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VOL. 30 NO. 2June 2008of International Security Assistance Management

Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188Report Documentation PagePublic reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering andmaintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information,including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, ArlingtonVA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if itdoes not display a currently valid OMB control number.1. REPORT DATE3. DATES COVERED2. REPORT TYPEJUN 200800-00-2008 to 00-00-20084. TITLE AND SUBTITLE5a. CONTRACT NUMBERThe DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management.Volume 30, Number 2, June 20085b. GRANT NUMBER5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER6. AUTHOR(S)5d. PROJECT NUMBER5e. TASK NUMBER5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATIONREPORT NUMBERDefense Institute of Security Assistance Management(DISAM),DISAM/DR,2475 K Street,Wright-PattersonAFB,OH,45433-76419. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES)10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S)11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORTNUMBER(S)12. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENTApproved for public release; distribution unlimited13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES14. ABSTRACT15. SUBJECT TERMS16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF:a. REPORTb. ABSTRACTc. THIS PAGEunclassifiedunclassifiedunclassified17. LIMITATION OFABSTRACT18. NUMBEROF PAGESSame asReport (SAR)15519a. NAME OFRESPONSIBLE PERSONStandard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98)Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18

THE DISAM JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONALSECURITY ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENTI normally thank you for your readership and support of the Journal as I end mycomments in each quarterly edition. However, let me begin with them this time. We doappreciate your support of reading, providing articles to keep our community aware ofwhat is going on in your area and additional comments we receive from you to make theJournal a better product.The feature article is the annual consolidation of the “Legislation for FiscalYear 2008”. Many of you wait anxiously for our summary of the annual report forthe allocation of foreign operations funding to Congress. We endeavor to simply giveyou the information, not an analysis or commentary, but a consolidated source ofthe facts, noting the sources of public law, which you can review as desired. I believe,that we have done a good job this year in accomplishing this task. We try to coverthe continuing variety of programs and idiosyncrasies that many of you deal withday to day. We know if we did not do the consolidation, it likely would not get done.Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made comments at Georgetown University,Washington, D.C., regarding “transformational diplomacy.” Secretary of Defense RobertM. Gates made comments in front of the House Armed Services Committee in mid-April 2008,and noted some of the challenges and more importantly their desire for both Departmentsto use the interagency environment to meet the needs of both Departments of State andDefense. Everyone needs to read those articles along with excerpts of CongressmanBerman’s comments highlighting the need for rewrite of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961amid current and future challenges. The importance of each effort though is caught inthe desire to look to the future of how both DoS and DoD continue to work together in theforeign policy arena.We have also made an effort to touch on important regional issues of the world,highlighting Afghanistan and Iraq, Kosovo, Poland, and the Western Hemisphere. AssistantSecretary of State Thomas A. Shannon made comments regarding how the WesternHemisphere and Cuba’s future will reshape itself after the retirement of Fidel Castro.Additionally, CENTCOM, SOUTHCOM, and EUCOM are highlighted as wellas a short synopsis on Defense Trade Controls. We congratulate the now “tri-service”Worldwide Warehouse on its tenth year of making redistribution of materiel a success inmeeting customer needs around the globe!As we go to print each quarter, I am amazed at all the challenges and successeswithin the security assistance community. Your accomplishments are important to all ofus, so please take the time to touch base with us so we can help document them in a futureDISAM Journal!RONALD H. REYNOLDSCommandantiThe DISAM Journal, June 2008

The DISAM Journal, June 2008ii

THE DISAM JOURNALof International Security Assistance ManagementVolume 30 No. 2Feature ArticlesKenneth W. Martin, Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management“Legislation for Fiscal Year 2008” . 1Legislation and PolicyCondoleezza Rice, United States Secretary of State“Remarks on Transformational Diplomacy” . 83Robert M. Gates, United States Secretary of Defense“Challenges Facing Our National Security Apparatus” . 90Condoleezza Rice, United States Secretary of State“Building Partnership Capacity and Development of the Interagency Process” . 92John D. Negroponte, Deputy Secretary of State“Emergency Supplemental Request for Iraq and Afghanistan” . 95Kurt Volker, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State For European andEurasian Affairs“Afghanistan and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Why They BothMatter” . 98Daniel Fried, Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs“Kosovo: The Balkans’ Moment of Truth?” . 102Thomas A. Shannon, Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs“The Western Hemisphere: 2007 in Review and Looking Ahead to 2008” . 108Thomas A. Shannon, Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs“With Fidel Castro Stepping Down, What is Next for Cuba and the WesternHemisphere?” . 111PerspectivesReuben F. Johnson, Journalist for The Weekly Standard“Maintaining a Base: Trouble in Poland’s Defense Industry” . 117Howard L. Berman, California Congressman, Serving on the House Foreign AffairsCommittee“Foreign Assistance Reform in the New Administration: Challengesand Solutions?” . 120Security Assistance Community“United States Central Command: A Brief History” . 123“The United States Southern Command: Theater Security Cooperation” . 125“The Establishment, Evolution, and Accomplishments of the United States EuropeanCommand” . 129iiiThe DISAM Journal, June 2008

Education and TrainingPete Heron, Air Force Security Assistance Center“Worldwide Warehouse Redistribution Services Ten YearAnniversary” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133“The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls and the Defense TradeFunction”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138“United States Department of State Directorate of Defense Trade ControlsNotifications to the 110th Congress” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142The DISAM Journal, June 2008iv

THE DISAM JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONALSECURITY ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENTI normally thank you for your readership and support of the Journal as I end mycomments in each quarterly edition. However, let me begin with them this time. We doappreciate your support of reading, providing articles to keep our community aware ofwhat is going on in your area and additional comments we receive from you to make theJournal a better product.The feature article is the annual consolidation of the “Legislation for FiscalYear 2008”. Many of you wait anxiously for our summary of the annual report forthe allocation of foreign operations funding to Congress. We endeavor to simply giveyou the information, not an analysis or commentary, but a consolidated source ofthe facts, noting the sources of public law, which you can review as desired. I believe,that we have done a good job this year in accomplishing this task. We try to coverthe continuing variety of programs and idiosyncrasies that many of you deal withday to day. We know if we did not do the consolidation, it likely would not get done.Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made comments at Georgetown University,Washington, D.C., regarding “transformational diplomacy.” Secretary of Defense RobertM. Gates made comments in front of the House Armed Services Committee in mid-April 2008,and noted some of the challenges and more importantly their desire for both Departmentsto use the interagency environment to meet the needs of both Departments of State andDefense. Everyone needs to read those articles along with excerpts of CongressmanBerman’s comments highlighting the need for rewrite of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961amid current and future challenges. The importance of each effort though is caught inthe desire to look to the future of how both DoS and DoD continue to work together in theforeign policy arena.We have also made an effort to touch on important regional issues of the world,highlighting Afghanistan and Iraq, Kosovo, Poland, and the Western Hemisphere. AssistantSecretary of State Thomas A. Shannon made comments regarding how the WesternHemisphere and Cuba’s future will reshape itself after the retirement of Fidel Castro.Additionally, CENTCOM, SOUTHCOM, and EUCOM are highlighted as wellas a short synopsis on Defense Trade Controls. We congratulate the now “tri-service”Worldwide Warehouse on its tenth year of making redistribution of materiel a success inmeeting customer needs around the globe!As we go to print each quarter, I am amazed at all the challenges and successeswithin the security assistance community. Your accomplishments are important to all ofus, so please take the time to touch base with us so we can help document them in a futureDISAM Journal!RONALD H. REYNOLDSCommandantiThe DISAM Journal, June 2008

The DISAM Journal, June 2008ii

THE DISAM JOURNALof International Security Assistance ManagementVolume 30 No. 2Feature ArticlesKenneth W. Martin, Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management“Legislation for Fiscal Year 2008” . 1Legislation and PolicyCondoleezza Rice, United States Secretary of State“Remarks on Transformational Diplomacy” . 83Robert M. Gates, United States Secretary of Defense“Challenges Facing Our National Security Apparatus” . 90Condoleezza Rice, United States Secretary of State“Building Partnership Capacity and Development of the Interagency Process” . 92John D. Negroponte, Deputy Secretary of State“Emergency Supplemental Request for Iraq and Afghanistan” . 95Kurt Volker, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State For European andEurasian Affairs“Afghanistan and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Why They BothMatter” . 98Daniel Fried, Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs“Kosovo: The Balkans’ Moment of Truth?” . 102Thomas A. Shannon, Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs“The Western Hemisphere: 2007 in Review and Looking Ahead to 2008” . 108Thomas A. Shannon, Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs“With Fidel Castro Stepping Down, What is Next for Cuba and the WesternHemisphere?” . 111PerspectivesReuben F. Johnson, Journalist for The Weekly Standard“Maintaining a Base: Trouble in Poland’s Defense Industry” . 117Howard L. Berman, California Congressman, Serving on the House Foreign AffairsCommittee“Foreign Assistance Reform in the New Administration: Challengesand Solutions?” . 120Security Assistance Community“United States Central Command: A Brief History” . 123“The United States Southern Command: Theater Security Cooperation” . 125“The Establishment, Evolution, and Accomplishments of the United States EuropeanCommand” . 129iiiThe DISAM Journal, June 2008

Education and TrainingPete Heron, Air Force Security Assistance Center“Worldwide Warehouse Redistribution Services Ten YearAnniversary” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133“The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls and the Defense TradeFunction”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138“United States Department of State Directorate of Defense Trade ControlsNotifications to the 110th Congress” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142The DISAM Journal, June 2008iv

FEATURE ARTICLELegislation for Fiscal Year 2008ByKenneth W. MartinDefense Institute of Security Assistance Management[Editor’s Note: This summary is not legal advice and may not be relied on for officialpurposes. The reader should confer with one’s assigned general counsel for any relatedlegal analysis or advice. The complete report can be viewed at olidated reductions 01 25 08.pdf.]IntroductionEach year, the DISAM Journal publishes a summary of the legislation that impacts U.S. securityassistance and other related international programs. This report is intended to alert all securityassistance and security cooperation community members to the collective changes or continuedrequirements in legislation that will influence program planning and implementation for the comingyear. This report is in outline form, with key topics highlighted to facilitate locating specific statutoryreferences.This article will not include the initial allocation figures for fiscal year (FY) 2008 programs sincethe required Department of State (DoS) report for the allocation of foreign operations funding toCongress in accordance with Section 653(a), of the Foreign Assistance Act, was not yet made available.This report is normally to be provided no later than thirty days after enactment of the annual ForeignOperations Appropriation Act (FOAA) which for the FY 2008 was enacted on 26 December 2007 asDivision J, Public Law (P.L.) 110-161. A subsequent article will be published in the Journal once theinitial funding allocations are made available.Fiscal year 2008 marks the fifth out of six years in a row in which a rescission (reduction) ofinitially appropriated funds is to take place. Section 669P, P.L. 110-161, directs the across-the-boardrescission of 0.81 percent for each FY 2008 discretionary DoS and foreign operations account, lessthose funds identified as an emergency requirement. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB)made the required report to Congress on 25 January 2008 providing the line-by-line rescission to bemade for each FY 2008 discretionary account.The FY 2008 appropriations season included four continuing resolutions (CRs) with the last one,P.L. 110-149, expiring at midnight, 31 December 2007. The 26 December 2007 enactment of theConsolidated Appropriations Act (CAA), 2008, P.L. 110-161, took place during this fourth period.Of the twelve required appropriations, the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2008, DivisionA, P.L. 110-116, 13 November 2007, was the only one not required to be included in the legislatedCAA.The following seven pieces of legislation are to be further summarized in this article as theyrelate to U.S. security assistance, security cooperation, and other international programs. Certainhighlights within the laws are provided. DoS, Foreign Operations, and Related Program Appropriations Act 2008 (FOAA)Division J, P.L. 110-161, 26 December 2007.1The DISAM Journal, June 2008

This law can be viewed on the internet at: OAA.pdf. In general, the final appropriations for the Economic Support Fund (ESF), InternationalMilitary Education and Training (IMET), Foreign Military Financing Program(FMFP), and Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) matched the amounts recommendedby the DoS. For the first time the IMET funding is to remain available for an additional fouryears after the end of FY 2008. The U.S. moratorium prohibiting the transfer of anti-personnel landmines wasextended by six years to 23 October 2014. The transfer of cluster munitions can only be done under very restrictive agreementconditions. The annual Leahy Amendment regarding the human rights vetting of security forceunits or personnel prior to receiving U.S. assistance is now codified asSection 620J, in the FAA. No FY 2008 assistance may be provided to a country that recruits or uses childsoldiers.National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, (NDAA), P.L. 110-181,28 January 2008. This law can be viewed on the internet at:: p/ c110NCoL7o. Authorized the transfer of not more than three C-130s to Iraq. Requires Department of Defense (DoD) contractors to provide goods ortechnologies subject to export control under the Arms Export Control Act(AECA) or the Export Administration Act of 1979 (EAA) to comply with thoselaws and applicable regulations. The U.S. Comptroller-General is to provide Congress an assessment of therecent Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (USD(P)) reorganization. The DoD “1033” (NDAA, FY 1998) non-lethal counter-drug assistance programauthority is further amended to include Mexico and the Dominican Republic. The DoD “1208” (NDAA, FY 2005) support to foreign entities supporting U.S.special operations forces to combat terrorism authority is extended through FY 2010. Up to 75,000,000 in FY 2008 operations and maintenance (O&M) is authorizedto provide assistance to Pakistan Frontier Corps conducting counterterrorismoperations along the Afghanistan border. The DoD “1207” (NDAA, FY 2006) authority for Security and StabilizationAssistance to DoS is extended through FY 2008.The DISAM Journal, June 20082

The U.S. Comptroller-General is to provide Congress an extensive assessment ofthe Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI). The limitation of military assistance required by the American Servicemembers’Protection Act of 2002 (ASPA) is repeated. A registration and monitoring system regarding the transfer and us

1. REPORT DATE JUN 2008 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2008 to 00-00-2008 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The DISAM Journal of International Security Assistance Management. Volume 30, Number 2, June 2008 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7.