Revegetation - Colorado Parks And Wildlife

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Table Of Contentsiii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS . viiINTRODUCTION. 1What Are “Native” Species? . 1Objective and Scope of this Guide . 3Before You Begin . 4How To Use This Guide. 5Plant Names . 6PLANT BASICS. 7Life Cycles . 8Growth Forms . 8Reproductive Strategies. 9Seasonal Growth . 9NATURAL COMMUNITIES . 11FLORISTIC REGIONS OF COLORADO . 13PART I: UPLAND COMMUNITIES . 15EASTERN PLAINS AND FOOTHILLS REGION. 15GRASSLANDS .17Short-grass Prairie. 18Mid-grass Prairie. 20Tall-grass Prairie . 21Foothills Grassland. 22SHRUBLANDS .23Saline Bottomland Shrublands . 24Sand Sagebrush Prairie. 25Mixed Foothills Shrubland. 27WOODLANDS .28Piñon Pine-Juniper Woodlands . 29Ponderosa Pine woodland and Savanna . 31ROCKY MOUNTAIN REGION . 33GRASSLANDS .35Montane and Subalpine Grasslands . 36SHRUBLANDS .38Sagebrush Shrublands . 39WOODLANDS .42FORESTS .44Douglas-fir Forests. 45Lodgepole Pine Forests . 47Aspen Forests . 48Engelmann Spruce - Subalpine Fir Forests . 49ALPINE TUNDRA .50Alpine Meadows . 51

Table Of ContentsivWESTERN PLATEAU AND CANYON REGION . 53GRASSLANDS .55SHRUBLANDS .57Mat Saltbush Shrublands. 58Saline Bottomland Shrublands . 58Sagebrush Shrublands . 60Mixed Mountain Shrubland . 62WOODLANDS .63Piñon Pine-Juniper Woodland. 64Pine Woodlands . 65REVEGETATION TECHNIQUES. 67STEP 1: PLANNING YOUR PROJECT .67STEP 2: SOIL CHARACTERIZATION .69Soil Texture. 69Soil Chemistry. 72Soil Structure. 73STEP 3: SITE PREPARATION .75Topsoil Salvage. 75Development of Substitute Soil. 76Seedbed Preparation. 77Soil Amendments . 78STEP 4: SEEDING AND PLANTING .81SEEDING .81Collecting Seed. 82Purchasing Seed . 83Testing Seed . 87Seeding Techniques. 89Post Seeding Techniques. 91PLANTING .95Plant Materials. 95Planting Techniques . 100STEP 5: MONITORING & STEWARDSHIP .103MONITORING .103Potential Problems . 103Techniques and Frequency. 104Assessment of Problems and Stewardship Activities. 104STEWARDSHIP.105Developing a Stewardship Plan. 105Techniques . 105WEED MANAGEMENT . 107INTEGRATED WEED MANAGEMENT .107PREVENTION .108ERADICATION .109CONTROL .109Biological Control. 109Chemical Control . 110Cultural Control . 110Mechanical Control. 110PART II: WETLAND & RIPARIAN HABITATS. 111INTRODUCTION. 111HOW TO USE THIS SECTION .111WETLAND AND RIPARIAN DEFINED .113

Table Of ContentsvWetland . 113Riparian. 113FUNCTIONS OF WETLANDS AND RIPARIAN COMMUNITIES .114IMPORTANT POLICIES AND REGULATIONS .115Federal. 115State. 115County & Local. 116WETLAND DELINEATION .116Diagnostic Characteristics of Wetlands . 117Technical Approach: Delineation of Wetlands . 118WETLAND AND RIPARIAN COMMUNITIES IN COLORADO. 119EASTERN PLAINS AND FOOTHILLS REGION. 121WETLANDS .121Marshes . 121Playas . 122Meadows . 123RIPARIAN COMMUNITIES.126Cottonwood/Willow Shrublands and Forests. 126ROCKY MOUNTAIN REGION . 130WETLANDS .130Marshes . 131Playas . 131Meadows . 133Fens . 135RIPARIAN COMMUNITIES.139Willow Carrs . 140Riparian Forests . 142Alpine Riparian Communities. 144WESTERN PLATEAU AND CANYON REGION . 145WETLANDS .145Marshes . 145Meadows . 147RIPARIAN COMMUNITIES.150Cottonwood/Willow Forests . 150WETLAND REVEGETATION TECHNIQUES. 153STEP 1: PLANNING YOUR PROJECT .

Table Of Contents iii . Colorado State Forest Service, Fort Collins, Colorado Sharp Brothers Seed Company, Inc., Greeley, Colorado James Trammell, Littleton, Colorado Dr. Ruth L. Willey, Gunnison, Colorado This guide is dedicated to Jim Von Loh.

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