Causes Of World War I - Birdvilleschools

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UPCOMING WHAP AGENDA MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY 3/19 Causes of WWI 3/20 WWI: Duration and Effects 3/21 Aftermath of WWI 3/22 WWI LEQ 3/23 Road to WWII 3/26 WWII 3/27 WWII 3/28 Finish WWII; WWII DBQAnalyze docs 3/29 WWII DBQ- Write DBQ response 3/30 NO SCHOOL! Other WHAP Reminders: *Pay for your AP Test ASAP if you haven’t already done so! *Our mock exam will be on Saturday, April 7 from 8-11:30 am. More details coming soon. *We will finish our content (Period 6) on Friday, April 20. We will review for almost 4 weeks from 4/23-5/16. *The AP World History Exam is on Thursday, May 17!

The M.A.I.N. Causes of World War I

LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I M- Militarism Arms race among European countries Belief that a strong military was needed to be great Glorification of the military (show of strength) Generals planned for mobilization “just in case” war were to break out

LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I A- Alliances Rivalries, suspicion and mistrust among European countries led to defensive alliances Germany, led by Otto Von Bismarck, felt France was the biggest threat to peace (maybe they wanted revenge for their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War?)wanted to isolate France Germany formed an alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy by 1883- this was called the Triple Alliance Germany also made a treaty w/ Russia in 1881 Otto Von Bismarck

LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I A- Alliances Kaiser Wilhelm II became ruler of Germany in 1888- forced Otto Von Bismarck out in 1890 Wilhelm II let treaty w/ Russia lapse- RUS responded by allying w/ France GER under Wilhelm II had a major shipbuilding project- BR alarmed, formed an entente w/ France By 1907, the Triple Entente included France, Britain, and Russia Kaiser Wilhelm II

Discussion Questions What do you think militarism and alliances were intended to do? What are the problems with these developments?

LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I I-Imperialism Competition for political prestige and economic power among European countries Increased rivalry, mistrust as they competed for overseas empires Colonies provided additional resources (material and human resources) that could be used in war

LONG-TERM CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I N- Nationalism Intense devotion to one’s nation Fueled increase rivalry among European nations In the Balkan Peninsula, intense feelings of nationalism among different ethnic groups (Serbs, Bulgarians, Romanians, etc)- many had demanded independence from Ottoman Empire

IMMEDIATE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I The Balkans were seen as the “Powder Keg” of Europe- potentially explosive due to nationalistic sentiment among ethnic groups Serbia had a large Slavic populationhoped to unite the Slavs of the Balkans Russia supported this Austria opposed this- feared it may cause Austria’s own Slavic population to rebel 1908: Austria annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina- 2 Balkan areas w/ large Slavic populations Serbia was outraged- it wanted to rule this area

IMMEDIATE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR I June 28, 1914- Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were in Sarajevo (capital of Bosnia) Both were assassinated by a Serbian nationalist and member of the Black Hands (secret society that wanted Bosnia free of Austrian rule) Austria wanted to punish Serbia- Serbia sought to comply, but by July 28 Austria declared war on Serbia WORLD WAR I HAD BEGUN!

OUTBREAK OF WORLD WAR I (1914) After Austria declared war on Serbia, a domino effect began as the alliances went into effect 1. 2. Austria declared war on Serbia Russia (Serbia’s ally) moved troops to borders w/ Austria and Germany Germany (Austria’s ally) declared war on Russia, then pre-emptively declared war on France (Russia’s ally) Britain (ally of France and Russia) declared war on Germany 3. 4.

OUTBREAK OF WORLD WAR I (1914) Alliances during World War I CENTRAL POWERS: Germany and Austria-Hungary- Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire also joined, hoping to regain lost territory ALLIES: Britain, France, and Russia- Japan also joined later, also Italy switched sides (felt the other side had unjustly started the war)

Notes About Daily Grades for WHAP Make sure you are doing your daily assignments and putting forth effort! The key is to be thorough! Be as comprehensive as you possibly can! “Bare bones” simplistic/minimalistic responses will not cut it!

Literacy Assignment (Ottoman Essay) Feedback Not a DBQ or LEQ, but still needed to see a quality essay Should’ve still followed the 5 paragraph model- Intro, Body Paragraphs (3), Conclusion Intro should’ve had context and a clear thesis statement Each body paragraph needs a topic sentence that clearly identifies what the paragraph is about and also ties back to the thesis Body paragraphs still needed to support your argument with text evidence, thorough analysis

Writing an essay is kind of like serving a meal. DON’T serve your reader this! Nobody wants “bare bones”! Instead, make sure to put plenty of “meat” on those “bones”! Your reader is hungry- give them plenty to “eat”!

LEQ Feedback With the prompts given, you were to choose ONE prompt, then decide the skill you were going to use- this determined which kind of LEQ you would write Comparison- Similarities, differences, or both Causation- Causes, effects, or both CCOT- Continuities, changes, or both Then, you were to decide how specific or broad you would make your response- would you focus on one revolution, two revolutions, Atlantic Revolutions in general? 5 paragraph model, provide plenty of specific examples and analysis (“meat”)!

Revolutions LEQ Half of a test grade- 50 points out of 100 (the other half will come from the imperialism DBQ) Want to improve your score? Revise your LEQ- look over the feedback given, and make it better. Follow the LEQ revision guide that is posted on the website. Turn in your revised LEQ by Thursday, March 22 (before we write our next LEQ)

WHAP HW Revise your Revolutions LEQ- use the LEQ revision guide on the websiteturn this in by Thursday, March 22 (this Thursday) MUST be handwritten! MUST be your original ideas- no copying! Read and take notes over the Intro to Period 6 (973-979) and Ch. 20 pp 981-985

OUTBREAK OF WORLD WAR I (1914) After Austria declared war on Serbia, a domino effect began as the alliances went into effect 1. Austria declared war on Serbia 2. Russia (Serbia's ally) moved troops to borders w/ Austria and Germany 3. Germany (Austria's ally) declared war on Russia, then pre-emptively declared war on France (Russia's ally) 4.

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