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SOLID WASTE DIVERSIONANNUAL REPORTCalendar Year 2018ZERODC DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKSWASTE'18

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DC Department of Public WorksOffice of Waste DiversionThis document was produced by the Department of Public Works and the Interagency Waste Reduction Working Group, infulfillment of reporting requirements per the Sustainable Solid Waste Management Amendment Act of 2014.The Interagency Waste Reduction Working Group is a coalition of DC agency stakeholders charged with creating a path to zerowaste for the District of Columbia. Working Group members shape the implementation of waste programs, provide feedbackand support for waste diversion operations, design and develop cohesive waste diversion education and outreach materials,and support the continued evolution of the District’s waste diversion policies.3

IntroductionThe Department of Public Works, on behalf of the Mayor,is proud to present the Calendar Year 2018 Solid WasteDiversion Progress Report in fulfillment of the annualreporting requirements of the Sustainable Solid WasteManagement Amendment Act of 2014.Zero Waste is defined as diverting 80% or more ofthe city’s solid waste stream away from landfills andwaste-to-energy facilities. This annual report includesdata and information that describes solid waste activityduring 2018 and is intended to track progress that thecity is making in pursuit of this Zero Waste vision.Notable changes have been made to this report’s solidwaste diversion metrics, something made possiblein part by recently estimated citywide data. Specificchanges are discussed in the following sections, as wellas a brief summary of the 2018 results.DiscussionThe Office of Waste Diversion is now capable ofreporting a full calendar years’ worth of solid waste dataacross all sectors of the city. This important milestone ismade possible by the established Solid Waste CollectorRegistration & Reporting System [1] and the developmentof the city’s first citywide Waste Characterization Study(2021).Since 2015, the District of Columbia has been trackingsolid waste diversion performance in line with theDistrict of Columbia Government’s fiscal year (FY)calendar (October 1 – September 30). Moving forward,solid waste data will be reported on a calendar year(CY) basis (January 1 – December 31). This seeminglysmall adjustment will greatly improve the consistencyof this annual report and better align with neighboringjurisdictions’ reporting timelines and those ofestablished District programs and initiatives. Meaningfulimprovements have also been made to the city’s solidwaste diversion metrics. Previous reports have featureda Residential Waste Diversion Rate and a CitywideResidential Waste Diversion Rate. Going forward, thefollowing two metrics will be reported upon and their fullscope is described later in this document; ResidentialWaste Diversion Rate and Citywide Waste DiversionRate.4In addition, the availability of citywide data allows foran estimation of the city’s Per Capita Waste GenerationRate of solid waste. Combined, these three metrics willbe utilized to determine how well the city is performingwith respect to source reduction and waste diversion.The data contained in this report will be used to establishbaselines for solid waste generation and compositionacross the city. These baselines will also be used toquantify greenhouse gas emissions resulting from theDistrict’s solid waste sector, as well as track progressmade towards achieving Sustainable DC[2] and CarbonFree DC goals.Summary of ResultsThe Residential Waste Diversion Rate equaled25.24% for calendar year 2018. At 25.24%, theDistrict falls within the median range for diversionperformance among comparable large, U.S. cities. Intime, this performance metric will be best improvedthrough an expansion of existing residential programs(e.g. material drop-off programs) and increasededucation and outreach regarding how best torecycle and reduce waste generated in the home.The Citywide Waste Diversion Rate is estimated to be16.11% for calendar year 2018. Since almost all large U.S.cities struggle to quantify citywide waste diversion acrossall sectors, residential and commercial, comparisons are,therefore, difficult to come by. In time, this rate will beimproved by focusing on a mix of supportive policies andprograms specific to the commercial and multi-familyresidential sectors since, combined, they constitute thelargest percentage of solid waste generated in the city.The Per Capita Waste Generation Rate is estimated tobe 1.62 tons per resident per year or 8.89 pounds perresident per day for calendar year 2018. These valuesare seemingly higher than comparable, large U.S. cities.This can be attributed to the large number of tourists anddaily commuting employees, which inflate the District’sdaytime population well above the 702,455 residentialpopulation reported for calendar year 2018.A deeper discussion of these results as well as afull disclosure of available calendar year 2018 solidwaste tonnage data and information are presented insubsequent sections.* These metrics should be considered estimates built upona combination of existing data sources and for where datawas not fully available, proxy data. These estimates arepresented with a high degree of confidence.

25.24%16.11%Residential Waste Diversion Rate*Citywide Waste Diversion Rate1.13M Tons8.89 Pounds*Citywide Solid Waste Stream*Per Capita Waste Generation Rate (Daily)5

DATARESIDENTIALBREAKDOWNResidential Solid Waste Generation & DiversionResidential Waste includes data for the entireDPW serviced, single-family residential sector plusdrop-off programs that are open to all residents(including multi-family residents) across the Districtof Columbia.Table 1A: Residential Solid Waste Generation[3]Material StreamElectronic Waste[4]400Household Hazardous Waste[5]79.12Paint[6]204.29[7]Table 1A provides a breakdown of Residential Wastegenerated in 2018. Table 1B provides a breakdown of therefuse total shown in Table 1A.In 2018, the Residential Waste Diversion Rate equaled25.24%. This rate places the District of Columbia withinthe median range for diversion performance amongother large, U.S. cities.796TextilesScrap Metal326.85Shredded Paper168.19Community CompostingLeaves2785,633.62Holiday TreesFood Waste450.1[8]414[9]Other Green WasteSingle Stream RecyclablesResidential Waste Diversion RateTons44926,496.82Bins esidential Waste DiversionRate[10]25.24%Table 1B: Residential RefuseMaterial StreamCurbside Refuse Collection98,462.08Scheduled Bulk Waste Pick ups2,618.58Residential Bulk Drop-Off4,210.23Refuse Total6Tons105,290.89

CITYWIDEBREAKDOWNCitywide Solid Waste Generation & DiversionFor the first time, the District of Columbia can estimateCitywide Waste Diversion beginning with calendaryear 2018. This important milestone will allow the city,as a whole, to track progress towards achieving theZero Waste DC mission and related Sustainable DCgoals. Table 2 [11] provides a breakdown of the amountof solid waste generated across the entire city’s solidwaste stream.Table 2: Citywide Solid Waste Generation[12]Material StreamTonsRefuse881,716.80Mixed Recyclables97,015.65Paper37,647.23Shredded Paper168.19Plastic163.56Textiles746Scrap Metal25,635.83Citywide solid waste includes all solid waste whichthe District of Columbia generates includingwaste derived from residential and non-residential(commercial) sectors. This data and estimated metricswere made possible by the Waste CharacterizationStudy (2021). Where calendar year 2018 data was notavailable, extrapolations were made using relevant yearstonnages and population as proxies.Bulky39,253.09Street Sweepings20,146.22In 2018, the Citywide Waste Diversion Rate wasestimated to be 16.11%. Since large U.S. cities donot regularly calculate a citywide waste diversionrate, comparisons are difficult to make. With theestablishment of this performance metric, the Districtof Columbia aims to assert itself as a leader in trackingprogress towards Zero Waste.Electronics1,433.53Paint[14]195.65[15]Per Capita Waste Generation Rate for the year isestimated to be 1.62 tons per resident per year or 8.89pounds per resident per day. These values place theDistrict of Columbia at the very high-end of the range ofwhat other U.S. cities have typically reported. This canbe attributed to the fact that the District of Columbia’sdaytime population swells during the day with the influxof daily commuters and tourists.[13]TiresLeavesHoliday Trees247.35,625.49481.03Food Waste4,736.34Yard Trimmings8,874.99Other Green WasteOther HouseholdHazardous 2Population702,455Annual Tons Per Capita1.62Daily Lbs. Per Capita[17]8.89Citywide Waste DiversionRate16.11%Citywide Waste Diversion Rate7

Citywide Solid Waste Disposal by DestinationTable 3 contains all of the available solid waste disposal data across the city’s entire waste stream. It is importantto note that there is a gap between the amount of the solid waste referenced in Table 2, and the amount of solidwaste reported to be disposed of in Table 3. This gap is the result of citywide solid waste disposal data not yet beingfully captured in the Solid Waste Collector Registration & Reporting System. Increased enforcement efforts on thepart of the Department of Public Works’ Office of Waste Diversion and the Solid Waste Education & EnforcementProgram (SWEEP) will increase reporting compliance and reduce the number of “hidden” tons. This effort, pairedwith building stronger partnerships with neighboring states in the mid-Atlantic region, will help the District betteraccount for citywide waste generation and disposal.Table 3: Citywide Solid Waste Disposal by Destination[18]Facility NameFacility TypeFacility AddressTonnageLorco Petroleum ServicesBiofuelUnknown[19]5.1Revolution Bio FuelsBiofuel2162 Kerchner Lane, Seven Valleys, PA 1736027.6Biofuel SubtotalACME Biomass ReductionInc.Composting21601 New Hampshire Avenue, Brookeville, Maryland20833Brookville Landfill SupplyComposting8913 Brookville Road, Silver Spring, MD 20901Community Composting(DPR)CompostingMultiple Locations[20]314D & A Dunlevy Landscapers, Inc. Composting16101 Morrow Road, Poolesville, MD 2083712Evergro LandscapingComposting11411 Old Pond Dr, Glenn Dale, MD 2076954.6Fine Earth LandscapeComposting16815 Budd Road, Poolesville, MD 208371,980.00Great American LandscapesComposting14310 Comus Rd., Clarksburg MD 20871202Grounds ManagementComposting17930 Central Avenue, Mitchellville, MD 20716Harvest RGI, LLCComposting7800 Kabik Ct, Woodbine, MD 21797Level Green Upper MarlboroYARDComposting6408 Dower House Rd, Upper Marlboro MD 20772Poole LandscapingComposting7802 Biggs Ford Rd, Frederick, MD 21701Prince George’s County YardWaste Composting FacilityComposting6601 S.E. Crain Highway, Upper Marlboro, Maryland20772Remington MulchComposting524 Lee Hwy, Fairfax, VA 22031Soil Safe LLCComposting16001 Mattawoman Drive, Brandywine, MD 20613Veteran Compost FacilityComposting6300 Newman RD, Fairfax, VA osting Subtotal832.7162420,376.58

Facility NameFacility TypeFacility AddressTonnageCharles County LandfillLandfill12305 Billingsley Rd, Waldorf, MD 206025,038.65Davis IndustriesLandfill9920 Richmond Highway, Lorton, VA 22079King and Queen LF BFILandfill4443 Iris Road, Little Plymouth, VA 2309171,958.04King George LandfillLandfill10376 Bullock Drive, King George, Virginia 2248554,820.32Middle Peninsula LandfillLandfill3714 Waste Management Way, Glenns, VA 2314957,749.81Old DominionLandfill2001 Charles City Rd, Henrico, VA 232313,432.93PG’s Brown Station RoadSanitary LandfillLandfill3500 Brown Station Road, Upper Marlboro, MD 207742,362.21Republic Services- 623LandfillLandfill1961 Ashland Road, Rockville, Virginia 2314638,914.19Ritchie LandfillLandfill2001 Ritchie Marlboro Road, Upper Marlboro, MD 207721,525.95Bristol Virginia Solid WasteManagement FacilityLandfill2125 Shakesville Rd, Bristol, VA 2420127.68[21]Annapolis Junction TransferStationLandfill8077 Brock Bridge Rd, Jessup, Md 20794ESI,Ameriwaste TransferStationLandfill7140 Kit Kat Rd, Elkridge Md 21075Northeast Transfer StationLandfill2100 Queens Chapel Road NE, Washington, District ofColumbia 20018Tristar TiresLandfillUnknown[22]32.35West Virgina Tire DisposalLandfill26 Bryant Branch Rd, Summersville, WV 2665173.59W Street Transfer StationLandfill1220 W. Street, NE, Washington, District of Columbia2001833.81411.469Landfill Subtotal31,068.2856,984.79324,443.06Prince Georges ScrapRecycling5700 Branchville Rd., College Park, MD 20740240.51East Coast Metals, LLCRecycling1015 Ritchie Road, Capitol Heights, MD 207435,660.00Emanuel Tire LLCRecycling1326 Bentalou St., Baltimore, MD 21216Encore RecyclingRecycling13211 Virginia Manor Rd, Laurel, Maryland 20707Shred-AceRecyclingDGS MaterialEnviroSolutionsRecycling9304 D’Arcy Rd Upper Marlboro, MD 2077490Georgetown Paper Stock ofRockville, Inc.Recycling14820 Southlawn Lane, Rockville, MD 208504,918.82Goode CompaniesRecycling6305 Ivy Ln Ste 720, Greenbelt, MD 20770MXI Environmental ServicesRecycling26319 Old Trail Rd, Abingdon, VA 24210Industrial Metal RecyclingLLCRecycling9304 D’Arcy Rd, Upper Marlboro, MD 2077414.632,475.8285.7979.00[23]52.489

Facility NameFacility TypeFacility AddressTonnageJK EnterpriseRecycling6200 farrington Ave, Alexandria, VA 22304Joseph Smith & Sons, Inc.Recycling2001 Kenilworth Ave, Capitol Heights, Maryland 20743Metalpro, Inc.Recycling7956 Twist Lane, Springfield, VA 22153Montgomery County Recycling CenterRecycling16101 Frederick Rd, Derwood, Maryland 20855468.12Montgomery Scrap Corp.Recycling15000 Southlawn Lane, Rockville, MD 2085028.36Olive Street ProcessingRecycling1701 Olive St, Capitol Heights, Maryland 20743Planet AidRecycling6730 Santa Barbara Ct, Elkridge, MD 21075Recycle OneRecycling4700 Lawrence Street, Hyattsville, MD 20781Reliable ContractingRecycling2641 Brickhead Rd Gambrills Md 21054Republic Northern VirginiaRecycling FacilityRecycling7911 Notes Drive, Manassas, Virginia 20109Rodgers Brothers MaterialRecovery FacilityRecycling2225 Lawrence Ave NE, Washington, District of Columbia20018Shredded Paper (DPW)RecyclingUnknownTolson & Assoc.Recycling1451 Capitol Raceway Rd, Odenton, Md 21113United States Penitentiary, Lewisburg(E-Waste Hauled by Unicor)Recycling2400 Robert F Miller Dr, Lewisburg, PA 17837141.00[25]WM Recycle America, LLCRecycling7175 Kit Kat Road, Elkridge, Maryland 2107560,329.92MXI Environmental ServicesRecycling26319 Old Trail Rd, Abingdon, VA 24210138.08[26]eCYCLE DCRecyclingMultiple Locations1,295.63World Recycling CompanyRecycling5600 Columbia Park Road, Cheverly, Maryland 9,219.9395.84169.00[24]Recycling Subtotal101020164,378.51Annapolis Junction TransferStationWaste to Energy8077 Brock Bridge Rd, Jessup, Md 20794Northeast Transfer StationWaste to Energy2100 Queens Chapel Road NE, Washington, District ofColumbia 2001831,068.28W Street Transfer StationWaste to Energy1220 W. Street, NE, Washington, District of Columbia2001856,984.79GeoCycleWaste to Energy2175 Gardner Blvd, Holly Hill, SC 29059Covanta Energy CorporationWaste to Energy9898 Furnace Rd, Lorton, VA 22079Covanta Energy Corporation– AlexandriaWaste to Energy5301 Eisenhower Ave, Alexandria, Virginia 22304Wheelabrator BaltimoreWaste to Energy1801 Annapolis Rd, Baltimore, Maryland 21230Waste to Energy .19

Total834,553.0311

ENDNOTES1. All solid waste collectors who operate in the District of Columbia are required to register and report annually with the Office of WasteDiversion in the Department of Public Works in accordance with DC Official Code § 8-1031.05 and DC Official Code § 8-1031.06.2. https://sustainable.dc.gov/3. Residential Waste includes data for the entire DPW serviced, single-family residential sector plus drop-off programs that are open to allresidents (including multi-family residents) across the District of Columbia.4. Includes DPW drop-off eCYCLE DC from both single and multi-family residential.5. Approximately 50% of this material was sent for diversion.6. 67.66% of paint collected via PaintCare was recycled or diverted.7. Includes textiles from both single and multi-family residential collected at distributed drop-off bins across the city (e.g. Planet Aid).8. Includes material derived from DPW's food waste drop-off program.9. Includes landscaper material collected within single-family residential.10. Since this rate includes only multi-family residential streams, DPW has quality data for 2018. The actual rate will likely be lower once allresidential streams are accounted for and included in future years.11. 834,553.03 tons in Table 3 versus 1,139,846.12 tons in Table 2. The District can currently account for roughly 73% of the estimatedcitywide solid waste stream.12. Citywide solid waste includes all solid waste which the District of Columbia generates, including waste derived from residentialand non-residential (commercial) sectors. Where calendar year 2018 data was not available, extrapolations were made using relevantyears tonnages and population as proxies.13. It is assumed that 50% of tires were recycled.14. 67.66% of paint collected via PaintCare was recycled or diverted.15. This number is lower than the 204.29 tons reported in Table 1 A. This is due to an update from PaintCare after the Waste CharacterizationStudy was developed.16. 50% of this material was sent for diversion.17. The National Average per U.S. EPA in 2018 was 4.9 pounds per person per day in 2018.18. Citywide Waste includes all residential and commercial material that DPW has knowledge of per its Solid Waste Collector Registration &Reporting System, Compuweigh scale weight data, and invoice data (manually calculated) for various District Government operations.19. Final destination could not be determined.20. For a full list of locations, please visit DPR’s website: https://dpr.dc.gov/page/community-gardens.21. Material collected by PaintCare.22. Final destination could not be determined.23. This figure is derived from the FY 2018 invoice for services on behalf of DPW.24. This figure is derived from the FY 2018 invoice for services on behalf of DPW.25. This figure is derived from the FY 2018 invoice for services on behalf of DPW.26. Materials collected via PaintCare.27. Materials collected via PaintCare.'18DC DEPARTMENT OFPUBLIC WORKSPhone(202) 673-6833Emaildpw@dc.govFranklin D. Reeves Center2000 14th Street NW, 6th floorWashington DC 20009Fax(202) 671-0642Websitedpw.dc,gov1212

of solid waste generated across the entire city's solid waste stream. Citywide solid waste includes all solid waste which the District of Columbia generates including waste derived from residential and non-residential (commercial) sectors. This data and estimated metrics were made possible by the Waste Characterization Study (2021).

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