Creation Of Loan Automation Application

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G.J. E.D.T.,Vol.3(1):52-61(January-February, 2014)ISSN: 2319 – 7293Creation of Loan Automation ApplicationAdewale O Adebayo, Aibangbee Zandra, Lufadeju Oluwatosin & Maradesa AdepejuSchool of Computing and Engineering Sciences, Babcock University, P.M.B.21244 Ikeja, Lagos, NigeriaAbstractA business objective of providing efficient loan process using technology as an enabler in order to give thecompany a competitive advantage within the industry suggests automation. Although a number of lenders have a certainkind of technology infused into their loan processing system, there are noticeable insufficiencies. Finding a guide to thedesign and creation of a loan automation system is also elusive. There is therefore the need for the creation of a loanautomation application which this research addressed. Design and creation research strategy was adopted and datacollection was through existing documents and structured interviews. Waterfall software development method wasadopted. The outcome provides a loan automation application that saves paper works throughout the life of the loan, andits design is also available as a contributory guide towards creation of similar system.Keywords: Loan System, Loan Automation, Loan Application, Design Loan System, Design Loan Application.1.0. IntroductionA loan is an amount of money given to an individual or institution on the condition that it will be paid back over agiven period with interest, which serves as payment for the use of money. There are various types of loans such ascredits, finance, and mortgages. Sources of loans range from banks, credit unions, pawnbrokers, and savings institutionsto trust companies. The manual process of obtaining and granting loans is stressful, inconvenient and time wasting for thelender and the borrower as well. A lender having geographically dispersed branch offices requires more effective andefficient means to standardize and control the loan procedure and processes. The business objective of providing efficientloan process using technology as an enabler in order to give the company a competitive advantage within the industrysuggests automation (Bank System and Technology, 2013). There is the need to automate the loan processing procedureas much as possible. A loan automation system is one that enables processing of loans from application to finalconfirmation without the physical presence of both the applicant and the lending institution (Christeson, 2009;WAUSAU, 2010). Although a number of lenders have a certain kind of technology infused into their loan processingsystem, there are noticeable insufficiencies. Finding a veritable guide to the design and creation of a loan automationsystem is also elusive.The goal of this project is, therefore, to design and create loan automation application software that can capture therequired loan data elements only once, keep such information secure throughout the loan process, convert the previoushand to hand system of obtaining and granting loans into a computerized less stressful form, keep track of individualsand institutions involved in the process, monitor and track loans given out to allow better workflow and enhancecompliance to conditions, ensure security of information, reduce lending lifecycle times, apply appropriate interest toloans, indicate and penalize defaulters, and notify the concerned individual or institution on the progress of their loan.The research strategy is design and creation (Oates, 2009). The software development model was waterfall, which waschosen because the project requirements were clearly stated and understood before design and development started andprescribes a systematic approach to software development which starts with a well-defined, understood client’sspecification of requirements and moves through to deployment in a linear form (Green & DiCaterino, 1998; Hughes &Cotterell, 2009; Night, Steinbach & Kellen, 2001; Whitten, Bently, & Dittman, 2001; Yin, 2003). The old systems offour banks were examined and the requirements to develop a better system that will eliminate or reduce the noted shortcomings of the old system were determined. These requirements served as a guide for the design phase of the proposedsystem, which flowed through initial system investigation, feasibility Study and system analysis to system design. Fact –finding techniques were employed during system analysis. Adequate sample data were collected on the available files,decision points and transactions handled by the present systems. Interviews and on-site observation were complimentarydata collection methods used. In addition, secondary data reflecting on loans already granted by the lending or financialinstitution to borrowers and the repayment patterns were utilized. Personal interviews were conducted with the operatorsof the Entrepreneurship Development Program (EDP) in order to assess the impact of the scheme on the lending policyof the lending institution. Furthermore, a review of previous articles on this research subject and related issues (Claude,2009; Croft, 2010; John, 2006; Srinivas, 2005; William, 2006; Witman & Roust, 2008) were also examined to helpreveal clearly the areas of concern, and help create the proposed application. The software development environment forthe creation of this Loan automation application software include Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), WAMP server(Windows Apache Microsoft PHP), Javascript, CSS (Cascading Style Sheet), PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor), andMySQL. Web browser: The platform on which the application will run includes windows 7 operating system though thesoftware can run on any operating system, and a web browser such as Mozilla Firefox, Opera, and Internet explorer.Loan automation application software would boost a lending institution’s customer service in many ways, while makingtheir operations more efficient and transparent along with adhering to the myriad of federal mandates and regulations. Itwould decrease wait time, improve customer service level, increase consistency, increase accuracy, optimize workflow,achieve compliance and combat fraud. The Loan Automation Application Software is being created to assist rather thanreplace the human decision maker during the computation of relevant data, and integrating decisions made immediately52

G.J. E.D.T.,Vol.3(1):52-61ISSN: 2319 – 7293(January-February, 2014)on it to be effected and communicated. There has to be some sort of partnership between this application and individualsthat intend to use it for it to yield its best anticipated results. The computational speed, accuracy and storage capabilitiesof the computer would be merged with the creativity and intuition of the human.2.0. The Loan Automation System2.1. RequirementsRequirements, functional and non-functional, describe what the proposed system should do to solve identifiedproblems (Stair & Reynolds, 2007).2.1.1. Functional requirementsThe functional requirements details must haves of the proposed system. These are statements of services the systemshould provide. All functionality requirements are related to the information content. The functional requirements of theLoan automation application software include provision of online avenue for secure loan application, applicationprocessing, and acceptance notification, links to accept loan repayment via Online banking and Automatic TellerMachine (ATM), capability to enabled multiple users view different fields of the services at the same time, and avenuefor administrative update and insertion of information in the database tables.2.1.2. Non-functional SpecificationNon-functional requirements are good to haves. The non-functional requirements of the Loan automationapplication software include Portability (access from various software and hardware platforms, and deployment tovarious hardware platforms), Efficiency (loan contents managed efficiently and content structure well organized andprecisely represent the system; interface concise and precise for all users), Security (identities of each registered clientkept private; each registered client logs-in with username and password; without appropriate permissions, clients cannotaccess any data in the system), Reliability ( system will not crash on software bugs; platform failures must be recoverableby the program developers), Speed (system function must not be seen as slow), and Fault tolerance issues (back-up andclean-up).2.2. Design of the proposed system2.2.1. Features of the systemThe propose system is web based software having features as depicted in Figure 1, and as further detailed as follows:i. Home page, News page, Service Page, About Us page and the Contact Us page.ii. Fast internet connection speediii. Login page where clients will log in and make loan, pay loan, change of password and also see messages from theadministrators.iv. Allows administrators to easily authorize users to manipulate certain pages on their web pages as checking theiraccount balance.v. Service page which contains all information on the loan types, categories and payment plans, among othersvi. On the administrators page the Admin will approve each client loan status after the request of loan has been sent byeach client.StartHome pageNewsServiceAbout UsYesNew user?NoRegisterLoginValidate detailsNoValidation successful?NoYesClient’s PageNoLog out?YesStopFigure 1: The Flow Chart of the System53Contact Us

G.J. E.D.T.,Vol.3(1):52-61ISSN: 2319 – 7293(January-February, 2014)2.2.2 Hardware FeaturesThe minimum hardware requirements of the system include computers configured as follows:i.Speed: Personal Computers and workstations should have processor speed of 500MHZii.Main Memory: client computers should have a main memory of 128MB and the server computer 512MBiii.Secondary Memory: The server computer should have 120GB of hard disk and the client 10GB.The system also requires a highly available and quality 60kbps broadband internet connection.2.2.3 The Application SoftwareThe application software has two modules, Administrator and User. The Administrator module, depicted in Figure2, contains all the backend functionalities that the administrator requires. The User module, depicted in Figure 3, hasfunctionalities to cater for loan applicants.StartLoginError MessageValidate detailsValidation successful?NoYesDash BoardLoan detailsNews ManagementClient ManagerAdd ClientsView ClientsAdd NewsView NewsUpdate DatabaseNoLog out?YesStopFigure 2: Flowchart of the administrator moduleStartNew user?YesNoNoLoginRegisterValidate detailsNoValidation successful?YesMake LoanPay LoanCheck balanceInboxChange passwordUpdate DatabaseLog out?NoYesStopFigure 3: Flowchart of the user module2.2.4 The DatabaseThe database includes the Admin, Client’s, Bank, Contact Us, Inbox Mail, Loan Detail, and New Update tables.The Admin, Client’s, Bank, Inbox Mail, and the Loan Detail tables are presented in Tables 1 to 5, respectively. TheEntity Relationship diagram of the database is shown in Figure 4.Table 1: The Admin Table54

G.J. E.D.T.,Vol.3(1):52-61ISSN: 2319 – 7293(January-February, 2014)FieldTypeIdInt (9)CollationAttributes Null Default ExtraNousername Varchar(90) Latin1 swedish ciNopassword Varchar(90) Latin1 swedish ciNoNameNoVarcharLatin1 swedish ciAuto increment(90)Table 2: The Clients’ TableFieldTypeCollationIdInt(9)Latin1 swedish ciAttributeNullDefaultNoExtraAuto incrementFull nameVarchar(150)Latin1 swedish ciNoResidentialVarchar(200)Latin1 swedish ciNotelephoneVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNoe mailVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNodate of birVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNonationalityVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNoStateVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNoreligionVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNogenderVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNomarital staVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNoVarchar(100)Latin1 swedish ciNoVarchar(200)Latin1 swedish ciNoOccupationVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNoGrade ofVarchar(50)Latin1 swedish ciNoaddressthtusName of employerAddress ofemployerTable 3: The Bank PasswordVarchar(90)Current amountInt(9)Full nameVarchar(100)Acc numVarchar(16)Attribute Null Default ExtraNoNoneLatin1 swedish ciNoNoneLatin1 swedish ciNoNoneNoNoneLatin1 swedish ciNoNoneLatin1 swedish cinoNoneTable 4: The Inbox mail Table55AUTO INCREMENT

G.J. E.D.T.,Vol.3(1):52-61ISSN: 2319 – 7293(January-February, 2014)FieldTypeIdInt(9)Msg senderVarchar(90)Msg reciever eAUTO INCREMENTLatin1 swedish ciNoNoneLatin1 swedish ciNoNoneMsg subject Varchar(200) Latin1 swedish ciNoNoneMsg bodyTextNoNoneMsg datedateNoNoneLatin1 swedish ciTable 5: Loan Detail TableFieldTypeIdInt(9)Loan amtInt(9)Loan periodVarchar(60)Loan typeVarchar(45)CollationAttributeNul Default ExtralNo noneAUTO INCREMENTNo noneLatin1 swedish ciLatin1 swedish ciNoVarbinary(45)Loan ownerVarchar(90) Latin1 swedish ciPay back amt Int(9)NononeNononeNo0Loan datedateNoNonePaid amtInt(9)NoNoneNoPendingLoan catApprove statu Varchar(20)sClient statusVarchar(90)Paid statusLatin1 swedish ciLatin1 swedish ciTinyint(4)NoNoNo56none

G.J. E.D.T.,Vol.3(1):52-61ISSN: 2319 – 7293(January-February, 2014)NEWS UPDATEINBOXNews ID(PK)Inbox ID(PK)Title newsMsg senderATMContent newsMsg receiverAtm ID(PK)Date newsMsg subjectCard numberMsg bodyCard pinMsg dateAmountADMINClient name(FK)Admin ID(PK)Admin usernameAdmin passwordcAdmin nameCLIENT DETAILScClient ID(PK)LOANBANKClient nameLoan ID(PK)Bank IDClient addressccLoan amountBank usernameClient phone numberLoan durationBank passwordClient emailLoan typeCurrent amountClient DOBLoan categoriesClient nameClient nationalityLoan statusClient accnt numberClient genderClient status(FK)Client statusetc.Figure 4: Entity Relation Diagram of the Database2.2.5 System ImplementationThis section covers a detailed documentation of how the system has been developed in a step-by-step manner. Itclearly illustrates the implementation process, describes the interfaces and features of the entire system. It also covers thecomponents and unit testing as well as the integration of the system. Software component testing involves integrating oneor more system components functions or features and then testing this integrated system. The working process of theLoan automation applications software is also discussed.Component testing involves Validation and Verification. Validation is the test phase which answers the question‘did we build the right system?’ to ensure that the end product suits the need of the customers. This phase employed theuse of prototypes, which is a copy of an object, made on a smaller scale than the original. Prototypes have been used togather requirements from the users and the prototype was subjected to tests till a functional system was evolved.Verification phase answers the question ‘did we build the system right?’ by subjecting the application to quality controlactivities throughout its life cycle to ensure that interim deliverables meet their input specification. The system has beenverified to meet input specifications from users by verifying login details among others. The software has severalcomponents, which were integrated and tested for functionality. They include Home Page, News Page, Service Page,About Us Page, Contact Us Page, Make Loan Page, Pay Loan Page, Check Account Page, Change Password Page, InboxPage, and Admin Content Management system Page.After implementing the codes to meet the specification requirements, the entire system was tested. The systemcomponents that were tested include database, process, interface, and the server for the system. In testing the database, itwas ensured that the database captures the specified fields according to their respective attributes, and that the storageand retrieval functions responded properly. All the tables carrying the bugs reports and projects were easily accessible bythe system administrator. In process testing, the system was started and ensured to work acceptably well, all necessarylinks working and linking to intended locations. Other features such as the comments sending from the clients to theadmin and vice versa were tested and ensured that messages sent were meaningful. In interface testing, it was ensuredthat there was a link for user who does not really know how to navigate around the system, and all links were ensured tolead appropriate page providing enriched user experience.Almost all of the functions of the application run on the WAMP server, which is responsible for communicatingwith web browser. MySQL relational database server stores the information the application requires, and PHP was usedas a middleware. Figure 5 represents the architecture of the system.57

G.J. E.D.T.,Vol.3(1):52-61(January-February, 2014)ISSN: 2319 – 7293RELATIONAL DATABASE(MySQL, Oracle, MS SQLserver)Web Server(Apache, IIS)Middle warePHP, JavascriptWeb Browser(Internet Explorer, MozillaFirefox, Netscape)Figure 5: Architecture of Web applicationThe application starts running from the home page shown in Figure 6.Figure 6: Homepage of Loan automation application softwareAfter a client logs in, there are a number of options to choose from. The interface of the make loan page is shown inFigure 7. The user is prompted for some details after which the user is validated.Figure 7: Make Loan page.Figure 8 shows the interface from where messages in inboxes are viewed. This option is provided on logging in.Upon approval of loan, a notification is created and sent to the client’s inbox.58

G.J. E.D.T.,Vol.3(1):52-61(January-February, 2014)ISSN: 2319 – 7293Figure 8: Inbox pageFigure 9 shows the Contact Us page, a form for users to type in any enquires or complaints they have. It holdstextboxes for name, email and comment. A validation is also done to ensure that the email entered is in the right formatand that none of the fields are left empty before the user is allowed to submit.Figure 9: Contact page of Loan automation application softwareFigure 10 shows the Admin login page. Administrator is the person in charge of the whole application. He runs itfrom a back-end. No one can modify or respond to users comments unless logged in with the administrator’s details,which should be kept with utmost care.Figure 10: Admin login pageAfter the administrator is successfully logged on (Figure 11), he can now manage the entire application. He is ableto manage clients, add news feeds, and check messages sent by clients and also log out. This interface is friendly andprovides adequate functions.59

G.J. E.D.T.,Vol.3(1):52-61(January-February, 2014)ISSN: 2319 – 7293Figure 11: Admin Content Management System3.0 Related WorksJEMS Loan Automation System was created for J.P. Morgan Mortgage Capital (JPMMC) to provide straightthrough automated processing of commercial mortgages throughout the entire lifecycle of the loan. At its core, JEMS isan intranet solution that uses the latest technologies in service-oriented architecture (SOA) and object-orienteddevelopment to completely automate the loan process from front to back. The major strengths of this system include:Increased speed and richness built into the user interface; Use of BizTalk that allows JPMMC to more quickly adapt tochanging business processing needs; and Web Services and .NET remotely used in the service-oriented architectureallowing for greater flexibility in scaling out individual pieces of the application. Windows Server 2003 was deployed forthe release of JEMS. This proved helpful in providing enhanced security and speed. Many of the services wereimplemented using XML Web Services hosted in IIS 6.0. BizTalk 2002 was used to handle data integration to a legacyweb application, as well as for automating several back end reporting and documentation processes. The database wasimplemented using Microsoft SQL Server 2000. Microsoft MapPoint 2002 was used to provide maps and directions forthe real estate properties in the system. Microsoft Office XP and 200

Keywords: Loan System, Loan Automation, Loan Application, Design Loan System, Design Loan Application. 1.0. Introduction A loan is an amount of money given to an individual or institution on the condition that it will be paid back over a . Non-functional Specification Non-functional requirements are good to haves. The non-functional .

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