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Extraversion Personality Traits and Social Support as Determinants of Coping Copyright. Responses among Individuals with HIV AIDs 2015 Shaheen et al. infected in South and South east Asia in the course of the year coping strategy and seeking social support was correlated with. 2000 The region in 2000 estimated to have 5 8 million adults and psychological adjustment while perceived social support from. children living with HIV AIDS Preventing HIV AIDS in Pakistan family was positively associated with psychological adjustment. Retrieved 2014, Social support play important role in dealing with stress It is. The perception of level of stress associated with HIV AIDS resource against stress which we get from our relationships that. affects the coping style of the individual The perception of high affects individual s perception about stress and coping abilities. level of stress related to the disease was negatively related to It is positively related with enhancing health 11 Asante 12. problem focused coping and positively related to emotion suggested that social support is a key factor in positive health out. focused coping perception of control on the disease was positively comes and wellbeing People who have greater personal resources. related to problem focused coping and negatively related to in the form of social support from family or friends react and. emotion focused coping 5 Baron Byrne described coping as cope better to stress and chronic pain then others Social support. responding to stress in a way that reduces the threat and effects may provide buffer against illness in many ways through the. what a person does feels or thinks in order to master tolerate or behavior related to health the cognition handling of the illness. decrease the negative effects of the stressful situation and physiological response in stressful situations Social support. plays role of moderator in different coping strategies According. According to the above definition coping consists not only. to Edwards 13 factors which enhance adherence of treatment. behavioral efforts but also cognitive strategies to deal with stressful. of HIV AIDS in women family support and having children while. situations Behavioral strategies include engaging in physical. factors which create hindrance in treatment are lack of emotional. activities in order to reduce the negative feelings associated with. support and having partner with HIV AIDS, stress for example using drugs outings expressing anger and. seeking emotional support from friends Cognitive strategies HIV AIDS is a life long phenomenon people experience many. thought process or reappraising the situation to deal with stress social physical and psychological problems Counseling along. for example logical thinking to solve the problem and also simply with antiretroviral therapy assists people to better cope with their. stop thinking about the situation to reducing the negative feelings condition This study s purpose was to investigate relationship. related to the situation between extraversion and problem focused coping and mediating. role of social support in individual with HIV AIDS. Pakenham Rinaldis 6 worked on the utility of stress and. coping model of challenge adjustment to HIV AIDS Results Method. indicated that problem focused coping more social support. high appraisal and low threat appraisal were related to better Participants. adjustment with illness According to Piedmont 7 Personality can Sample consisted of 60 males who were substance addicts at in. be defined as the intrinsic organization of an individual s mental recovery suffering from HIV AIDS age range of participants was. world that is stable overtime and consistent over situations 18 to 50 years mean age 32 years SD 8 4 Through purposive. Every person has a different internal structure which makes them sampling techniques the entire sample was drawn from different. unique from others and enables individual to handle the external hospitals and organizations located in Karachi Pakistan These. demands differently and choose goals and directions in life organizations were dealing with substance addiction with. Recent work in the area of personality uses the five factor collaboration with centers for treatment of HIV AIDS The. model to understand the dimensions of personality in different minimum duration of illness was one year and maximum was six. settings Five factor model is a comprehensive description of years They were all recovered opiate addicts They belonged to. normal personality dispositions which is constructed using lower middle and middle socioeconomic classes were estimated. different theoretical models to predict different life outcomes on the basis of Household expenditure and Survey 2001 Their. Although these factors Neuroticism extraversion openness educational level was from middle grade 8th to graduation. to experience agreeableness and conscientiousness are They were from both family structures nuclear and joint. description of non clinical functioning but provides valuable. information to understand abnormal functioning 7, Demographic information form The Demographic Information. According to Ironson et al 8 personality plays an important. included age gender education family structure socio economic. role in progression of disease in HIV and health related behavior. status job status duration of illness and drug usage. They found that personality traits such as conscientiousness and. extraversion are positively related with positive health out comes. NEO five factor inventory NEO FFI 1 NEO Five factor. in various diseases including HIV while openness extraversion. Inventory NEO FFI is a measure of the five major domains or. and conscientiousness have important role to slow the disease. factors of personality and some traits that define each domain. progression Kardum Krapic 9 concluded that extraversion is. NEO five factors Inventory is a 60 item questionnaire The 5. positively related to problem and emotion focused coping while. domain scales and facet scales of the NEO FFI give comprehensive. Personality traits Social support and HIV AIDS neuroticism assessment personality. and psychoticism were positively related with avoidance coping. The five domains are Neuroticism N Extraversion, style Kathy et al 10 studied the effect of coping strategies. E Agreeableness A Openness to experience O and, and perceived social support on the psychological adjustment.
Conscientiousness C Each domain scale has 12 items The NEO. in intravenous drug users with AIDS They found that the. FFI can be administered in groups or individually The respondent. Citation Shaheen A Ali U Kumar H 2015 Extraversion Personality Traits and Social Support as Determinants of Coping Responses among Individuals. with HIV AIDs J Psychol Clin Psychiatry 4 2 00188 DOI 10 15406 jpcpy 2015 04 00188. Extraversion Personality Traits and Social Support as Determinants of Coping Copyright. Responses among Individuals with HIV AIDs 2015 Shaheen et al. is required to rate items on a 5 point Likert scale ranging from procedure Clinical Psychologists were involved. 1 strongly disagrees to 5 strongly agree The internal consistency. for the NEO FFI was calculated using coefficient alpha Coefficients Stage 2. were 0 86 for N 0 77 for E 0 73 for O 0 68 for A and 0 81 for C At the initial stage researchers met the authorities of different. NEO FFI has demonstrated good cross observer convergent and organizations and hospitals located in Karachi who give treatment. discriminant validity Urdu translation of this scale was used in to substance addicts and patients of HIV AIDS In past decade. this study of identified cases of HIV AIDS were very low and people were. also reluctant to do work in this area After the discussions with. Coping responses inventory adult form CRI Adult 2 authorities who were dealing with these cases under the United. Coping Responses Inventory Adult Form CRI Adult is a measure Nation AIDS Control Programs and Sindh AIDS Control Programs. of coping responses The Inventory consist of 48 items measures the researchers got the list of different hospitals and organizations. eight different types of coping responses which are combined in Karachi Pakistan HIV AIDS patients already diagnosed by. under two approaches Approach coping responses and Avoidance psychiatrist and physician were selected on the basis of purposive. coping responses Sub scales of Approach coping responses are sampling technique Their age was 18 50 For the collection of. Logical Analysis Positive Reappraisal problem solving seeking data formal permission was taken from the concerned authorities. gaudiness and support Sub scales of avoidance coping responses of hospitals and organizations The researcher introduced herself. are Cognitive Avoidance Acceptance Seeking alternative rewards took informed consent built rapport ensures confidentiality and. and Emotional discharge Each scale consists of 6 items CRI Adult briefly told the purpose of research. can be administered individually or in groups In responding to. the CRI Adult individual uses a 4 point scale varying from not at The participants first completed the demographic sheet and. all to fairly often Urdu translation of this scale was used in this NEO five factors Inventory NEO FFI 1 1992 Urdu translation. study After 10 minutes break Coping Responses Inventory Adult. Form 2 Urdu Translation was administered and after a further. Multidimensional scale for perceived social support 3 5 minutes break Multidimensional Scale for Perceived social. Multidimensional Scale for Perceived social support MSPPSS support 3 Urdu Translation Responses were scored according. Urdu translation is a measure of perceived social support to the manuals. perception of social support in context of three specific sources. include family friends and significant others MSPPSS is 12 item Statistical Analysis. questionnaires In order to interpret the data Pearson Product Moment co. Procedure efficient of correlation and a step wise regression analysis were. computed through SPSS Descriptive statistic was also computed. Stage 1 to analyze sample characteristics Table 1 4. First of all the researcher arranged the Urdu translation of Table 1 Mean Age and Duration of Illness. scales used in this research Urdu translations of Multidimensional. Scale for Perceived social support MSPPSS and NEO Five Factor Variables N M SD. Inventory NEO FFI were already available with the publishers. However the Urdu translation of Coping Responses Inventory Age years 60 32 00 8 40. Adult Form CRI Adult was not available Researcher obtains Duration of Illness years 60 2 5 1 26. permission to translate into Urdu language It was translated by. following the procedure of Urdu translation back translation Table 1 Shows that Mean Age of the Sample Is 32 Years and Mean Duration. and then merging selection of best representative items In this of Illness is 2 Years and 5 Months. Table 2 Descriptive Statistics of Demographic Information s of Entire Sample. Variables Frequency Percentages, Middle 8th grade 39 65. Matric 10 grade, a Educational level, Intermediate 12 grade. Graduation 14 grade, Nuclear 26 43 35, b Family System. Joint 34 56 66, Ist born 12 20, c Birth Order Middle born 39 65. Last born 9 15, Table 2 Shows Most of the Substance Addict with HIV AIDS has Lower Educational Level 8th grade 65 and Middle Born 65 and they Belong to.
Both Nuclear and Joint Family, Citation Shaheen A Ali U Kumar H 2015 Extraversion Personality Traits and Social Support as Determinants of Coping Responses among Individuals. with HIV AIDs J Psychol Clin Psychiatry 4 2 00188 DOI 10 15406 jpcpy 2015 04 00188. Extraversion Personality Traits and Social Support as Determinants of Coping Copyright. Responses among Individuals with HIV AIDs 2015 Shaheen et al. Table 3 Mean scores Standard deviation and Pearson product moment Coefficient of correlation between Problem focused coping strategies and. Extraversion E personality traits of Substance Addicts Recovered with HIV AIDS. Variables N M SD r Sig, Extraversion 60 27 00 4 80. 0 420 0 001, Problem Focused Coping 60 35 06 11 80. Table 4 Stepwise Regression Analysis Predicting Problem Focused Coping from Variables of Extraversion E and Social Support S S on Entire Sample. Model Summary ANOVA Coefficient, Unstandardized Standardized. Step I R R Adj R F Sig t Sig, Coefficient Coefficient.
Constant 8 700 7 598 1 145 0 257, Extraversion 0 420 0 176 0 162 12 419 0 001 0 977 0 277 0 420 3 524 0 001. Constant 8 886 8 215 1 081 0 284, Extraversion 0 420 0 176 0 148 6 105 0 004 0 983 0 298 0 423 3 303 0 002. Social support 0 006 009 0 008 0 063 0 950, Showed that Step II Showed that Extraversion Predicts Problem Focused Coping. Note Table 4 Shows that there is a Statistically Significant Relationship between the Variables of Extraversion and Problem Focused Coping r 0 420. Discussion associated with the use of problem focused coping strategies and. seeking more social support which help them to perceive problem. Individuals personality traits affect their tendency to think positively 15 16. feel and act in specific ways which influence their health and. well being Personality characteristics of the individual and social Another study investigated the relationship between active and. network can be important factors in coping with life stressors passive coping with emotional distress and physica. Coping responses inventory adult form CRI Adult 2 Coping Responses Inventory Adult Form CRI Adult is a measure of coping responses The Inventory consist of 48 items measures eight different types of coping responses which are combined under two approaches Approach coping responses and Avoidance coping responses Sub scales of

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