SUSE LINUX - Novell

1y ago
34 Views
2 Downloads
7.77 MB
719 Pages
Last View : 16d ago
Last Download : 4m ago
Upload by : Jamie Paz
Transcription

SUSE LINUXA DMINISTRATION G UIDE

Edition 3 2005Copyright This publication is intellectual property of Novell Inc.Its contents can be duplicated, either in part or in whole, provided that a copyright label isvisibly located on each copy.All information found in this book has been compiled with utmost attention to detail.However, this does not guarantee complete accuracy. Neither SUSE LINUX GmbH, theauthors, nor the translators shall be held liable for possible errors or the consequencesthereof.Many of the software and hardware descriptions cited in this book are registered trademarks. All trade names are subject to copyright restrictions and may be registered trademarks. SUSE LINUX GmbH essentially adheres to the manufacturer’s spelling. Names ofproducts and trademarks appearing in this book (with or without specific notation) arelikewise subject to trademark and trade protection laws and may thus fall under copyrightrestrictions.Please direct suggestions and comments to t:Setting:Stefan Behlert, Frank Bodammer, Stefan Dirsch, Olaf Donjak, RomanDrahtmüller, Torsten Duwe, Thorsten Dubiel, Thomas Fehr, Stefan Fent,Werner Fink, Kurt Garloff, Carsten Groß, Joachim Gleißner, AndreasGrünbacher, Franz Hassels, Andreas Jaeger, Klaus Kämpf, Andi Kleen,Hubert Mantel, Lars Marowsky-Bree, Chris Mason, Johannes Meixner,Lars Müller, Matthias Nagorni, Anas Nashif, Siegfried Olschner, PeterPöml, Thomas Renninger, Heiko Rommel, Marcus Schäfer, NicolausSchüler, Klaus Singvogel, Hendrik Vogelsang, Klaus G. Wagner, RebeccaWalter, Christian ZozJörg Arndt, Antje Faber, Berthold Gunreben, Roland Haidl, Jana Jaeger,Edith Parzefall, Ines Pozo, Thomas Rölz, Thomas Schraitle, Rebecca WalterManuela Piotrowski, Thomas SchraitleDocBook-XML, LATEXThis book has been printed on 100 % chlorine-free bleached paper.

WelcomeCongratulations for your new Linux operating system and thank you for selecting SUSE LINUX 9.3. By purchasing this version, you can get installationsupport by telephone and e-mail as described at upport/conditions.html. To makeuse of this service, activate your support authorization in the SUSE LINUX Portal(http://portal.suse.com) with the help of the code printed on the CD case.To make sure that your system is always in a secure and up-to-date state, we recommend regular updates with the comfortable YaST Online Update. SUSE additionally offers a free e-newsletter featuring security-related information and tipsand tricks for SUSE LINUX. Simply subscribe by entering your e-mail address athttp://www.novell.com/company/subscribe/.The SUSE LINUX Administration Guide provides background information aboutthe way your SUSE LINUX system operates. This manual introduces you toLinux system administration basics, such as file systems, kernels, boot processes,and the configuration of the Apache Web server. The SUSE LINUX AdministrationGuide has five major categories:Installation System installation and configuration with YaST, special installationtypes, LVM, RAID, updates, and system recovery.System Special features of SUSE LINUX, details about the kernel, boot concept,and init process, configuration of the boot loader and the X Window System, printing, and mobile computing in Linux.Services Integration in heterogeneous networks, configuration of the ApacheWeb server, file synchronization, and security.Administration File system ACLs and important system monitoring tools.

Appendix Important sources of information about Linux.The digital versions of the SUSE LINUX manuals are located in the directory/usr/share/doc/manual/.Changes in the Administration GuideThe documentation of the previous version (SUSE LINUX 9.2) has been modifiedas follows:The sections about LVM and partitioning have been revised. See Section 3.7on page 97 and Section 2.7.5 on page 68.Chapter 8 on page 169 has been revised and a description of the YaST module has been added. It also contains a new section about the use of wildcards (Section Using Wild Cards to Select the Boot Kernel on page 177).The file system chapter now includes information about the Reiser4 file system. See Section 20.2.5 on page 358.The network part has been completely revised and restructured. See Chapter 22 on page 377 and following chapters.SuSEfirewall2 has been updated and a description of the new YaST modulhas been added. See Section Configuring with YaST on page 577.Several new programs are mentioned in Chapter 36 on page 615.The glossary has been revised and updated, see also Glossary V onpage 665.Typographical ConventionsThe following typographical conventions are used in this manual:/etc/passwd: file or directory nameshplaceholderi: replace hplaceholderi with the actual valueiv

PATH: the environment variable PATHls: commands--help: options and parametersuser: users : a key to press Alt ‘File’: menu items, buttonsProcess killed: system messagesman man(1): reference to man pagesI x86, AMD64This section is only relevant for the specified architectures. The arrows markthe beginning and the end of the text block. JAcknowledgmentWith a lot of voluntary commitment, the developers of Linux cooperate on aglobal scale to promote the development of Linux. We thank them for theirefforts—this distribution would not exist without them. Furthermore, we thankFrank Zappa and Pawar. Special thanks, of course, go to Linus Torvalds.Have a lot of fun!Your SUSE TeamSUSE LINUXv

ContentsIInstallation11Installation with YaST31.1System Start-Up for Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41.1.1Boot Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41.1.2Possible Problems when Booting the System . . . . . . . . .41.2The Boot Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61.3Language Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71.4Installation Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81.5Installation Suggestion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91.5.1Installation Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91.5.2Keyboard Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101.5.3Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101.5.4Partitioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111.5.5Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181.5.6Boot Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211.5.7Time Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211.5.8Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221.5.9Launching the Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231.6Finishing the Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231.6.1root Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

2Network Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251.6.3Firewall Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251.6.4Testing the Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261.6.5Loading Software Updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271.6.6User Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271.6.7Configuring the Host as a NIS Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281.6.8Creating Local User Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291.6.9Release Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311.7Hardware Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311.8Graphical Login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32System Configuration with YaST352.1The YaST Control Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362.2Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372.3viii1.6.22.2.1Installing and Removing Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372.2.2Change Installation Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 452.2.3YaST Online Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 452.2.4Patch CD Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482.2.5System Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482.2.6Media Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512.3.1CD-ROM and DVD Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512.3.2Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512.3.3Hard Disk Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522.3.4Hardware Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522.3.5IDE DMA Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522.3.6Scanner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532.3.7Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 552.3.8TV and Radio Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 562.4Network Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 572.5Network Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57Contents

2.62.72.82.92.102.5.1Mail Transfer Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 582.5.2Other Available Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58Security and Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 612.6.1User Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 612.6.2Group Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 612.6.3Security Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 622.6.4Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 652.7.1Backup Copy of the System Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 652.7.2Restoring the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 662.7.3Creating Boot and Rescue Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 662.7.4LVM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682.7.5Partitioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682.7.6Profile Manager (SCPM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 732.7.7System Services (Runlevel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 732.7.8Sysconfig Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 742.7.9Time Zone Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 742.7.10Language Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 742.8.1Submitting a Support Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 742.8.2Boot Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 752.8.3System Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 752.8.4Loading a Vendor’s Driver CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76YaST in Text Mode (ncurses) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 762.9.1Navigation in Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 762.9.2Restriction of Key Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 782.9.3Starting the Individual Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 792.9.4The YOU Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79Online Update from the Command Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79SUSE LINUXix

3Special Installation Procedures3.1Setting Up a Central Installation Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 843.1.1Configuration with YaST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 843.1.2Client Installation Using the Installation Server . . . . . . . 873.2linuxrc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 873.3Installation with VNC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 893.3.1Preparing for the VNC Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 903.3.2Clients for the VNC Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 903.4Text-Based Installation with YaST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 903.5Tips and Tricks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 923.5.1Creating a Boot Disk with rawwritewin . . . . . . . . . . . . 923.5.2Creating a Boot Disk with rawrite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 923.5.3Creating a Boot Disk in a UNIX-Type System . . . . . . . . . 933.5.4Booting from a Floppy Disk (SYSLINUX) . . . . . . . . . . . 943.5.5External Boot Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 953.5.6Installation from a Network Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 953.6Permanent Device Names for SCSI Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 963.7LVM Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 973.8x833.7.1The Logical Volume Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 973.7.2LVM Configuration with YaST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99Soft RAID Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1033.8.1Soft RAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1043.8.2Soft RAID Configuration with YaST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1053.8.3Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1063.8.4For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107Contents

4Updating the System and Package Management4.14.24.35109Updating SUSE LINUX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1104.1.1Preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1104.1.2Possible Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1104.1.3Updating with YaST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1114.1.4Updating Individual Packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111Software Changes from Version to Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1124.2.1From 8.1 to 8.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1124.2.2From 8.2 to 9.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1134.2.3From 9.0 to 9.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1144.2.4From 9.1 to 9.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1204.2.5From 9.2 to 9.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125RPM—the Package Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1274.3.1Verifying Package Authenticity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1284.3.2Managing Packages: Install, Update, and Uninstall . . . . . 1284.3.3RPM and Patches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1304.3.4Delta RPM Packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1314.3.5RPM Queries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1324.3.6Installing and Compiling Source Packages . . . . . . . . . . 1354.3.7Compiling RPM Packages with build . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1374.3.8Tools for RPM Archives and the RPM Database . . . . . . . 138System Repair1395.1Automatic Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1405.2User-Defined Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1425.3Expert Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1425.4The SUSE Rescue System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1435.4.1Starting the Rescue System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1435.4.2Working with the Rescue System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144SUSE LINUXxi

II67System32-Bit and 64-Bit Applications in a 64-Bit System EnvironmentRuntime Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1506.2Software Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1506.3Software Compilation on Biarch Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1516.4Kernel Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152Booting and Configuring a Linux System153The Linux Boot Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1547.1.1initrd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1557.1.2linuxrc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1567.1.3For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1577.2The init Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1577.3Runlevels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1587.4Changing Runlevels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1597.5Init Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1607.5.1xii1496.17.18147Adding init Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1627.6System Services (Runlevel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1647.7SuSEconfig and /etc/sysconfig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1657.8The YaST sysconfig Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167The Boot Loader1698.1Boot Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1708.2Selecting a Boot Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1718.3Booting with GRUB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1718.3.1The GRUB Boot Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1738.3.2The File device.map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1788.3.3The File /etc/grub.conf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1798.3.4The GRUB Shell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1808.3.5Setting a Boot Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180Contents

8.49Configuring the Boot Loader with YaST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1828.4.1The Main Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1828.4.2Boot Loader Configuration Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1838.5Uninstalling the Linux Boot Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1858.6Creating Boot CDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1858.7The Graphical SUSE Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1868.8Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1878.9For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188The Linux Kernel1899.1Kernel Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1909.2Kernel Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1909.3Kernel Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1919.49.3.1Configuration on the Command Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1919.3.2Configuration in Text Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1919.3.3Configuration in the X Window System . . . . . . . . . . . . 192Kernel Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1929.4.1Hardware Detection with the Help of hwinfo . . . . . . . . . 1939.4.2Handling Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1939.4.3/etc/modprobe.conf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1949.4.4Kmod—the Kernel Module Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1949.5Compiling the Kernel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1959.6Installing the Kernel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1959.7Cleaning Your Hard Disk after Compilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19610 Special Features of SUSE LINUX10.1197Information about Special Software Packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19810.1.1The Package bash and /etc/profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19810.1.2The cron Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19810.1.3Log Files: Package logrotate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19910.1.4Man Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200SUSE LINUXxiii

10.1.5The Command locate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20110.1.6The Command ulimit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20110.1.7The free Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20210.1.8The File /etc/resolv.conf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20210.1.9Settings for GNU Emacs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20310.1.10 Brief Introduction to vi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20410.2Virtual Consoles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20610.3Keyboard Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20710.4Language and Country-Specific Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20710.4.1Some Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20810.4.2Settings for Language Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20910.4.3For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21011 The X Window System11.1211X11 Setup with SaX2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21211.1.1Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21311.1.2Graphics Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21411.1.3Colors and Resolutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21511.1.4Virtual Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21611.1.53D Acceleration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21711.1.6Image Position and Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21711.1.7Multihead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21711.1.8Input Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21911.1.9AccessX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22011.1.10 Joystick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22111.211.3Optimizing the X Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22111.2.1Screen Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22311.2.2Device Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22511.2.3Monitor and Modes Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226Installing and Configuring Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22711.3.1xivContentsXft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

11.411.3.2X11 Core Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23011.3.3CID-Keyed Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231OpenGL—3D Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23211.4.1Hardware Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23211.4.2OpenGL Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23311.4.3The Diagnosis Tool 3Ddiag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23311.4.4OpenGL Test Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23311.4.5Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23311.4.6Installation Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23411.4.7Additional Online Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23412 Printer Operation23512.1Preparation and Other Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23612.2Workflow of the Printing System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23712.3Methods and Protocols for Connecting Printers . . . . . . . . . . . . 23812.4Installing the Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23812.5Configuring the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23912.612.712.812.5.1Local Printers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23912.5.2Network Printers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24212.5.3Configuration Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243Configuration for Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24512.6.1Printing from the Command Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24512.6.2Printing from Applications Using the Command-Line Tool . 24512.6.3Using the CUPS Printing System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246Special Features in SUSE LINUX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24612.7.1CUPS Server and Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24612.7.2Administrator for CUPS Web Front-End . . . . . . . . . . . 24712.7.3Changes in the CUPS Print Service (cupsd) . . . . . . . . . . 24812.7.4PPD Files in Various Packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25112.8.1Printers without Standard Printer Language Support . . . . 252SUSE LINUXxv

.8.10No Suitable PPD File Available for a PostScript PrinterParallel Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Network Printer Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Defective Printouts without Error Message . . . . . . .Disabled Queues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CUPS Browsing: Deleting Print Jobs . . . . . . . . . . .Defective Print Jobs and Data Transfer Errors . . . . . .Debugging the CUPS Print System . . . . . . . . . . . .For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Mobile Computing with Linux13.1 Laptops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.1.1 Power Conservation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.1.2 Integration in Changing Operating Environments13.1.3 Software Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.1.4 Data Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.2 Mobile Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.3 Cellular Phones and PDAs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.4 For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 PCMCIA14.1 Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.2 Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.2.1 Base Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.2.2 Card Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.3 Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.3.1 Network Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.3.2 ISDN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.3.3 Modem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.3.4 SCSI and IDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.4 Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.5 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.5.1 PCMCIA Base System Does Not Work . .14.5.2 PCMCIA Card Does Not Work Properly14.6 For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73274274275276

15 System Configuration Profile Management15.1 Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15.2 Configuring SCPM Using the Command Line . . . . .15.2.1 Starting SCPM and Defining Resource Groups15.2.2 Creating and Managing Profiles . . . . . . . .15.2.3 Switching Configuration Profiles . . . . . . . .15.2.4 Advanced Profile Settings . . . . . . . . . . . .15.3 The YaST Profile Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15.3.1 Configuring Resource Groups . . . . . . . . .15.3.2 Creating a New Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15.3.3 Modifying Existing Profiles . . . . . . . . . . .15.3.4 Switching Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15.4 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15.4.1 Termination during the Switch Process . . . .15.4.2 Changing the Resource Group Configuration .15.5 Selecting a Profile When Booting the System . . . . . .15.6 For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Power Management16.1 Power Saving Functions . . . . . . . . . . .16.2 APM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16.3 ACPI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16.3.1 ACPI in Action . . . . . . . . . . . .16.3.2 Controlling the CPU Performance .16.3.3 ACPI Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16.3.4 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . .16.4 Rest for the Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . .16.5 The powersave Package . . . . . . . . . . . .16.5.1 Configuring the powersave Package16.5.2 Configuring APM and ACPI . . . .16.5.3 Additional ACPI Features . . . . . .16.5.4 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . .16.6 The YaST Power Management Module . . .SUSE 310xvii

17 Wireless Communication17.117.217.3Wireless LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31617.1.1Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31617.1.2Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31717.1.3Configuration with YaST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31917.1.4Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32217.1.5Tips and Tricks for Setting Up a WLAN . . . . . . . . . . . . 32217.1.6Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32317.1.7For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324Bluetooth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32417.2.1Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32517.2.2Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32617.2.3System Components and Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32917.2.4Graphical Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33117.2.5Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33117.2.6Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33317.2.7For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334Infrared Data Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33517.3.1Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33517.3.2Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33517.3.3Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33617.3.4Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33618 The Hotplug Systemxviii31533918.1Devices and Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34018.2Hotplug Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34118.3Hotplug Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34218.3.1Activating Network Inte

the way your SUSE LINUX system operates. This manual introduces you to Linux system administration basics, such as file systems, kernels, boot processes, and the configuration of the Apache Web server. The SUSE LINUX Administration Guide has five major categories: Installation System installation and configuration with YaST, special .

Related Documents:

Novell www.novell.com Novell Confidential Manual (99a) 15 April 2004 iFolder 2.1 June 25, 2004 INSTALLATION AND ADMINISTRATION GUIDE. Novell Confidential Manual (99a) 15 April 2004 . June 25, 2004 INSTALLATION AND ADMINISTRATION GUIDE. Novell Confidential Manual (99a) 15 April 2004 Legal Notices Novell, Inc. makes no representations or .

Hardening Guide SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP5 Deals with the particulars of installing and setting up a secure SUSE Linux Enter-prise Server, and additional post-installation processes required to further secure . The SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Security and Hardening Guide deals with the particulars of in-

Linux in a Nutshell Linux Network Administrator’s Guide Linux Pocket Guide Linux Security Cookbook Linux Server Hacks Linux Server Security Running Linux SELinux Understanding Linux Network Internals Linux Books Resource Center linux.oreilly.comis a complete catalog of O’Reilly’s books on Linux and Unix and related technologies .

OpenStack Juno Big Data service SUSE Storage integration SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 Compute Node GA GA GA SUSE Cloud 5 High Availability Guests Docker support (tech preview) SUSE Cloud 6 OpenStack Kilo Install

Novell Native File Access Pack for NetWare 5.1 Installation and Administration Guide . Novell Native File Access Pack for NetWare 5.1 Installation and Administration Guide 100-004513-001 A April 4, 2002 Novell Confidential Manual 99a 38 July 17, 2001 Novell Trademarks

The Novell Client is a powerful and feature rich service that is necessary to gain the full functionality of a Novell NetWare system. The Novell 4.91 client runs on a Windows 2000 or Windows XP workstations and allows your . To launch the Novell Client installation, run the SETUPNW.EXE file as depicted in Illustration 1. Step 2 - Choose the .

For information about the other Access Manager devices and features, see the following: Novell Access Manager 3.1 SP5 Administration Console Guide Novell Access Manager 3.1 SP5 Identity Server Guide Novell Access Manager 3.1 SP5 Policy Guide Novell Access Manager 3.1 SP5 J2EE Agent Guide Novell Access Manager 3.1 SP5 SSL VPN Server Guide

The Four Color Personalities For MLM: The Secret Language For Network Marketing By Tom "Big Al" Schreiter, Page: Intro & Details Instant bonding, instant communication, and how to get your network marketing prospects to fully understand and act on your message fun! This is the most fun of the 25 skills of network marketing. Our prospects have a different point-of-view than ours. So how do we .