IEA Task 39 Commercializing Liquid Biofuels

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IEA Task 39Commercializing Liquid ntative of Austria in the IEA Bioenergy ExCoIEA Bioenergy, Task 33 WorkshopNovember 4th, 2014, Karlsruhe

What I will talk about Introducing IEA Implementing Agreements IEA Bioenergy IEA AMF IEA Bioenergy Task 39 „Liquid Biofuels“ MeetingsNewsletterPublicationsDemo plant data base Biofuels in Austria Outlook

The International Energy Agency is an autonomous organization to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its 29member countries and beyond focussed on energy security, economic development, environmental awareness and global engagementRead more: we am/

IEA Research Cooperation - r/index.html

Some Implementing Agreements

Strategic Plan 2015-2020Facilitating commercialisation and marketdeployment of environmentally sound,socially acceptable and cost-competitivebioenergy systems and technologies IEA Bioenergy, also known as the Implementing Agreement for a Programme of Research, Development and Demonstration on Bioenergy, functionswithin a Framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). Views, findings and publications of IEA Bioenergy do not necessarily representthe views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or of its individual M ember countries.

Drivers Energy security Low carbon society, GHGemissions reduction Need for robust policy analysis Integration with natural gas Optimisation of the economic,environmental and socialvalue of bioenergyIEA B – an independent bodyto give clear and verifiedinformation on bioenergy

Strategic plan - OBJECTIVES Promote the market deployment Raising public awareness forbiomass by dissemination ofinformation Outreach to new membercountries, industries andorganisationsNew Tasks, special projects Micro- and macro-algae asnovel biomass resources Solar fuels (artificialphotosynthesis) Biomass with carbon captureand sequestration

ACTIONS SUPPORTINGIMPLEMENTATION STRATEGYCollaboration withinternational bodies: FAO,GBEP, IRENA, etc.Membership expansion,particularly in IEA nonmember countries

Collaboration with other IEA IA’s

Implementing Agreement forAdvanced Motor FuelsNew periodeNils-Olof Nylund8.9.2014VTT Technical Research Centre of FinlandVice Chair, AMF 2012

Need for advanced motor fuelsBecause the internal combustion engines will benumber one for the transports in the next decade(s),there is a clear need for fuels delivering:Lower greenhouse gas emissions,Lower local pollution,Enhanced efficiency, andA wider supply base for transportation fuels.It is also necessary to understand the full impact ofalternative energy solutions from a life cycleperspective, and to use solid data for decisions 2012

IEA AMF s approachAMF has established an international RD&Dnetwork and provides unbiased information onclean, energy-efficient, and sustainable fuels andrelated vehicle technology.AMF provides decision makers with a solidfoundation for sustainable mobilityAMF takes regional and local conditions intoconsideration and can facilitate new fuel and vehicletechnologies.AMF strives for increased impact through enhancedcooperation with industry as well as with otherorganizations like government agencies. 2012

MegatrendsIncreasing number of vehiclesAir quality problems due to urbanizationMore unconventional fossil energy sourcesTurning away from nuclear energyGrowing demand for middle distillates(road, aviation, and shipping)Increasing interest in advanced biofuelsAdvancement in engine and after-treatmenttechnologiesEnergy-efficient vehiclesMobility as a service 2012

Performance-based Criteria 2012

IEA BioenergyTransport Biofuels related work 17

IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Helps to commercialize sustainable transportationbiofuels While there are numerous RE options for heat andpower, biofuels are currently the only means ofdisplacing gasoline, diesel an, and aviation fuels

Valuable informations from Task meetingseg. technology development in Finland UMP s HVO 100 000 t/y plant for crude tall oil underconstruction 3 consortia develop BtL processes; two approved to getNER 300 investment aid from the EU, but decision ispending Fortum s 50 000 t/y pyrolysis oil plant undercommissioning; product will be used as heavy oilreplacement in boilers Neste oil pilot plant for the production of microbial oil

Reports and presentations,eg. on drop in biofuelsThe potential and challenges of drop d-challenges-of-drop-in-fuels-members-only/

Drop in biofuels report, summary Oleochemical biofuels:commercial, less H2dependent, potential forgrowth Thermochemical pathwaywell suited for long termdrop in biofuels Biochemical productsmore valuable in growingchemical markets Key challenge for drop inbiofuels and fossil fuelproduction:Cheap & Renewable H2 22

euSlide 23

Advanced biofuel - status in Europe Oleochemical: Neste OilUPM Biofuels Thermochemical: Biomassekraftwerk GüssingGoBiGasChemrecKIT Biochemical AbengoaBeta -biofuels-demonstration-facilities-in-2012/

Biofuels in AustriaSlide 25

Since 2008:Concerns about Biofuels in Europe Food versus fuel debate Rising food and feed prices Direct and indirect land use change emissions Low GG emission reduction potential Biomass availability, competition with material useCOM (2012) 595 aims at a limit of 5 % foodcrop based bio fuelsSlide 26

Biofuels production in Austria and productioncapacity in t/yearBiodiesel

Austria biofuels technolgies industries: Andritz BDI REPOTEC VogelbuschSlide 28

ANDRITZ in 2nd gen EtOH and Buthanol ProductionTypical 2nd GenerationEthanol/ Butanol MillSlide 29

ANDRITZ Commercial scale advanced prehydrolysis and SteamExHorizontal SteamEx reactorSlide 30

ANDRITZ in 2nd Generation Ethanol ProductionReferences: customized demonstration and commercial scale systems:14 Lab / Pilot / Demo Systems FPInnovations (Canada)2 Commercial Scale Systems IHD (Germany) Queensland University ofTechnology (Australia), ZeaChem (USA) Chemtex Rivalta (Italy) Borregaard (Norway) State Grid Xinyuan Co (China) Rentech (Colorado) CTC demo system (Brazil) and others confidential clients31 Chemtex Cresecentino (Italy) Poet Liberty (USA)

BDI‘s integrated waste-to-biofuels conzept pdf/events/20110331 bioenergieforschung 1 4 ahn.pdf

BDIs integrated BioCrack pilot plantat the OMV refinery Schwechat Project duration: April 2010 - 2013 Project cost: 7 Mio Basis: 7,5x7m, height: 21,5m Feed capacity: 100 kg biomass 250 kg heavy oil Pressure: atmospheric; temp.: up to 400 CSlide 33

BioH2-4Refineries: Economic evaluation ofproduction of Bio-hydrogen for a refinery50 MW fuel plant to replace fossil hydrogenEvaluation of the biomass resources available for such a plantBasic - engineering of the gasifier as well as of all other sub units,including pipelines, utility systems, logistic needsOptimal use of by-productsEconomic evaluationSlide 34All components „Ready to market“

20 MW synthesis gas plant in Gothenburg; plant/Follow the construction?Image 2014-01-20Slide 35

VOGELBUSCH- experienced in 2nd gen ethanol: complementing client s 2ndg process with proven EtOH technology Process design for pilot and demo plantsSource: IEA BioenergyConference 2012 Vienna Assist in developing fermentation and separation strategies Equipment supply for separation, distillation and dehydrationSlide 36

VOGELBUSCH: Showcase ProjectsDemo- and pilot plants comprising VB technologies IOGEN, Canada 6,000 l/d ethanol derived from strawINBICON, Denmark53,000 l/d bioethanol derived from wheat strawINEOS BIO, USA90,000 l/d bioethanol derived from green biomassMITSUI, Malaysia1,000 l/d hydrous alcohol derived from EFB (emptyfruit bunches)ABENGOA Energy, USA270,000 l/d bioethanol derived from corn cobs

Multipressure distillationInfluence of alcohol content in mash on steam demandVol% alcohol in mashSlide 38

3 ecoduna hanging gardens algaeproduction sites already in operation:1. ecoduna-plant in Bruck/Leitha,Austria2. Vattenfall Corp. in Senftenberg,Germany3. Kalundborg Symbiosis Cluster,Denmark:www.symbiosis.dk39

OutlookSlide 40

Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area Competitive transport systemin 2050 No more conventionally-fuelled cars incities Shift of medium distance journeys fromroad to rail and water 60% reduction of greenhouse gasmissions 40% low carbon fuels ategies/2011 white paper en.htmSlide 41

IEA Technology RoadmapBiofuels for Transport 2050 27% of total transport fuelpossible - 65 EJ feedstockneeded Improve conventionaltechnologies: efficiency, cost Support demonstration ofadvanced technologies Manage competition forland for food & fibre, andbiomass for heat & powercarefully Trade: from high productiveareas to areas with highconsumption backed by policies whichensures sustainability: food securitybiodiversitypositive social impactssustainable land-use, efficientprocessing ions/publication/biofuels roadmap.pdfSlide 42

Biofuels 2050 Biofuels are stored solar energy with high energydensity and can use existing infrastructure Biofuel can play the major role in future transport . especially where high energy density is needed:long distance transport, aviation, farm tractors . Cooperation between industry, agriculture and policyis a must Feedstock supply is crucial:„No biomass – no biofuels“Slide 43

Stay informed about that whathappens in the Austrianand global biofuels scene Subscribe to the lide 44

Ort, DatumFolie 45Thank you for yourattention!

IEA Biofuel Roadmap: Vision2050:32 EJ 760 Mtoe

Transport in 2050 differ from TodayWorldwide increase of Fright transport caused by growing economy Private transport caused by rising living standardNew traffic system More public transport Innovative solutions in citiesBetter vehicles with less consumption Highly efficient hybrid powertrains Diffusion of BEV and FCVSlide 47

New biofuel drivers - the “BIG CHALLENGES” Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Recognize the right of all human beings to the samelevel of prosperity Aim at a global partnership Develop a “bio economy” based on renewableresources Minus 50 % GGE global, more than 80 % indeveloped countries Liveable traffic system neededWorld population growth:from 7 billion in 2012 to 9 billion in 2050Slide48

IEA Bioenergy, Task 33 Workshop November 4th, 2014, Karlsruhe. . IEA AMF IEA Bioenergy Task 39 „Liquid Biofuels“ . within a Framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). Views, findings and p

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