Airframe Assembly, Rigging And Inspection (Course Outline .

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-ED 092 691TITLEINSTITUTIONPUB DATENOTEEDRS PRICEDESCRIPTORSIDENTIFIERSDOCUMENT RESUMECE.001 420Airframe Assembly, Rigging and'Inspection (CourseOutline), Aviation Mechanics 2 (Air Frame):9065.02.Dade County Public Schools, Miami, Fla.7133p,.; An Authorized:Course of Instruction for theQuinmester Program5F-30.75 BC41:85 PLUS POSTAGE .*Assembly (Manufacturing);*Aviation Mechanics;*Aviation Technology; Course Content; CourseObjectives; *Curriculum Guides; Equipment Evaluation;*Equipment Maintenance; Inspection; Job Skills:.Performance Criteria; Technical Education*Quinmester ProgramABSTRACTThis document presents an outline for 135-hour coursedesigned to familiarize the student with the manipulative skills andknowledge concerning airframe assembly, rigging, and inspectiontechniques in accordance with Federal Aviation Agency regulations.The aviation maintenance technician must be able to demonstrate aknowledge of assembly methods used in current type aircraft, theability to rig current types of control systems, the methods used inaircraft inspection, and the ability' to assume, the responsibilityinherent in the aviation maintenance technician occupation. The'behavioral objectives and performance standards necessary for aperson to become an airframe assembler, rigger, or inspector arespecified. A 20-item bibliography, a list of five filmstrips, and aQuinmester posttest sample are included. (KP)

AUTHORIZED COURSE OF INSTRUCTION FOR THEAVIATION MECHANICS 2 (Air Frame)(Airframe Assembly, Rigging & Inspection)Department 48 - Course9065.02.DIVISION OF INSTRUCTION-1971

DADECOUNTY1 4 3132Course OutlineAVIATION MECHANICS 2 (Air Frame)(Airframe Assembly, Rigging & Inspection)Department48 -Course 9065.02the division ofVOCATIONAL; TECHNICAL AND ADULT EDUCATION

DADE COUNTY SCHOOL BOARDMr. William Lehman, ChairmanMr. G. Holmes Braddock. Vice-ChairmanMrs. Ethel BeckhamMrs. Crutcher HarrisonMrs. Anna Brenner MeyersDr. Ben SheppardMr. William H. TurnerDr. E. L. Wigham, Superintendant of SchoolsDade County Public SchoolsMiami, Florida 33132Published by the Dade County School Board

Course Descriptiori9065State CategoryNumber489065.02County Dept: County CourseNumberNumberAirframe Assembly,Rigging and InspectionCourse TitleA basic course to familiarize the student with the manipulative skills and knowledge concerning airframe assembly,rigging and inspection techniques in accordance with FAA:regulations.Indicator of Sutcess: Successful completion of courses9073.01, 9073.02, 9073.03 and 9073.04.

PREFACEThe course outline that follows has been prepared as aguide to help the trainee acquire the knowledge and becomeproficient in the skills associated with airframe assembly,rigging and inspectibn. Successful completion of thiscourse plus courses 9065.01, 9065.03, and 9065.04 will provide the trainee with,the skills and knowledge required topass the Airframe Structures section of the Federal AviationAdministration examination for the Airframe Mechanic'sLicenses Courses 9073.01, 9073.02, 9073.03 and 9073.04 areprerequisites.for this course, This course is composed oftwo blocks of several units each requiring one quinmester of135 hours. Great emphasis will be placed on the use of audiovisual aids and instruction sheets of various types. A listof behavioral objectives the trainee will be required toperform is included. Following each unit title will be foundin parentheses several letters and numbers designatingthetime spent in terms of theory and shop work. EIT indicatesestimated instructional time, T Indicates time spent. intheory or classroom work, and L/S Indicates time spent inlaboratory or shop work.'The level 1 following a unit indicates, the student-musthave knowledge of general principles but no practical application nor manipulative skill. Instruction is given by

lecture, demonstration, discussion, and limited practicalapplication.The level 3 following a unit indicates, the student musthave knowledge of general principles and performance, of ahigh degree of pfacticalapplication, and sufficient manipulative skill to accomplish return to service. Instructionis given by lecture,. demonstration, discussion, and a highdegree of practical application.This outline was developed through the cooperativeefforts'of the instructional and supervisory personnel: theQuinmester Advisory Committee, and the Vocational TeacherEducation Service, and has been approved by the Dade County-Vocational Curriculum Committee.

TABLE OF CONTENTSBreakdownwith Suggested HourlyPage1ivPREFACEGOALSBLOCKASSEMBLY AND RIGGING (99 hours)Rigging a Fixed . Wing AircraftRigging a Rotary Wing AircraftChecking Alignment of StructuresAssemble Aircraft.Balance and Rig Movable SurfaceJack AircraftII. AIRFRAME INSPECTION .(36 hours)Perform Airworthiness Inspections- Conformity Inspection145666II. QUINMESTER POST TESTBEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVESBIBLIOGRAPHYAPPENDIX: QUINMESTER POST TEST SAMPLE7'16'20

GOALSThe aviation maintenance- technician must be able todemonstrate:.1. A knowledge of assemblyaircraft,methods used in current type2. The ability to rig current types of control systems.3The methods used,in aircraft inspection.4. The ability to assume the responsibility inherent inthe aviation maintenance technicians occupation.

Course OutlineAVIATION MECHANICS 2 (Air Frame)(Airframe Assembly, Rigging & Inspection)Department 48 -Course 9065.02ASSEMBLY AND RIGGING (99 hours)A. Rigging a Fixed Wing Aircraft2) (EIT-15 hrs) (T-7 hrs) (L/S-8 hrs)(Level1. Use of Correct Nomenclaturea. Classification by powerplant type(1) Jet'(2) Piston ,(3) Powerless(4) Rocketb. Classification by powerplant arrangementTractor(2 Pusher(3) Tandem14) Hip style installationc. Classification by wing configuration anddesign(1) Straight wing(2) Tapered wing(3) Swept wing(.4) Delta wing(5) Elliptical wing(6).Distinguish between a high wing lowand mid-wing and parasol wing(7) Distinguish betwe.en a full cantileverand ,a, semi-cantilever wing destgnDiehedral. cathedral, polyhedral(9) Bi-plane and monoplaned. Classification by-tail surface configuration(1)- Multifinned or "V" tail aircraft(2).,Cantilever tails(3). Slab or flying tails(4) Stabilators, elevons and ruddervators.(5) Ventral and dorsal fins'e. Nomenclature of aircraft 'fuselage(1) Monocoque(2) Semi-monocoque(3) .Truss type(4) Pressufized and non-pressurized(5) Amphibian

I. .ASSEMBLY.AND RIGGING (Contd.)'f. ,Nomenclature of aircraft wings '(1) Wire traced and cabane struts(2)' , Leading edge and trailing edge(3) Spar configurations(4) Wet and dry wings(5) Airfoil design and camber(6) Wing tip root and butts(7) Attache anglesg. Nomenclature of aircraft wings(1) Wing slots. and wing slats(2) Lift, diehedral, and incidence struts(3) Wing fences.(4) Wing chord and N.A.C.C. code(5) Vortex generators(6) Laminar flow airfoilsh. Empennage and control surface(1) Vertical stabilizers(2) Rudders(3) Horizontal Atabilizers(4) Flaperons(5) Factors involved in trimm tabs(6) Control surface -droop(7.) Differential thrOw(8) Dive brakes(9) Control surface' balancing10) Static and dynamic balancingi. Describe the function of the following(1) Surface hinges(2) Bellcranks.(3) Fairleads(4) Pulleys(5) Power boosted controls(6) Artificial feel devices(7) Balance curtainsj.' Landing gears(1) Multi contact or boggle type(2) A crosswind landing gear(3) Methods used to retract landing gears(4) Landing gear doors .(5) Emergency extension .'(6) Shock struts

ASSEMBLY AND RIGGING (Contd.)2. Interpret Theory of Flighta. The atmosphere(1) Temperature, density, and humidity(2) Aircraft performance in varioustemperatures(3) Standard dayb. Lift and Drag. (1) Various types of stalls(2)Resultant effect(3) Characteristicsc. Airfoil and streamlined shapes(1) Pressure versus drag(2)Drag versus shaped. Drag components(1) Different. types of drag(2) Boundary layer, laminar flows. Characteristics of airfoils(1) Airfoil shapes versus lift/drag(2) Airfoil shape versus low/and high speedf. Lift and drag devices(1) Define the different types of flapsof slots and slata02 The(3)Wingspoilersandtheireffeg. Thrust(1) Different types of.thrust producingengines(2) Rocket engines, versus air breathingenginesh. Stability and control. (1) Explain lift, thrust, drag and gravity(2) Explain stability(3) Static and dynamic(4) Explain the center of gravity range(5) The function of a variable plane(6)Explain the different stabilities antheir axes(7) The control surface that controlsmovement about each axis(8) The names' of each movement about itsaxes(9) Descrlbe the action of a servo or boostertab

I. ASSEMBLY AND RIGGING (Contd.)1.Maneuvers(1) Stability about the aircraft axes(2) Explain the flight condition an aircraft is rigged to(3) Explain the reasons for somerestrictions(4) The effect of gusts and turbulence onan aircraft(5) Wing loading and power loading comparedto performanceB, Rigging of Rotary Wing Aircraft(Level - 1) (EIT-13 hrs) (T-13/hrs) (L/S 0 hrs)1. NomenClature applicable to Rotary Wing Aircrafta. Rotary wing characteristicSb. Axes of rotor crafto. Primary flight controlsd. Maintenance concepts2. Rotary wing theory of flighta. Liftb. Drago. Thrustd. TorqueC. Checking Alignment of Structures(Level - 2) (EIT-16 hrs) (T-4 hrs) ((L/S-12 hrs)1. Reading.Stations Diagramsa. Fuselage station -numbering systemsb. Wing station numbering systems2. Using Manufacturer's Manualsa. Rig offset alignment of tail surfaceb. Procedure to measure angle of incidence,diehedralc. Offset thrust lines of enginesd. Checking alignment, gear, wing and tailD.Assemble Aircraft,(Level - 3) (EIT-11 hrs) (T-10 hrs) (L/S-10 hrs)1. Assembly of Componentsa. Bolted installationsb. Aircraft nutsc. Safetying devicesd. Screws

' I. .ASSEMBLY AND RIGGING (Contd.)2. Final Assemblya. Torque requirementsb. Final InspectionE. Balance and Rig Movable Surface(Level - 3) (EIT-39 hrs) (T-7 hrs) (L/S-32 hrs)1. Identify Aircraft Control Cablea. Types of control cable(1) Non flexible(2) Flexible(3). Extra flexible(4) Fiber coresb. Size of cablec. Materials2. Cable terminalsa. Nicopress terminalsb. Swaged terminalsc. Cutting control cables3. Verifying control responsea. Control movement and resultantcontrol surface displacementb. Control surface displacement- andresultant action of the airplanec. Effect of tabs on primary control surfaces,Controllable flaps, slots and high-lifthigh drag devicese. Control locks4. Install and tension a control cable, Inspect acable control systema. Removal and installation of cablesb. Tension of cablesc. Standard cable hardwared. Control surface travel5. Static balance of a control surfacea. Balanced control surfaces(1) Static balance(2) Aerodynamic balanceb. Check balance of a control surfacec. Recommend corrective action to balance thesurfaceInspect and adjust push-pull control systeMsa. Push-pull and torque tube type actuatingsystemsb. Inspection and adjustment of push-pull systems

I. ASSEMBLY AND RIGGING (Contd.)F. Jack Aircraft(Level - 3) (EIT-5 hrs) (T-2 hrs) (L/S-3 hrs)1. Raise Aircrafta. Jacking equipment and proceduresb. Prepare area and equipment for jackingc. Raise and lower the airplane2. Level aircraft on jacksa. Plumb bobb. Inclinometerc. Transit levelII. AIRFRAME INSPECTION (36 hour-8)A. Perform Airworthiness Inspections(Level - 3) (EIT-18 hrs) (T-4 hrs) (L/S-14 hrs)1. One Hundred Hour Inspectiona. Items inspectedb. Records2. Annual Inspectiona. Items inspectedb. Recordsc. Inspection authorization3Progressive Inspections:.a. Segmentsb. Individual approvalB. Conformity Inspection(Level - 3) (EIT-18 hrs) (T-4 hrs) (L/S-14.hrs)1. Airworthiness Directive Notesa. "Service lettersb. Equipment list2. Federal Aviation RegulationsIII. QUINMESTER POST TEST

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVESBLOCK I - ASSEMBY AND RIGGINGA. Rigging a Fixed Wing Aircraft1. Use of Correct NomenclatureGiven:Information sheets illustrating propulsiondevices (propeller, jet and rocket, fuselage,wing and tail configuration. landing geararrangements, and appropriate referencemanuals).Performance:The student will label the sketches in the'information sheets tp classify the types ofpowerplants and the design features of theairplane.Standard:'The student will correctly identify and label80 percent of the features appearing in thedrawings or sketches.2. Interpret Theory of FlightCiven:Information sheets containing unlabeled linedrawings or sketches illustrating the aerodynamics of flight and/or a model of a fixedwing airplane.Performance:The student will explain the aerodynamics offlight, interpret the theories and describethe design features related to lift, thrust,stability and control of fixed wing aircraft.Using a three-view plan, drawing, sketch ormodel airplane. the student willa.' Identify, and label the three axes of theaircraft.b. Illustrate the displacement or motion ofan airplane About each of the three axesc. Describe the aerodynamic forces actionupon an airplane in flightd. Describe the design features which contribute to the stability of the airplane

e. Illustrate the relationship between centerof pressure and center of gravity at threedifferent angles of attack. With theaileron and flap in variouh displacedpositions, the student will illustratethe movement of the center of pressureon the airfoil.Standard:The student will use correct nomenclaturewhen labeling diagrams or describing aerodynamic effects. Illustrations will becorrectly labeled.B. Rigging of Rotary WingAircraft1. Nomenclature Applicable to Rotary Wing AircraftGiven:Information sheets containing unlabeleddrawings of rotary wing aircraft and appropriate rotary wing reference manuals.Performance:The student will label the drawings, identifying the three axes of a rotorcraft and themovement about each of the axes induced byoperation of the fligrit controls. He willlocate information in the manual which willenable him to recognize and explaina. The cause and effect of blade stall whenhelicopters are operating at high speedO. The cause of vertical vibrationsc. The methods of tracking main rotor bladesd. The preparations required prior to rigginga rotorcraftStandard:The drawings will be correctly labeled.Correct nomenclature will be used throughoutthe explanations.2.Rotary Wing Theory of FlightGiven:Information pertaining to flight 'characteristics of rotary wing aircraft.Performance:The student will explain'the effects of lift,thrust drag and torque on rotary wing aircraft.Standard:The student will demonstrate his knowledge by

satisfactorily completing a 10 question test,pertaining to the theory of flight of rotarywing aircraft.C. Checking Alignment of Structures1.ReadGiven:.Information pertaining to certain referencepoints on the fuselage, manufacturer's manualsand specifications.Performance:The student will locate several points ofreferepce,by using fuselage stations numbersloft lines, water lines and model linesStandard:The points of reference shall be checked bythe instructor in accordance with themanufacturer's specifications. 2. Using Manufacturer's ManualsGiven:Written procedure sheets, appropriatereference manual and an airplane or aircraftmock-up with an airplane fuselage, landinggear, wing structure and empennage.Performance:The student will level the fuselage andverify alignment of the structure. 'On aninternalay braced wing section; the studentwill use tools and make adjustments to ensurethe alignment of the wing spars, squarenessof bays and tension of the bracing. Usingthe data available 1n the manufacturer's.manuals, he wIll.interpret the informationand make the measurements necessary toverify the alignment of landing gear, wingsand fixed tail' surfaces.Standard:All measurements will be made in accordancewith the procedures provided. *Adjustmentswill be made as needed to align the structurewithin the tolerances specified in themanuals.

D. Assemble Aircraft1. Assembly of ComponentsGiven:An assembly project, mock-up panel or anidentifiable assembly of typical airplane (landing, gear, controlsurface, etc.) and a procedure sheet,drawing or maintenance manual.Performance:The student will identify and select therequired hardware (bolts,nuts, screws, etc.),from an assortment or supply room. He willinstall, torque and safety these fastenerson the mock-up panel or in the assembly.Standard:The procedure; torque valves and Safetieswill be in accordance with the proceduresheets;'- drawings or the manufacturer's manuals.Final AssemblyGiven:The proper hardware to use for the installation of given components, and their correcttorque requirements given in the manufacturer'smanual. Performance':The student shall explain to theinstructorthe proper manuals and the installationtechniques involved for flight safety.Standard:The student shall install on mock-ups, andpresent assembled components to the instructor,for proper hardware selection, torque valvesand safetying for safe flight.E, Balanceand Rig Movable Surfaces1. Identify Aircraft Control CableGivensAssorted samples of aircraft control cables,identification tags, and reference catalogsor appropriate publications.Performance:The student will measure the diameter of eachcable, determine the material from which thecable was manufactured, tag the cable,

Identifying the diameter type, material andapproximate tensile strength.Standard:Identification of the cable diameter, type,-and material will be without error. Tensile.strength will be identified in accordancewith reference information.2. Cable TerminalsGiven:A 24 inch length of 7 x 19 aircraft controlcable, a project jig and the appropriate. terminals'and tools, AC 43413-1 or equivalentpublication,Performance:The student will install a nicopress sleeveand thimble at one end of the cable and aswaged fitting at the other end. .He will cut.the cable in. two and splice with nicopresssleeves to the predetermined dimensions ofthe project jig.Standard:All procedures will comply with the quality.standards of AC 43.13-1 or equivalent publication.3. Verifying Control'ReeponseGiven:A completely assembled airplane with operatingprimary and secondary flight controls and adiagram, drawing or sketch of the controlsurfaces, of the airplane.Performance:The student will, while seated in the pilotor co-pilot position, physically move eachprimary and secondary flight control. On thedrawing or sketch, he will write the directionthat the control surface moves and the reactionof the airplane to this applied control. Hewill explain the purpose of differentialcontrol and thefunction or control surfacelocks.Standard:The diagrams will be correctly labeled andexplanations will be without error.

4. Install and Tension a Control Cable, Inspect aControl Cable SystemGiven:A specified make and model of airplane, theassociated service manual, a replacementcontrol cable for one of the flight controls,.appropriate tools, and an inspection report,'form.Performance:The student will install an elevator, rudder,or aileron cable, use a tensiometer toestabliSh correct cable tension, safety allturnbuckles and attaching devices inaccordance with the service manual. He willinspect the control- systems of-the airplanefor cable wear, tension, pulley wear and rotation, swaged terminal slippage, turnbuckelsafety, corrosion and control surface travel,And record discrepancies on a report form.Standard:' Work accomplished will be of return-to-flight,quality. /Discrepancies found during inspectionof the control system will be recorded inaccordance with Chapter 4, AC 43.13-1 and theairplane service manual.5: Static Balance of a Control SurfaceGiven:A balanced type aircraft control, surfacewhich is not in balance and the manufacturer'sservice instructions.Performance:The student will interpret the manufacturer'sinstructions', follow procedure and use equipment to check the unbalance of the controlsurface. He will recommend correct action tobalance the. surface.Standard:-The corrective action recommended by thestudent will be in accordance with the pro.cedure recommended in the manual.6, Inspect and Adjust Push-Pull ControlGiven:Written procedures and inspection report formsand an airplane incorporating a push-pullcontrol system.

Performance:The student will.inspect the bellcrankspush-pull tubes, rod ends, guides, adjustthe. trivel of, the movable control surfacesand safety the control system in accordancewith the service manual for that particularmake and model of aircraft.Standard;Inspections, adjustments and safetying ofthe system will meet return-to-flightstandards.F. Jack AircraftRaise AircraftGiven:.A specified make and model airplane;associated service manual, jacks, jack pads,and ballast.Performance:The student will use the appropriate equipMent, ballast, and follow procedures toraise and subsequently lower the aircraft.Standard:'Jacking of the airplace will be in accordancewith the procedure detailed in the service2. Level Aircraft on JacksGiven:Manufacturer's manuals, and equipment neededto level aircraft.Performance:The student will level aircraft in accordancewith manufacturer'srecommendations.Standard:The aircraft will be checked to insure thatthe student has properly leveled the aircraftabout its longitudinal and lateral axis. .BLOCK II - AIRFRAME INSPECTIONA. Perform Airworthiness Inspections1. One Hundred Hour InspectionGiven:Manufacturer's and FAA manuals, written

procedures and forms, and a completelyassembled airplane.Performance:the student will 'accomplish a 100 hourinspection of the airplane and record theConditions disclosed as a result of theinspection.Standard:The procedures, nomenclature and ,technicalterms used to describe the conditionsdetected by the inspection will reflect,return-to-flight standards.2. Annual InspectionGiven:Manufacturer's and'FAA manuals, writtenprocedures and forms, and a completelyassembled airplane.Performance:The student will accomplish an annualinspection of the airplane and record theconditions disclosed as a result of theinspection.Standard:The procedures nomenclature and technical.terms used to describe the conditionsdetected by the inspection'will reflect'return-to-flight standards.3. Progressive InspectionGiven:Manufacturer's inspection requirements andFAA'inspection requirementsPerformance:The student shall. explain how the menufacturer's inspection requirements and theFAA inspection requirements are. broken downinto small segments so the aircraft willhave more utiltzation time. The studentwill explain the FAA. 'requirements for. progressive inspections.Standard:The student will answer 8 out of 10 questionson progressive inspections.

B. Conformity Inspection1. Airworthiness Directive NotesGiven:Typical aircraft, and a random sample ofapplicable airworthiness directive notes.Performance:,The Student shall inspect the aircraft forcompliance, or non-compliance, And methodof compliance with airworthiness directivepotesStandard:The student shall determine compliance ornon-compliance, and the method of compliance.2. Federal Aviation RegulationsGiven:Manufacturer's and FAA manuals, writtenprocedures and forms, and a completelyassembled airplane.Performance:The student will accomplish a conformityinspection of the airplane and record theconditions disclosed as a result of theInspection,Standard:,The procedures, nomenclature and technicalterms used to describe the conditionsdetected by the inspection will reflectreturn-to-flight standards.

BIBLIOGRAPHY(Airframe Assembly, Rigging & Inspection)Basic References:1. Bent, Ralph D., and McKinley, James L. Basic sciencefor Aerospace Vehicles. 3rd ed. New York: ,McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1963. Pp. 320.2. Bent, Ralph D., And McKinley, James L. Maintenanceand Repair of Aerospace Vehicles. 3rd ed. NewYork: McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc, 1967.Pp. 358.3. Overby, Charles A. Aircraft and Missle Design andMaintenance Handbook. let ed. New'York: TheMcMillan Company, 1960. Pp. 320.SUpplementary References:1. Bent, Ralph D. and McKinley, James L. AircraftMaintenance and Repair. 1st ed. New York:McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1955. Pp. 444.2.,Betz, W. E. Aircraft Handbook. 3rd ecl. Miami:Dade Cpunty B.P.I. Division of Vocational,Technical and Adult Education, 1960. Pp. 60.3. Brimm, D. J., and Boggess, H. E. Aircraft Maintenance,1st ed. New York: Pitman Publishing Corporation,1950. Pp. 475.4. Chapel, Charles Edward, and Bert, Ralph D. .AircraftBasic Science, 1st ed. New York: McGraw-HillBook Company, Inc., 1953. Pp. 440.5Conway, H. G. Aircraft liydraulic5. 1st ,ed. London,England: Chapman and Hall. Limited, 1957. Pp. 344.6.Department of Air Force. Air Force Manual 52-11.Airframe Maintenance. 1st ed. Washington, D.C.:T.S. Government Printing Office. 1964. Pp. 314.

7.Gentle, Ernest J.' Aviation and Space Dictionary.' 4th ed., Los Angeles: Aerd Publishers, Inc.,1961. Pp. 444.8. Lesley, Hubert G. Airplane Maintenance. 1st ed.New York: John Wesley and Sons, 1940. Pp. 509.9. Northrup Institute of Technology. Aircraft Maintenanceand Repair: 1st ed. New York: McGraw-Hill BookCompany, Inc., 1955. Pp. 444.10. U.S. Bureau of Naval Personnel. Aircraft Hydraulics,Navpers 10332-Ai. .1st ed. Washington, D.C.: U.S.Government Printing Office, 1951. Pp. 291.Federal Aviation' Publications:1.: Federal Aviation Administration. Acceptable Methods,Techniques, and Practices-Aircraft' Inspection and Repair,'Advisory Circular 43.13-1. Washington',D.C.: U,S.Government Printing Office, 1965.Pp. 232.2. Federal Aviation Administration. 'Acceptable Methods,rechniquea, and Practices-Aircraft Alterations,Advisory Circular A3.13-2. Washington, D.C.:U.S. Government Printing Office, 1965. Pp.74.3. Federal Aviation Administration. Aircraft Engineand Propeller Type Certificate Data Sheets.Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government PrintingOffice, 1968.4.' Federal Aviation Administration, Aircraft Type Certificate Data Sheet and Specifications. .Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government PrintingOffice, 1967.5. Federal Aviation Administration. Airframe and Powerplant Mechanics Examination Guide, Advisory Circular 65-2A. Washington, D.C.: U.S. GovernmentPrinting Office, 1969. Pp. 63.

6. Federal Aviation Administration. Federal AviationRegulations Parts: 1, 23, 25, 27, 29, 33, 35,37, 39, 43, 45, 47, 65, 91 and 145. Washington,D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969.7. Federal Aviation Administration. Summary of Supplemental Type Certificates. Washington, D.C.:U.S. Government Printing Office, 1965.Films:1. Airplane Mechanic, The. 16mm. 10 min. Black andWhite. Sound. Jam Handy.2. Airplane Structures. 16mm. 45 min. Black andWhite. Sound. Jam Handy.3. Building PBY. 45 min. Black and White. ConSolidatedAircraft Corp.4. Building P-39. 16mm. 25 min. Black and White.U.S. Office of Education.5. DC-8 Story. 16mm. 25 min. Color. Delta Airlines.

APPENDIXQuinmester Post Test Sample

Quinmester Post TestDateScoresMultiple Choice Test ItemsEach question - is followed by four possible answers, select,the best answer and mark your answer sheet accordingly.1. The correct statement concerning a monoplane with wingstruts is1. diehedral is adjusted by the front struts2. angle of incidence is Adjusted by the frontstruts3. wash-in and wash-out are adjusted by the frontstruts4. angle of attack is adjusted by the rear struts2. Directional control of a helicopter equipped wibh a tailrotor is maintained by1. tilting the main rotor disc in the desireddirection2. increasing or decreasing RPM3. changing the angle of the tail rotor blades4, increasing or decreasing the collectivepitch control3. Aircraft differential controls concern the1. tabsaileronsrudderselevatorsWhich of the following statements is true concerningcontrol surface movements?1. Specifications can be found in the typecertificate data sheet or aircraft specifications2. Movement is measured in inches or degrees3. They all have positive stops4. All of the above

5. The direction of a control cable is changed by1.2.3.4.fairleadsferrulespulleysbellcranks6. Which of the. following is true concernihg.a cantileverwing?1. It has2. It has3. It has4. None oftwo lift strutsnon-adjustable lift strutsstrut on each side (1111)one liftthe above7. Control cable regulators1.2.3.4.maintain even cable tension .compensate for high temperaturecompensate'for low temperatureare used to make ground adjustments8. Adjusting elevator trim tabs will affect the aircraftabout which axis?1. Longitudinal2. Vertical3. Lateral4. HOrizontal9. A - semi-monocoque fuselage consists of vertical andlongitudinal members covered with a structural skin.The longitudinal members are called1. frames2. bulkheads3. stringers4. formers10. After swaging a cable to a terminal following manufacturers recommendations, the strength of the swagedfitting should be1. the same as the rated strength of the cable'2. 80% of the rated cable strength3, 50% of the rated cable strength4. 30% of the rated cable strength11. A Universal propeller protractor can be used to measure1. the angle of attack of the wing2. flap movement in degrees3. propeller blade angle movement in inches4. propeller track

12. After swaging a cable terminal fitting, you should checkit with1. x-ray2. a go-no-go gauge3. a relometer to see if it will slip4. the cable'under tension for slippage13. Lowering flaps1. increaSes2. decreasesincreases4. introducesthe angle of attack,the angle of incidencethe camber ofothe airfoildrag aft of the compression line14. When reinstalling a wing on a monoplane with both frOntand rear struts1. adjust angle of incidence with front strut,and wash-in wash-out with rear strut2. struts are fixed length and non-adjustable"3. adjust diehedral with front strut, and wash-inor wash-out with rear strut4. adjust wash-in or wash-out with front strut,and the rear strut is not adjustable15. Severe vertical vibration in a two bladed main rotorhelicopter indicates that the1. engine has developed a severe ignitionmalfunction2. tail rotor pitch is

pass the Airframe Structures section of the Federal Aviation Administration examination for the Airframe Mechanic's Licenses Courses 9073.01, 9073.02, 9073.03 and 9073.04 are prerequisites.for this course, This course is composed of two

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