BFU 2016 Feedback San Francisco State University

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Congratulations! The League of American Bicyclists hasdesignated San Francisco State University as a BicycleFriendly University at the Bronze level. Reviewers werevery pleased to see the current efforts and dedication topromoting cycling for transportation and recreation on yourcampus.Highlights of the application include: Bike Barn; Power tothe Pedal Outreach Program; Weekly bicycle educationtabling at the campus Farmer's Market; ‘BicycleGeographies’ course; SF State Cycling Team; Bike suppliessold at campus bookstore.Below, reviewers provided key recommendations to furtherpromote bicycling at San Francisco State University alongwith a menu of additional pro-cycling measures that can beimplemented in the short and long term. (Short-termrecommendations that often see quickest results arehighlighted in bold.)We strongly encourage you to use this feedback to build onyour momentum and continue to improve your campus forbicyclists.There may also be initiatives, programs, and facilities thatare not mentioned here that would benefit your bicyclingculture, so please continue to try new things to increaseyour ridership, safety, and awareness!2The key measures San Francisco StateUniversity should focus on to improve cyclingon campus: Increase the amount of way-finding signage at strategiclocations around campus. (See Engineering) Continue to increase the amount of high quality bicycleparking at popular destinations. (See Engineering) Develop a comprehensive bicycle education programincluding an ongoing safety and awareness campaign, aswell as regular bicycle safety and maintenance classes.Host a League Cycling Instructor (LCI) seminar to increasethe number of local LCIs qualified to teach these classes oncampus. (See Education) Launch a bike sharing system for students, faculty, andstaff. (See Encouragement) Offer students an opportunity to register their bikes withcampus police and have an ongoing education campaign toprevent against bike theft. (See Enforcement) Update the campus bike master plan to reflect currentneeds, and continue to guide the long-term physical andprogrammatic vision for your campus. (See Evaluation &Planning)

Menu of additional recommendations tofurther promote bicycling:EngineeringAdopt an official Complete Streets or BicycleAccommodation policy and offer implementationguidance. By adopting a Complete Streets policy, institutionsdirect their transportation planners and engineers to routinelydesign and operate the entire right of way to enable safe accessfor all users, regardless of age, ability, or mode oftransportation. This means that every transportation projectwill make the street network better and safer for drivers,transit users, pedestrians, and bicyclists – making yourcampus a better place to live, work and study.Provide ongoing training opportunities forengineering and planning staff related toaccommodating bicyclists. Consider providing APBPmemberships for one or more related staff.Encourage relevant staff to attend the National BikeSummit each year to connect with their peers andlearn about best practices from around the country.Develop a bike parking ordinance or campus-wide policyrequiring bike parking at all new and existing buildings.Continue to increase the amount of high qualitybicycle parking at popular destinations such as transitstops, class room/lab buildings, dorms, recreationand entertainment facilities, and retail and officelocations on campus. More and more institutions alsoensure that off-campus student housing providessecure and covered bike parking.Allow students who live on campus to store theirbikes in their dorm rooms.Continue to expand the bike network and to increase networkconnectivity through the use of different types of bike lanes,cycle tracks and shared lane arrows. On-streetimprovements coupled with the expansion of the off-streetsystem will encourage more people to cycle and willimprove safety. Ensure smooth transitions for bicyclistsbetween the trail network and the street network. Theseimprovements will also increase the effectiveness ofencouragement efforts by providing a broader range of facilitychoices for users of various abilities and comfort levels. Ensurethat all bicycle facilities conform to current best practices andguidelines – such as the NACTO Urban Bikeway DesignGuide, AASHTO Guide for the Development of BicycleFacilities and your state or local DOT’s own guidelines.Place way-finding signage at strategic locationsaround campus. By helping bicyclists more easily andconveniently navigate your campus, you will helpthem to focus on riding more safely and predictably,for the benefit and safety of everyone. Here are somebest practices from the Washington, DC area councilof governments.Adequately maintain your on and off road bicycleinfrastructure to ensure usability and safety. Increase thefrequency of sweepings and address potholes and otherhazards more quickly.3

Accommodate bicyclists during construction byproviding suitable detour routes and signage. SeeStanford’s Head’s Up Campaign, designed to informtheir campus community of construction activity andto provide strategies for navigating safely, whether onfoot or on wheelsRecreational bicycling can be promoted through nearby bicycleamenities such as a mountain bike park, a cyclocross course ora pump track. If such facilities exist, partner with localorganizations to promote these resources to on-campusstudents.EducationThe League offers a series of educational videos thatcan easily be downloaded or shared online. Topicsrange from How to Choose a Bicycle, to propersteering, signaling, and intersection positioning on abike. Use these videos to educate your students,faculty, and staff on bicycling basics. Use the videos aspart of new student orientation training, or as aprerequisite to using the campus bike share program.Make these videos available on your website andshare on social media to promote bike safetyeducation to broader audiences. View and downloadthe videos at: bicycling into the new student and employeeorientation program in order to reach all incoming students,faculty and staff. This can include online videos,distribution of bike maps, bike registration, reviews of bikelaws and helmet and bike light promotions. This should alsoinclude information for cyclists and motorists on their rightsand responsibilities as users. Consider also reaching out toparents. Everyone should know that this campus wants to betruly bicycle-friendly.Start a bicyclist and motorist ticket diversion program.Students given a citation are offered an opportunity to waivefees for violations by attending a bicycling education course.This should include a classroom and on-road component. SeeUC Davis’ Bicycle Education and EnforcementProgram.Offer more frequent Cycling Skills classes, Traffic Skills 101classes and bike commuter classes or contact your local bicyclegroup to see if there are classes in your area that could bepromoted to students and employees. Ideally the instructionwould incorporate a classroom portion as well as on-roadtraining. The classroom portion of Traffic Skills 101 is nowavailable online as well. For more information should be offered regularly within physical educationcourse offerings. Arizona State University offers asemester-long Physical Activity Class titled OutdoorCycling for Fun and Fitness.Host a League Cycling Instructor (LCI) seminar toincrease the number of local LCIs. Having local instructorswill enable your institution to expand cycling education,recruit knowledgeable cycling ambassadors, deliver educationto motorists, and have experts available to assist inencouragement programs. Visit more information.4

Consider a peer-to-peer education model to increase theeffectiveness of your bicycle education on campus. ArizonaState University hosts a League Cycling Instructor (LCI)Seminar on its campus once every 18 months to maintainenough LCI-certified students to sustain their peer educationmodel. LCI-certified students are then paid by the school toteach bicycle safety classes to other students, allowing thecampus to offer a wide variety of bicycling classes year-round.See the full list of Bike Classes available at ASU.Dero ZAP and see how Harvard encourages employeesto bike to work through the Bike Commuter TaxBenefit.The League of American Bicyclists offers a pocketsized Smart Cycling Quick Guide that can bepurchased in English and Spanish for distribution onyour campus. Preview the guide and learn more launching a bike sharing system for students, facultyand staff. A bike share system is a convenient, cost effectiveand healthy way of encouraging students and employees tomake short trips by bike. For inspiration, see what is beingdone at Emory University in Partnership with Fuji, seehow Yale is using Zagster bikes for its bike share program,and check out the automated Wolf Ride Bike Share systemat Stony Brook University.EncouragementLaunch a bicyclist mentorship program. A bikementorship program that teams experienced cyclistswith newcomers is a great way to encourage andeducate. Mentors can offer advice on bike routes,appropriate gear, safe riding and much more. It alsogives new commuters a support group to rely on andoften makes them feel more secure and excited abouttheir first few rides. Learn about UCLA’s Bike Buddiesprogram.Establish a formal incentive program for those who bikecommute. This could include such benefits as cash incentives,a Guaranteed Ride Home program, car share discounts andcoupons for local bike shops. Check out the University ofMinnesota’s ZAP Bike Commuting program throughConsider offering bike valets at events throughout the year tosolve parking issues at well-attended events. For example,Boise State University offers bike valet service at footballgames. See what the University of Arizona is doing toencourage bicycling through an all year bike valet.EnforcementOffer students an opportunity to register their bikes with thecampus police. Organizing an event around bike registrationduring the beginning of the semester will allow you toeffectively communicate with students about bike theft andprovide an opportunity to teach proper locking techniques.Read about registering a bike at the University ofOklahoma.Offer affordable bike lock rentals or free bike locks tostudents and employees to help reduce bike theft oncampus. See Portland State University’s U-lock Rentalprogram.5

Work with campus and/or city police to implement a Bait BikeProgram to help curb bike theft on campus. Learn about howthe University of California, Berkeley’s Bait Bikeprogram helped reduce bike thefts by 45% in 2014, and howthe University of Wisconsin – Madison’s PoliceDepartment reduced bike thefts by 40% in the first yearof their Bait Bike program.Association, the Law Enforcement Bicycle Associationand the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (seetheir Roll Call video “Enforcing Law for Bicyclists.”)Encourage at least one of your Public Safety officers to becomea League Cycling Instructor.Ask police officers to target both motorist and cyclistinfractions to ensure that laws are being followed byall road users. Ensure that bicycle/car crashes areinvestigated thoroughly and that citations are givenfairly.Appoint a full-time staff member as Bicycle Program Manageror create a new position. A Bicycle Program Manager workswith the campus administration, advocates, local electedofficials, law enforcement, transit providers and the generalcampus community to build partnerships and implementfacilities and programs that increase the number of students,faculty and staff that are safely bicycling and walking. Thisstaff person should also work closely with the Bicycle AdvisoryCommittee, review development proposals to ensure thatbicycle requirements are incorporated and to assess bicyclingimpacts, develop and implement educational and promotionalprograms, write grant proposals, serve as the public contact forbicycling inquiries and complaints, educate other staff aboutfacilities standards and guidelines, and coordinate withneighboring communities, transit agencies and otherdepartments to implement policies and projects. See thisreport on the importance of Bicycle & Pedestrianprogram staff.Enforcement practices can also include positiveenforcement ticketing. Officers and student bicyclingambassadors could team up with local stores toreward safe cycling practices by handing out giftcertificates to cyclists who are “caught” following thelaw.Increase the number of Public Safety officers thatpatrol campus on bikes, as it gives officers a betterunderstanding of the conditions for cyclists. Alsoensure that streets as well as secluded off-road pathsare regularly patrolled to improve personal safety andencourage more people to take advantage of theseamenities.Ensure that all Public Safety officers are initially andrepeatedly educated on the “Share the Road” message andtraffic law as it applies to bicyclists and motorists. Training isoffered by the International Police Mountain BikeEvaluation & PlanningCreate a bicycle-specific subcommittee under your CampusSustainability Committee. Having a Bicycle AdvisoryCommittee (BAC) that meets frequently is critical to buildingsupport for bicycle improvements as it ensures that the bicycleprogram is held accountable to the campus population andsurrounding communities. It creates a systematic method for6

ongoing staff, faculty and student input into the developmentof important policies, plans, and projects. BACs should beinvolved in developing relevant policy and planningdocuments, setting priorities, reviewing annual bicycleprogram work plans, and reviewing major projects. Ensurethat the members of the committee reflect the diversity andability levels of cyclists on your campus. See this guide toforming a Bicycle Advisory Committee.Create an updated and bike-specific campus bike masterplan that will guide future plans with a long-term physical andprogrammatic vision for your campus. Focus on developing/completing a seamless cycling network that emphasizes andcreates short distances between residential buildings andpopular destinations such as classroom buildings, cafeterias,recreational facilities and transit stops. Complementinfrastructure planning with encouragement, education, andenforcement programs to increase ridership and safety.Develop a clear vision statement and set ambitious butattainable targets. The overarching goal should be to increasethe percentage of trips made by bicycle on campus. Check outUniversity of Utah’s plan as an example.Ensure that there is dedicated funding for the implementationof the bicycle master plan, as well as ongoing bicycleinfrastructure and programming needs. Dedicating a portionof automobile parking fees toward non-automobile facilitiesand services is a great way to establish a baseline annualbudget for bicycle improvements. You can also reach outsidethe university for grants and private funding for specificprojects.Benefits of Further Improving SanFrancisco State University forCyclingIncreasing bicycle use can improve the environment by reducing theimpact on the community of pollution and noise, limiting greenhousegases, and improving the quality of public spaces; Reducecongestion by shifting short trips (the majority of trips in cities) out ofcars. This will also make campuses more accessible for publictransport, walking, essential car travel, and emergency services; Savelives by creating safer conditions for bicyclists and as a directconsequence improve the safety of all other road users. Researchshows that increasing the number of bicyclists on the street improvesbicycle safety; Increase opportunities for students, faculty and staffto participate socially and economically in campus and communityactivities, regardless of income or ability.Greater choice of travel modes also increases independence; Boostthe economy by creating a campus environment and community thatis an attractive destination for new students, residents, tourists andbusinesses; Enhance recreational opportunities and furthercontribute to the quality of life on campus; Save university funds byincreasing the efficient use of public space, reducing the need forcostly new road infrastructure, preventing crashes, improving thehealth of the campus community, and increasing the use of publictransport; Enhance campus safety and security by increasing thenumber of “eyes on the street” and providing more options formovement in the event of emergencies, natural disasters, and majorcampus events; Improve the health and well being of the campuspopulation by promoting routine physical activity.7

Regularly conduct research on bicycle usage to more efficientlydistribute resources according to demand. Conduct yearlycounts using automated and manual counters in partnershipwith advocacy organizations. Consider participating in theNational Bicycle and Pedestrian DocumentationProject.Install automatic bicycle counters on your campus to bettergauge ridership on an ongoing basis. Look into tools such asthe EcoCounter for automatic electronic counters, or onlineservices like the National Bike Challenge for self-reportingdata collection. Learn about UCLA’s automated bikecounter and publicly available ridership data. See howthe University of Minnesota uses the Dero ZAP Program totrack and reward ridership on their campus.Develop a reporting system to track bicycle,bicycle/pedestrian, and bicycle/automobile crashes to helpidentify conflict points that may need special attention.Expand efforts to track and evaluate crash statistics to producea specific plan to reduce the number of crashes on campus.Available tools include Intersection Magic and PBCAT. Seethe report Bicyclist Fatalities and Serious Injuries inNew York City 1996-2005.Consider conducting an economic impact study onbicycling within your college/ university.For more ideas and best practices please visit theBicycle Friendly University Resource Page.Please also see the attached document for additionalcomments and feedback from bicyclists on your campus.8

6 Work with campus and/or city police to implement a Bait Bike Program to help curb bike theft on campus. Learn about how the University of California, Berkeley's Bait Bike program helped reduce bike thefts by 45% in 2014, and how the University of Wisconsin - Madison's Police Department reduced bike thefts by 40% in the first year of their Bait Bike program.

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