 blended 22/5 45/22 45/5 ! wear resistant for household 746.4 746.074 Al2O3 -TiO2 60/40 agglomerated 63/16 45/15 ! spherical powder, alternative 748.1 748.054 Al2O3 -TiO2 87/13 agglomerated 45/22 45/10 ! wear resistant for household 750.054 Al2O3 -ZrO2 60/40 fused 45/10 ! high toughness ! good abrasion and erosion less hard and corrosion resistant applications ! good grindability ! polished coatings with reduced wettability to AMPERIT 745 with finer microstructure 130/130SF ALO-187/188 #103/#106/#107 #108/#109 ALO-121 Al-1070 see AMPERIT 745 131 VF see AMPERIT 744 applications resistance 755.1 755.054 Al2TiO5 agglomerated sintered 45/22 45/10 ! thermal shock improved 782.1 782.2 782.3 782.8 782.054 TiO2 fused 45/22 90/45 45/5 20/5 45/10 ! moderate corrosion and wear resistant compared with Al2O3 or Al2O3 -TiO2 ! decorative black coatings ! slightly conductive Additional grain sizes on request 10 -/- ceramic 102 AMDRY 6505 #1000/#1001

Oxides AMPERIT Powder Type Grain Size in µm or Specification 825.0 825.1 825.218 825.242 825.381 ZrO2 -Y2O3 93/7 fused 22/5 45/22 MTS 1198 B MTS 1342 B MSRR 9507/72 ! blocky particle shape ! properties see AMPERIT 827 827.6 827.7 827.054 827.238 827.289 ZrO2 -Y2O3 93/7 agglomerated sintered 125/45 90/16 45/10 MTS 1352 B GE A50TF278 CI.A GE A50TF278 CI.B PWA 1375 GE A50A557* GE A50A558* GE A50TF278 Cl.C PM 819-20 PM 819-57 ! thermal barrier for turbine and 832.6 832.7 ZrO2 -Y2O3 93/7 agglomerated sintered 125/45 90/16 ! dense, spherical, 849.054 Y2O3 sintered 45/10 ! heat resistant in aggressive 827.290 827.423 827.772 827.773 827.774 827.853 827.864 Alternative to . (Chemistry only) Application see AMPERIT 827 -/- ! ! ! ! engine as well as for high temperature applications thermal shock resistant hot corrosion resistant low heat conductivity max. service temperature: 1300 C 204 NS/204 B-NS 204 C-NS/204 NS-G ZRO-113/114/154/182/ 196/196-5/210 Al-1075 #203/#204/#204 F/#204 PR Sulzer Metco 6600 1484 J see AMPERIT 827 see AMPERIT 827 atmospheres *for G.E. Power Generation, only Additional grain sizes on request 11

AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Pure Metals, Alloys and Blends, Miscellaneous AMPERIT 105.2 105.054 Powder Type Grain Size in µm or Specification Molybdenum agglomerated sintered 90/45 45/10 Molybdenum agglomerated sintered 90/45 Alternative to . (Chemistry only) Application ! preferrred bond coat for steel substrates AMDRY 313X MO-102/103 ! excellent sliding and emergency running properties 109.2 ! high coating hardness ! in oxidizing atmosphere max. service temperature 300 C ! AMPERIT 105: C max. 0,2 % ! AMPERIT 109: C max. 1 % 106.2 106.062 106.158 106.222 Molybdenum sintered 90/45 53/10 PWA 1313 MTS 1054 B ! sintered and crushed alternative 119.075 Mo/NiSF 75/25 blended 90/15 ! piston ring coating material with 140.1 140.067 Tungsten(4) sintered 45/22 15/5 ! high temperature melting 146.3 Chromium 45/5 ! corrosion resistant -/- 150.2 150.074 Tantalum(4) fused 90/45 45/15 ! corrosion protection in chemical -/- 155.086 155.093 Titanium(4) 63 125/90 ! material for biomedical 160.3 Niob fused 45/5 175.2 Nickel(8) atomized 90/45 excellent sliding properties and wear resistant AMDRY 1371 Al-1054 Al-1061/1061F material ! resistant to molten zinc and copper ! adhesion to graphite, alumina and quartz apparatus -/- applications ! good corrosion resistance ! corrosion protection ! ingredient as matrix material in blends ! repair and bond coat for Ni-based alloys ( ) Numbers in paranthesis: Classification exclusively according to German law. ( ) Einstufung gem. Chemikaliengesetz §§ 3a Abs. 1, 15a. Einzelheiten entnehmen Sie bitte unserem EU Sicherheitsdatenblatt. (4) leicht entzündlich, (8) gesundheitsschädlich Additional grain sizes on request 12 63 NS to AMPERIT 105/109 56 C-NS/F-NS NI-101/118 1166 F

Pure Metals, Alloys and Blends, Miscellaneous AMPERIT 205.5 205.415 Powder Type Nickel Graphite 75/25 dense coated Grain Size in µm or Specification Application 106/32 PWA 1352/1 ! abradable-clearance control on turbine components ! usually flame sprayed ! operating temp. up to 480 C 250.1 250.2 250.3 250.071 250.354 250.410 NiCr 80/20 water atomized 45/22 90/45 45/5 25/5 MSRR 9507/8 PWA 1317 ! repair, bond coat and corrosion 251.1 251.2 NiCr 80/20 gas atomized 45/22 90/45 ! spherical alternative to protection material ! good machinability ! bond coat for ceramics ! resists oxidation and corrosion up to 980 C Alternative to . (Chemistry only) 307 NS/NS-2/NS-3 NI-114/120 43 C-NS/F-NS/ 43 VF-NS NI-105/106/107 1262 F see AMPERIT 250 AMPERIT 250 ! oxidation and corrosion resistant 273.2 NiMoAl 90/5/5 porous coated ! moderate hard coatings ! repair material with extreme 90/45 toughness 447 NS AMDRY 387 NI-453 ! excellent bonding 280.2 280.3 280.241 NiAl 95/5 water atomized 90/45 45/5 MTS 1309 B ! high temperature and 281.0 281.2 281.3 281.420 281.863 NiAl 95/5 gas atomized 22/5 90/45 45/5 PWA 1380 PM 819-56 ! see AMPERIT 280 480 NS 4008 NS NI-357/357-1 282.2 282.296 NiAl 95/5 porous coated 90/45 GE B50TF56 Cl.A MSRR 9507/5 MSRR 9507/43 PWA 1337 PM 819-37 ! see AMPERIT 280 ! exothermic reaction 450 NS AMDRY 956 NI-109 Al-1037 282.353 282.369 282.438 282.856 NI-185 corrosion resistant bond coat up to 800 C ! excellent machinability during spray process Additional grain sizes on request 13

AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Pure Metals, Alloys and Blends, Miscellaneous AMPERIT 290.3 Powder Type Grain Size in µm or Specification Alternative to . (Chemistry only) Application ! used as bond coat for NiAl 69/31 water atomized 45/5 NiCr-Al 95/5 porous coated 125/45 GE B50TF119 Cl.A PM 819-47 ! oxidation and corrosion 335.063 335.066 NiCrBSi gas atomized 75/45 53/15 ! self-fluxing alloys for flame 410.1 410.424 410.429 410.860 NiCoCrAlY gas atomized 45/22 PWA 1365-1 PWA 1365-2 PM 819-51 ! protection in hot gas corrosive 413.1 413.6 413.284 NiCrAlY gas atomized 45/22 125/45 GE B50TF192 Cl.B ! see AMPERIT 410 AMDRY 962 NI-164/164-2/211/343 415.1 415.6 415.220 415.221 415.288 CoNiCrAlY gas atomized 45/22 125/45 MTS 1262 B MTS 1273 B GE B50TF195 Cl.A ! Co-based MCrAlY ! see AMPERIT 410 ! fine cuts VPS and HVOF AMDRY 9954/9951/995 C CO-210-1/210-24/211/ 211-3/127/159 421.087 421.761 NiCoCrAlTaReY gas atomized 38/15 GE B50TF242 Cl.C ! Ta and Re containing 416.107 416.110 418.109 418.111 422.801 428.806 Other MCrAlY gas atomized SV-30 SL-30 SV-20 SL-20 Sicoat 2231 Sicoat 2453 ! proprietary MCrAlY for 299.6 299.297 299.859 resistant material for turbine applications spraying and subsequent or simultaneous fusing ! ingredient in powder blends with Mo as piston ring coating and oxidizing environments at high temperatures of approx. 850 C 443 NS AMDRY 960 NI-122 15 E/F 2001 1660-02/1160-02 NI-167/167-1 1275 H NI-130/171 AMDRY 365-1/-2 sprayable -/- MCrAlY to improve hot gas corrosion resistance stationary gas turbine applications ! availability only to OEM approved users Additional grain sizes on request 14 -/- various applications ! corrosion resistant ! high bond strength NI-548 NI-535 Sulzer Metco 4409 CO-301, Sulzer Metco 4201 NI-666, Sulzer Metco 4485

Conversion Tables Particle Size Bond Strength 1 MPa 1 N/mm² 0.145 x 10³ psi 1 psi 6.895 x 10³ MPa µm mesh (ASTM) 38 45 53 63 75 90 106 125 150 400 325 270 230 200 170 140 120 100 MPA psi 10 25 30 35 40 50 60 70 1450 3625 4350 5075 5800 7250 8700 10150 Temperature Coating Thickness C ( F - 32) x 0.55; F 1.8 x C 32 1 µm 4 x 105 inch 0.04 mil 1 mil 1/1000 inch 25.4 µm C 350 480 500 540 650 750 800 850 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1600 F µm mil 660 900 930 1000 1200 1380 1470 1560 1650 1830 2010 2190 2370 2910 10 20 50 100 200 300 0,4 0,8 2 4 8 12 AMPERIT belongs to the AMPERE product line, whose trademarks are protected for H.C. Starck GmbH, Goslar AMDRY is a registered trademark of Sulzer Metco AG, Switzerland 15

Die vorstehenden technischen Angaben und Beschreibungen entsprechen unserem gegenwärtigen Kenntnisstand. Hierin enthaltene Angaben gelten im Fall von Vertragsabschlüssen nicht als zugesicherte Eigenschaften. Bei Bestellungen mit Bezug auf dieses Produktdatenblatt ist die Revisionsnummer anzugeben. Lieferungen erfolgen nach dem jeweiligen aktuellen Produktdatenblatt und der aktuellen Fassung unserer Allgemeinen Geschäftsbedingungen. The conditions of your use and application of our products, technical assistance and information (whether verbal, written or by way of production evaluations), including any suggested formulations and recommendations, are beyond our control. Therefore, it is imperative that you test our products, technical assistance and information to determine to your own satisfaction whether they are suitable for your intended uses and applications. This application-specific analysis at least must include testing to determine suitability from a technical as well as health, safety, and environmental standpoint. Such testing has not necessarily been done by H.C. Starck. All information is given without warranty or guarantee. It is expressly understood and agreed that the customer assumes and hereby expressly releases H.C. Starck from all liability, in tort, contract or otherwise, incurred in connection with the use of our products, technical assistance and information. Any statement or recommendation not contained herein is unauthorized and shall not bind H.C. Starck. Nothing herein shall be construed as a recommendation to use any product in conflict with patents covering any material or its use. No license is implied or in fact granted under the claims of any patent. In case of order please refer to issue number of this product data sheet. All deliveries are based on the latest issue of the product data sheet and the latest version of our General Conditions of Sale and Delivery. H.C. Starck GmbH P.O. Box 25 40, D-38615 Goslar Phone 49/53 21/7 51-39 63, Telefax 49/53 21/7 51-49 63 E-mail: hans-juergen.schommartz.hs@hcstarck.de H.C. Starck, Liaison Office Benelux Postbus 80, NL-3640 AB Mijdrecht Phone 31/2 97/28 04 25, Telefax 31/2 97/28 06 41 E-mail: andre.geerts.ag@baymyd.bayer.nl H.C. Starck GmbH P.O. Box 13 46, D-79721 Laufenburg/Baden Phone 49/77 63/82-5 97, Telefax 49/77 63/82-3 33 E-mail: hans.keller.hk@hcstarck.de H.C. Starck, Liaison Office Scandinavia P.O. Box 52 37, S-40224 Göteborg Phone 46/31/83 98 61, Telefax 46/31/83 25 75 E-mail: tina.malander.tm@bayer.se H.C. Starck GmbH, UK Liaison Office Aizlewood’s Mill, Nursery Street Sheffield S3 8GG, UK. Phone 44 /114/ 2823156, Telefax 44 /114/ 2823244 E-mail: mike.thompson.mt@bayer-co.uk H.C. Starck, Liaison Office South East Asia, No. 9 Benoi Sector, Singapore 629844 Phone 65/66 22-4 28, Telefax 65/2 61-96 09 E-mail: kennywaichong.wong.kw@bayer-ag.de H.C. Starck, Bureau de Liaison France, 49-51, Quai de Dion Bouton F-92815 Puteaux Cedex, Phone 33/1/49 06 58 15, Telefax 33/1/49 06 58 16 E-mail: herve.rousseau.hr@bayer-ag.de A Bayer Company H.C. Starck, Liaison Office Italy Bayer S.p.A. Viale Certosa, 130, 20156 Milan/Italy Phone 39/023978/2219 Telefax 39/023978/4958 E-mail: silke.bothe.sb1@bayer-ag.de H.C. Starck Canada Bayer Inc., P.O. Box 30 01, 1265 Vidal Street South, Sarnia, Ontario/Canada N7T 7M2, Phone 1 /519/ 339-7845, Telefax 1 /519/ 339-7851 H.C. Starck - V TECH Ltd. Ohmori NM Bldg., 1-1, Ohmori Kita 2-chome Ohta-ku, Tokyo 143-0016/Japan, Phone 81/3/57 62-20 40, Telefax 81/3/57 62-20 22 E-mail: hajime.nakadate.hn@bayer-ag.de H.C. Starck (Thailand) Co., Ltd. 5, I-3A Road, Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate, Rayong 21150/Thailand, Phone 66/38/ 683-077, Telefax 66/38/ 683-043 H.C. Starck Inc. 45 Industrial Place, Newton, MA. 02461-1951/USA Phone 1 /617/ 630-5910, Telefax 1 /617/ 630-5908 E-mail: hamid.haider.b@bayer.com L 02/02

AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Table of Content Subject Page H.C. Starck - Material Specialists Serving the Thermal Spray Industry 3 Preferred Grain Sizes in µm for today's Thermal Spray processes 4 Application Engineering AMPERIT 5 AMPERIT Thermal Spray Powders Carbides 6 - 8 Oxides 9 - 11 Pure Metals, Alloys and Blends, Miscellaneous .

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