Specifying Sustainable Concrete To Bs 8500-PDF Free Download

Specifying Sustainable Concrete to BS 8500
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Sustainability, Sustainable development, development which meets the needs of the present without. compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own. Social Environmental, Performance benefits of concrete. Social Economic Environmental, Robustness, Thermal Mass. structural, Durability performance, Full text version of this table provided in www concretecentre com Concrete Credentials taken as read. Thermal mass to reduce OpCO2, Concrete has very useful role in energy efficient design strategies.
Use of thermal mass and night time cooling to reduce energy loads. necessary for heating and cooling, Concrete on the inside. Exposed soffit with night time ventilation to enhance passive. Exposed or painted concrete surface optimises thermal mass. Whole life CO2, Operational CO2 Embodied CO2, Ratio depends on building type and life span. EU carbon reduction plan, 20 cut in emissions by 2020 compared to 1990. ECO2 Energy Performance of Buildings, Directive EPBD. OpCO2 By 2020 all new buildings are nearly zero, UK Part L1A 2013 and SAP.
Embodied CO2, Research by Arup, Specifying concrete to BS8500. Exposure classification, XC Corrosion induced by carbonation. XD Corrosion induced by chlorides, XS Corrosion induced by chlorides from sea. XF Freeze thaw attack, AC Chemical attack, Exposure classification. XC Corrosion induced by carbonation, XD Corrosion induced by chlorides.
XS Corrosion induced by chlorides from sea, XF Freeze thaw attack. AC Chemical attack, Exposure classification, XC1 Dry or permanently wet. XC Corrosion induced by carbonation XC2 Wet rarely dry. XC3 Moderate humidity, XC4 Cyclic wet and dry, XD Corrosion induced by chlorides. XS Corrosion induced by chlorides from sea, XF Freeze thaw attack. AC Chemical attack, Exposure classification, XC Corrosion induced by carbonation.
XD1 Moderate humidity, XD Corrosion induced by chlorides XD2 Wet rarely dry. XD3 Cyclic wet and dry, XS Corrosion induced by chlorides from sea. XF Freeze thaw attack, AC Chemical attack, Exposure classification. XC Corrosion induced by carbonation, XD Corrosion induced by chlorides. XS1 Exposed to airborne salt, XS2 Permanently submerged.
XS Corrosion induced by chlorides from sea XS3 Tidal splash and spray. XF Freeze thaw attack, AC Chemical attack, Exposure classification. XC Corrosion induced by carbonation, XD Corrosion induced by chlorides. XF1 Moderate water saturation, XS Corrosion induced by chlorides from sea no de icing agent. XF2 Moderate water saturation, de icing agent, XF Freeze thaw attack XF3 High water saturation. no de icing agent, XF4 High water saturation, AC Chemical attack de icing agent.
Exposure classification, XC Corrosion induced by carbonation. XD Corrosion induced by chlorides, XS Corrosion induced by chlorides from sea. XF Freeze thaw attack, AC Chemical attack, Methods of Specifying Concrete. BS 8500 1 2015, a Designated concrete, b Designed concrete. c Prescribed concrete, d Standardized prescribed concrete.
e Proprietary concrete, Designated Concretes, Simple and reliable form of specification widely used. Specified by giving the designated name, Designated Concretes. Basic specification requirements, Concrete designation. Max aggregate size, Consistence class, Designated Concretes. Basic specification requirements, Concrete designation.
Max aggregate size, Consistence class, Restriction relaxation of cement type. Special aggregate requirements, Designated Concrete. BS 8500 2 2015 Table 5, Designed Concretes, Permits flexibility. Suitable for most applications, Strength allowable cement types water cement ratios use of. recycled or secondary aggregates are specified, Designed Concrete.
Basic Specification Requirements, Strength class, Max W C ratio. Cement type and min content, Max aggregate size, Consistence class. Chloride class, Density class, Designed Concrete, Additional Specification Options. Aggregate type including use of recycled aggregate. Fibres if used, Air entrainment, Temperature of the fresh concrete. Heat development during hydration, Concrete constituents.
Water 18 5, Fine Aggregate, stone gravel, Approx proportions of. A typical concrete mix, Reinforcement Admixture, Specifying concrete tips. 1 Specify low carbon cements, Portland cement contributes the. majority of ECO2 to concrete, Carbon footprint of cement production. has reduced by 55 since 1990, Use of cement replacements can reduce.
ECO2 further eg GGBS fly ash, Concrete mix ECO2 of constituents. Ref Table 5 Embodied CO2 for main constituents of reinforced concrete. Specifying Sustainable Concrete The Concrete Centre 2017. Define cements and combinations, Approx gen mix by volume Based on BS 8500 1. Embodied CO2 of concrete, 40 less CO2 than CEM I, Strength Development. Strength ratio 28 days 100, CEM I Same strength, at 3 days at 28 days. CIIA D 8 silica fume SP, 40 CIIA L 15 limestone, CIIB V 30 fly ash.
CIIIA 50 ggbs, CIIIB 70 ggbs, 70 GGBS and 20 CIVB V 50 fly ash. Concrete mix ECO2 of constituents Ref Table 5 Embodied CO2 for main constituents of reinforced concrete Specifying Sustainable Concrete The Concrete Centre 2017 Based on BS 8500 1 GGBS Fly ash Define cements and combinations Approx gen mix by volume GGBS Fly ash

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