Series and Parallel Circuits Basics1Name:PerDateSymbols for circuit diagramsDirections:1.Log on to your computer2.Go to the following cuit-construction-kit-dcClick the button that says “Play with sims ”3.Click on the application that says Circuit Construction Kit (DCOnly) It should be the first box.4.Click “Run now.”5.You now have the raw material to create a circuit. Take amoment to look over the site and find all the different materials. Tobuild a circuit you will need several wires, a light bulb, a voltagesource, a voltmeter, and a non – contact ammeter. Play with it to see how to grab and manipulatethese tools.6.Click the reset button.Series Circuits1) Build a simple series circuit that consists of 6 pieces of wire, 1 light bulb, and 1 battery (voltage source).In order to complete the circuit, the red circles at the end of each must overlap. Please note that the light bulbalso has TWO circles. Your circuit is complete and working when the light comes on and the blue dots beginmoving. Call me over to sign your paper once you believe you have completed this task.a. Draw a picture of your circuit here.Call me over to sign your paper once you believe you have completed this task.b. What do you think that the moving blue dots represent?
Series and Parallel Circuits Basics22) Use the tools at the side to get a voltmeter and a Non-contact ammeter. Put the voltmeter near the batteryand place the red probe at one end and the black probe at the other.a. What is the voltage?b. Now switch the ends of the battery that the red and black probes touch thebattery.c. What is the new voltage?d. In electronics, many things are color coded, meaning the color represents aspecific condition of the wire being connected. Since voltage is a measurement of the power(driving force) of the electrons, in which voltage reading makes sense?Electrons collect on the negative terminal of the battery. If you connect a wire between the negative andpositive terminals, the electrons will flow from the negative to the positive terminal as fast as they can (andwear out the battery very quickly -- this also tends to be dangerous, especially with large batteries, so it is notsomething you want to be doing). Normally, you connect some type of load to the battery using the wire.The load might be something like a light bulb, a motor or an electronic circuit like a radio.e. From what you have already read and observed, does the red color represent the Positive sideor the negative side? Explain your answer.3) Place the ammeter crosshairs over the moving blue dots. What is the reading?a. What does this tell us about the circuit?Amperage is the amount of electrical current flowing through a circuit. It is measured in amperes,abbreviated amps. In practical terms, the ampere is a measure of the amount of electric charge passing apoint per unit time. Around 6.241 1018 electrons, or one coulomb, passing a given point each secondconstitutes one ampere.4) Use the right click button to play with the resistance and voltage of the battery. Make observations onhow changing each of these two settings in the battery affects the readings on the voltmeter and ammeter.Record your observations below. Be sure to record the changes you made and then the effects.
Series and Parallel Circuits Basics35) Click the advanced tab and alter the resistivity of the wire. Record your observations.Click the reset button to begin working on a parallel circuit.Parallel Circuits6) Parallel circuits provide more than one path for electrons to move. Sketch a parallel circuit that includes10 wires, 2 light bulbs and 1 voltage source.Call me over to sign your paper once you believe you have completed this task.7) Create the above parallel circuit using the simulator tool. The blue dots will be moving and both lightswill be on once the circuit is complete.8) Use the voltmeter and non-contact ammeter to measure electron flow and push.a. Voltage:Ammeter:b. How does this compare with your observations in the series circuit? Is this surprising? WHYor WHY NOT?c. Alter resistance of both resistors and voltage and record your observations below.d. Now right click on one of the wires connected to a light bulb. Remove the wire and recordyour observations.
Series and Parallel Circuits Basics4e. Does this affect the voltage, amperes, or visually change the appearance of the light bulb?f. Replace the wire. Now remove one of the wires touching the voltage source. What happened?Click the reset button.Complex CircuitsWhen you combine together series circuits and parallel circuits, youcreate some pathways that allow the electrons to be able to travel inmore than one wire.9) Create the circuit as shown to the right and change the voltageof the battery to 30 V. Initially set the resistance to 10 ohms(the greek leter capital omega (Ω) is the symbol used to labelohms). Now using your voltmeter and ammeter, measure thevoltage and amperage of each resistor. Then using Ohm’s law,(voltage (V) amperage (I) times resistance (R) , calculate the resistance for each resistor or pair of resistorsin each circuit.10) After you fill I the tables below, answer the following questions:a. What effect does it make to have R2 & R3 in parallel andnot series?b. How could you replace R2 and R3 with a single resistor sothat the Voltage, amperage and resistance at R1 does notchange?
Series and Parallel Circuits Basics5Voltage in e(A)(Ω)CalculatedresistanceR V/IR1R2R3R4R5Before the parallelcircuitAfter the parallelcircuitTotal of R1,Parallelcircuit, R4 & R5Now change each of the resistors so they each have a different value and repeat the measurements ce(Ω)R1R2R3R4R5Before the parallelcircuitAfter the parallelcircuitTotal of R1,Parallelcircuit, R4 & R5Amperage(A)CalculatedresistanceR V/I
Series and Parallel Circuits Basics 3 5) Click the advanced tab and alter the resistivity of the wire. Record your observations. Click the reset button to begin working on a parallel circuit. Parallel Circuits 6) Parallel circuits provide more than one path for electrons to move. Sketch a parallel circuit that includes
Contemporary Electric Circuits, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall, 2008 Class Notes Ch. 9 Page 1 Strangeway, Petersen, Gassert, and Lokken CHAPTER 9 Series–Parallel Analysis of AC Circuits Chapter Outline 9.1 AC Series Circuits 9.2 AC Parallel Circuits 9.3 AC Series–Parallel Circuits 9.4 Analysis of Multiple-Source AC Circuits Using Superposition 9.1 AC SERIES CIRCUITS
Overview of Series-Parallel Circuits A series-parallel circuit, or combination circuit, combines both series and parallel connections. Most electronic circuits fall into this category. Series-parallel circuits are typically used when different voltage and current values are required from the same voltage source. Series components form a series .
The Series-Parallel Network In this circuit: R 3 and R 4 are in parallel Combination is in series with R 2 Entire combination is in parallel with R 1 Another example: C-C Tsai 4 Analysis of Series-Parallel Circuits Rules for analyzing series and parallel circuits apply: Same current occurs through all series elements
Lab Experiment 7 Series-Parallel Circuits and In-circuit resistance measurement Series-Parallel Circuits Most practical circuits in electronics are made up combinations of both series and parallel circuits. These circuits are made up of all sorts of components such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, transistors and integrated circuits.
Series-Parallel Circuits If we combined a series circuit with a parallel circuit we produce a Series-Parallel circuit. R1 and R2 are in parallel and R3 is in series with R1 ǁ R2. The double lines between R1 and R2 is a symbol for parallel. We need to calculate R1 ǁ R2 first before adding R3.
Lesson 1: DC Series Circuits 1-1 Practice Exercise 1-29 Answer Key and Feedback 1-34 Lesson 2: Series-Parallel Circuits 2-1 Part A: Series Circuits Connected in Parallel 2-2 Part B: Parallel Circuits Connected in Series 2-15 IT0334 ii
Holiday Light Series and Parallel Circuits Lesson Focus Demonstrate and discuss simple circuits and the differences between parallel and serial circuit design and functions. Lesson Synopsis The series and parallel circuits’ activity encourages students to test two different circuit designs through the use of low voltage light bulbs.
SERIES-PARALLEL DC CIRCUITS OBJECTIVES 1. Test the theoretical analysis of series-parallel networks through direct measurements. 2. Improve skills of identifying series or parallel elements. 3. Measure properly the voltages and currents of a series-parallel network. 4. Practice applying Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws, the current divider
circuits, all the current flows through one path. In parallel circuits, current can flow through two or more paths. Investigations for Chapter 9 In this Investigation, you will compare how two kinds of circuits work by building and observing series and parallel circuits. You will explore an application of these circuits by wiring two switches .
Activity 1b - Introduction to Series & Parallel Circuits In this lab, we will consider two ways of connecting circuit elements: series and parallel . For both series and parallel circuits, one can change the order of sub-circuit components (e.g., a lightbulb or a resistor) without changing what the circuit does.
E1.1 Analysis of Circuits (2017-10110) Resistor Circuits: 2 – 5 / 13 Series: Components that are connected in a chain so that the same current ﬂows through each one are said to be in series. Series and Parallel 2: Resistor Circuits Kirchoff’s Voltage Law Kirchoff’s Current Law KCL Example Series and Parallel Dividers Equivalent Resistance: Series Equivalent .
Received December 2015. Volume 8, Number 4, 2015 TEACHING RLC PARALLEL CIRCUITS IN HIGH-SCHOOL PHYSICS CLASS Alpár Simon Abstract: This paper will try to give an alternative treatment of the subject "parallel RLC circuits" and "resonance in parallel RLC circuits" from the Physics curricula for the XIth grade from Romanian high-schools,
DC Circuits . Part 3. Combination Circuits. We have learned about the series circuit and the parallel circuit. Both circuits can be examined by the use of Ohm’s Law. Let’s now combine the two circuits to build a more complex circuit. This type of circuit will be called a series/parallel circuit or a combination circuit. Ohm’s Law
Circuit Lab Parallel and Series Circuits . You are going to build 2 series circuits, 2 parallel circuits and one combination circuit and measure the current through and voltage across each resistor. . parallel with each other and in series with a 24Ω resistor.
Simply put, in a parallel circuit current increases but the voltage stays the same, and in a series circuit current stays the same but the voltage decreases. Contents 1 Series circuits 1.1 Current 1.2 Resistors 1.3 Inductors 1.4 Capacitors 1.5 Switches 1.6 Cells and batteries Series and parallel circuits -
Series-parallel DC circuits This worksheet and all related ﬁles are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, . In circuits where ground symbols appear, consider ground as the other side of the power source. . In this series-parallel circuit, resistors R1 and R2 are in series with each other, but resistor R3 is neither .
Lab Activity 3 Series & Parallel Circuits with Solderless Boards Fall 2017 2 Lab3_ET150.docx Introduction Electronics circuits are comprised of combinations of series and parallel systems. Series circuits have all parts connected in a row. There is only one path for current to travel through the circuit.
Series and Parallel Wiring Worksheet When circuits are wired in series, the voltage of each panel is added together, but the amperage remains the same. When circuits are wired in parallel, the voltage of each panel remains the . Series and Parallel Wiring Worksheet AnSWER KEY 1. Total Volts 12 Total Amps 14 2. Total Volts 27 Total Amps .
or (2) a series or parallel combination of two sp circuits. In this paper, we will also investigate a surprisingly powerful subset of series-parallel circuits that we call simple series-parallel (ssp). A two-terminal circuit C is ssp iff C is: (1) a single switch, or (2) a single switch in series or parallel with a
The Development of the Baldrige Excellence Framework and Its Criteria In 1987, the Deputy Director of the National Measurement Laboratory of the US National Bureau of Standards (NBS), Curt Reimann was tasked by President Ronald Reagan, the US Congress, and the director of NBS to create a set of criteria (i.e., standards) to help US manufacturers compete in a global economy. The idea for the .