Thermo Scientific Orion 136S Intrinsically Safe .

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Thermo Scientific Orion136S Intrinsically SafeConductivity MeterUser Guide

ROSS and the COIL trade dress are trademarks of Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. U.S. patent 6,793,787.AQUAfast, Cahn, ionplus, KNIpHE, No Cal, ORION, perpHect, PerpHecT, PerpHecTion, pHISA, pHuture,Pure Water, Sage, Sensing the Future, SensorLink, ROSS, ROSS Ultra, Sure-Flow, Titrator PLUS and TURBO2are registered trademarks of Thermo Fisher.1-888-pHAX-ION, A , All in One, Aplus, AQUAsnap, AssuredAccuracy, AUTO-BAR, AUTO-CAL, AUTODISPENSER, Auto-ID, AUTO-LOG, AUTO-READ, AUTO-STIR, Auto-Test, BOD AutoEZ, Cable-Free,CERTI-CAL, CISA, DataCOLLECT, DataPLUS, digital LogR, DirectCal, DuraProbe, Environmental ProductAuthority, Extra Easy/Extra Value, FAST QC, GAP, GLPcal, GLPcheck, GLPdoc, ISEasy, KAP, LabConnect, LogR,Low Maintenance Triode, Minimum Stir Requirement, MSR, NISS, One-Touch, One-Touch Calibration,One-Touch Measurement, Optimum Results, Orion Star, Pentrode, pHuture MMS, pHuture Pentrode, pHutureQuatrode, pHuture Triode, Quatrode, QuiKcheK, rf link, ROSS Resolution, SAOB, SMART AVERAGING,Smart CheK, SMART STABILITY, Stacked, Star Navigator 21, Stat Face, The Enhanced Lab, ThermaSense, Triode,TRIUMpH, Unbreakable pH, Universal Access are trademarks of Thermo Fisher.Guaranteed Success and The Technical Edge are service marks of Thermo Fisher.PerpHecT meters are protected by U.S. patent 6,168,707.PerpHecT ROSS electrodes are protected by U.S. patent 6,168,707.ORION Series A meters and 900A printer are protected by U.S. patents 5,198,093, D334,208and D346,753.ionplus electrodes and Optimum Results solutions are protected by U.S. patent 5,830,338.ROSS Ultra electrodes are protected by U.S. patent 6,793,787.ORP standard is protected by U.S. patent 6,350,367.No Cal electrodes are protected by U.S. patent 7,276,142. 2009 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. All rights reserved. All trademarks are the property of Thermo FisherScientific Inc. and its subsidiaries.The specifications, descriptions, drawings, ordering information and part numbers within this document aresubject to change without notice.This publication supersedes all previous publications on this subject.

Orion 135A and 136S Portable Conductivity MetersSafety PrecautionsBe sure to read and follow these instructions !The Orion 136S Conductivity Meters may only be openedto change the batteries outside hazardous areas. If repairsare necessary, the meter must be sent in to the factory.Never operate the remote interface or printer within hazardous areas.When using the meter in hazardous areas, watch for electrostatic charges! For example, never wipe off the meterwith a dry cloth. Observe the relevant regulations concerning ESD.Whenever it is likely that the protection has been impaired, the meter shallbe made inoperative and secured against unintended operation.The protection is likely to be impaired if, for example: the meter shows visible damage the meter fails to perform the intended measurements after prolonged storage at temperatures above 70 C after severe transport stressesBefore recommissioning the meter, a professional routine test according toEN 61 010-1 shall be performed. This test should be carried out at our factory.Information III

Information on this Instruction ManualITALICS are used for texts which appear in the display ofOrion 135A or 136S.Bold print is used to represent keys, e.g. cal.Display examplesorcalkeys whose functions are explained are frequently shownin the left-hand column.NoteNotes provide important information which should alwaysbe observed when using the meter.WarningWarning means that the instructions given must always befollowed for your own safety. Failure to follow theseinstructions may result in injuries.Information IV

Orion 135A and 136S Portable Conductivity MetersContentsSafety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IIIInformation on this Instruction Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV1 Orion 135A and 136S Conductivity Meters.1Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1Short Description of Meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3Meter Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4Connection and Start-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Data Log Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Data Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Clock Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Serial Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Standard Setting for PRT300 Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Configuring the PRT300 Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Printing Measured Values and GLPdoct Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233 Troubleshooting and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Changing batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Cleaning the meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Contents V

Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Declarations of Conformity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Control Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35Specifications for PRT300 Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39Technical Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44Contents VI

Orion 135A and 136S Portable Conductivity Meters1The Orion 135A and 136SConductivity MetersPackage ContentsPlease check the completeness of the shipment after unpacking.The package should include: Orion 135A or 136S Conductivity Meter(ready for operation) Neck strap This instruction manual Quickstart instructions Interface cable with adapter for printer and PC PC softwareShort Description of Meters The Orion 135A and 136S measure conductivity, salinity, TDS and temperature in industry, the environment,food processing and waste-water treatment. Operation of the Orion 136S is also permitted in Zone 1hazardous areas. The meters meet the European EMC regulations(89-336-EEC) and the recommendations of NAMURNE 21. The meters are IP 66 protected to EN 60 529.Orion 135A and 136S 1

Temperature compensation is automatic with a conductivity probe with integral temperature sensor or a separate ATC probe, or the temperature may be manuallyentered. Calibration can be carried out by directly entering thecell constants, by calibrating with Thermo Orion Conductivity Standards, or with any other buffer solutions. The data log records up to 100 measured values withthe temperature, date and time. Recording takes placeeither manually, interval or event-controlled. To minimize battery consumption, the meter switches offafter either one or twelve hours when it is not operated. Only three alkaline AA batteries are required for uninterrupted operation for approx. 1,000 hours. PC software allows complete remote control of the meter via PC. All measured values and parameters can beread out and easily processed further (e.g. using Microsoft Excel). Measured values and GLPdoct can also be sent directly to a printer via the serial interface.WarningNever use the remote interface to PC or printer in hazardous areas!Orion 135A and 136S 2

Orion 135A and 136S Portable Conductivity Meters2OperationMeter Design512, 3454321Sensor connectionSeparate temperature probe connectionPC/printer interface connectionProbe holder, removableOperation 3

DisplayBatteryemptyPresscal keyWaitMeasurement unitsTemperaturedetectionusing NTCClockSlope(cellconstant) aindisplayManualtemperaturedetectionKeypadPressing the power key switches the meter on or off.After switching on, the meter automatically performs aself-test and checks for the presence of a temperatureprobe. Then it goes into the measuring mode.powerPressing the meas key returns the meter to the measuring mode from any function. Pressing the meas key in themeasuring mode displays the following parameters:Cond measuring mode:temperature compensationtdS measuring mode:TDS factormeasYou can also power the meter up using the meas key.However, only an abbreviated self-test is performed.NotePressing the cal key starts calibration.calOperation4

Orion 135A and 136S Portable Conductivity MetersYBWith the Y and B keys you can select and change parameters and select a mode.Pressing the clock key switches the meter into the clockmode. All measurement processes are cancelled and thebattery consumption is reduced to a minimum.clockSTOPressing the STO key activates the data logger for writingmeasured values.RCLPressing the RCL key activates the data logger for readingmeasured values.printPressing the print key sends the currently measuredvalue to a printer or PC.RCL printPressing the RCL and print keys prints out the loggeddata in memory.cal printPressing the cal and print keys prints out the GLPdoctreport.STO clockPressing the STO and clock keys switches the meterinto the data logger mode.clock STOPressing the clock and STO keys activates the mode forsetting the date and time.cal powerPressing the cal and power keys when the meter isswitched off, activates the configuration menu.NoteWhen pressing two keys simultaneously, make sure thatthe key shown at the left is pressed first.Operation 5

Connection and Start-upThe following sensors from the line of accessories can beconnected to the electrode epoxy/graphite sensorwith integrated temperature probe,3 meter cableK 0.55 /cm0136604-electrode epoxy/graphite sensorwith integrated temperature probe,20 meter cableK 0.55 /cmConnection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SocketSensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Separate temperature probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 3Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443V–I–21I V V I NTCV–ShieldNTCI–If no temperature probe is used for measurement, the meter operates with the manually set temperature and manappears in the display.Operation6

Orion 135A and 136S Portable Conductivity MetersNoteWhen using a sensor with temperature probe, an externaltemperature probe may not be connected simultaneously.NoteIf the meter is connected to a PC and is used to take measurements in a grounded liquid, measuring errors mayresult.NotePrior to first use, the cell constant, temperature compensation and time and date must be checked and set, if required.NoteThe calibration and configuration data and the contents ofthe data log remain permanently stored both with the meterswitched off and with the batteries removed (battery replacement).powerPressing the power key switches the meter into measuring mode.When switched on, the meter determines the connectedtemperature probe and conducts a self-test: Simultaneous appearance of all display segments Display of the model number Display of the software versionNoteFor recognition of the temperature probe, the conductivitysensor must be connected to the meter before power-up.NoteThe meter can also be switched on with the meas key.However, only an abbreviated test is performed. The meterassumes that the last temperature probe determined isused.Operation 7

ConfigurationThe following basic settings can be changed in the configuration: Function Cond (conductivity), SAL (salinity) or tdS (TotalDissolved Solids) Calibration by entering the cell constants (AutCal Off) orcalibration with Thermo Orion Conductivity Standards(AutCal On) Autoshutoff after1 hour or 12 hours Remote interfacePrinter output On/Off, baud rate Temperature display C or F Date and time format24 hours and day, month, year or12 hours (a.m./p.m.) and month, day, yearcal powerTo activate the configuration hold down the cal key withthe meter switched off and then press the power key.The menu items of the configuration menu are workedthrough in sequence. Press the Y or B key to change thesetting of the respective menu item. The STO key savesthe parameters and switches to the next menu item.Pressing the meas key exits the configuration menu atany time. The value last displayed will not be saved unlessthe STO key was pressed.measSelect the measuring function Cond (conductivity), SAL(salinity) or tdS (Total Dissolved Solids).FunctionOperation8

Orion 135A and 136S Portable Conductivity MetersAutomaticor manualcalibrationSelect whether you wish to manually set the cell constantor calibrate using Thermo Orion Conductivity Standardsand automatic drift check.(Default setting: Direct entry of the cell constant [AutCALOFF])Direct entry of the cell constants (AutCal OFF) from0.010 cm–1 to 199.9 cm–1.(Default setting 0.475 cm–1)Automatic calibration (AutCAL On) with 0.1 molar KCl solution (Thermo Orion 12.9 mS Conductivity Standard,Orion 011006), 0.01 molar KCl (Thermo Orion 1413 mSConductivity Standard, Orion 011007) or entry of thetemperature-compensated conductivity of another knowncalibration solution.AutoshutoffTo protect the batteries, the meter switches off automatically when not operated for a longer time than specified.You can select whether shut-off is to take place after onehour or after twelve hours (default setting: 1 hour).If the data logger is active and during remote interfaceoperation, the autoshutoff feature is disabled.InterfaceIf the meter is controlled with a PC and interface conflictsoccur when the print key is pressed, the print functionshould be deactivated (Print OFF).(Default setting: Print On, 4,800 baud)The transmission speed can be set to 600, 1,200, 2,400,4,800 or 9,600 baud.The transmission speed must correspond to that set in theprinter or PC.The data format and protocol are permanently set to 7 bit,one stop bit, even parity and XON/XOFF protocol(NAMUR NE 28).Operation 9

TemperaturedisplayThe temperature can be displayed either in C or F.(Default setting: C)Date andtimeformatYou can choose between the display format 24 hours andday.month.year and the format 12 hours a.m./p.m. andmonth.day.year.(Default setting: 24 hours and day.month.year)Operation10

Orion 135A and 136S Portable Conductivity MetersCalibrationWith calibration the Orion 135A and 136S are adjusted tothe cell constants of the sensor.General information on calibrationCalibrationsolutionsSolutions for calibration of conductivity meters are unbuffered systems. Care should be taken to use freshconductivity standards and to avoid contamination of theconductivity standard by water droplets adhering to theconductivity sensor.CleansensorsBefore calibration, make sure that the conductivity sensoris clean. Residues should be rinsed off with distilled water.Afterwards, the sensor should be wiped dry and rinsed withthe calibration solution to be used.Cell constantThe cell constant is determined by the size and geometricarrangement of the measuring electrodes. It is the characteristic parameter of conductivity sensors. The cell constant changes very little over time.4-electrodesensorsWith 4-electrode sensors the principle of separate current/voltage electrodes results in virtually no measuring errorseven in the case of partial soiling of the measuring electrodes. However, electrodes completely soiled with insulating coatings cause the measurement to fail.2-electrodesensorsWith 2-electrode sensors for the measurement of low conductivities, e.g. ultrapure water, calibration should be carried out using Thermo Orion 100 mS Conductivity Standard(Cat. no. 011008).Operation 11

Calibration by direct entry of the cell constants (AutCAL OFF)Press the cal key to activate calibration. The cell constantdetermined or set during the last calibration is displayed.Pressing the meas key exits calibration again.calSet the cell constant of the sensor used with the Y and Bkeys and confirm with the cal key. Then the meterswitches back into the measuring mode.Operation12

Orion 135A and 136S Portable Conductivity MetersCalibration with 0.1 or 0.01 molar KCl solution (AutCAL On)(Thermo Orion 12.9 mS or 1413 mS Conductivity Standard)NotecalImpurities must always be prevented from getting into thecalibration solutions.Pressing the cal key activates calibration.Calibration can be cancelled by pressing the meas key.Then the cell constant of the last calibration is displayedbriefly.Select the calibration solution used (CALSoL). A 0.1 and a0.01 molar KCl solution are available to choose from. Confirm the corresponding solution with the cal key.Immerse the clean and dry sensor in the calibration solution (also see “Clean sensors”, Pg. 11).Press the cal key to start calibration. If calibration is notdesired, cancel the process with the meas key.During calibration the lower line indicates the temperature.The automatic drift check checks the stability of conductivity and temperature. The hour glass flashes.When the measured values are stable, the temperaturecompensated table value of the KCl solution is displayed.The measured conductivity value flashes.Confirm with the cal key.The determined cell constant is displayed for a few seconds. Then the meter switches back into the measuringmode.Operation 13

Calibration with any calibration solution (AutCAL ON)Impurities must always be prevented from getting into thecalibration solutions.NotePressing the cal key activates calibration.Calibration can be exited again with the meas key. Thenthe cell constant of the last calibration is displayed briefly.calFirst confirm any of the 0.1 or 0.01 mol/l KCl solutions(CALSoL) with the cal key.Immerse the clean and dry sensor in the calibration solution (also see “Clean sensors” Pg. 11).Press the cal key to start calibration. If calibration is notdesired, cancel the process with the meas key.During calibration the lower line indicates the temperature.The automatic drift check checks the stability of conductivity and temperature. The hour glass flashes.When the measured values are stable, the temperaturecompensated table value of the KCl solution is displayed.The measured conductivity value flashes.See the table of your calibration solution for the conductivity value which belongs to the displayed measuring temperatu

tion (Thermo Orion 12.9 mS Conductivity Standard, Orion 011006), 0.01 molar KCl (Thermo Orion 1413 S Conductivity Standard, Orion 011007) or entry of the temperature-compensated conductivity of another known calibration solution. To protect the batteries, the meter switches off automati-cally when not operated for a longer time than specified.

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