The digital marketing landscapein VietnamVoices of Vietnam digital marketers and agenciesFrom Q&Me Vietnam Market Research Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.1
INTRODUCTIONVietnam advertisement market is in the middle of huge shift from the traditionalto digital, as smartphone changes the lifestyle of consumers and many spendhours of time online.Q&Me, market research service operated by Asia Plus Inc, has conducted thesurvey among 155 enterprises (104 brands, 43 agencies, 8 publishers) tounderstand their marketing activities, relationship between brands and agencies,as well as the issues of Vietnam digital marketing industries. Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.2
DIGITAL MARKETERS ACTIVITIESAMONG VIETNAM ENTERPRISESDigital marketing activities among Vietnam enterprisesAmong several digital marketing activities, Vietnamese enterprises focus on social activitiesthe most. 84% spend their money on social advertisement. Display advertisement (includingGDN) and Search advertisement / SEM are also popular, with 44% and 46% of theenterprises invest them respectively.Social advertisement is popular regardless of the company size. 94% of the mid/largeenterprises (staff number is 50 and more) spend money for social while 79% of smallenterprises (staff number is less than 50) do the activity as well. The other activities aremainly for the mid/large companies. For instance, 35% of mid/large enterprises takeinfluencer marketing while the number is 11% only for small enterprises. Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.3
DIGITAL MEDIA IN USEDigital marketing media in useFacebook is the most popular media that almost all enterprises have the account. YouTubefollows after that. 99% of the brand use Facebook for their digital marketing. YouTube isalso high, as 72% use it.Social medias in use33%44%FAC EBOOKYOU TU BEIN STAGR AMZAL O72%99%Objective of digital marketingFacebook is used mainly for branding and campaign. 85% use the media for branding. Thecampaign usage is more for middle to big enterprises, as 86% of them use the media forthis objective (small company is 66%).On the other hand, the objective of Facebook advertisement is for the performance. 87% of thebrands have run Facebook ads for the last 12 months. The biggest objective is the leadgeneration. 78% use it for “increase number of inquiries (email, information request)” followed by“Increase Likes/followers”. Social ads are linked as performance marketing in Vietnam. Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.4
Facebook operation objectiveHiringFacebook ad objective33%Increase # of searchTraffic conversion at EC39%37%Traffic increase to the realstoreIncrease traffic and purchaseat real shop52%Member acquisition57%Traffic increase to the websiteIncrease conversion64%Feedback to productdevelopment50%55%Increase traffic to the landingpage / website67%Customer support73%PR74%64%Increase Views of the postedcontents68%Increase Likes/followersCampaign74%77%Branding85%Increase number of inquiries(email, information request)78%Popular media for online videoOnline vide is one of the most popular digital marketing activities in Vietnam, with 85% of brandsuse it. YouTube and Facebook are the two most popular online video media. Although YouTube ismore popular in terms of media, Facebook ads are used more often when brands would like to runthe advertisements.Media to use online video marketingOtherCocCocUse ad network/ DSP3%6%15%Own websiteFacebook65%86%Youtube Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.91%5
DIGITAL MEDIAS OPERATIONSRatio of in-house and outsource in digital media operationsMost Facebook sites are managed by in-house. 87% of brands manage their site internallywhile those who outsource account for only 13%. When it comes to the advertisementoperations, the outsource ratio goes up to 36%.The key of in-house and outsource are the skills and cost. While 73% of in-house brandsanswer “We have enough skills to operate ads ourselves”, 77% of outsource brands alsochoose “Agencies have more skills to generate better performance” as the reason of not doing itin-house. 58% of in-house enterprises also mention about avoiding additional cost.Who is in charge of Facebook operationWebsite82%Online video ads operations59%Facebook ads operations16%41%64%Facebook operations2%36%87%In-houseOutsource Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.13%Mix of in-house and outsource6
ISSUES OF DIGITAL MARKETING INVIETNAMDigital marketing satisfactionWhen it comes to the satisfaction in digital marketing, brands are satisfied with itsperformance but less happy with its cost and the impact to the business. 55% are eithervery satisfied or satisfied with its performance, whereas the figures go down for cost(satisfied / very satisfied are 33%) and sales impact (32%). Especially the figure from themid / large companies are low as to the satisfaction in sales impact.Digital marketing advantages / disadvantagesSo how do enterprises perceive the advantages and disadvantages in digital marketing?“Better audience targeting (78%)” and “Flexible budget planning (77%) are among the topsthat are considered as advantage. On the other hand, they acknowledge “Difficulty to reachelderly segment (72%)” and “Difficulty to reach rural area (69%)” as its weakness. Digitalmarketing is perceived as the approach to reach the youth in urban areas. Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.7
Digital Marketing disadvantageDigital Marketing advantageHigher ROI34%Shorter lead time68%Flexibility in creative69%Quality of contents17%Little business impact19%Difficulty to measureperformance21%Easy to change / modify thecontents72%Easy to measure performance74%Easy to see audienceresponse75%Flexible budget planning77%Difficulty to reach audience inrural area69%Better audience targeting78%Difficulty to reach elderlysegment72%Small budget allocaitonROI is not clear nor good25%30%Issues in digital marketing of VietnamWhat are the issues to be solved in Vietnam digital marketing? The answer with highestvote are “lack of educational opportunity”. The learning opportunities of digital marketingseem to be missing in Vietnam despite of its rapid industry increase. What followsafterwards is the lack of understanding in digital marketing among management.Interesting item is “Lack of specialist on brand side”. While no more than 30% of brandsthink this is an issue, the ratio goes to 63% among agencies. The perspectives from brandand agency are quite different. The agencies in Vietnam perceive the lack of digitalknowledge on client side as one of the big headache. Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.8
Issues in digital marketing of VietnamHigh cost of digital marketing17%Lack of effective digital media19%Lack of adtech company22%Slow network connections27%Unclear ROI30%Budget allocated to digital is not big enough31%Lack of specialists on agency side35%Lack of effective measurement tools39%Lack of specialist on brand side41%Inappropriate organizational structure for digital marketing50%Lack of understanding among the management63%Lack of training & educational opportunity66%BRAND / AGENCY RELATIONSHIPSAgency satisfactionWhen brands are asked to score their satisfaction of their agencies from 1-10 (10 satisfied, 1 dissatisfied), only 10% scores 8 and higher while 71% scores 6 and less. Themain reasons of their low scores come from such items as “deliverables different fromoriginal (66%)” and “slow response of the team (40%)”.Reasons for dissatisfaction (6 andbelow)Satisfaction in agency(10 highest, 1 lowest)1%1%1%8%3%3%Delay in delivery7%Poor performance16%26%32%Poor quality in creative35%Lack of reporting35%29%Lack of flexibility40%Slow response of the team40%32%12345678910Deliverables different fromoriginal Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.66%9
Issues between brand and agencySo why there is little satisfaction between brand and agency? When asked about thechallenges working with agency, many brands point out “limited understanding of companystrategy (49%)” and “lack of performance tracking (47%)”. On the other hand, brands feelthat “budget is limited (77%)” as well as brand “fears in new approach (70%)”.Issues: Agency BrandIssues: Brand AgencyCommunication problemsProject managementLimited ability to integrateonline & offline19%Project management29%Communication problems35%35%Lack of innovative ideas38%Movement from strategic totactical execution38%Lack of practical ideas39%Lack of transparency40%High cost46%Performance tracking47%Limited understanding ofcompany strategy23%Frequent direction change60%Lack of market understanding60%No clear goals and objectives60%49%Fear in the new approach70%Limited budget77%Gaps between brand and agencyWe see several gaps as to how both of brand and agency recognize the currentcommunications.For instance, 41% of brands think that they give detailed explanation in briefing. However,only 9% agencies mention they receive such things and 81% answers that they answer briefexplanation only. The same briefing documents seem to be taken differently between brandand agency. Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.10
BR IEFIN G (BRAND )BR IEFIN G (AGENCY)9%11%9%41%48%81%Detailed explanationBrief explanationOthersDetailed explanationBrief explanationOthersThe same gap is applicable to the proposal quality. Only 19% of brands are satisfied withthe agencies proposals, whereas 44% of agencies are confident with what they propose.Brands are not happy with the proposals as they are “lack of business / industryunderstanding (67%)”, “lack of requirement understanding (60%)”, or “proposal with pooridea (53%)”.PR OPOSAL SATISFAC TION:BR AN D7%1%1%PR OPOSAL SATISFAC TION:AGEN C Y18%9%2%2%16%13%28%42%61%Very goodGoodAverageVery goodGoodAverageBadVery badOthersBadVery badOthers Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.11
Also, the gap can be found in cost. 63% of brands think that the cost from agencies areexpensive. On the other hand, 54% of agencies think that the budget given from brands aretoo small. This is the fundamental gap that could cause problems between agencies andbrands in Vietnam. 56% of brands expect the cost be lower by 11-20%.OPIN ION ON AGENCY C OST1%5%OPIN ION S ON BUDGET FR OMBR AN D0%5%2%9%30%44%49%54%Very highAverageVery affordableHighAffordableOthers Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.More than enoughAverageToo littleEnoughLittleOthers12
RESPONDENT PROFILEThe survey was conducted from 155 enterprises in Vietnam in October 2017.Company sizeJob levelIntermediate/ Middle level42%Senior Manager/ ManagerOwnerCxO (CIO, COO, CTO, CMO, 40%Less than 10 employees9%11 - 50 employees33%51 - 100 employees5%13%101 - 250 employees5%251 - 500 employeesPresident or CEO4%501 - 1,000 employeesDirector4%More than 1,000 employees15%10%9%11%Company typeMarketing /Advertisement agency28%68%5%Publisher / MediacompanyBrands Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.13
ABOUT USQ&Me is the market research service provided by Asia Plus Inc.Q&Me provides market research services with mobile technology, with the aim toprovide the hint of business easier and quicker. Our solutions range fromconsumer market research, retail audit, B2B market research to data collections.Please contact us if you need to understand Vietnam market deeper. We arealways here to help you.Contact Us Q&Me is operated by Asia Plus Inc.Address: Floor 2, Songdo Tower,62A Pham Ngoc Thach street, Ward 6,District 3, HCM City, VietnamTelephone number: ( 84) 2839 100 043Email: email@example.comWebsite: https://qandme.net Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc.14
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Q&Me, operated by Asia Plus Inc. 4 DIGITAL MEDIA IN USE Digital marketing media in use Facebook is the most popular media that almost all enterprises have the account. YouTube follows after that. 99% of the brand use Facebook for their digital marketing. YouTube is also high, as 72% use it. Y Social medias in use Objective of digital marketing
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Le genou de Lucy. Odile Jacob. 1999. Coppens Y. Pré-textes. L’homme préhistorique en morceaux. Eds Odile Jacob. 2011. Costentin J., Delaveau P. Café, thé, chocolat, les bons effets sur le cerveau et pour le corps. Editions Odile Jacob. 2010. 3 Crawford M., Marsh D. The driving force : food in human evolution and the future.
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5 In simple terms, digital marketing is the promotion of products or brands via one or more forms of electronic media. Digital marketing is often referred to as online marketing, internet marketing or web marketing. Digital marketing has been around for quite some time but it hasn't been very well defined.
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