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Greenhouse News the official newsletter of IEAGHG and its members March2014 Issue Issue118113June 2015IEAGHG Webinars, by Siân Twinning, IEAGHGAt IEAGHG, we produce 12 - 15technical reports each year. Thetopics are selected by our membersat our bi-annual Executive Committeemeetings. Work is completed byexternal groups and managed bythe IEAGHG technical team and areavailable free of charge to memberorganisations and countries, coveringall aspects of carbon dioxide captureand storage (CCS).The reports are an assessment of thecurrent technologies and existingliterature, with the ambition to informreaders, identify areas for future workand feed into the growing pool oftechnical knowledge on CCS thatwill assist with the implementationof the technology. To complimentthese reports and help disseminatethe information we produce, weare now planning a series ofwebinars. The seminars willreview the outcomes ofboth individual studiesand/or where we havecompleted a numberof complimentaryreportsonsimilarIn this issueThe IJGGC: An UpdateP2In this issuetopics, then we will bring these togetherinto one cohesive presentation.Our first event will be on Monday 29thJune at 14.00 BST, and will cover‘Industry CCS Challenges’ and will bepresented by Dr Stanley Santos ofIEAGHG. We will have a limited numberof ‘seats’ available so we recommendsigning up as soon as the registrationlink is sent out - this will come outvia our weekly news email and socialmedia.The series will continue with thefollowing webinars currently planned: Status of biomass and carbondioxide capture and storage - Areview – end August Update on developments inoffshore monitoring – end October Oxy gas turbine power plantoptions – beginning DecemberArticle Continues Overleaf.1Greenhouse News No. 118June 2015 www.ieaghg.orgIEAGHG ExCo Meeting May 2015P4IEA ETP 2015P5CO2 Injection Begins at AquistoreP14P8

Assessing future capture cost reductions – end January 2016At the end of each presentation, as per webinar tradition, questions will be welcomed by the presenter and addressed online.We appreciate that not everyone will be available on these dates and times, so we will record the event and make theseavailable on our website. Watch out for the registration links in our weekly news!The International Journal of Greenhouse GasControl – an Update from the Editor in Chief,by John Gale, IJGGC Editor in ChiefA lot has happened in the short timesince we started this journal in 2007.The primary reason for kicking off thejournal was to provide an accessibleplatform for peer reviewed articleson CCS that could be drawn upon forpublications like the IPCC Assessmentreports. At the time of writing the IPCCSpecial Report on CCS (SRCCS) no suchoption existed; now I think it is fair tosay we have achieved that aim. If youlook at the Energy Systems Chapter ofthe AR5 WGIII report, IJGGC provides42 separate references within thatchapter that covers all low carbonenergy technologies; not just CCS. Ialso note that the number of IJGGCreferences was slightly bettered byreferences from our GHGT conferencesin Energy Proceedia.Due to increased paper submissions inprevious years, we are publishing 12journals a year, both on-line and as hardcopy. We see the number of papersbeing submitted is now plateauingwhich is not surprising. We still publisha lot of papers on post combustioncapture and increasingly papers onmore novel capture processes. Interms of other areas, we havecertainly seen significantgrowth in the number ofpapers on monitoring- a reflection thatthere are a lotof projectsn o w2Greenhouse News No. 118June 2015 nd and monitoring itsfate. Also, we are seeing a growth inthe number of papers on pipelinetransport and infrastructure modellingwhich again reflects the fact that CCSis moving towards implementation soreal issues like pipeline assessmentsand how to plan your pipeline networkare now being considered.We are in the process of publishing anumber of Special Editions; the first ofthese on the QICs project (a controlledrelease project in the UK) will bepublished in Volume 38. In Volume40 we will publish 20 review papersthat together provide an update ofthe status of CCS 10 years on from theSRCCS. We look forward to that volumebeing published and updating theglobal stakeholders on the status ofCCS to date. Much work has been donesince 2005 and a lot of progress hasbeen made.Other Special Editions we are workingon include: a set of papers on theEU-funded Mustang Project and thedevelopment of its test injection sitein Israel, and both a virtual and specialissue on the National Risk AssessmentProgramme (NRAP) in the USA. Wealso have put out a call for papers for aSpecial Edition on Flexible Operation ofCCS Power plants. This is the first timewe have put out a call for papers and Iwill be interested to see how this worksout.Our reviewers are special and deserveacknowledgement for their work. Weare now working with Elsevier to rollout the Elsevier Reviewer RecognitionPlatform for IJGGC. See fornext-phase for more details.Simply, the Reviewer RecognitionPlatformprovidesparticipatingreviewers with a personalised profilepage where their reviewing historyis documented. Moreover, reviewerstatuses are awarded based onthe number of reviews they havecompleted for a specific journal; areviewer who completes at least onereview within a two-year time periodbecomes a ‘Recognised Reviewer’,while those in the top 10th percentilebecome ‘Outstanding Reviewers’. Inthis way reviewers get the recognitionthey deserve and can print certificatesfor internal use. I look forward to thiscoming out in due course.

Advertising in the IEAGHG Greenhouse NewsQuarterly Newsletter, by Siân Twinning, IEAGHGGreenhouse News reaches over 5,000 CCS experts and arenow offering advertising space in this publication. A rangeof packages are available; from 1/8 page to a full page, withprices from 150 - 600.Articles within this publication cover a wide range of topics;should you wish to advertise a milestone, breakthrough,meeting etc., we would be happy to consider a supportingarticle.With readers in 88 countries, coverage of the newsletter issecond to none for the industry and is one of the first to offeradvertising.Our aim is to complement the articles and offer our readers animproved knowledge of services and products on the market.We can also include job advertisements so providing theemployer with direct access to a very specific workforcepool. Whether you are looking to promote a product, project,service or vacancy (job, internship, PhD etc.), GreenhouseNews provides a direct line to your target market.Each edition is sent electronically to our mailing list and placedin our newsletter library at www.ieaghg.org/publications/greenhouse-news. Details of new editions are posted to thefront page of our website to guarantee maximum exposure.For more details and costs and to see your advert in the nextedition, please contact Sian Twinning at sian.twinning@ieaghg.org.IEAGHG 5th Social Research Network Meeting –REGISTRATION OPEN! *5th IEAGHG SRN Meeting – Monday 6th July 2015, Cambridge, UK*As CCS moves towards more real projectsaround the world the experience and researchin consultation and communication withstakeholder populations is increasing. From aregulatory, commercial and ethical perspective,consultation and communication with localstakeholder populations will be an essential part of any project. This workshop will be the fifth meeting of the IEAGHGSocial Research Network (SRN), after four successful meetings in France, Japan, Australia and Canada, and will aim topromote a sharing and learning environment for social science research, nurturing discussions to assess research resultsand identify gaps in knowledge where social science research may provide valuable insight, and to encourage thetranslation of results into tools or applied lessons and recommendations.IEAGHG are delighted to announce that the one day meeting, “Energy Transformations and the role of social sciences”, willtake place at the University of Cambridge, Cambridge UK, on Monday 6th July 2015 – and registration is now OPEN. Themeeting will include presentations and discussion on a range of topics, including social science history and the developmentof energy technologies; looking at the links and contrasts with other disciplines; how changes in social context may affect CCSdevelopment; building on new CCS projects; how social science has informed regulations and policy; social science researchon factors influencing public perception of CCS (and other energy technologies); decision making; risk perception; trustand methodologies.On Tuesday 7th July, the UK CCS Research Centre will host a second meeting; “Issues in governance and ethics ofCCS: Setting the research agenda”, which will look into equity and justice in relation to CCS/BECCS; governanceissues (international cooperation, shared reservoirs, national and cross boundary liabilities, the role of thestate etc.); the role of ethics in governance and the politics of CCS; and lock in (e.g. cognitive, fossil fuel;political; behavioural; carbon).For more information please contact Samantha@ieaghg.org or check the website at .Current SRN Members will be able to register for the meeting at 24-5th-social-research-network-meeting (please notethat you must be a registered SRN member to view this page. Ifyou are not yet registered, this is an easy process that can bedone by completing the form at http://ieaghg.org/member/registration).Greenhouse News No. 118June 2015 www.ieaghg.org3

IEAGHG 47th Executive Committee Meeting,by Samantha Neades, IEAGHGThe 47th bi-annual IEAGHG Executive Committee(ExCo) meeting has just come to a close in thebeautiful French port of Le Havre. Hosted byADEME, the meeting began on the 4th May withvisits to the CO2 capture plants in the area – C2A2by EDF and Cryocap H2, operated by Air Liquide.The following day was filled to the brim with afascinating workshop on CCUS, organised byADEME at Chambre de Commerce et de l’Industrie(CCI) in Le Havre – for more information on thisworkshop, please check out the IEAGHG blog(http://ieaghg.org/publications/blog).ExCo Members listening to one of the manytechnical presentations during the two day meetingAfter almost two days of site visits and in depthworkshops, the two day Executive Committeemeeting itself began on Wednesday 6th May andwas held at the excellent and modern Novotel. Thisregular meeting is held twice yearly, at differentlocations across the world each time, and givesIEAGHG an opportunity to provide our Membersand Sponsors with programme progress, an updateof recently completed and on-going activities andto approve any future work to be undertaken. Italso gives our Members a chance to report backto the Programme on their activities over the last6 months and any activities planned for the nearfuture.The Programme’s ExCo Members were givenan overview of recent activities such as theupcoming reports on the impact of CO2 impurityon compression and transport, oxy gas turbinepower plants, the analysis of CO2 EOR emissionaccounting and a new review of offshoremonitoring. The studies on hydrogen productionwith CO2 capture, and emerging capturetechnologies and cost reduction potential.IEAGHG Members enjoying the ExCo dinner,Recent and upcoming events were reportedheld at the Le Havre Country Clubon too – an update provided on this year’sedition of the famous IEAGHG SummerSchool (please contact us directly formore information on this), the upcoming PCCC3 event and the 2014 resounding success – GHGT-12.Members agreed to take forward 4 new studies this year – so do stay tuned to see the progress in thesevarious areas; more details will come soon.The ExCo dinner at this meeting was held in the panoramic restaurant of the Le Havre CountryClub, with views overlooking the port and town – but first, us lucky delegates were takenon a tour of the Museum MuMa, where we saw the breath-taking works of Monet,Renoir and Manet – among many other legendary artists.The next Executive Committee Meeting will be held in November 2015,in London, UK and hosted by DECC. More information will becirculated to Members in the run-up to this event.4Greenhouse News No. 118June 2015 www.ieaghg.org

Mobilising Innovation to Accelerate Climate Action IEA Energy Technology Perspectives 2015,by Simon Bennett, Energy Analyst, IEAA concerted push for clean-energyinnovation is the only way the worldcan meet its climate goals. This is theheadline message from the latestedition of the International EnergyAgency (IEA) annual publication onclean energy technologies, EnergyTechnology Perspectives 2015 (ETP2015), which this year includes a focuschapter on CCS.Overall, the ETP 2015 report shows thatdespite a few recent success stories,clean-energy progress is falling wellshort of the levels needed to limitthe global increase in temperaturesto no more than 2 degrees Celsius.Yet, because it will be challenging forthe world to meet its climate goalssolely through the politics of the UNnegotiation process, the developmentand deployment of new, groundbreaking energy technologies will bekey to mobilising climate action. Thereport recommends tripling today’sannual government spending of aroundUSD 17 billion on energy researchand development. This will requiregovernments and the private sector towork closely together and shift theirfocus to low-carbon technologies.ETP 2015 analysis shows that meetingglobal climate goals enhances energysecurity. The main ETP decarbonisationscenario illustrates a transformed globalenergy system in which cumulativecarbon emissions from fossil fuelsare reduced by 40 percent relativeto the “business-as-usual” scenario.Delivering this transformation makesgood economic sense. For everydollar invested in the clean-energytechnologies that drive the 2DS, nearlythree dollars in fuel costs are avoided by2050.Mobilising the innovation that will drivechange in the energy system requiresmuch more than just R&D. This isepitomised by the key findings on CCS(See next paragraph). The CCS chaptertakes a look back at the component CCStechnologies, where they have emergedfrom and the policy andcommercialdrivers behind investment decisions intheir large scale projects to date.The resulting story is one of “sweetspots”, which are situations in whichthere is a sustainable commercialfoundation for using CO2 capture,transport or storage technologies. Aswell as far-sighted R&D in innovativeCO2 capture technologies, experiencewith large scale construction andoperation is central to reducing costsand boosting performance. ETP 2015presents an ambitious learning curvefor CCS, but one that is within historicalexperience for similar technologies.The future deployment of CCS willlargely depend on how closely thiscost reduction path is followed.Governments will have a key role to playin creating initial market opportunities.By sending a signal to innovators anddriving investment through marketforces, risks of stranded demonstrationprojects and stop/start CCS scale-upcan be minimised. To date, most of thesustainable early market opportunitieshave emerged outside the power sector,but this is beginning to change, startingin North America. The knowledgeaccumulated in sectors includingchemicals production, enhanced oilrecovery and natural gas processingneeds to be transferred to new projectsin more regions of the world.Key findings on CCS in ETP 2015 In the 2 C Scenario (2DS), almost6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide(CO2) per year are captured andstored by 2050 in all sectors. CCS inindustrial applications is essential,and CCS in combination withbiomass may be needed to meetthe 2 C target.CCS deployment has begun in“sweet spots” where policies andstrategic local and commercialinterests align. ManyopportunitiesforCCS technologies have been in naturalgas processing or hydrogenproduction, often in combinationwith enhanced oil recovery(EOR). EOR has supported earlycommercial projects, but otherpolicy drivers have been equallyimportant in making them happen.“Learning-by-doing” is now alsounder way for CCS in powergeneration. The world’s first powerplant to be equipped with CCStechnologies began operationin 2014. As with other suchsweet spots, appropriate marketstructures, opportunities for thecontinued use of low-cost fossil fuelreserves, government supportand confidence in the futureof the technologies wereall vital.Article continuesoverleaf.Greenhouse News No. 118June 2015 www.ieaghg.org5

Widespread deployment requiresthe cost gap be closed bydetermined, parallel action intechnology development andmarket creation. R&D alone will notdeliver the necessary performanceimprovements and cost reductions.Innovation will also arise fromcommercial experience in relevantsectors and measures that raise thecosts and risks of operating withoutCCS.Improving and using postcombustion technologies is ofparticular importance. Relianceon coal, especially local resources,could continue in many regions, ascoal prices decline in the 2DS. Onethird of today’s coal power plantswere commissioned since 2000 andwill have many years of useful life after 2030, indicating the value oftechnologies enabling CCS retrofits.Technologies to integrate CCS innew electricity generation cyclesalso need to be developed.Innovation and robust regulationwill help CO2 storage remain aminor cost component of CCS.By providing incentives forexploration and clear, credibleregulation,governmentscanboost engagement of the oil andgas sector and create vital publicsupport. Large-scale CO2 storageprojects are needed to supportinnovation in finding, developingand monitoring storage sites.ETP 2015 also stresses that building andmaintaining strong innovation capacityin emerging economies will be key tosuccessful deployment of sustainableenergy technologies where they mayhave the largest impacts. Domesticinnovation of low-carbon technologiesin emerging economies is increasing,with some countries – especially China– closing the gap in key areas.The energy sector is no stranger toprofound technological change. Anincredible chain of innovations in theenergy sector has been at the vanguardof social and economic transformationfor over a century, and it is exciting tosee the progress being made by solarpanels and fuel economy improvementsfor passenger cars today. Given ourcurrent climate realities, more of thepower of innovation must be unleashedon the world.EnergyTechnologyPerspectives2015 is for sale in the IEA bookshop.www.iea.org/etp/New IEAGHG report 2015-03: CCS ClusterProjects: Review and Future Opportunitiesby Jasmin Kemper, IEAGHGCCS has the potential to significantly contribute to greenhousegas emissions reductions. In this regard, development of clusterstructures offers the potential for cost reduction through sharing ofinfrastructure and organisational and regulatory efforts.The main objectives of this study are to identify gaps, risks andchallenges related to CCS clusters, to compare their business modelsand to reveal factors for successful development and suitable locationsfor future clusters.The approach for this work consists of an extensive review of theliterature on CCS clusters. The existing information was sufficient toreview 12 clusters with different levels of maturity in detail andto discuss a number of others at a more general level.Based on an analysis of gaps, risks and challenges of clusters (both technical and commercial), the study developscriteria for the selection of future cluster locations and recommendations for increasing the likelihood ofsuccessful cluster implementation.Following are the key messages from t

become ‘Outstanding Reviewers’. In this way reviewers get the recognition they deserve and can print certificates for internal use. I look forward to this coming out in due course. As