Cut-Flower Garden Planner - Johnnyseeds

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Cut-FlowerGarden PlannerforH ome G ar dener sEnjoy home-grown cut flowers throughout the summer!This guide includes: Johnny’s Easy Cut-Flower Garden Set Components Tips for Planning Your Garden Bed Sowing & Growing Basics Harvest Recommendations Bouquet Design Tips & Recipes#BloomWithJohnnys

Johnny's Easy Cut-Flower Garden Set for Home GardenersOur Flowers Product Manager, Hillary Alger, has selected 11 easy-to-grow annual varieties for the home cutting garden. OurEasy Cut-Flower Garden Set will produce attractive blooms on long stems throughout the growing season. It features arange of colors and textures while supplying the primary elements of a bouquet: focal blooms, spikes, accents, and fillers. Allthe varieties in the set have been rigorously trialed on our research farm and selected for their high-quality stems and blooms.Focal FlowersSmaller AccentsCropCultivar or MixProduct # Days to MaturityCropCultivar or MixProduct #Days to MaturitySunflower'Strawberry Blonde'174455Calendula'Flashback Mix'149655Zinnia'Queen Red Lime'198775-85Cosmos'Double Click Mix'178075-90Zinnia'Benary's Giant Mix'134675-90Scabiosa'Pincushion Formula Mix'199990-100Rudbeckia'Cherokee Sunset Mix'1768100-120 Sunflower. Our set includes ‘Strawberry Blonde,’a branching variety with pollenless bicolor, ruby redto pink and lemony-yellow flowers that hold theirpetals well. Zinnia. Vigorous all-season producers that hold upwell in summer rain and heat all over the country.We include two varieties in our set: ‘Benary’s GiantMix,’ with densely petaled blooms up to 6” acrossin a range of vibrant hues; and ‘Queen Red Lime,’featuring an unusual palette of antique rose topink outer petals which gradually lighten throughchartreuse to creamy-lime, transitioning to bright,hot pink disks in the center. Calendula. Our ‘Flashback Mix’ produces blooms witha spectacular medley of bicolor petals. Calendula is frosttolerant, and its petals are edible — a lovely garnish onsoups and canapés. Cosmos. The large, double blooms of our ‘Double ClickMix’ feature deeply fringed petals in a lively range ofcolors, including carmine, pink, and white with sunnyyellow centers. These dance atop tall, well-branchedstalks of fernlike foliage that also makes a fine green fillerfor bouquets. Scabiosa. ‘Pincushion Formula Mix’ features elegant yetsturdy flowers on wiry stems in a diverse palette of black,blue, creamy yellow, pink, bright red, deep blue, salmonrose, and pure white. Intricate, button-like flowers addwhimsey to arrangements.Rudbeckia. One of the easiest and most productivecut flowers, rudbeckia is a heat- and droughttolerant, low-maintenance plant. The ‘CherokeeSunset Mix’ in our set produces large, double flowersin a warm palette of oranges, golden yellows,bronze, chocolate, and various bicolors.SpikesCropCultivar or MixAmaranthus 'Red Spike' 2 Cultivar or MixProduct #Days to um'Timeless Mix'343280-100Dill. ‘Bouquet’ is a cultivar with delicate, fragrant, andedible foliage that makes a lovely filler for cut-flowerarrangements. Airy chartreuse flowers appear as highlightsand combine well with almost any color arrangement. Ammi. With its long-lasting blooms, ammi makes anoutstanding cut-flower filler. ‘Dara’ is a highly productivecultivar with 7–15 strong, sturdy, upright stems perplant topped by attractive, lacy umbels in shades of darkpurple, pink, and white. Ageratum. ‘Timeless Mix’ features a blend of tallercultivars with a long flowering period, making it aperfect choice for the cutting garden. Upright, sturdystems produce tight clusters of flowers in purple, pink,blue, and white. A great gap-filler in bouquets.65-75At Johnny’s Selected Seeds, we hold seedvariety trials to test every variety that weoffer in our catalogs and on our website.CropDill Product # Days to Maturity3786Amaranthus. Ideal color and form for late-summerand fall arrangements, our set includes ‘Red Spike,’a variety that produces feathery, velvety blooms of avibrant, unfading deep maroon.Johnny'sFlowersFillers1- 877-5 6 4 - 6 697

'Red Spike''Dara'Amaranthus'Strawberry Blonde''Double Click Mix'AmmiSunflowerCosmos'Benary's Giant Mix''Cherokee Sunset Mix'ZinniaRudbeckiaNEW'Queen Red Lime''Bouquet'Zinnia'Pincushion Formula Mix'ScabiosaJ o h n ny s e e ds .c o m'Flashback Mix' DillCalendulaC u t- F l o w e rG a r d e n'Timeless Mix'P l a n n e r 3Ageratum

Sowing & Growing BasicsOur Easy Cut-Flower Garden Set includes some flower crops that we recommend be transplanted. Start these varietiesindoors under grow lights according to the instructions listed in the chart below, and on the seed packet back. Otherflower crops in the set can be direct-seeded, that is, sown directly into the garden bed. Once plants are established, mulchcan be added to the bed, to help to retain moisture and suppress weeds.CropVarietyDays toGerminationSowing & GrowingLightPreferencePlantPlantHardinessSpacing Height ZonesRecommended for transplantingAgeratum houstonianum‘Timeless Mix’7–10 days atTransplant (Recommended): Sow 6–8 weeks before75–80 F (24–27 C) last frost. Transplant after danger of frost has passed.Sun9–12”24–30”AnnualRudbeckia hirta‘Cherokee Sunset Mix’Transplant (Recommended): Sow 8–10 weeks before8–14 days atlast frost. Cover seed lightly, as light is required for68–72 F (20–22 al inZones 9-10Zinnia elegans‘Benary’s Giant Mix’ 3–5 days atTransplant (Recommended): Sow 4 weeks before lastand ‘Queen Red Lime’ 80–85 F (27–29 C) frost. Direct-Seed: After last ”AnnualSun9–12”42–46”AnnualEither transplant or direct-seed7–10 days atTransplant: Sow 4–6 weeks before last frost.70–75 F (21–24 C) Direct-Seed: After last frost date. Support advised.Amaranthus cruentus‘Red Spike’Cosmos bipinnatus‘Double Click Mix’Scabiosa atropurpurea‘Pincushion FormulaMix’Transplant: Sow 4–6 weeks before last frost.10–12 days atDirect-Seed: After last frost date. Successive plantingsSun65–70 F (18–21 C) every 2–3 weeks until midsummer give the best qualityflowers and pods. May require us annuus‘Strawberry Blonde’Direct-Seed: After last frost.7–14 days atTransplant: Sow in final container 3–4 weeks prior to70–75 F (21–24 C)planting out. Dislikes root disturbance.Sun4–24”60–72”Annual12–16 days atDirect-Seed (Recommended): In early spring after lastSun60–65 F (16–18 C) frost. Transplant: Sow 4–5 weeks before planting out.3–12”36–50”AnnualSun/ Part Shade lant: Sow 5–7 weeks before setting out.Direct-Seed: After last frost, once soil temperature isabove 60 F (16 C).7–10 days at75 F (24 C)Recommended for direct-seedingAmmiDaucus carota‘Dara’Calendula officinalis‘Flashback Mix’DillAnethum graveolens‘Bouquet’Direct-Seed (Recommended): After last frost. Make2–3 successive sowings 2–3 weeks apart forcontinuous blooms from summer to heavy frost.Transplant: Sow 4 weeks before last frost.7–14 days at70 F (21 C)7-21 days atDirect-Seed: Spring through summer.65–70 F (18–21 C)2–4”For additional cultural information:Refer to the seed packet backs or visit the Key Growing Information pages for each crop in our online Grower’s Library.(In addition, we offer tech sheets in our Flower Grower’s Library, containing in-depth growing information for larger-scaleproduction of cosmos, single-stem sunflowers, and zinnias, as well as flower crops not included in this starter set.)Seed Packet BacksKey Growing Information4 1- 877-5 6 4 - 6 697Grower's Library

Harvest RecommendationsTips for PlanningYour Garden Bed Harvest using a clean, sharp knife or pruning shears.Cut stems a few inches longer than needed for the final arrangement, toallow for adjustment during the bouquet-building process.Strip the stems of all lower leaves, to a level where none will be submergedin water.Plunge stems immediately into a clean bucket of cold water.Protect harvested flowers from direct light, heat, and wind — especially ifyou will not be arranging them right away.If stems have wilted during harvest, place your bucket of stems and coldwater in a cool location to rehydrate. Within a few hours they should perkup. Cutting very early in the morning, or alternatively in the evening andhydrating overnight are good options during very hot spells. Observe your landscape Choose a location. An ideal site is onewith good drainage that receives atleast 6 hours of sunlight per day. Take a soil testIf you have not recently tested yoursoil, we recommend you do so beforeplanting. The test results will indicatewhether you need to amend your soilto adjust the soil pH or to add nutrients. Your local Cooperative Extensioncan help you identify a qualified laband assist you in interpreting theresults. Most soil tests are quiteaffordable, and most adjustments arerelatively straightforward.CropVarietySunflowerHelianthus annuus‘Strawberry Blonde’Zinnia elegansIf your soil is quite poor or if drainage is an issue, consider creatingraised beds. Raised beds can enhancedrainage and reduce weed pressure,making the garden easier to tend, andadditionally allow better control oversoil quality in general.Days to Maturity When to HarvestFresh: Flowers are just beginning to open.Dried: Flowers are completely open. Hangor use silica gel.55‘Queen Red Lime’75–85‘Benary’s Giant Mix’75–90Before completely open.100–120Blooms are completely open. Deadheadspent flowers to increase bloom.65–75Fresh: When at least ¾ of flowers on theinflorescence are open. Dried: Seed hasbegun to set and flowers feel firm.55Fresh: Flowers ½ open.Edible: Flowers fully open.‘Double Click Mix’75–90Petals just opening, but not yet flattened.Deadheading is required to have bloomsall summer.Scabiosa atropurpurea‘Pincushion FormulaMix’90–100Flowers almost fully open or seed headshave formed and are still green.DillAnethum graveolens‘Bouquet’65–75½ to ¾ of florets on the main umbel areopen and showing yellow color.AmmiDaucus carota‘Dara’65–754/5 of flowers in umbel are open andthere is no hint of pollen shed.Ageratum houstonianum‘Timeless Mix’80–100Fresh: Flower spikes are ¾ open. Dried:Flowers completely open. Hang. May beair-dried, but flower color often fades.Rudbeckia hirta‘Cherokee Sunset Mix’Amaranthus cruentus‘Red Spike’Calendula officinalis‘Flashback Mix’Cosmos bipinnatusPlan your gardenCUT-FLOWER GARDEN MAPWhile you need not be restricted to arectangular plot or to our suggestedMapGardenlayout, you will want to plan for Cuttingapproximately 130 square feet ofgrowing space if planting the entireset of 11 varieties. If you choose todesign your own garden layout, takenote of the height of each variety andavoid planting taller varieties wherethey may shade out shorter varieties.In addition, be sure to allow for physical access to your plants for tendingand cutting.10'1''Benary'See our Sample Cut-Flower Garden Mapfor a plot 10’x13’ in size.10'1'path36"gardenbedNotes:y BlondeStrawberr24" SpacingRedSpike 12"SpacingDara6" SpacingGiant MixBenary's12" Spacing3'4'5''Dara''s Giant MixSeedAmmiod: DirectPlanting Meth 6"ing:Plant Spac Plants: 4Number of1'Needed:Bed Feetht: 36-50"Plant HeigNotes: Pinch'Che'Click Mix'DoublelantCosmosod: TranpPlanting Meth 12"ing:Plant Spac Plants: 6Number of3'Needed:Bed Feetht: 42-46"Plant HeigNotes:Lime''Queen RedlantZinniaod: TranpPlanting Meth 12"ing:Plant Spac Plants: 4Number of2'Needed:Bed Feetht:Plant HeigNotes:ulaion FormScabiosaod:Planting Meth 10"ing:Plant Spac Plants: 12Number of5'Needed:Bed Feetht:Plant HeigNotes:'Flashback12" footing:Plant Spac Plants: 4Number of4'Needed:Bed Feetht: 60-72"Plant HeiglantZinniaod: TranpPlanting Meth 12"ing:Plant Spac Plants: 8Number of4'Needed:Bed Feetht: 40-50"Plant HeigNotes:'Pincush9'8'7'2'the backes toward to preventg varietier growinthe garden .t end ofOrient talltiesorthweswing varior north/n of shorter grooutde'Blonshadingrry'StrawberSunflowee'od: Transplant'Red SpikPlanting Meth 24"lantAmaranthod: TranpPlanting Meth 12"ing:Plant Spac Plants: 2Number of1'Needed:Bed Feetht: 48-60"Plant HeigNotes:6'5'4'3'2'6'12" footRudbeckiaod: TransplantPlanting Meth 24"ing:Plant Spac Plants: 4Number of4'Needed:Bed Feetht: 24-30"Plant HeigNotes:'Bouquet''TimelesLimeQueen Red ing12" SpacSunset MixCherokee24" SpacingMixDouble Clicking12" Spac36"gardenbedSeedDillod: DirectPlanting MethTransplanting: 4"Plant Spac Plants: 6Number of1'Needed:Bed Feetht:Plant HeigMix'13'pathset Mix'rokee SunBouquet4" Spacing7'8'9'or10'12" footpaths Mix'Ageratumod:Planting Meth 12"ing:Plant Spac Plants: 6Number of3'Needed:Bed Feetht:Plant HeigNotes:MixTimeless12" SpacingMixFormulaPincushion10" Spacing36"gardenbedMixFlashback6" Spacing11'12'13'Mix'Calendulaod:Planting Meth 6"ing:Plant Spac Plants: 8Number of2'Needed:Bed Feetht:Plant HeigNotes:J o h n ny s e e ds .c o m12" footJ ec’s Selohnnypatheedsted S Johnnyseeds.com 1- 877-564-6697C u t- F l o w e rG a r d e nP l a n n e r 5

Build Your BouquetBefore cuttingConsider which colors are most appealing and complementary. Choose one type of flower that is either abundant orinspiring. Then choose other blooms with colors that complement that special or abundant flower. This starts the processof constructing your arrangement as you harvest the blooms.1Setting up your work spaceIt’s easiest to create a beautiful arrangement if youcan see what you’re working on. For best visibility,create your arrangement in one hand while addingstems with the other hand. This allows you to movethe bouquet in all directions and get a really goodlook at it. Or, if arranging directly into a vase, elevateyour work surface so the center of your arrangementis nearly at eye-level. This is easily achieved by tippinga bucket or crate upside-down on your countertopand placing the vase on top.2Start with the sturdiest (filler)Once you've collected your materials, create a basefor your bouquet by placing the sturdiest stemsand those with a branching habit in your hand orvase. The base is like a background — it outlines theinitial shape and volume of your bouquet. Foliageand blooms that are referred to as filler flowers,such as ‘Bouquet’ dill, ‘Dara,’ or ageratum, workwell for creating a base and give the bouquet its“backbone.” Foliage and fillers should make upabout 40–50% of your bouquet, depending on yourpreferred style.6 1- 877-5 6 4 - 6 697

345FocalsOnce you have established a good base of fillers,add a focal flower, such as a zinnia or sunflower.Rotate the bouquet a third to half-way around andadd another focal flower. Repeat this process withanother type of focal flower until you have severalfocal flowers evenly spaced throughout the bouquet.AccentsNext, fill in the bouquet with accent flowerssuch as calendula, cosmos, and/or scabiosa, toadd color and interest.Finishing touchesRotate between the different elements whileadding to your bouquet until the final piecelooks full and balanced to your eye. Don’tbe afraid to defy symmetry. Adding a stemor two that shoot off at an angle or gesturedownward on their own can be just thegraceful note to make your arrangement sing.ONLINE VIDEOCompleteWatch our How to Build a Bouquet video onlineto see bouquet building in action:Johnnyseeds.com/build-a-bouquetJ o h n ny s e e ds .c o m If arranging in hand, give the base of all your stems a final,fresh snip to suit the height of your vase or container, andplace them in the container, filled with clean, cool water. Thetraditional design rule is that an arrangement should be at least1½ times the height of its vase. This is a good starting place formaking arrangements that appear balanced, but remember,beauty is in the eye of the beholder, so experiment with whatappeals to you.C u t- F l o w e rG a r d e nP l a n n e r 7

Bouquet InspirationBouquet 1Bouquet 2Bouquet nt#BloomWithJohnnysBouquet MaintenanceReplace the water daily and refresh the flowers by trimming the stems every few days.For best results, keep your bouquet out of direct sunlight and away from drafts.September 15, 2020 3:35 PMCopyright 2018 Johnny’s Selected Seeds. All rights reserved.955B e nto nAv e.,W in s l o w,M a in e J o h n ny s e e ds .c o m 1- 877-5 6 4 - 6 697

avoid planting taller varieties where they may shade out shorter varieties. In addition, be sure to allow for phys-ical access to your plants for tending and cutting. CUT-FLOWER GARDEN MAP See our Sample Cut-Flower Garden Map for a plot 10’x13’ in size. Orient taller growing varie

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CUT-FLOWER GARDEN MAP See our Sample Cut-Flower Garden Map for a plot 10’x13’ in size. Orient taller growing varieties toward the back t shading out of shorter growing varities. 10' 12" foot path 1' 36" garden bed 2' Red Spike 12" Spacing y Blonde 24" Spacing y's Giant Mix 12" Spacing Dara 6" Spacing 3' 4' 12" foot path 5' 36" garden bed 6 .

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