SOM - State Of Michigan

3y ago
23 Views
3 Downloads
1.13 MB
65 Pages
Last View : 9d ago
Last Download : 5m ago
Upload by : Kairi Hasson
Transcription

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µ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·V VHFXULW\ GHSRVLW" 4 :KDW LV WKH SRLQW RI WKH LQYHQWRU\ FKHFNOLVW" 4 ,V LW LPSRUWDQW WR SURSHUO\ FRPSOHWH WKH LQYHQWRU\ FKHFNOLVW" % 5(&29(5,1* 7 ( 6(&85,7 '(326,7 7 7 ( (1' 2) 7 ( 7(1 1& 4 4 4 4 :KDW PXVW WKH WHQDQW GR DW WKH HQG RI WKH OHDVH" :KDW PXVW WKH ODQGORUG GR DW HQG RI WKH OHDVH" :KDW PXVW WKH WHQDQW GR ZKHQ KH RU VKH UHFHLYHV WKH LWHPL]HG OLVW RI GDPDJHV" :KDW PXVW WKH ODQGORUG GR RQFH KH RU VKH UHFHLYHV QRWLFH RI WKH WHQDQW·V GLVSXWH RI WKH LWHPL]HG OLVW RI GDPDJHV" 4 :KR PXVW ILOH VXLW³WKH ODQGORUG RU WKH WHQDQW³IRU WKH VHFXULW\ GHSRVLW" & 6(&85,7 '(326,7 7,0(/,1(6XEOHDVLQJ4 4 4 4 4 4 'RHV WKH ODQGORUG KDYH WR DJUHH WR WKH VXEOHDVH" ,I WKH WHQDQW LV DOORZHG WR VXEOHDVH ZKDW H[DFWO\ FDQ EH VXEOHDVHG" :KDW GXWLHV GRHV WKH RULJLQDO WHQDQW KDYH ZKHQ VXEOHDVLQJ" :KDW DERXW WKH VHFXULW\ GHSRVLW" :KDW LI WKH VXEWHQDQW VWRSV SD\LQJ UHQW" &DQ WKH RULJLQDO WHQDQW EH UHOHDVHG IURP WKH REOLJDWLRQV XQGHU WKH OHDVH" (YLFWLRQ 3URFHHGLQJV 67 57,1* 7 ( (9,&7,21 352&(66³%()25( *2,1* 72 &28574 4 4 4 4 (Rev. 5/2003):KDW ODZIXO UHDVRQ V PXVW EH JLYHQ WR HYLFW D WHQDQW" ,I RQH URRPPDWH PRYHV RXW DQG VWRSV SD\LQJ UHQW FDQ WKH RWKHU WHQDQW V EH HYLFWHG" :KDW LV SURSHU QRWLFH RI HYLFWLRQ DQG KRZ LPSRUWDQW LV LW" RZ PXFK QRWLFH PXVW EH JLYHQ WR WKH WHQDQW EHIRUH WKH ODQGORUG PD\ ILOH VXLW" 2QFH WKH SURSHU QRWLFH LV SUHSDUHG KRZ PXVW LW EH GHOLYHUHG WR WKH WHQDQW"

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·V UHVSRQVLELOLWLHV" 4 :KDW DUH WKH WHQDQW·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·V /HWWHUV WR /DQGORUG 6DPSOH RI /DQGORUG·V /HWWHUV WR 7HQDQW PREPAREDBY THE MICHIGAN LEGISLATURETHIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED FREE TO MICHIGAN CITIZENS AND MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED FOR RESALE OR PROFIT.

&UHDWLQJ DQG 7HUPLQDWLQJ 7HQDQFLHVDQG 8QGHUVWDQGLQJ WKH /HDVHRead the lease. Read the lease. Read thelease. When most people hear the term “lease”they think of the long sheets of paper writtenin very small type that they sign when theyagree to move in and rent an apartment orhouse. A lease contains a variety of legalterms. It is important to recognize and knowthe following terms of a lease and tounderstand the substance of the agreement. Landlord: The party agreeing to transferpossession and use of the rental property,usually the owner (but may also include anagent or employee of the owner, or amanagement company). Tenant: The party taking possessionand use of the rental property from thelandlord under a lease. A tenant’s right topossession and use is called a tenancy orleasehold. Lease (or Rental Agreement): Thecontract between the tenant and landlord,transferring possession and use of the rentalproperty. (See Sample Residential LeaseAgreement, page 32.) A lease can be written ororal, but a written lease provides the bestprotection for both the landlord and thetenant. Joint and Several Liability. If more thanone person signs the lease as a tenant, thelease may state that their obligations are “jointand several.” This means that each person isresponsible not only for his or her individualobligations, but also for the obligations of allother tenants. This includes paying rent andperforming all other terms of the lease. Escrow Account: A bank account orother account held by a third party, generallyestablished in the name of the tenant, intowhich whole or partial rent payments aredeposited to show that the tenant was ready,willing, and able to pay the rent—but iswithholding the rent until a certain problemis fixed that the landlord is legally responsiblefor fixing. Once the problem is fixed, theescrowed rent amount will be released to thelandlord. Plaintiff: A person who files a civil actionto seek judicial relief for some injury ordamage caused in violation of his or her rights. Defendant: A person against whom reliefor recovery is sought in a civil action. 7 ( 7(1 1& 4 :KDW DUH WKH W\SHV RI WHQDQFLHV"While the lease refers to the written (ororal) agreement, the “tenancy” refers to theactual property right a tenant receives underthe lease. When the owner conveys to anothera lesser interest in the property for a term lessthan that of the owner’s for valuableconsideration (generally rent), thereby grantinganother use and enjoyment of his or herproperty during the period stipulated, thatcreates a tenancy. In Michigan, there are threetypes of tenancies:1. Fixed-Term Tenancy. This type of tenancyis created when the lease agreement specifieswhen the tenancy begins and when it ends.It terminates automatically at the end of theperiod specified. Generally, a written leaseprovides that if a tenant holds over after thefixed term expires, the tenancy shall beconsidered a month-to-month tenancy. On theother hand, if the lease does not so provide,and the parties acquiesce—i.e., tenant stays inpossession and landlord accepts the rent—thelease is considered renewed for the same fixedterm upon the same conditions.2. Periodic Tenancy OR Tenancy at Will.This type of tenancy is indefinite in duration. Itis created by actual or implied consent.Usually a month-to-month tenancy, the lease isconsidered renewed at the end of each rentalperiod (month-to-month or week-to-week,depending on how often rent must be paid).Termination procedure is governed by statuteand requires notice.3. Tenancy at sufferance OR holdovertenancy. This type of tenancy is created byoperation of law only. A tenant holdspossession after his or her legal right to 3UDFWLFDO *XLGH IRU 7HQDQWV DQG /DQGORUGV

possession has ended (oftentimes based onlandlord’s failure to act). The person is justshort of being considered a trespasser. Theelements: (a) the tenant entered possessionlawfully, (b) the tenant’s legal right topossession has ended, and (c) the tenantremains without the landlord’s consent.4 UH WKHUH DGYDQWDJHV DQGGLVDGYDQWDJHV WR WKH GLIIHUHQW W\SHVRI WHQDQFLHV"Fixed-Term TenancyAdvantages. The advantage to the tenant isthat the rental period is fixed and the rentalamount is stable; the landlord may not regainpossession or raise the rent, with fewexceptions. The advantage to the landlord isthat the tenant is committed to pay rent for aspecified period of time; the tenant is boundby the lease terms, with few exceptions.Disadvantages. The disadvantage to thetenant is that he or she is bound by the leaseterm and may not simply move withoutremaining liable for the rent, permitting fewerchanges in arrangements. The disadvantage tothe landlord is that he or she is stuck with thetenant until the lease term ends.Periodic Tenancy OR Tenancy at WillAdvantages. The advantage to the tenant isthat he or she is free from any furtherobligation once proper notice of termination isgiven to the landlord—different housingarrangements can be made more quickly. Thesame advantage is true for the landlord; he orshe may decide to no longer rent to the tenantif the same proper notice is given.Disadvantages. The disadvantage to thetenant is that the landlord, with proper notice,can also raise rent. The disadvantage to thelandlord is that he or she is not provided withany certainty as to how long the tenant willremain.% 7 ( /( 6(4 UH WKHUH DGYDQWDJHV WR D ZULWWHQOHDVH"Although it is common for tenants to signsome type of written agreement, a lease is notalways put in writing. Sometimes it is nothingmore than an oral agreement as to the move-inand move-out dates, the address of the rental 3UDFWLFDO *XLGH IRU 7HQDQWV DQG /DQGORUGVproperty itself, and the amount of the rent andwhen it must be paid. However, if the leaseagreement is for a period of more than oneyear, an oral lease is not an option—it must beput in writing to comply with the Statute ofFrauds (MCL 566.106).Whether there is a fixed-term tenancy or aperiodic tenancy, it is best to have a writtenrecord of the rental agreement. A writtenrecord is a permanent record that may be usedfor reference if misunderstandings arise—andthey do. In the absence of a written lease,signed by both the landlord and the tenant, itis advisable to keep a personal written recordof the agreement.4 :KDW SURYLVLRQV VKRXOG EH LQFOXGHG LQWKH OHDVH"The Michigan Truth in Renting Act (Act 454of 1978, MCL 554.631 to 554.641) regulatesresidential leases—requiring the landlord todisclose certain information. Leases differsomewhat in terms, but a written leaseagreement should include:1. Name and signature of the landlord;2. Name and signature of the tenant;3. Rent amount to be paid, how frequently,and when and where it is to be paid;4. Address of the rental property;5. Starting and ending dates if it is a fixedterm tenancy;6. Landlord’s mailing address;7. Amount of the security deposit, if any;8. Name and address of the financialinstitution holding the security deposit;9. Notice of the tenant’s obligation to providea forwarding address to the landlord within4 days of terminating the tenancy;10. Who is responsible for paying utilities;11. Repair and

Tenant: The party taking possession and use of the rental property from the landlord under a lease. A tenant’s right to possession and use is called a tenancy or leasehold. Lease (or Rental Agreement):The contract between the tenant and landlord, transferring possession and use of the rental property. (See Sample Residential Lease Agreement .

Related Documents:

som sørgjer over tapet av kona si.-Reisa frå gretten gubbe til eit samansett og sårbart medmenneske, er vakker, sier Sven Nordin. Regien er ved Bjarni Thorsson, som tidlegare har hatt suksess med Nordin med forestillingane Hulemannen og Pappa. Han er ikkje i tvil: Sven Nordin er som skapt for rolla som Ove. På scena: Sven Nordin Av Fredrik .

samtliga matematiklärare som har deltagit i enkätstudien. Jag har samlat in enkäter vid tre tillfällen över två år och i dessa enkäter har lärarna fått svara på frågor som rör de olika konstrukten som finns i Expectancy Value Theory of Achievement Motivation (Wigfield & Eccles 2000), som är en motivationsteori.

Även elever som uppgav att de inte talade samiska innan de började skolan kunde ange samiska som sitt modersmål. Resultatet i denna artikel visar en bild av elever som identifierar sig med det samiska språket, då språket anses som en viktig kulturbärare. Positiva attityder och viljan att använda språket är en viktig

"köpta pengar", det vill säga pengar som är upplånade på marknaden (Figur 4). Och av de pengar som lånas upp på mark-naden kommer närmare två tredjedelar från utlandet. Just att de svenska storbankerna inte bygger sin finansiering på traditionell bankinlåning, som brukar anses som mycket stabil, utan på marknadsupplåning,

av de pengar som satsas i spel med hög risk 6 2017-10-20 För lotterier t ex är andelen med problemspelande 2,3 procent och andelen av satsade pengar som kommer från spelare med problemspelande är 6 procent. Kvoten blir då 6/2,3 2,6 Det finns samband mellan andel spelare med problemspelande och hur stor andel av de pengar som satsas som kommer

rade brottsligheten är pengar - och det som kan köpas för pengar - bör också bekämpningen av brottsligheten ha samma fokus. I annat fall skjuter brottsbekämpningen inte in sig på det som biter bäst. Som en följd av ett ökat ekonomiskt fokus på brottsligheten har ekonomiskt inriktade myndigheter som Försäkringskassan,

MICHIGAN STRATEGIC FUND MEMORANDUM DATE: March 15, 2022 TO: The Honorable Gretchen Whitmer, Governor of Michigan Members of the Michigan Legislature FROM: Quentin L. Messer Jr., President, Michigan Strategic Fund SUBJECT: FY 2021 MSF/MEDC Annual Report The Michigan Strategic Fund (MSF) is required to submit an annual report to the governor and the Michigan

In 2012, the Governor and Michigan Legislature passed legislation requiring Michigan Virtual TM, formally Michigan Virtual University , to establish a center for online learning research and innovation. Known as Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute (MVLRI ), this center is a natural extension of the work of Michigan Virtual .