PROOF MARKS ProoF MarKs - Gunlearn

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PROOF MARKS 2403 PROOF MARKS PROOF MARKS The proof marks shown below will assist in determining nationality of manufacturers when no other markings are evident. Since the U.S. has no proofing houses (as in England, France, Germany and other European countries), most U.S. manufacturers voluntarily proof their firearms with a specifed style of proofmark (i.e. the interlocked WPª synonymous with the Winchester trademark can be fired using modern smokeless powder) shells. Pre-1850 European firearms oftentimes do not exhibit any commercial proof marks and, with the exception of an occasional barrel address, they represent the single hardest category of firearms one can research properly. Captured weapons from major wars occasionally show two different nationalities of proof marks. This is acceptable since the gun was proofed in a national proof house after original manufacture and again when the gun was exported to a different country as a military acquisition. Please refer to the References section in this text for proof mark source information. PROOF MARK CIRCA AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1891 Vienna provisional proof for multi barrel guns since 1891 Ferlach provisional proof for multi barrel guns 1892-1918 Prague provisional proof for rifles 1892-1918 Ferlach black powder proof for rifles 1892-1918 Prague black powder proof for rifles 1892-1918 Weipert black powder proof for rifles 1892-1918 Vienna black powder proof for rifles 1918-1938 Ferlach black powder proof for rifles 1918-1938 Vienna black powder proof for rifles 1938-1940 Ferlach black powder proof for rifles 1938-1940 Vienna black powder proof for rifles since 1945 Vienna black powder proof for multi barrel guns since 1945 Ferlach black powder proof for multi barrel guns since 1891 Bundesheer preliminary proof for multi barrel guns

2404 PROOF MARKS: AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN 1891-1928 Budapest smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols Since 1981 Ferlach smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols 1891-1931 Ferlach smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols since 1891 Vienna smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols 1891-1931 Weipert smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols PROOF MARKS: AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS, cont. MARKS cont. PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS, PROOF MARK CIRCA BELGIAN PROOF MARKS PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1852 Liege provisional black powder proof for breech loading guns and rifled barrels Liegedouble proof marking for unfurnished barrels Liege triple proof provisional marking for unfurnished barrels since 1893 -Liege definitive black powder proof for breech loading guns, small bore guns and handguns since 1853 Liege View stamp and inspectors mark for firearms "Perron" since 1924 -Liege Nitro proof for rifled barrel and parabellum pistols since 1852 -Liege - -Liege rifled arms defense for smokeless proof parabellum pistols Superior nitro proof PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1856 BRITISH PROOF MARKS PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN London provisional proof for barrels

PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1856 2405 PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN Birmingham since 1637 London provisional proof for barrels definitive black powder proof for shotguns,muzzle loader barrels 1811-1892 Liege black powder proof for rifles 1897-1923 Liege black powder proof for rifles 1891-1968 Liege type EC. smokeless powder proof for rifles 1898-1968 Liege type Pt. smokeless powder proof for rifles 1898-1968 Liege smokeless powder proof for rifles since 1968 Liege smokeless powder proof for rifles since 1904 London since 1954 Birmingham definitive nitro proof for all guns - parabellum pistols definitive nitro proof for barrel and action since 1904 Birmingham black powder proof only for parabellum pistols 1868-1925 London PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont. definitive special super power proof for parabellum pistols 1868-1925 Birmingham voluntary special black powder proof 1868-1925 London reproof marking for black powder rifles 1868-1925 Birmingham reproof marking for black powder rifles 1868-1925 Birmingham definitive black powder proof for shotguns since 1904 Birmingham definitive nitro proof for all guns since 1670 London view mark since 1904 Birmingham view mark

2406 PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS FRENCH PROOF MARKS PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS PARIS HOUSE ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1897 provisional proof unfinished short barreled guns standard proof for finished guns 1897 1897 double proof finished and joined barrels 1897 single barrel proof for non-assembled guns 1897 finished black powder guns since 1962 black powder proof for rifles 1962-1972 final black powder proof for rifles 1926-1962 final black powder proof for rifles since 1962 final black powder proof for rifles since 1900 smokeless powder proof for rifles 1896-1926 smokeless powder proof for rifles 1896-1926 smokeless powder proof for rifles 1896-1926 smokeless powder proof for rifles 1900-1972 smokeless powder proof for rifles 1926-1972 smokeless powder proof for rifles 1962-1972 final smokeless powder proof for rifles since 1962 final smokeless powder proof for rifles since 1982 final smokeless powder proof for rifles

PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont. PARIS HOUSE ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA 2407 TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN 1897 special proof for finished guns 1897 ordinary smokeless powder proof 1897 superior smokeless powder proo PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont. GERMAN PROOF MARKS MARKS cont. PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, Research continues for the inclusion of Pre-1950 German Proofmarks. PROOF MARK CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1952 Ulm since 1968 Hannover since 1968 Kiel (W. German) since 1968 Munich since 1968 Cologne (W. German) since 1968 Berlin (W. German) since 1952 Ulm voluntary proof for hand/long guns since 1952 Ulm repair proof for major gun parts since 1952 Ulm since 1952 Ulm provisional black powder for shotgun & multi barreled rifles definitive nitro proof for all guns since 1952 Ulm definitive black powder for smokeless ammo guns since 1952 Ulm Flobert for special purpose guns signal, flare, gas, & stun guns since 1945 E. German, Suhl smokeless powder proof since 1950 E. German, Suhl 1st black powder proof for rifled barrels since 1950 E. German, Suhl nitro powder proof

2408 PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1950 PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN E. German, Suhl since 1950 E. German, Suhl repair proof 1st black powder proof for smooth bored barrels since 1950 E. German, Suhl inspection mark since 1950 E. German, Suhl choke-bore barrel mark PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA ITALIAN PROOF MARKS PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1951 Brescia provisional proof for all guns since 1951 Gardone provisional proof for all guns since 1951 Gardone & Brescia definitive proof for guns with smokeless powder since 1951 Gardone & Brescia finish proof for firearms ready for sale since 1951 Gardone & Brescia 1st black powder proof PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA SPANISH PROOF MARKS PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1910 Eibar provisional black powder proof for shotguns since 1910 Eibar temporary black powder proof for shotguns since 1910 Eibar final black powder proof for breech loading shotguns since 1910 Eibar final smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns since 1910 Eibar reinforced smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns since 1910 Eibar provisional proof for shotguns since 1910 Eibar final black powder proof for breech loading shotgun

PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA PROOF HOUSE 2409 TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1923 Eibar final and single black powder proof for double barreled muzzle loading shotun since 1923 Eibar final and single black powder proof for single barrel smooth bored breechloading guns since 1923 Eibar final black powder proof for double barreled breechloading rifles since 1923 Eibar final black powder proof for single proof breechloading rifles since 1923 Eibar reinforced voluntary proof for single and double barrel shotguns since 1923 Eibar final proof of military-style rifle since 1923 Eibar single and final proof of non-self loading pistols since 1923 Eibar since 1929 Eibar single and final proof for self loading pistols and revolvers admission proof for guns with old marks since 1929 Eibar proof used in Barcelona for guns with old marks since 1929 Eibar final proof for revolver since 1929 Eibar proof for semiautomatic pistols since 1929 Eibar since 1929 Eibar special manufacturer's mark for guns made for foreign sales smokeless proof for shotgun barrels since 1929 Eibar reinforced smokeless proof for shotgun barrels MARKS: cont. SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARKS,

PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKSPROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont. GERMAN PROOF MARKS Research continues for the inclusion of Pre-1950 German Proofmarks. PrOOF mark CirCa PrOOF hOuse tYPe OF PrOOF and gun since 1952 Ulm since 1968 Hannover since 1968 Kiel (W. German) since 1968 Munich since 1968 Cologne (W. German) since 1968 Berlin (W. German)

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since 1950 E. German, Suhl choke-bore barrel mark PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont. ITALIAN PROOF MARKS PrOOF mark CirCa PrOOF hOuse tYPe OF PrOOF and gun since 1951 Brescia provisional proof for all guns since 1951 Gardone provisional proof for all guns

PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKSPROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS, cont. BELGIAN PROOF MARKS PrOOF mark CirCa PrOOF hOuse tYPe OF PrOOF and gun since 1852 Liege provisional black powder proof for breech loading guns and rifled barrels - Liege- double proof marking for unfurnished barrels - Liege- triple proof provisional marking for

2154 PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1950 E. German, Suhl repair proof since 1950 E. German, Suhl 1st black powder proof for smooth bored barrels since 1950 E. German, Suhl inspection mark since 1950 E. German, Suhl choke-bore barrel mark PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

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or proof of breeching system. Not used on revolvers. Can be either of these. 1672 – 1810, 1853 - present 2 Replace #1 in 1810. Sole proof mark until 1853, when it became the mark for definitive proof. Since 1893, used on muzzle loaders only. Can be any of these 3 marks. 1810 - present 3 Double proof as prescribed by the French law of 1810 .

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