MHT-CETTRIUMPHTECHEMISTRYNTWritten in accordance with the latest MHT-CET Paper Pattern which includes topics based on Std. XII Sc.and relevant chapters of Std. XI Sc. (Maharashtra State Board)NSalient Features Includes chapters of Std. XII and relevant chapters of Std. XI as per latestMHT-CET SyllabusO Exhaustive subtopic wise coverage of MCQs Quick Review provided for all the chaptersC Important Formulae and Shortcuts provided for relevant chapters Exhaustive coverage of various competitive exam questions Includes MCQs from JEE (Main), NEET (UG) 2015, 2016 and 2017E Includes MCQs upto MHT-CET 2018 Evaluation Test provided at the end of each chapterPL Two Model Question Papers with answers provided at the end of the bookSAMScan the adjacent QR code or visit www.targetpublications.org/tp12760to download Hints for relevant questions and Evaluation Test in PDFformat.Printed at: Repro India Ltd., Mumbai Target Publications Pvt. Ltd.No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, C.D. ROM/Audio Video Cassettes or electronic, mechanicalincluding photocopying; recording or by any information storage and retrieval system without permission in writing from the Publisher.P.O. No. 134889TEID:12760 JUP
PrefaceNT“Triumph Chemistry” is a complete and thorough guide to prepare students for MHT-CETexamination. The content of this book is based on the Maharashtra State Board Syllabus. This book includeschapters of Std. XII Sc. and selected chapters of Std. XI Sc. curriculum as per latest MHT-CET Paper Pattern.Quick Review which summarizes the important concepts of the entire chapter is provided for all the chapters.Formulae that form a vital part of MCQ solving are provided for relevant chapters.MCQs in each chapter are divided into three sections:Classical Thinking: consists of straight forward questions including knowledge based questions.TECritical Thinking: consists of questions that require understanding of the concept.Competitive Thinking: consists of questions from various competitive examinations like JEE, NEET (UG),MHT CET, KCET, GUJ CET, AP-EAMCET (Engineering, Medical), TS-EAMCET (Engineering, Medical),NAssam CEE, BCECE, WB JEE, etc.ECOHints have been provided in downloadable format to relevant MCQs and evaluation test which arebroken down to the simplest form possible.An Evaluation Test has been provided at the end of each chapter to assess the level of preparation of thestudent on a competitive level.Additional chapter Organic Reaction has been provided which includes MCQs based on various organicchemistry concepts.In order to understand how chemistry plays an important role in our day to day life, we have made anattempt to illustrate the same in the form of images/visuals in the related chapters.The journey to create a complete book is strewn with triumphs, failures and near misses. If you thinkwe’ve nearly missed something or want to applaud us for our triumphs, we’d love to hear from you.Please write to us at : [email protected] of luck to all the aspirants!Yours faithfullyAuthorsSAMEdition: FirstDisclaimerThis reference book is transformative work based on textual contents published by Bureau of Textbook. We the publishers are making this reference book which constitutes as fairuse of textual contents which are transformed by adding and elaborating, with a view to simplify the same to enable the students to understand, memorize and reproduce the samein examinations.This work is purely inspired upon the course work as prescribed by the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Pune. Every care has been takenin the publication of this reference book by the Authors while creating the contents. The Authors and the Publishers shall not be responsible for any loss or damages caused to anyperson on account of errors or omissions which might have crept in or disagreement of any third party on the point of view expressed in the reference book. reserved with the Publisher for all the contents created by our Authors.No copyright is claimed in the textual contents which are presented as part of fair dealing with a view to provide best supplementary study material for the benefit of students.
MHT-CET PAPER PATTERN NT There will be three papers of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) in ‘Mathematics’, ‘Physics andChemistry’ and ‘Biology’ of 100 marks each.Duration of each paper will be 90 minutes.Questions will be based on the syllabus prescribed by Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and HigherSecondary Education with approximately 20% weightage given to Std. XI and 80% weightage will be givento Std. XII curriculum.Difficulty level of questions will be at par with JEE (Main) for Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and at parwith NEET for Biology.There will be no negative marking.Questions will be mainly application based.Details of the papers are as given below:TE Approximate No. of Multiple ChoiceQuestions (MCQs) based onSubjectStd. XIPaper IIPaper IIIQuestions will be set oni.ii.Marks40404040402100110011001PhysicsChapters / Units of Std. XIMeasurements, Scalars and Vectors, Force, Friction in solids and liquids,Refraction of Light, Ray optics, Magnetic effect of electric current,Magnetism.Some basic concepts of chemistry, States of matter: Gases and liquids,Redox reactions, Surface chemistry, Nature of chemical bond, Hydrogen,s-Block elements (Alkali and alkaline earth metals), Basic principles andtechniques in organic chemistry, Alkanes.Trigonometric functions, Trigonometric functions of Compound Angles,Factorization Formulae, Straight Line, Circle and Conics, Sets, Relationsand Functions, Probability, Sequences and he entire syllabus of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology subjects of Std. XII, andchapters / units from Std. XI curriculum as mentioned below:Sr. No.2TotalE 1010101010OMathematicsPhysicsChemistryBiology (Botany)Biology (Zoology)Std. XIICPaper IMark(s) PerNPaperBiologySection I – BotanySection II – ZoologyDiversity in organisms, Biochemistry of cell, Plant Water Relations andMineral Nutrition, Plant Growth and Development.Organization of Cell, Animal tissues, Human Nutrition, HumanRespiration.
CONTENTSr. No.TextbookChapterNo.11Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry22States of Matter (Gases and Liquids)35Redox Reactions47Surface Chemistry58Nature of Chemical Bond69Hydrogen710s-Block Elements812913Basic Principles and Techniques in Organic ChemistryAlkanes101Solid State112Solutions and Colligative Properties163123Chemical Thermodynamics and Energetics191134Electrochemistry216145Chemical Kinetics244156General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements264167p-Block Elements282d and f-Block Elements3069Coordination Compounds32310Halogen Derivatives of Alkanes and Arenes34411Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers37512Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids40913Compounds Containing hemistry in Everyday Life491Organic Reactions501Model Question Paper - I509Model Question Paper - II513Page No.NTChapter NameStd. XI114NTE3646618094107130181920M21CE8PL17OStd. XIISA22Note: Questions of standard XI are indicated by ‘*’ in each Model Question Paper.143
TextbookChapter No.Some Basic Concepts of ChemistryQuick ReviewBranches of chemistry:PL Have you ever wondered what is the reference for 1kilogram? It has been defined as the mass of theInternational Prototype of the Kilogram. Theprototype is made of platinum-iridium (Pt-Ir)cylinder that is stored in an airtight jar atInternational Bureau of Weights and Measures inFrance. Pt-Ir was chosen because its mass remainsconstant for an extremely long time and it is resistantto the attack of different chemicals. This referencestandard is used to calibrate or standardize differentmeasuring devices such as analytical balances.EC1.9N1.8IntroductionImportance and scope of chemistryHistorical approach to particulate nature of matterLaws of chemical combinationDalton’s atomic theoryConcepts of elements, atoms and moleculesAtomic and molecular massesAvogadro’s law, Avogadro’s number and moleconceptPercentage composition and empirical and molecularformulaChemical reactions and stoichiometryO1.01.11.21.126.96.36.199.7NTPlatinum alloy as an International Prototypeof the KilogramSubtopicsTE01Chapter 01: Some Basic Concepts of ChemistryM Inorganic chemistryChemistrySAStudy of the composition,structure and properties ofmatter and the reactions bywhich one form of mattermay be converted intoanother form.Physical chemistryDeals with the structure of matter, the energy changes and the theories,laws and principles that explain the transformation of matter from oneform to another. Deals with chemistry of elements other than carbon and of their compounds. Organic chemistryDeals with the reactions of the compounds of carbon. Analytical chemistryDeals with the separation, identification and quantitative determination ofthe compositions of different substances. BiochemistryDeals with chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in livingorganisms.1
MHT-CET Triumph Chemistry (MCQs) Classification of matter:Matterhas massoccupies spacePure substances Fixed composition Laws of chemical combination:Heterogeneous mixtures Composition is notuniform. Two or more phasesare present. eg.phenol-watersystem, iron filingssand systemCLaw of conservation of massFirst stated by Lomonosove (1765) and then by Antoine Laviosier (1783).Statement: The mass is neither created nor destroyed during chemicalcombination of matter.Law of definite composition/Law of definite proportionStated by Joseph Proust.Statement: Any pure compound always contains the same elements in a definiteproportion by weight irrespective of its source or method of preparation.E Homogeneous mixtures Compositionisuniform. Allconstituentspresentinonephase. eg. air, ethyl alcoholand waterN CompoundsSubstances of definitecompositions whichcan be decomposedinto two or moresusbtancesbyasimplechemicalprocess.eg. H2O, NaClOElementsSubstances that cannotbe decomposed by asimplechemicalprocess into two ormoredifferentsubstances.eg. He (monoatomic),H2 (diatomic)MixturesVariable composition (that can beseparated by simple physical methods)TE NT PL SAMLaws of chemicalcombination 2Law of multiple proportionStated by John Dalton.Statement: If two elements chemically combine with each other forming twoor more compounds with different compositions by mass then the ratios ofmasses of two interacting elements in the two compounds are small wholenumbers.Gay Lussac’s law of combining volumes of gasesStated by Gay Lussac.Statement: When gases react together to produce gaseous products, thevolumes of reactants and products bear a simple whole number ratio with eachother, provided volumes are measured at same temperature and pressure.Avogadro’s lawStated by Avogadro.Statement: Equal volumes of all gases under identical conditions oftemperature and pressure contain equal number of molecules.
Chapter 01: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry1.1Formulae2.1 Mole 6.022 1023 particles(atoms/molecules/ions/electrons)3.Number of moles (n) 4.In computers, chips are used asmicroprocessors.(A) carbon(B) phosphorus(C) titanium(D) silicon1.2Atomic mass6.022 1023Mass of an atom 5.Mass of a molecule 6.Number of molecules n Avogadro number (NA)7.Atomicity number of atoms in a molecule8.Total number of atoms in molecule n NA Atomicity9.Volume occupied by one mole of a gas at STP 22.4 L 22.4 dm310.Molecular formula r Empirical formula11.r 12.Average atomic massSum of (Isotopic mass its % abundance ) 10013.Avogadro’s law, V n (At constant T and P)5.Molecular mass6.022 1023CEPLM1.0Which one of the following is NOT a mixture?(A) Iodized table salt(B) Gasoline(C) Liquefied Petroleum Gas (L.P.G.)(D) Distilled waterWhich of the following ishomogeneous mixture?(A) Ethanol water(B) Oxygen gas nitrogen gas(C) Phenol water(D) Acetic acid waterNOTa7.The phlogiston theory was suggested forreaction.(A) neutralisation(B) oxidation(C) reduction(D) combustion8.Substances, which CANNOT be decomposedinto two or more different substances bychemical process, are called .(A) alloys(B) molecules(C) elements(D) compoundsThe arbitrarily decided and universallyaccepted standards are called .(A) fundamentals(B) units(C) measures(D) symbols9.Introductionchemistry deals with the chemistry ofelements other than carbon and of theircompounds.(A) Organic(B) Physical(C) Inorganic(D) BioSAHistorical approach to particulatenature of matterO6.Molecular massEmpirical massClassical Thinking2.Solar energy can be converted into electricalenergy using cell.(A) Daniel(B) lithium ion(C) photovoltaic(D) nickel cadmiumMass of the substanceMolar mass of the substance4.1.3.NT 1.66 10 27 kg1th of a 12C-atom12TEAtomic mass unit (1 amu) N1.Importance and scope of chemistryThe branch of chemistry, which deals with theseparation, identification and quantitativedetermination of the composition of differentsubstances, is called chemistry.(A) organic(B) inorganic(C) analytical(D) bio10.There are fundamental SI units.(A) 3(B) 5(C) 6(D) 711.SI unit of velocity is .(A) km s 1(B) km hr 1(C) m s 2(D) m s 112.Electrochemical equivalent has unit .(B) kg m2 s 1(A) kg m s 1(C) kg C 1(D) kg m 1 s 23
MHT-CET Triumph Chemistry (MCQs)16.The sum of the masses of reactants andproducts is equal in any physical or chemicalreaction. This is in accordance with law of.(A) multiple proportion(B) definite composition(C) conservation of mass(D) reciprocal proportionIf the law of conservation of mass was to holdtrue, then 20.8 g of BaCl2, on reaction with9.8 g of H2SO4 will produce 7.3 g of HCl andof BaSO4.(A) 11.65 g(B) 23.3 g(C) 25.5 g(D) 30.6 gPure water can be obtained from varioussources, but it always contains hydrogen andoxygen, combined in a ratio of 1:8 by weight.This is an example of .(A) law of conservation of mass(B) Avogadro’s law(C) law of definite composition(D) Gay Lussac’s lawTwo containers of the same size are filledseparately with H2 gas and CO2 gas. Both thecontainers under the same T and P will containthe same .(A) number of atoms(B) weight of gas(C) number of molecules(D) number of electronsSAM18.PLE17.After a chemical reaction, the total mass ofreactants and products .(A) always increases(B) always decreases(C) does not change(D) either increases or decreases19.4The volume of oxygen required for completecombustion of 0.25 cm3 of CH4 at S.T.P iscm3.(A) 0.25(B) 0.5(C) 0.75(D) 11.422.Dalton’s atomic theoryDalton assumed that are the smallestparticles of compound.(A) atoms(B) molecules(C) ions(D) elements1.5Concepts of elements, atoms andmoleculesO15.21.Laws of chemical combination23.C14.Which of the following reactions has the ratioof volumes of reacting gases and the productas 1:2:2?(A) 2CO(g) O2(g) 2CO2(g)(B) O2(g) 2H2(g) 2H2O(g)(C) H2(g) F2(g) 2HF(g)(D) N2(g) 3H2(g) 2NH3(g)NT1.320.TEMagnitude of ‘pico ’ is .(B) 10 15(A) 10 1212(D) 10 9(C) 10N13.In SO2 and SO3, the ratio of the masses ofoxygen that combine with a fixed mass ofsulphur is 2:3. This is an example of the law of.(A) constant proportion(B) multiple proportion(C) reciprocal proportion(D) conservation of massAtoms have a mass of the order .(B) 10 15 kg(A) 10 26 kg(D) 10 15 g(C) 10 26 g24.Atoms have a radius of the order .(A) 10 26 m(B) 10 15 m 15(D) 10 15 m(C) 10 mm25.A/an is an aggregate of two or moreatoms in definite composition, which are heldtogether by chemical bonds.(A) ion(B) molecule(C) compound(D) mixture1.6Atomic and molecular masses26.The unit of atomic mass ‘amu’ is replaced by.(A) u(B) mol (C) g(D) kg27.Mole is the SI unit of .(A) volume(B) pressure(C) amount of substance(D) density28.1 amu is equal to .1(A)of C-12(B)12(D)(C) 1 g of H21of O-16141.66 10–23 kg
Chapter 01: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistryis the sum of the atomic mass of allthe atoms as given in the molecular formula ofthe substance.(A) Molecular mass(B) Atomic weight(C) Percentage weight(D) Percentage volume1.738.One mole of H2O corresponds to .(A) 22.4 litres at 1 atm and 25 C(B) 6.022 1023 atoms of hydrogen and6.022 1023 atoms of oxygen(C) 18 g of H2O(D) 1 g of H2O39.The gram molecule of benzene is equal tog C6H6.(A) 70(B) 72(C) 10(D) 78Avogadro’s law, Avogadro’s numberand mole conceptNT29.NA atoms mol 1.(A) 6.021 1021(B) 6.024 102415(C) 6.051 10(D) 6.022 102340.31.One is the collection of 6.022 1023atoms /molecules/ions.(A) kg(B) g(C) mole(D) cm1 atom of an element weighs 1.792 10–22 g.The atomic mass of the element is .(A) 1.192(B) 17.92(C) 64(D) 10841.What is the mass of 0.5 mole of ozone molecule?(A) 8 g(B) 16 g(C) 24 g(D) 48 gNAvogadro’s number is .(A) number of atoms in one gram of element(B) number of millilitres which one mole ofa gaseous substance occupies at N.T.P.(C) number of molecules present in onegram molar mass of a substance(D) number of elements in one gram of compounds42.The number of molecules in 16 g of oxygengas is .(A) 6.022 1023(B) 3.011 102322(C) 3.011 10(D) 1.5 1023O32.TE30.CVolume occupied by 1 g molecular weight ofany gas is called .(A) gram molecular volume(B) gram atomic volume(C) gram molecular weight(D) gram atomic weightWhich one of the following pairs of gasescontains the same number of molecules?(A) 16 g of O2 and 14 g of N2(B) 8 g of O2 and 22 g of CO2(C) 28 g of N2 and 22 g of CO2(D) 32 g of O2 and 32 g of N245.One mole of oxygen gas weighs .(A) 1 g(B) 8 g(C) 32 g(D) 6.022 1023 g46.Under similar conditions, same mass ofoxygen and nitrogen is taken. The ratio oftheir volumes will be .(A) 7 : 8(B) 3 : 5(C) 6 : 5(D) 9 : 2The number of atoms present in a molecule ofa substance is called its .(A) atomicity(B) volume(C) density(D) massSAM35.44.E34.36.37.Which of the following weighs the least?(A) 2.0 gram mole of CO2(B) 0.1 mole of sucrose (C12H22O11)(C) 1 gram atom of calcium(D) 1.5 mole of waterWhich of the following law states that equalvolumes of all gases under identical conditionsof temperature and pressure contain equalnumber of molecules?(A) Boyle’s law(B) Charles’ law(C) Avogadro’s law (D) Gay Lussac’s lawPL33.43.How many molecules are present in one gramof hydrogen gas?(A) 6 1023(B) 3 1023(C) 2.5 1023(D) 1.5 1023One mole of CO2 contains .(A) 6.022 1023 atoms of C(B) 6.022 1023 atoms of O(C) 18.1 1023 molecules of CO2(D) 3 g atoms of CO21.847.Percentage composition and empiricaland molecular formulaThe mass percentage of each constituent elementpresent in 100 g of a compound is called its.(A) molecular composition(B) atomic composition(C) percentage composition(D) mass composition5
MHT-CET Triumph Chemistry (MCQs)What is the % of H2O in Fe(CNS)3 3H2O?(A) 19 (B) 25 (C) 30 (D) 4551.The percentage of oxygen in NaOH is .(A) 8(B) 10 (C) 40 (D) 6052.A compound made of two elements A and Bare found to contain 25% A (Atomic mass12.5) and 75% B (Atomic mass 37.5). Thesimplest formula of the compound is .(A) AB(B) AB2(D) A3B(C) AB3Which of the following relations for expressingvolume of a sample is NOT correct?(A) 1L 103 mL(B) 1dm3 1L(C) 1L 103m3(D) 1L 103 cm360.Which out of the following is NOT ahomogeneous mixture?(A) Solution of glucose in water.(B) Solution of salt in water.(C) Mixture of glucose solution and salt solution.(D) Mixture of oil and water.61.The molecular mass of hydrogen peroxide is34. What is the unit of molecular mass?(A) g(B) mol 1(C) g mol(D) mol g 1O50.59.NTThe percentage composition of carbon in urea,[CO(NH2)2] is .(A) 20% (B) 40% (C) 50% (D) 80%MiscellaneousTE49.of a compound is the chemicalformula indicating the relative number ofatoms in the simplest rati
Difficulty level of questions will be at par with JEE (Main) for Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and at par with NEET for Biology. There will be no negative marking. Questions will be mainly application based. Details of the papers are as given below: Paper Subject Approximate No. of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) based on