Process Flow Diagrams REFINERY PROCESS

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DECEMBER 2019Process Flow DiagramsREFINERY PROCESS1Experience In MotionProcess Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSThree Basic Refinery Process FlowsSEPARATIONCONVERSIONSTORAGE AND BLENDINGGasBLENDINGNaphthaKeroseneCrudeFuel OilResidual/AsphaltSeparation Crude Oil intoVarious Fractions Basedon Boiling Point Crude Desalter Atmosphere Crude Unit Vacuum Crude Unit2Process Flow Diagrams — RefineryConverts Lower ValueProducts into High-Demand,Premium Products Residual Conversion Middle Distillate Upgrading Light Ends ProcessingCombines the VariousComponents from theConversion Processesinto End-Use ProductsGasoline

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSKey Refinery Processes and Marketable End Products3Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSKey Refinery Processes with Critical Pump and Control Valves Concept4Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSConversion Process — Typical Distillation Unit Process Desciptions5Process Flow Diagrams — RefineryOne of the other feedstocks to a refinery is hydrogen, which can be used in a hydrotreater, isomerization, FCC, reformer,and a complex, capital-intensive unit.

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSVapor or Flare Examples Using SIHI Vacuum Products Throughout the RefineryTypical Vacuum Pump Package6Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSDetailed Crude Distillation Process with Second-Phase, High-Vacuum Tower7Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSVacuum Distillation Unit (VDU), Enhanced with SIHI Vacuum Systems Options8Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSBasic Delayed Coking Unit9Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSBasic Hydrotreater10Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSTypical Fluid Catalytic Cracker11Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSTypical Hydrocracker Thermal and Pressure Balance Processes12Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSHydrocracker (Simplified)13Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSContinuous Catalytic Reformer (Simplified)14Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSContinuous Bed Process Flow with Primary Control Valves15Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSTypical Alkylation-Unit Flow16Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSVapor Recovery System Process17Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSTypical Vacuum SystemsPRESSURECONTROLVALVE (ValtekMaxFlo 4)18Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSTypical SIHI Liquid Ring Used in Flare Gas19Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSBlending (Mixing) Flow with Key Pump and Control Valves20Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSTypical Amine Treating Process in Refineries21Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMSDeasphalter (Simplified)22Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery

North AmericaLatin AmericaEuropeMiddle EastAfricaAsia-PacificFlowserve Corporation5215 North O’Connor BoulevardSuite 2300Irving, Texas 75039flowserve.comFLS-1013-Diagrams (E/AQ) ASG-Refining, December 2019 2019 Flowserve Corporation. All rights reserved. Kämmer, Logix, NAF, Valbart, Valtek, Flowserve, and the Flowservedesign are registered marks of Flowserve Corporation. All other marks are the property of their respective owners.

REFINERY— PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAMS 5 Process Flow Diagrams — Refinery Conversion Process — Typical Distillation Unit Process Desciptions One of the other feedstocks to a refinery is hydrogen, which can be used

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