Life Science - SC1112 Scope And Sequence

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Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesLife and CellsLife ScienceWhat Is Science?Explain the importance of asking questions in life science.List three ways life science is beneficial to living things.State examples of life scientists at work.Scientific InquiryDescribe how to develop a hypothesis and design an experiment.Describe the attitudes, or habits of mind, that are important in science.Explain what scientific inquiry involves.Understanding TechnologyDescribe the goal of technology.Explain how technology affects people in both positive and negative ways.Explain how technology differs from science.Living ThingsWhat Is Life?Explain where living things come from.Identify what all living things need to survive.List all the characteristics all living things share.Classifying OrganismsExplain why biologists classify organisms.List characteristics used to classify organisms into groups, including domains and kingdoms.Relate the levels of classification to the relationships between organisms.The Necessities of LifeDescribe the chemical building blocks of cells.Explain why organisms need food, water, air, and living space.Cells: Structure, Processes, and ReproductionDiscovering CellsDescribe how microscopes produce magnified images.Explain how the invention of the microscope contributed to scientists' understanding of living things.Explain what cells are.State the cell theory. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 1 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesCell StructureCompare tissues, organs, and organ systems.Explain how important a nucleus is in a cell.Identify names and functions of each part of a cell.Chemistry of LifeDiscuss how organic compounds are different from inorganic compounds.Explain the relationship between chemistry and life science.List the differences among atoms, elements, molecules, and compounds.Moving Cellular MaterialsDescribe the function of a selectively permeable membrane.Explain how passive transport and active transport differ.Explain how the processes of diffusion and osmosis move molecules in living cells.Cell Division and MitosisCompare mitosis in plant and animal cells.Examine the steps of mitosis.Explain why mitosis is important.List two examples of asexual reproduction.Sexual Reproduction and MeiosisDescribe the stages of meiosis and how sex cells are produced.Explain how fertilization occurs in sexual reproduction.Explain why meiosis is needed for sexual reproduction.Name the cells that are involved in fertilization.Heredity and EvolutionHeredityDNA and RNADescribe the structure and function of each kind of RNA.Explain how DNA copies itself.Identify parts of a DNA molecule and its structure.GeneticsCompare and contrast the difference between an individual's phenotype and genotype.Explain how traits are inherited.Identify Mendel's role in the history of genetics.Use a Punnet square to predict the results of the crosses. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 2 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesGenetics Since MendelCompare multiple alleles and polygenic inheritance, and give examples of each.Describe two human genetic disorders and how they are inherited.Explain how sex linked traits are passed to offspring.Explain how traits are inherited by incomplete dominance.Human Genetic DisordersDescribe how genetic disorders are diagnosed and treated.Explain how geneticists trace the inheritance of traits.Identify two major causes of genetic disorders in humans.Advances in GeneticsDescribe three ways of producing organisms with desired traits.State the goal of the Human Genome Project.Adaptations over TimeDarwin's TheoryDescribe important observations Darwin made on his voyage.Explain how natural selection leads to evolution.State the hypothesis Darwin made to explain differences between similar species.Evidence of EvolutionDescribe how new species form.Explain how scientists infer evolutionary relationships among organisms.State evidence that supports the theory of evolution.Evidence of the PastCompare two ways that conditions for life on Earth have changed over time.Describe the geologic time scale and the way that scientists use it.Explain how fossils can be formed and how their age can be estimated.Eras of the Geologic Time ScaleDescribe the types of organisms that arose during the four major divisions of the geologic time scale.Outline the major developments that allowed life to exist on Earth.Humans and Other PrimatesDescribe the two characteristics that all primates share.Describe three major groups of hominids. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 3 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesSimple Organisms, Fungi, and PlantsDiversity of Living ThingsVirusesDescribe the components of the basic structure of a virus.Discuss how viral diseases are treated.Explain how both active and hidden viruses multiply.List the characteristics of viruses and state reasons why viruses are considered to be nonliving.BacteriaCompare autotrophy to heterotrophy, and explain how energy is released through respiration.Describe the conditions under which bacteria thrive and reproduce frequently.Explain the roles of bacteria in the production of oxygen and food, in environmental recycling and cleanup, and in health and medicine.Name and describe structures, sizes, and shapes of bacterial cell.Bacteria's Role in the WorldDescribe two ways in which bacteria can be harmful to people.Explain how life on earth depends on bacteria.List three ways bacteria are useful to people.ProtistsDescribe the characteristics of animal-like protists and give examples.Describe the characteristics of fungus like protists and give examples.Describe the characteristics of plantlike protists and give examples.FungiDescribe the roles fungi play in nature.Explain how fungi reproduce.Name the characteristics fungi share.PlantsAn Overview of PlantsCompare and contrast vascular and nonvascular plants.Explain which plants adaptations make it possible for plants to survive on land.Identify characteristics common to all plants.Seedless PlantsDistinguish between characteristics of seedless nonvascular plants and seedless vascular plants.Identify the importance of some nonvascular and vascular plants. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 4 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesSeed PlantsCompare similarities and differences between monocots and dicots.Describe the main characteristics and importance of gymnosperms and angiosperms.Explain the structures and functions of roots, stems, and leaves.Identify the characteristics of seed plants.Plant ReproductionIntroduction to Plant ReproductionDescribe the two stages in a plant's life cycle.Distinguish between the two types of plant reproduction.Seedless ReproductionExamine the life cycle of a moss and a fern.Explain why spores are important to seedless plants.Identify some special structures used by ferns for reproduction.Seed ReproductionDescribe the structure and function of the flower.Discuss methods of seed dispersal in seed plants.Examine the life cycles of typical gymnosperms and angiosperms.Plant ProcessesPhotosynthesis and RespirationCompare and contrast photosynthesis and respiration.Discuss why photosynthesis and respiration are important.Explain how plants take in and give off gases.Plant ResponsesCompare and contrast long-day and short-day plants.Explain how plant hormones and responses are related.Identify the relationship between a stimulus and a tropism in plants.AnimalsAnimals and BehaviorWhat Is an Animal?Describe the difference between vertebrates and invertebrates.Describe the five characteristics that all animals share. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 5 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesAnimal BehaviorDescribe five kinds of behaviors that help animals survive.Describe how biological clocks affect animals.Explain the difference between learned and innate behavior.Social RelationshipsDescribe four ways that animals communicate.List the advantages and disadvantages of living in groups.InvertebratesSponges and CnidariansDescribe the characteristics of cnidarians.Explain the importance of coral reefs.Identify the characteristics of sponges.WormsDescribe the main characteristics of each phylum of worms.Identify the three main phyla of worms.MollusksDescribe the major groups of mollusks and tell how they differ.Identify the main characteristics of mollusks.ArthropodsDescribe how crustaceans, arachnids, and centipedes and millipedes differ.Identify four major groups of arthropods and the main characteristics of arthropods.InsectsExplain how insects are adapted to obtain food.Identify the main characteristics of insects.Name the two types of metamorphosis found in insects.Insect EcologyDescribe some methods used to control insect pests.Explain why insects are important in food chains.Name two other ways insects interact with their environments.EchinodermsList the main characteristics of echinoderms.Name the major groups of echinoderms. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 6 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesFishes, Amphibians, and ReptilesWhat Is a Vertebrate?Describe how vertebrates differ in the way they control body temperature.Describe the main characteristic shared by all vertebrates.Name the characteristics that chordates share.FishName the main characteristics of fishes.Name the major groups of fishes and describe how they differ.AmphibiansDescribe amphibian characteristics.Explain how adult amphibians are adapted for life on land.ReptilesContrast the characteristics of each of the three main groups of retiles.Describe one adaptation that helped dinosaurs survive before they became extinct.Identify adaptations that allow reptiles to live on land.Vertebrate History in RocksDescribe what scientists can learn from studying fossils.Identify the kind of rock in which fossils are frequently found.Birds and MammalsCharacteristics of BirdsDescribe how a bird's diet, breathing, muscles, and skeleton help it fly.Describe how birds raise their young.Describe two kinds of feathers.Explain how lift works.Kinds of BirdsIdentify the differences between flightless birds, water birds, perching birds, and birds of prey.Characteristics of MammalsDescribe seven common characteristics of mammals.Explain how early mammals lived.Placental MammalsExplain how placental mammals develop.Give an example of each type of placental mammal. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 7 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesMonotremes and MarsupialsDescribe the difference between monotremes and marsupials.Explain why many marsupials are endangered or extinct.Give three examples of marsupials.Name the two kinds of monotremes.Human Biology and HealthBody Organization and StructureBody OrganizationDescribe how tissues, organs, and organ systems are related.Identify how organ systems work together to maintain homeostasis.List 11 organ systems.The Skeletal SystemDescribe four functions of bones.Describe three joints.Identify the major organs of the skeletal system.List three injuries and two diseases that affect bones and joints.The Muscular SystemCompare aerobic exercise with resistance exercise.Describe how skeletal muscles move bones.Describe two muscular system injuries.List three kinds of muscle tissue.The Integumentary SystemDescribe the structure and function of hair and nails.Describe the two layers of skin.Describe two kinds of damage that can affect skin.List four functions of skin.Food and DigestionFood and EnergyHow can the Food Guide Pyramid and food labels help you have a healthy diet?How do the six nutrients needed by the body help carry out essential processes?Why does your body need food?The Digestive Process BeginsWhat functions are carried out in the digestive system?What roles do the mouth, esophagus, and stomach play in digestion? Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 8 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesFinal Digestion and AbsorptionWhat digestive processes occur in the small intestine, and how are other digestive organs involved?What role does the large intestine play in digestion?Healthy HabitsDescribe methods of handling stress.Describe three important aspects of good hygiene.Explain why exercise and sleep are important to good health.List three ways to stay safe at home, on the road, and outdoors.Plan what you would do in the case of an accident.CirculationThe Circulatory SystemCompare and contrast arteries, veins, and capillaries.Explain how blood moves through the heart.Identify the functions of the pulmonary and systemic circulation systems.BloodExplain why blood types are checked before a transfusion.Give examples of diseases of blood.Identify the parts and functions of blood.The Lymphatic SystemDescribe the functions of the lymphatic system.Explain how lymph organs help fight infections.Identify where lymph comes from.Respiration and ExcretionThe Respiratory SystemDescribe the function of the respiratory system.Describe what happens during gas exchange and breathing.Identify the structures that air passes through as it travels to the lungs.Smoking and Your HealthExplain how tobacco smoke affects a person's health over time.Identify the harmful chemicals contained in tobacco smoke.The Excretory SystemExplain how excretion contributes to homeostasis.Identify the structures and functions of the excretory system.State how the kidneys filter wastes from the blood. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 9 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesThe Nervous SystemHow the Nervous System WorksDescribe the structure of a neuron and the kinds of neurons found in the body.Explain how nerve impulses travel from one neuron to another.Identify the functions of the nervous system.Divisions of the Nervous SystemDescribe the structures and functions of the central nervous system.Describe the structures and functions of the peripheral nervous system.Explain what a reflex is.Identify two ways in which the nervous system can be injured.The SensesDescribe how you hear and maintain your sense of balance.Describe how your eyes enable you to see.Explain how your senses of smell and taste work together.Explain how your skin is related to your sense of touch.Alcohol and Other DrugsDescribe some commonly abused drugs and how each affects the body.Explain how alcohol abuse harms the body.Identify the immediate and long-term effects of drug abuse.The Endocrine System and ReproductionThe Endocrine SystemDescribe how the endocrine system controls body processes.Explain how negative feedback controls hormone levels.Identify the endocrine glands.The Male and Female Reproductive SystemDefine sexual reproduction.Describe the structures and functions of the female reproductive system.Describe the structures and functions of the male reproductive system.Sequence the events that occur during the menstrual cycle.The Human Life CycleDescribe what happens during childbirth.Explain how the developing embryo is protected and nourished.Identify changes that occur from infancy to adulthood.List the stages of human development that occur before birth. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 10 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesImmunity and DiseaseThe Immune SystemCompare and contrast active and passive immunity.Describe the natural defenses your body has against disease.Explain the difference between an antigen and an antibody.Infectious DiseasesDescribe the work of Pasteur, Koch, and Lister in the discovery and prevention of disease.Explain how HIV affects the immune system.Identify diseases caused by viruses and bacteria.List sexually transmitted diseases, their causes, and treatments.Noninfectious DiseasesDefine noninfectious diseases and list causes of them.Describe the basic characteristics of cancer.Explain how chemicals in the environment can be harmful to humans.Explain what happens during an allergic reaction.Cycles in NatureThe Cycles of MatterDiagram the carbon cycle, and explain its importance to living things.Diagram the nitrogen cycle, and explain its importance to living things.Diagram the water cycle, and explain its importance to living things.Changes in CommunitiesDescribe the differences between primary and secondary succession.EcologyPopulations and CommunitiesLiving Things and the EnvironmentDescribe the levels of organizations within an ecosystem.Identify biotic and abiotic parts of a habitat.Identify the needs that must be met by an organism's surroundings.Studying PopulationsDescribe methods for determining the size of a population.Explain the causes of changes in population size.Identify factors that limit population growth. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 11 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesInteractions Among Living ThingsDescribe the major kinds of interaction among organisms in an ecosystem.Explain how an organism's adaptations help it survive.Identify the three types of symbiotic relationships.BiodiversityExplain the value of biodiversity.Identify the factors that affect biodiversity.List some ways to protect biodiversity.Name some human activities that threaten biodiversity.Ecosystems and BiomesLand BiomesDistinguish between abiotic factors and biotic factors in biomes.Identify seven land biomes on earth.Marine EcosystemsDescribe five marine ecosystems.Describe four major ocean zones.List three abiotic factors that shape marine ecosystems.Freshwater EcosystemsDescribe one abiotic factor that affects freshwater ecosystems.Describe the three zones of a lake.Describe two wetland ecosystems.Explain how a lake becomes a forest.Forests and FisheriesDescribe how fisheries can be managed for a sustainable yield.Describe how forests can be managed as renewable resources.Environmental Problems and SolutionsResourcesCompare renewable and nonrenewable resources.Identify alternatives to fossil fuel use.List uses of fossil fuels.PollutionDescribe types of air pollution.Explain methods that can be used to prevent erosion.Identify causes of water pollution. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 12 of 13

Life Science - SC1112UnitScope and SequenceTopic Lesson Lesson ObjectivesEnvironmental SolutionsDescribe the three R's.Explain how biodiversity can be maintained.Explain the importance of conservation.List five environmental strategies. Edgenuity Inc.ConfidentialPage 13 of 13

Protists Describe the characteristics of animal-like protists and give examples. Describe the characteristics of fungus like protists and give examples. Describe the characteristics of plantlike protists and give examples. Fungi Describe the roles fungi play in nature. Explain how fungi reproduce. Name

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